|Publication number||US2418971 A|
|Publication date||Apr 15, 1947|
|Filing date||Feb 28, 1945|
|Publication number||US 2418971 A, US 2418971A, US-A-2418971, US2418971 A, US2418971A|
|Inventors||Thomas I. Duffy|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (3), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 15, DUFFY 2,418,971
WAGON CONSTRUCTION Filed Feb. 28, 1945 4 Sheets-Sheet l Inuenfof Thomas [.Duff 3% w 5 I Afforneg April 15, 1947. -r. DUFFY A WAGON cons'rkucwiou Filed Feb. 28, 1945 4 She ts-Sheet 2 vl m w m Ml n1 0 6 5 4 v1 U a .f m m A 0 h W T mu 3 2 A 1 I 5, w m WM s. MS: Ma Whi F. tilt r, 6 am 0 M April 15, 1947. T. DUFFY 2,418,971
WAGON CONSTRUCTION Fil ed Feb. 28, 1945 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 \nuenfor Thomas [.Dufig,
Aprii 15, 1947. T. IQDUFFY WAGON CONSTRUCTION 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Feb. 28, 1945 a. a 045 2 w w J 6 M J J 7% WW 3 6 H n7 n w wm a w 2 a 9M 9m 3 4 g. 2
Inuenfor ThomasX.Dufi 5 Afiorneg Patented Apr. 15, 1947 WAGON CONSTRUCTION Thomas I. Duffy, Grand Haven, Mich., assignor to Anderson-Bolling Mfg. 00.,
Mich, a corporation of Michigan Application February 28. 1945, Serial No. 580,140
The present invention is directed to a wagon construction, particularly in connection with the front of wagons of the so-oalled express type,- small in size and in general largely used by children. It is a primary object of the present invention to provide a novel construction of the front running gear for a wagon of this type which is simple and economical to produce, readily assembled and installed, durable in operation and having ample strength for all service to which it may be normally subjected.
An understanding of the invention may be had from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which,
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a wagon having my invention applied thereto.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged front elevation thereof.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary enlarged longitudinal vertical section through the front portion of the wagon.
Fig. 4 is a vertical section substantially on the plane of line 4-4 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary enlarged vertical section through the tongue and change direction structure at the front end of the wagon.
Fig. 6 is a plan view of the forward portion of the wagon with the body removed, its position being indicated in dash lines.
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary enlarged plan view of the attachment used for connecting the lower member of the tongue construction to the front axle.
Fig. 8 is a horizontal section substantially on the plane of line 8-8 of Fig. 5.
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary vertical section of a modified form of structure illustrating similar construction to that shown in Fig. 5 but with the.
section at right angles to the plane of the section shown in said Fig. 5.
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary vertical section of such modified structure similar to and in the same plane as in Fig. 5, and
Fig. 11 is a fragmentary horizontal section on the plane of line l [-4 I of Fig. 9.
Like reference characters'refer to like parts in the different figures of the drawings.
The body I of the wagon, preferably of steel has a horizontal bottom 2 and at the rear of the wagon rear wheels 3 are secured in any suitable manner for supporting the body above the ground.
At the front a front axle 4 extends below and transversely of the body,'being provided with wheels 5 at its ends.
2 Associated with the axle 4 is a bolster 5 made of sheet metal in substantially channel form having front and rear vertical flanges 5 connected at their upper edges by an integral web I, the central portion of which is pressed upwardly into a boss 8 which has a central vertical opening therethrough, U-shaped clamps 9 embrace the bolster at its ends between suitable spaced ribs projecting therefrom and the depending legs of the clamps are secured together and clamped against the bolster by cross pins I0 headed or riveted at their ends as shown (Fi 4).
A lower tongue member I I of sheet metal, and
in an inverted channel form, is connected at its rear end to the front axle 4 substantially midway between its ends. The upper web of the channel is extended at the rear and turned upwardly, as at l2 (Fig. 5), and a securing clip I3 is provided curved to engage the upper side of the axle 4 and with upwardly turned spaced apart terminal hooks I4 (Figs. 5 and '7) which pass through slots made in the section l2. At its front end the clip I3 is extended forwardly in a section I 5 to lie against the upper side of the tongue member H and is secured in place by means of stove bolts I6.
The tongue construction also contains an upper member I! also of sheet metal in an inverted channel form, the rear end of which is shaped at I 8 to engage the boss 8 and lying over the upper side thereof. The two tongue members I! and H converge toward each other in front of the wagon and each at its front end has a portion of its upper web cut away so that the projecting side flange portions Ila and Ila, respectively (Fig. 6), lie along side of each other with the flanges Ila preferably inside of the flanges Ila. The immediate tongue l9 at its rear or lower end is received within a box or frame 20 of sheet metal and a pin 2! is passed through the flanges Ila and Ila, the ends of the box and the tongue member l9, connecting the parts together and permitting the tongue l9 to be swung from its rear upper position as shown in Fig. 1 to a forward position in which it extends in front of the wagon.
A vertical kingpin 22 at its lower end is secured to an inverted channel base 23 located substantially horizontally between the lower edge portions of the sides 6 of the bolster and secured thereto. Such kingpin extends upwardly, and preferably at a slight inclination to the rear, through the opening in the boss 8 and a corre-
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2880034 *||Feb 14, 1955||Mar 31, 1959||Simplicity Mfg Company||Garden sulky with dump body|
|US4222582 *||Sep 18, 1978||Sep 16, 1980||Radio Steel & Mfg. Co.||Coaster wagon with safety cap|
|US20040164512 *||Feb 25, 2003||Aug 26, 2004||Gunter David M.||Wagon and steering assembly|
|U.S. Classification||280/87.1, 280/124.12|