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Publication numberUS2416475 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 25, 1947
Filing dateMar 14, 1945
Priority dateMar 14, 1945
Publication numberUS 2416475 A, US 2416475A, US-A-2416475, US2416475 A, US2416475A
InventorsFriedman Irving
Original AssigneeFriedman Irving
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for cleaning watchworks and the like mechanisms
US 2416475 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 25, 1947. l,y FR|EDMAN u 2,416,475v

APPARATUS FOR CLEANING WATCH-WORKS AND THE LIKE MECHANISMS Feb. 25, 1947. FRlEDMAN 2,416,475

APPARATUS FOR CLEANING WATCH-WORKS AND THE LIKE MECHANISMS Filed March 14, 1945 2 sheets-sheet 2 Patented Feb. 25, 1947 2,416,415 APPARATUS Foa CLEANING wA'rcnwoaKs AND THE LIKE MECHANISMS Irving Friedman, Hillside, N. J. Application Minchia., 1945,l serial No. 582,126

8 Claims. 1

This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for cleaning watch-works and similar mechanisms; and the invention has reference, more particularly, to novel apparatus for con-- veniently and expeditiously carrying out the several successive steps of the cleaning process, which comprise immersing the mechanism to be cleaned, with accompanying agitation, in a cleaning solution, thereafter in rinsing solution or solutions, and finally subjecting the mechanism to a drying operation. i

This invention has for an object to provide a novel construction of apparatus whereby the several steps of a watchwork or the like cleaning process may be successively carried out in proper sequence and in an efficient manner; the apparatus being constructed to provide, in combination with a motor driven workholding means, novel means for supporting the latter and guiding the same from station to station at which the respective steps of the cleaning Operation are to be performed.

riage bracket for a movable motor driven Work holding means, and a novel track or guideway means along which said carriage bracket may be manually moved, quickly and easily, from station to station.

Another object ofthe invention isto provide a novel electrical circuit control means whereby the motor driven work holding means may be operated at a desired speed and by adequate power when immersed in a liquid, and at a desired speed and properly reduced power when withdrawn from a liquid and spunto centrifugally discharge excess liquid from the work.

Other objects of this invention, not at this time more particularly enumerated, will be understood from the following detailed description of the same.

An illustrative embodiment of this invention basket and the means for coupling the same with a driving motor, said basket` and couping means being shown in separated or uncoupled relation; Fig. 5 is a detail horizontal section, taken on line 5-5 in Fig. 1, but drawn on an enlarged scale; and Fig. 6 is a fragmentary plan view, in part section, showing further details of the coupling means for connecting a work holding basket with the driving motor.

Fig. 'l is a side elevation of a modied form of work holding means comprising `a plurality of work holding basket members adapted to be interconnected together, end to end, and with the driving motor, one of said basket members being shown in detached or uncoupled relation to the others.

Similar characters of reference are employed in the above described views, to indicate corresponding parts.

Referring to the drawings, the reference character I0 indicates the hollow elongated base of the apparatus. The top wall of said base is provided with a plurality of openings II, I2, I3 and I4, which are spaced in a longitudinally extending row between the ends thereof. Fixed within the interior of said base is a longitudinal supporting platform I5 which is suitably spaced below and in opposition to said row of openings with which the top of the base is provided. Upwardly open containers I6, I1 and I8 are supported by the platform I5 to respectively extend upwardly and outwardly through said openings Il, I2 and I3. Said containers are adapted to hold various fluids for application to the watchis shown in the accompanying drawings, in

which:

Fig. 1 is a front elevation, in part section, of the apparatus according to the invention; Fig. 2 is an end elevational view, in part section, of the same; and Fig. 3 is a wiring diagram showing the electrical circuit control means by which the motor driven work holding means is operated.

