|Publication number||US2415422 A|
|Publication date||Feb 11, 1947|
|Filing date||Jan 28, 1943|
|Priority date||Jan 28, 1943|
|Publication number||US 2415422 A, US 2415422A, US-A-2415422, US2415422 A, US2415422A|
|Inventors||Fogg Robert E|
|Original Assignee||Du Pont|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (9), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. ll, 1947. R, E FQGG BLASTING ExPLosIvE ASSEMBLY Filed Jan. 28, 1943 2 Sheets-Sheet l Feb. ll, 1947. R, E FOGG BLASTING EXPLOSIVB ASSEMBLY Filed Jan.` 28, 1943 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented Feb. l1, 1947 Price BLASTING EXPLOSIVE ASSEMBLY Robert E. Fogg, Wilmington, Del., assignor to E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Del., a. corporation of Delaware Application January 28, 1943, Serial No. 473,807
The present invention relates to a new and improved explosive assembly, and more particularly to such an assembly whereby elciency and safety in charging substantially vertical drill holes, especially in seismicI prospecting, is assured.
In seismic blasting operations, the conditions encountered present problems `which have not been adequately solved by the use of conventional explosive packages.
An object of this invention is a new and improved assembly, especially adapted to seismic blasting operations. A further object is a connecting device for joining explosive cartridges so as to form a column characterized by a strong, rigid structure adapted .to be easily handled, and readily and safely loaded. It is also an object that the joint between the cartridges of the column shall be strong enough to prevent the accidental separation of cartridges from the column during the loading operation. Another object is such an assembly which can be quickly and easily vjoined together and which possesses strength and rigidity adequate to withstand the most severe conditions encountered in loading drill holes for seismic blasting operations. An additional object is such an assembly in the form `of a column characterized by suflcient rigidity to permit forcing the same into a mucky drill hole without appreciable deviation from the axis of any unit of said column.
The foregoing objects are accomplished according to` this'invention by means of a coupler comprising a cylindrical tube with a plurality of. grips spaced from each other therein. The grips are disposed in. opposite directions so that with the insertion of an explosive cartridge in either end of the coupler tube, the cartridge will be held therein by at least one of the grips. It is greatly preferred that one of the grips be slidable within the coupler tube. l
The invention may be more readily understood by referring to the accompanying drawings in which like numerals are employed to designate corresponding parts throughout the several views. However, it is understood that these views represent preferred embodiments and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
Figure 1 is a view in cross section of the coupler unit before the insertion of the cartridges there.- in. Figure 2 is a similar view of said coupler withv a cartridgey held therein by the slidable grip, in position for shipment. Figure 3 is a similar view of the same assembly in an extended state preparatory to loading. Figure 4 is avie'w of two cartridges joined by said coupler. Figure 5 is a view of a continuous column of explosive built up by means of the couplers of the invention. Figures 6 and '7 are side and end views of the ferrule grip. Figures 8 and 9 are similar views of a rubber grip. Figures 10 and'll are similar views of av plastic grip.
Referring in greater detail to the various iigures, numeral I of Figure 1 designates. a thick walled paper tube. Disposed therein are the metal ferrule grips 2 and 2a with corrugated edges 3 and 3a respectively. Each corrugated edge faces away from th.- end of the tube which is to receive the cartridge to be gripped thereby. One of the grips is stationary and the other slidable within the tube.l The stationary grip 2 is retained in place within the`tube, between cylindrical paper stops 4 and 4a concentric with the tube and glued to the inner wall of the same.
.The slidable grip 2a is free to move between the stops 4a and 4b which are spaced sufficiently far apart within the tube that a ,substantial freedom of movement is permitted with respect tothe sliding grip.
In Figure 2 the cartridge 5 has been inserted into the coupler tube I and is retained therein by a. frictional contact with the slidable` grip 2a eiected by thecorrugated edges 3a which resist force appliedto withdraw the cartridge from said grip by biting into the 'cartridge wrapper, said cartridgeoccupying most of the tube?l In this telescopic position, the lassembly is especially adapted to be shipped with conservation of space.
Upon arrival at the place of use, the assembly is extended as shown in Figure 3 by forcing the cartridge partly out of the tube so that the slidable grip 2a rests against the stop 4b.
A second cartridge may now be inserted into the other end of the coupler, to be held in place against the first cartridge by the stationary grip 2, as shown in Figure 4. A column of any suitable length may be built up in this way as shown in Figure-5.
