US 2418963 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 1947- v w. G. ANDERSON, JR 2,418,963
REINFORCED RECEPTACLE Filed April 9, 1945 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Knuenfor April 1947. w. G. ANDERSON, JR
' REINFORCED RECEPTACLE Filed A ril 9, 1945 lnuenior [Uflbur Gfinderson Jr.
s Sheets-Shet 3 Mfume Patented Apr. 15, 1947 UNITED STATES nnrnroaoao RECEPTACLE Wilbur G. Anderson, Jr., Grand Rapids, Mich, assignor to American Box Board Company,
Grand Rapids, Mich, a corporation of Michi Application April 9, 1945, Serial No. 587,269
4 Claims. I
This invention relates to a reinforced receptacle of exceptional strength and rigidity, made from paper board or like material, and which may be used for the holding and transportation of fruit without danger of bruising the fruit because of the bottom sagging or other distortion of parts of the receptacle, such as the sides and ends, or relative change of positions thereof at the several corners of the receptacle.
It is an object and purpose of the present invention toproduce a receptacle of the type described which is made from a single sheet of the paper board or like material, with substantially no waste, and which by folding upon scored lines in-the proper manner will produce the receptacle complete, without any attachment of parts being required except theinitia stitching or other permanent securing of a projecting flap at one end of the sheet or blank.' The receptacle when made and assembled completely has two thicknesses of the: paper board at the sides and bottom, and three thicknesses at the ends of the completed receptacle.
An understanding of the invention may be had from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing in which,
Fig. 1 is a plan of the blank of substantially rectangular form slotted and scored as shown, from which the receptacle is made.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the receptacle.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the receptacle partially folded toward its finished completed condition.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view, similar to Fig. 3, at a further and almost complete folding to completed condition.
Fig. 5 is a longitudinal vertical section through the completed receptacle, and
Fig. 6 is a transverse vertical section therethrough.
Like reference characters refer to like parts in the different figures of the drawings; and in Figs. 5 and 6 the bottom corner portions are on an enlarged scale.
The blank of paper board, corrugated board or other similar or equivalent material is of a substantially rectangular form. At an'intermediate portion it includes a square section I, which in the completed box will be one of the thicknesses of material for a side of the receptacle. From the sides of said side section I sections 2 and 3 extend in opposite directions, and from the ends thereof the sections 4 and 5. Such sections 2 to 5 inclusive are integral with the section I but with scored lines, indicated at 6, provided in the usual manner for bending. The section 2 likewise will be one thickness at one side of the receptacle, sections t and 5 will be one of the three thicknesses of the material at the ends, and the section 3 one of the layers or thicknesses at the bottom.
From each end of said bottom section 3 end sections 1 extend'oppositely with scored lines 8 as shown. Said end sections 1 are separated from the adjacent end sections t and 5 by slots 9 in alinement with one of the scored lines 6. From the edges of the end sections 4 and 5 opposite the edges where the slots 9 are located, end sections to extend and are separated from the section 2 by the slots H. Scored lines l2 are disposed between the end sections 4 and i8 and 5 and Ill as shown.
At the opposite end of section 5 a side section l3 extends outwardly, the line of separation of the integral parts 5 and it being the scored line at it. From one sideof the side section is a side section i5 extends outwardly with a scored line I 6 in alinement with the scored lines l2, a slot l1 separating'said side section Hi from the adjacent end section it). From the opposite side of the section it a bottom-section l8 extends with a scored line is between the parts it! and H3. The bottom section it is separated from the adjacent end section 7 by a relatively wide slot 20. At the outer end of the side section l3 a short'flap 2| is provided with a scored line 22 between it and the section it as shown. Through the several end sections I, l0, 3, and 5, six in number, a hand hole slot 23 is made in each.