Fig. 4 is a sectional view of a work holding works or similar mechanisms to be treated. Preferably the container I6 is supplied with a cleaning fluid, while the containers I1 and I8 are supplied with suitable rinsing fluids. Connected with the base top wall, to project yupwardly therefrom in axially aligned relation an upwardly open annular wall I9 which defines a drying chamber 20.

Suit ably afilxed to the base Il), to upstand therefrom behind the said fluid containers and drying chamber, is a track or guidewayvv means. Said track or guideway means is formed to provide perpendicular ways 22, 23, 2l and 25 respectively disposed parallel to the axes of the containers I6.' I1 and I8 and the dryingY chamberl 20; each said way being bounded by laterally spaced vertical track walls 26 and 21, and said ways being open from front to back. Said perpendicular ways are interconnected at their upper ends by a communicating horizontal way 28, whichis bounded by vertically spaced horizontal track walls 29 and to the opening Il, is

y form of said deten is 1 accommodate a single watch-work or like mech` j anism to be treated, said work holding means 36, said horizontal way being likewise open from front to back.

Mounted upon the track or guideway means. for movement relative thereto, is a carriage bracket' 3|; the same being adapted to bear against the front face of said track or guideway means in straddling relation to the edges of the track walls of the ways thereof. This carriage bracket terminates at its lower end in a. forwardly projecting horizontal carriage plate 32 by which is supported an electric motor 33 adapted to operate a work holding means. Said carriage plateand motor are so disposed as to be axially alignable with a container or with the drying chamber, when moved into operative relation' thereto. Preferably, said carriage platef32 is provided with a dependent peripheral ange 34 to embrace the open end of a container when lowered into abutting relation thereto. Said carriage bracket 3| is provided at the back thereof with a rearwardly projecting rider block 35, preferably of rectangular cross-section, which is adapted to engage theways of the .track or guideway means for sliding movement therethrough. Extending through said carriage bracket 3l and its rider block 35 is an axial bore 36, through which extends the shank 31 of a manipulatable clampscrew 33. Bearing against the rear face of said track or guideway means in straddli'ng relation to the edges of the track walls of the ways thereof is an internally screw-threaded clamp nut 33 adapted to be operatively engagedby the threaded portion of thev clampvscrew shank 31. Means is provided for retaining said clamp nut against rotation when the clamp screw is turned; an illustrative form may be provided in a multiple basket or compartment form, to accommodate a plurality o! of such means (as shown) comprising a key pin A which projects from said clamp nut to telescope slidably into the rider block 35 of the carriage bracket.

The shaft 4| of the motor 33 is perpendicularly disposed to extend downwardly therefrom, and fixed on said shaft is a coupler plate 42 with which a. work holding means may be detachably coupled so as to be rotated by said motor. The work holding means comprises a perforate basket 43,

preferably made of wire mesh material, but which,

may be made of any other suitable perforate material. Connected with the upwardly open end of saidbasket 43 is a lateral annular flange 44, adapted to be connected in detachably coupled relation to the motor driven-coupler plate 42. A preferred form of coupling means for such purpose (as shown) comprises bayonet slots 45 with which marginal portions of the coupler plate 42 areprovided, and headed coupling pins 46 upstanding from the basket ange 44, adapted to be engaged in and with said bayonet slots 45. Yieldable detent means are provided in association with vat least one bayonet slot 45 to engage the shank of a coupling pin 46, when thelatter is moved into interlocking relation to said bayonet slot, whereby to yieldablyhold the pin 46 against accidental release from said slot. A preferred means comprises a spring pressed check ball 1 which is conned in a housing chamber 48 provided in the wall of said coupler plate 42, and which is spring moved to pro-` ject into the locking portion of the bayonet slot, whereby to lie in the path of outward movement of the coupling pin operatively occupying the same (seevFig. 6).

shown as comprising a single basket suitable to watch-works or like mechanisms to be simul-l taneously treated. A work holding means of multiple basket form is shown in Fig. 7, the same comprising a plurality of baskets 43, each provided at its upper end with a lateral annular ange 44 provided with upstanding coupling'pins 46, and at its lower end with a lateral annular coupler flange 50 provided with coupling pin receiving bayonet slots 5|. In this form of work holding basket, one basket member may be coupled to the motor driven coupler plate 42, and the others then coupled successively end to end to said first basket and one to another; each such basket being adapted to hold an individual watch-work or like mechanism.