In Figures 6 and '7 the ferrule grip is shown in detail being enlarged to depict more clearly the corrugated edge 3 on one end of the grip.
Figures 8 and 9 show suitable structure for grips formed from rubber.
Figures 10 and 11 show a plastic grip which can be heldin place within a coupler tube merely by friction or, by resting it in a shallow groove in the inner Wall of the tube with or without the use of built-in stops. Additional complementary grooves may be formed on the wall of the cartridge to be gripped to supplement the frictional gripping effect..
an arrangement prevents further movement of the cartridge within the tube after its insertion and renders the slidable grip stationary after the assembly has been extended in the eld.
, The4 blasting assembly according to this invention offers outstanding advantages to the art of seismic prospecting. Although the several advanfages of myinvention are made more readily understandable by noting the disadvantages attendant on various conventional devices used to fasten cartridges of a seismic charge into a column hereinbefore pointed out, some of the advantages of the present invention are hereinbelow enumerated. A remarkable feature of this container is that it renders possible joining cartridges together quickly and easily to form a column of explosive characterized by strength and rigidity suicient to withstand the most severe conditions encountered in loading ill-defined seismic drill holes. Furthermore, by means of the unit containers of my invention, a rigid column of explosive is easily and quickly formed of any desired length and weight at the drill hole. Moreover the rigidity imparted to a column of explosive by my unit containers assures the axis of said column into a cavernous drill hole, or one blocked with mud or other objectioable matter, without any column breaks and waste of time and materials. A further advantage of my containers is that they enable the forming of a co1- umn characterized by close contact of the cartridges constituting said column, so that propagation of the explosion is enhanced. An additional aspect of the unit container according to the present invention lies in the fact that, in loading a charge into a hole which is free from obstruction, said charge can be lowered to position in one operation as a continuous column with complete assurance that none of the cartridges will drop from the column into a cavity or stick in the drill hole and prevent proper loading thereof. A further advantage lies in the cap protection provided by the tube. Also the top of the tube, in loadingfinto the hole, serves as a cup to receive the loading pole and direct the energy applied. With these features in mind, the importance of my invention to the art of seismic prospecting will be appreciated.
Preferably I form tubes of heavy paperboard Y adhesive may be used, but I find it advantageous to employ glue which has been made water resistant by treatment with formaldehyde, in accordance with the procedure disclosed in the copending application of Johnson, Serial No. 462.329, led October 17, 194,2.
. Although I prefer to employ a plurality of separate grips within the tube, it should be understood that any suitable variation from this arrangement may be employed. For instance, I may employ a plurality of gripping edges on a particular gripping unit, either facing in the same direction to give added strength to the grip,
material. However, I mayI construct tubes of other materials which will allow the carrying outof my invention. I may use for example tubes of various plastic materials, hard rubber, various metals and, in fact, any material possessing the essential rigidity andcapable of being shaped in such manner as to permit the butting together of adjacent cartridges. In vbonding the inserted tube to the outer tube any suitable or facing in different directions for specia1 conditions. Alternatively, I may join the single spaced gripping units into one continuous unit so that a single insert will contain the two or more spaced grips in place of employing separately trapped single gripping units within the tube.
Whereas the invention has been described particularly with reference to seismic blasting operations, it should be understood to be applicable for any blasting use, including demolition uses involving not only commercial explosives but also military explosives such as trinitrotoluene and the like.
The present invention has been described in detail in the foregoing but it will be understood that many variations may be made in the form of couplers, annular holding devices or rings, and in the type of materials used for said couplers and rings. That is, any rigid, rubber-like or resilient material may be used for said rings, for example, any rigid andv substantially nonmalleable metal, alloy, plastic or other material may be used. Thus steel, brass, tin, aluminum, glass,
and thermosetting or thermoplasticv resins and the like are applicable. Therefore, it will be understood that the details and examples given hereinbefore are illustrative only and in no way limiting on this invention as broadly described hereinabove and in the appended claim.
An explosive coupler unit for a blasting column assembly. comprising a tube with a. plurality of grips separated from each other therein said grips being in the form of ferrules, one of said ferrules being attached to the inner wall of said tube and another of said ferrules being slidable within said tube.
ROBERT E. FOGG.
REFERENCES4 CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PA'IETS
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|U.S. Classification||403/282, 403/305, 102/317|
|International Classification||F42B3/00, F42B3/02|