US 2416856 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. THoMsEN 2,416,856
March 4, 1947.
BINDER Filed March 26, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 V IN VEN TOR.
ATTDRNEYS March 4, 1947. l H.'r|loMsEN 4165855 BNDER Filed March 26, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VEN TOR.
Haya 7207775677 ATTE] RN EYS Patented Mar. 4,I` 1947 UNITED STATES PATENT `OFFICE' BINDER Hugo Thomsen, Washington,
Appiicauon March 2e, 1945, sentono. 584,383
s claims. (c1. 2x1- 19) My present invention, in its broad aspect, has to do with improvements in binders or holders for memorandum books, pads, checks, perforated blank books and pads and the like, and the cover therefor may be fabricated of a single sheet of leather, or other material, or the cover may have pockets, or a lining, or a stitched strip to hold my device. My binder operates without a rod, or the like, passing through and between parts of the object bound, such as a memorandum book or pad, and eliminates the necessity oi stitching the leaves of the pad together, or if the pad be stitched, my binder will operate upon it just as well as without stitches, and no rivets, screws, or the like, are used with my device, nor will it scratch a desk or the like.
In addition to the above, my binder is simple, sturdy and practical and is easily and quickly assembled without screws or rivets, and comprises but four simple and cooperating parts, namely, a hollow tubular bar to form the back, a flat strip with tongues locking to the back, and carrying a rod, and a clamping or gripping retainer to hold the pad or notebook, or the like, and which is mounted on the rod, and which is substantially U-shaped in cross section. With these simple and improved parts, my device is easily assembled and can be manufactured and sold at a relatively small price.
Other and equally important objects and advantages of my invention will be apparentfrom the following description and drawings, and changes may be made in size, shape, form, materials, and construction and arrangement of parts, and are within the purview of my broad inventive concept and the scope of the appended claims.
In the drawings, wherein I have illustrated a preferred embodiment of my invention- Figure 1 is a View of my binder and cover opened up and holding a perforated pad;
Figure 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of Figure l;
Figure 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a detail perspective of an end of the flat strip with the attaching tongue and the raised support to receive an end of the rod;
Figure 5 is a vertical section showing the manner of assembling my device;
Figure 6 is a top plan view of the hollow tubular back;
Figure '1 is an endview of the hollow tubular back;
Figure 8 is an enlarged section showing the tongues of the flat strip locked to the hollow tubular bar by the upwardly bent end lips;
.parts `throughout the several views:
s z I, Figure 9-is a section on the line 9-9 of Figure 4; Figure 10 is a modified form showing binding or attaching prongs struck outof the Ll-shaped clamping or gripping retainer, and
Figure .l1v isa section on the line II--II of Figure 10.
In the drawings, lwherein like characters of reference are used to designate like or similar The numeral I designates the cover to which is stitched as at 2, a lining 3. VThe cover has a pocket 4 and is folded medially between its side edges to form a front and back cover. At the medial point, or the point of fold, the lining 3 is slit top and bottom as at 5 to receive therethrough between the cover and the lining my flat tubular back 6. My nat tubular back has extended lips 'I at the ends which are bent upwardly as shown in Figure 8. A flat strip 8 is placed over and parallel with the tubular back 6 and between the two is the material of the lining 3 as shown in Figure 8. The flat strip has reinforcing and stiffening corrugations 9, and upwardly, and over and downwardly bent end parts I0 forming supports for a rod II, the ends of which pass through holes Ilia in the supports I Il. The downwardly bent portions I2 of parts I 0 are extended to form tongues I3 which are bent inwardly into the tubular back-as shown in Figure 5to hold the strip in place on the back, with the lips 1 forming stops. A pad clamping and retaining device I4 is formed substantially U-shaped in cross section to go about the rod II and if desired, the retainer may be soldered or spot-welded to the rod or simply clipped around the rod as shown in Figure 2 with the back and front, respectively I5 and I6 of the retainer instruck on opposed lines to form retaining beads I1 for the wire stitches if the pad is thus fastened together. The notebook or pad (I8) is frictionally retained between the back and front, I5 and I6 respectively-as shown in Figure 2. If desired, instruck tabs or retaining bars ISS-see the modied form of Figures l() and ll-may be provided to lock the clamping and retaining member on the rod.
From the foregoing, it is believed that the operation and advantages of my inventionwill be apparent, but it is again pointed out that,` interpretation of its scope should only be conclusive when made in theV light of the subjoined claims.
I claim: y Y 1. The invention as defined in claim 6 wherein the cover has a member attached thereto between which and .the cover .the v`back bar eX tends with .the iat iretaining :strip abovethe member. k2. The invention as defined in claim 6 wherein the bent, end portions of the strip are formed with openings, the rod having its ends detachably andmovably engaged in the openings'.A
parts 'engaging vover the rod to hold the :clamping and retaining member thereon.
5. 'The invention as'deinedfin claim A-16 where-V -in 'the strip 4is formed'with reinforcing corrugations, and wherein Ithe :bent Yendl parts 'forming Lsupports are substantially fV-shaped'in ,':cross l5 3. The invention as defined in claim v6'wl1erein f section with the outer leg extended down at' an angle and formed with a tongue,
6. A binder and holder for pads and the like,
comprising a cover part, a hollow back bar engaged with the cover, a, flat retaining strip attached at its ends to the back bar to hold the same in place on the cover, and provided with Y' upwardly and downwardly bent end portions forming supports,V tongues on said bent end portions, :bent to `engage in the ends :of .ithe Vback "bar, lips a'tthe ends of the back b'ar bent to form retainers for the tongues a, rod carried be- V'tween the supports, said rod being pivotally and detachably engaged with the supports and a notebook retainingdevice carried on the rod.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the -le of this patent:
`UNITED .STATES PATENTS y Date 'Number Name Y Y Y 2,365,607 'Thomsen11 Dec. .19.,V 19.44
FOREIGNPATENTS Number Country YDate .I
A18,076 British 1912 German Apr. 1, 1924