Suitably supported beneath the drying chamber 20 is an electrical heater element 52, the heat from which radiates upwardly through' the interior of said drying chamber. l

Operating current is served tothe motor 33 from a suitable source and by a suitable circuit comprising ingoing and outgoing conductors 53 and 54 controlled by a manual switch 55 which is mounted on the base l0 in a conveniently accessible location; said heater element 52 also being connected in said circuitso as to be controlled by said switch 55.

Within the broader aspects of my invention, the current supply circuit to the motor may be of the simple character thus far described. Within more specific aspects of my invention, it' is an object of the same to provide means-for suitably modi- "fying the current delivered to the motor to better accommodate the operation of the motor for actuating the work holding means accordingly as the latter is immersed in liquid or withdrawn from the liquid. To this endI provide in the motor circuit a two-way switch means 56 in series with a resistance ticularly the circuit diagram shown in Fig. 3. Said two-way switch means 56 includes a pair of vertically spaced contacts 58 and 53 between which is arranged a pivoted contact arm 60 urged by spring means 6| toward the lower contact 53 for engagement therewith. Said contact arm 60 is connected in series with the motor preferably in the ingoing circuit line 53. Leading from said lower contact 59 is a conductor 62 which is connected to one terminal pole o f the resistance coil 51, the opposite terminal pole of which is connected to the outgoing circuit line 54. Leading from the upper contact 53 is a conductor 63 which is in tapped connection with said resistance coil 51 intermediate its ends.

The resistance coil 51 is suitably supported within the interior of the base I0, while the twoway switch means 56 is mounted on thecarriage bracket 3| of the motor driven work holding means, sofas to be carried thereby and to move therewith, the. interconnecting circuit wires being suitably carried in cable means. parts of which loop to the motor and two-way switch so as to permit the required traveling movements of these parts along the track or guideway means. Said two-way switch means 56, as mounted on the carriage bracket 3|, is so positioned that its pivoted contact arm 60 may at proper times, when the motor carriage bracket is moved downward to engage a given container in position to immerse the work holding basket in the liquid content thereof, be brought into engagement with a. stop projection 64 with which the perpendicular way of the track or guideway means corresponding coil 51. see more parto the container is provided. When said contact arm abuts a stop projection 64, it is unswung to break contact with the contact 59 and to make contact with the contact 58. Under such conditions, the current flow is through but part of impedance of the liquid. When the carriagel bracket 3| is raised to withdraw the work holding basket from the liquid content of a container but positioned to nevertheless retain the basket within the upper part of said container above the liquid content thereof, so that the basket and contained work may be spun to centrifugally discharge therefrom any liquid clinging thereto, the contact arm 6| will be disengaged from the adjacent stop projection 64, and will be swung down by the spring means 6| into engagement with the contact 59, thus cutting into the circuit the full resistance of the coil 51, whereby to deliver to the motor current of modied strength, so that spinning of the unimpeded work holding basket at excessive speed is prevented, while nevertheless permitting a speed adequate to assure the centrifugal liquiddischarge effect desired.