In the formation of the blank into the completed receptacle thefirst thing is to fold the blank upon the scored line M and the two scored lines 6, bringing the flap 2! to and at the inner side of the end section d (Fig. 3) thereafter connecting said flap to the section 4 by stapling, as at 24, or by any other suitable permanent means of connection. The succeeding step is to turn the bottom section It upwardly at the inner side of the side section I 3 (Fig. 3). The succeeding operation is to turn the end sections 1 inwardly toward each other against the bottom section 3 to Which attached, and swing said bottom sections 3 across the open bottom, after which said end sections '5 are swung upwardly at the inner sides of and against the end sections 5 and 5. In Fig. 3 said movement of the end sections 1 toward vertical position is indicated. After said end sections 1 have been positioned vertically, the bottom section I8 is turned downwardly and inwardly over and against the lower bottom section 3. The end sections l are thereupon turned inwardly into the receptacle and moved to vertical positions lying against the inner sides of the sections 1, as in Fig. 4. The final step is to swing the side sections 2 and I inwardly and to a vertical position against the outer side sections l and 13 respectively, such final step being shown partially completed in Fi 4.
When these steps of operation have been completed the outer end sections 4 and 5 each with its adjacent intermediate end section I and inner end section II), have the slotted opening 23 brought intoconjunction, thereby providing hand holes in the ends of the completed receptacle (Fig. 2) by means of which the filled receptacle may be readily carried. The parts are securely held against disarrangement, the bottom is of double strength, the sides likewise each have a double thickness, while the ends have three thicknesses of the board material.
A receptacle as described has ample and sufficient strength and rigidity to resist deformation under the weight of fruit, such as apples or the like, carried therein and when made in a size such as to contain the normal unit of measure, namely, a bushel thereof. The bottom in particular does not bend and sag downwardly as has heretofore occurred when the bottom was of insufficient strength, normally having one thickness of the paper material. The sides and ends are also of a strengthened and reinforced character. It is evident from Fig. 1 that the waste of paper board or other equivalent material used in providing the blank is very small, only that at the slot 20 and at the outer end of the opposite end section I, and that which is cut away from the outer ends of each of the side section [5 and the bottom IS in providing the projecting flap 2|. Shipment may be made in fiat condition, either before or after the flap at 2| has been secured to the end section 4 as described. Their folding and forming into completed receptacles, such as in Fig. 2, is rapid and easy, requiring no tools or apparatus after the flaps 2| have been permanently connected as described.
The invention is defined in the appended claims and is to be considered comprehensive of all forms of structure coming within their scope,
1. A receptacle of paper board or like material made from a single sheet of such material of substantially rectangular form having a central longitudinal zone with an end and a side section,
and an end, and a side section in the order named, in alinement longitudinally of the blank, with transverse scored lines in the blank between Number said sections for folding, said zone at one side edge having alternate end and side sections extending laterally therefrom with scored lines between said lateral section and the side edge of said zone, said blank being transversely slotted to said last mentioned scored line between said laterally extending sections, said blank at the opposite side edges thereof having a bottom laterally extended section integral with the first mentioned side section and scored for folding between said sections, said bottom section at its ends having oppositely extending end sections ,with scored lines between said last mentioned end sections being separated from said zone by horizontal slots and the last mentioned side section of said zone having a second bottom section extending laterally therefrom and connected integrally to the adjacent side section of the zone, the material being scored between them, said blank having a slot therein between the inner free edge of said last mentioned bottom section and the adjacent end section.
2. A construction as defined in claim 1, said zone of sections at one end thereof having an integral extending flap for the purposes described.
3. A receptacle of paper board or like material integrally formed from a single sheet of material of substantially rectangular shape comprising four vertical walls scored for folding at their adjoining vertical edges, four vertical walls separated at their adjoining edges and each joined to the top edge of a respective first named vertical wall, two bottom members each joined to the bottom edge of a different one of said first named vertical walls, and two vertical walls joined to one of said bottom members.
4. The elements of claim 3 in which the parts are so folded that the last named two vertical walls will each lie between one of said first named and one of said second named vertical walls.
WILBUR G. ANDERSON, JR.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date British Mar. 28, 1918 Number