In the operation of the apparatus, they work having been deposited in a holding basket, and

the latter coupled to the motor driven coupler plate 42, the carriage bracket is lowered through the first perpendicular way 22 to immerse the basket in the cleaning liquid content of the first container I6, whereupon the switch 55is closed and the-motor 33 operated to spin the basket and contained work in the cleaning liquid. The spinning of the basket agitates the liquid and causes it to penetrate the work. The work is subjected to the cleansing action of the cleaning liquid for a desired time deemed sufficient to effect the cleansing. When the cleansing of the work has thus been effected, the carriage bracket 3| is moved upwardly in the way 22 until the basket clears the level of the liquid in said container I6, while nevertheless being still surrounded by the upper end portions of the container walls. The carriage is releasably secured in such position by tightening the clamp screw and clamp vnut in binding relation to the track walls of the way. Such positioning of the carriage bracket and basket, with respect to any of the containers,may be determined by registering the carriage bracket with corresponding position .indicating marks 65 with which the track walls of the container serving perpendicular ways of the track or guide way means are provided. When the basket is thus disposed, spinning thereof is continued, to effect centrifugal discharge of cleaning liquid therefrom and from the contained work, such liquid draining back into the container |6`.

The initial cleansing operation having been completed, the carriage Abracket 3| is released, by relaxing the clamp screw and nut, and thereupon moved upwardly through the way 22, and thence into and through the horizontal' way 28 to and downwardly through the perpendicular way 23 to immerse the basket and contained work in the container |1 and its content of liquid, which may be a second cleaning liquid or a rinsing liquid as desired. Here the operations of spinning the immersed basket and then raising it -to spin clear of the liquid is repeated, and'a second cleaning orfirst rinsing operation, as the case may be, thereby accomplished. If another liquid treatment is desired, such e. g. as a, final rinsing operation, the carriage bracket 3| is again released, and thereupon moved upwardly through the way 23, and thence into and through the horizontal way 28 to and downwardly through the perpendicular way 24to immerse the basket and contained work in the container |8 and its conf tent of liquid; again repeating the above de scribed operations. Finally, the carriage bracket 3| is released and moved upwardly through the way 24, and thence into and through `the horizontal way 28 to and downwardly through the perpendicular way 25, to enter the basket and contained work in the drying chamber 20. y A- stop 68 is provided in the way 25 to arrest downward movement of the carriage bracket 3| so that the two-way switch 5B' remains set to cut the resistance coil 51 into the motor circuit, so that the basket and work will be spun within the drying chamber at non-excessive speed. When the basket and Work is entered in the drying chamvrber, said work will be submitted to the drying efi'ect of the heat radiated from the heating element 52. After the work is dried, the motor is stopped by opening switch 55, the carriage brackf et is raised to give access to the basket, whereupon the latter is detached from the coupler plate 42, and the clean work may be removed. Upon return of the carriage bracket to the first way 22, the basket may be reloaded and replaced, and the above described work cleansing operations may be repeated.

Removable covers 61 may be provided for containers not at any given time in use.

The straight line arrangement of the stations at which the different operations are performed is of real advantage in that the progressive movement of the motor driven work holding means from station to station in proper sequence is facilitated, and likelihood of mistake in following the sequence of operations is avoided.

It will be understood that various changes could be made in the apparatus of this invention, without departing from the scope of said invention as defined by the following claims. It is therefore intended that all matter shown in the accompanying drawings and described in the preceding specication shall be considered as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

I claim: A v

l. Apparatus of the kind described comprising a base having rectilinearly spaced receivers, `a trackway means upstanding from said base behind said receivers, said trackway means having perpendicular ways respectively corresponding in position to the respective receivers and a horizontal way common to and with whichthe upper ends of said perpendicular ways communicate, a motor driven rotatable'work'holding means',` and a single carriage means to support the latter, said carriage means being movable through theways of' hind said receivers, said trackway means having perpendicularways respectively corresponding in position to the lrespective receivers and a horizontal way common to and with which the upperendsv of said perpendicular ways communicate, a motor driven rotatable work holding4 means, a single carriage means to support the e 7 latter, said carriage means being movable through the ways of said trackway means whereby to shift said motor rotated work holding means from one to another of said receivers, and manipulatable means cooperative with said carriage means and said trackway means for releasably holding the carriage means in a given operative position on the trackway means relative to a.v selected receiver.

3. Apparatus` of the kind described compris-` ing a base, a plurality of liquid containers, said base having means to support said containers spaced in a straight row therealong, said base` having an upwardly open drying chamber aligned with-said row ofcontainers at an end thereof, a trackway means upstanding from said base be-l hind .said row of containersl and said drying` chamber, said trackway means having perpendicular ways respectively corresponding in posii tion to said containers and drying chamber and: a horizontal way with which the upper ends of; said perpendicular ways communicate, a motor1 driven ywork holding means, a carriage means to support the latter, said carriage means being movable through the ways of `said trackway means whereby to shift saidemotor driven work holding l means progressively intoand out of -operative g relation to said containers and drying chamber,+ 1 an electric circuit serving said motor driven Work i holding means including a manual control switch and a heater means for said drying chamber. 4. Apparatus of the kind described comprising 3 a base, a plurality of liquid containers, said base l having means to support said containers spaced l in a straight row therealong, said base having an upwardly open drying chamber aligned with said 1 row of containers at an endl thereof, a trackway v means upstanding fromsaid base behind said row of containers and said drying chamber, said trackway means having perpendicularways respectively corresponding in position to said containl 1 ers and drying chamber Aand a horizontal Way with which the upper-ends of said perpendicular ways communicate, a motor driven work holding means, a carriage means to support the latter, said carriage means" being movable through the y ways of said trackway means whereby to shift said motor driven work holding means progres- I sively Ainto and out of operative relation to said containers and drying chamber, means cooperative with said carriage means and said trackway l means for holding the former in selected operative positions on and along the latter. l 5. Apparatus of the kind described compris- Q ing a base, a plurality of liquid containers, said` ibase having means to support said containers spaced in a straight row therealong, said base l having an upwardly open drying chamber aligned Q with said row of containers at an end thereof, a trackway means upstanding from said base behi'nd said row of containers and said drying 1chamber, said trackway means having perpendicular ways respectively corresponding in position to said containers and drying chamber and a horizontal way with which the upperfends of said perpendicular ways communicate, a motor driven work holding means, a carriage means to support .the latter, said carriage means being lmovable through the ways of said trackway means whereby to shift said-motor driven work-holding means progressively into and out of operative relation to said containers and drying chamiber, an electric circuit serving said motor driven work holding means including a manual control switch and a heater means for said drying chamber. a two-way switch and a resistance coil connected in said circuit in series with the motor of said work holding means, said ltwo-way switch being mounted on said carriage means. means to normally condition said two-way switch to connect the full capacity of said resistance coil in said circuit. and stop means engageable by said two-way switch to condition the same to connect but part of the capacity of said resistance coil in said circuit when the work holding means is submerged in the liquid content of `a container.

6. Apparatusof the kind described as defined in claim 5. including means cooperative with said n carriage means and said trackway for holding the former in selected operative positions on and said row of containers and said drying chamber.'

said trackway means having perpendicular ways respectively corresponding in position to said containers and drying chamber and a horizontal way with which the upper ends of said perpendicular ways communicate, a carriage means movable through the ways of said trackway means, an

electric motor mounted on said carriage means,

a perforate work holding means, means to detachably couple the said work holdingv means in dependent and driven relation to said,` motor. means cooperative with said carriage means and said trackway means for holding the-former in selected positions on and along the latter to operatively enter said work holding means in a given container or the drying chamber, and an electric circuit serving said motor including a manual control switch and a heater means for said drying chamber,

8. Apparatus of the kind described comprising a base, a plurality of liquidcontainers, said base having means to support said containers spaced in a straight row therealong, said base having an upwardly open drying chamber aligned with said row of containers at an end thereof, a trackway means upstanding from said base'behindway with which the upper ends of said perpendicular ways communicate, a carriage means mov` able through the ways. of said trackway means,-

an electricmotor mounted on said carriage means,

a perforate work holding means, means to detachably couple the said work holding means in dependent and driven relation to said motor. means cooperative with said carriage means and said trackway means for holding the former in selected positions on and along the latter to operatively enter said work holding means in a given container or the ldrying chamber, an electric circuit serving said motor including a manual control switch and a heater means for said drying chamber, a two-way switch and a resistance coil connected in said circuit in series with the motor of said work holding means, said two-way switch being mounted on said carriage means, means to normally condition said two-way switch .to connect the full capacity of said resistance coil in said circuit, and stop means engageable by said two-way switch to condition the same to connect'. but part of the capacity ofsaid resistance coil in said circuit when the work holding means is submerged in the liquid content of a. container.

IRVING FRIEDMAN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

Number 10 Number UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Emard Jan. 11, 192'1 Keehnel May 9, 1944 Boggs July 23, 1940 Stone -1 Aug. 25, 1914 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date British Apr. 14, 1939 British Apr. 28, 1939

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2592729 *May 25, 1949Apr 15, 1952Bell Telephone Labor IncMethod of etching ethylene diamine tartrate crystals
US2615455 *May 5, 1948Oct 28, 1952Almer Persson JonasApparatus for cleaning watches and watch parts
US2645236 *Nov 10, 1947Jul 14, 1953Fisher Franklin CMachine for washing watch parts
US2678052 *Oct 12, 1948May 11, 1954E & J Swigart CompanyWatch and like parts washing machine
US2702042 *Jan 23, 1948Feb 15, 1955Smith Sigmund JArticle cleaning and drying machine
US2706992 *Oct 1, 1951Apr 26, 1955MogaveroApparatus for cleaning watches
US2849296 *Jan 23, 1956Aug 26, 1958Philco CorpEtching composition and method
US2949921 *May 12, 1958Aug 23, 1960Calvin E BolandPaint brush cleaner
US3011922 *Jun 22, 1959Dec 5, 1961Purex Corp LtdParts cleaning rack and method
US3182668 *Mar 6, 1964May 11, 1965Hartsell Harold EUltrasonic cleaning attachment
US3391469 *Dec 9, 1965Jul 9, 1968San Kenteen CorpCentrifugal dryer
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US4204960 *Aug 31, 1978May 27, 1980Yamakawa Industry Company Ltd.Combination strainer and suction inlet pipe
US4267794 *Jun 23, 1980May 19, 1981Austria Email AktiengesellschaftApparatus for coating articles with enamel slip
US4520834 *Nov 8, 1983Jun 4, 1985Dicicco Paolo SApparatus for processing articles in a series of process solution containers
US4702777 *May 27, 1986Oct 27, 1987Kuhl Henry YMethod and apparatus for high capacity washing, sanitizing and drying of stacks of flats
US5333633 *Feb 19, 1993Aug 2, 1994Kim LaubeAnimal grooming cleaning device
US5709234 *Jul 27, 1995Jan 20, 1998B&S Research, Inc.For washing and drying remediated materials
US7270134 *Dec 12, 2002Sep 18, 2007Wmv Apparatebau Gmbh & Co. KgSystem for treating mass-production parts
US7328712 *May 12, 2005Feb 12, 2008Quantum Global TechnologiesCleaning bench for removing contaminants from semiconductor process equipment
US7427330Feb 12, 2008Sep 23, 2008Quantum Global Technologies, LlcCleaning bench for removing contaminants from semiconductor process equipment
US7922005Mar 29, 2007Apr 12, 2011Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.Removable shield in an engine oil strainer
Classifications
U.S. Classification134/58.00R, 210/462, 34/58, 134/105, 210/460, 210/452, 968/745, 134/158, 134/161, 55/DIG.260, 134/83, 134/162, 134/76
International ClassificationG04D3/08
Cooperative ClassificationG04D3/086, Y10S55/26
European ClassificationG04D3/08B2