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Publication numberUS2421195 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 27, 1947
Filing dateFeb 8, 1946
Priority dateFeb 8, 1946
Publication numberUS 2421195 A, US 2421195A, US-A-2421195, US2421195 A, US2421195A
InventorsPauline Goldsmith
Original AssigneePauline Goldsmith
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 2421195 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

MafZ'T, 19470 GOLDSMlTH ZAZLIQE APRON Filed Feb. 8, 1946 IN VENTOR. fl g ATTORNEY:

Patented May 27, 1947 ZAZLEQS UNITED, STATES PATENT OFFICE APRON Pauline Goldsmith, New York, N. Y. Application February s, 1946, Serial No. 646,228

1 Claim. 1

My invention relates to a new and improved apron, which is open at its rear and which is provided-with a neck-spring and also with a waist spring for detachably holding the apron on the body of the user, at the neck and waist.

The improved apron can be made at low cost, and the respective springs can be easily removed and replaced, when the apron is laundered and ironed.

Other objects and advantages are stated in the annexed description and drawings, which illustrate a preferred embodiment thereof.

Fig. 1 is a front perspective View of the improved apron, with the neck spring held vertical.

Fig. 2 isa section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a rear perspective view of a part of the apron. The neck sprin is shown in vertical position, and the waist spring is shown in horizontal position. The representations of parts of the rear fabric layers are omitted.

Fig. 4 is a section on the line l4 of Fig. 1.

Fig, 5 is a top perspective View of the neck spring.

Fig. 6 is a section on the line 65 of Fig. 5.

The body of the apron is made of a front bodylayer l of fabric or other material. Said front body-layer I has outer marginal edges, and it is cut out at its top between its respective longitudinal marginal edge-portions to provide a neck openin N, which has a curved edge, which is joined to the respective marginal edge-portions of the body-layer I, by transverse and separate edge-portions 2a and 2b, so that the neck opening N is open at its rear. The entire apron is open at its rear.

The marginal edges of the body-layer I, including the curved edge-portion of the neck opening N and its separate edge-portions 2a and 2b, are finished by a fabric strip or tape 2. which is folded at its outer edge to provide two layers of tapefabrio. Said doubled tape 2 also encloses the adjacent respective edge-portions of a rear, supplemental layer of fabric o other material H], which forms a rear neck-pocket for receiving the neck spring i, in combination with the front body-layer I.

Said rear layer ill, above its transverse bottom edge Elia, has the same contour as the respective part of the front body-laye I, including the edge-portion of its curved neck opening and the separate edge-portions 2a, and 2b of said layer l at the rear of said neck opening N.

The stitches M connect the edge-tape 2 to all the edges of the body-layer l, including the curved edge-portion of its neck opening N, and


doubled tape 2 also connects the layer l to all the edge-portions of the rear layer it], with the exception of the bottom transverse edge Illa of layer I ll, which is horizontal in Fig. 3.

Close to the horizontal bottom edge lfla of; the rear layer Hi, said rear layer H! is connected to the body-layer l by horizontal stitches ll, which are interrupted, in order to provide a bottom opening [2 for said rear neck-pocket. The neck spring 4 is a split ring which is made of resilient metal or other springy material. It has a cylindrical body, whose ends 5a and 5b are bent reversely, to provide respective loops. These loops provide enlarged ends of the neck spring A. The ends of sai loops abut the body of the neck spring 4.

Between said loops, the body of the neck spring i is cylindrical and said body is located in a single plane. The end-loops are substantially perpendicular to said plane.

When the ends 5a and 5b are forced to contact each other by flexing the neck spring 4 out of its normal shape of Figs. 5 and 6, the cylindrical bodyof said neck sprin is substantially an annulus whose inner circumferential surface element is the circumference of a circle.

In normal shape, the enlarged endsia and 5b are slightly separated from each other. These separate ends 5a and 5b can be readilyiorced away from each other, out of their normal positions of Figs. 5 and 6, by flexing the body of the neck spring but of its normal annular shape.

In order to insert the neck spring 4 into operative position, its end So, for example, can be inserted into-the neck-pocket, through the bottom opening 52 of said neck-pocket. This can be done without flexing theneck spring l out of its normal shape.

The neck spring 6 is then turned relative to the neck-pocket, without flexing said neck spring 4 out of its normal shape, until the end 5a of said neck spring 4 abuts the edge-portion 2b of said neck-pocket. The upper part of the apron is then bent, while turning the neck-spring 4 without flexing it, until the exposed end 5b is below the bottom opening 12 of the neck-pocket, while the end 5a is located at the corner between the edge-portion 2b and the curved edgeportion of the neck-pocket.

The neck spring 4 is then slightly flexed, so as to insert the exposed end 5b into the neckpocket, through its bottom opening l2.

The neck spring 4 is then turned relative to the neck-pocket, until the enlarged ends 50. and 51) substantially abut the corners between the edge-portions 2a and 2b and the curved edgeportion of the neck opening N. The body of the neck spring 4 then substantially abuts the curved edge-portion of the neck opening N.

The edge-portions 2a and 2b are then yieldingly held in substantially abutting position.

The opening I2 is of sufiicient width, so that when it is desired to remove the neck spring 4 from the neck-pocket, the body of said neck spring 4 can be easily turned without flexing it, until one of theends 5a or 512 is moved out of the neck-pocket through the bottom opening 8. with only slight flexure of said neck spring 4. The neck spring can then be easily slid out of the neck-pocket. Either end of the neck spring can be initially inserted or removed.

The improved neck-pocket is much superior to an ordinary hem, because it is possible to use a neck spring which has substantially enlarged ends 5a and 5b of smooth contour, and to use a neck spring which is substantially a continuous annulus, when said neck spring isinnormal shape.

As an example, when the neck spring 4 is in normal, unfiexed shape, the internal diameter of its body is approximately 5.25 inches; and the distance :between the enlarged ends is about 0.5 inch The width of the bottom opening I2 is about 6 inches. At the edge Illa, the width of the apron is 10-11 inches.

Hence the width of the bottom opening 12 is substantially equal to the normal diameter or maximum width of the body or the neck spring, whosethickness is small. The slight excess of the normal internal diameter of the neck spring 4, over the width of the bottom opening, l2, pnevents the neck spring 4 from vfalling out of the neck-pocket.

At its waist, the garment has a hem H, which is closed at its ends, and which has two openings 8 adjacent and intermediate its closed ends.

Said hem His formed by a supplemental rear layer of fabric 415, which is stitched to layer I by top stitches 6 and bottom stitches 1. Stitches 6 may be a continuation of stitches 44, which connect the two layers of the folded edge-tape 2 to each other and to the intermediate layer I.

The waist spring 19 is a resilient, split steel ring or band, which has smooth ends, so that it can be readily inserted into and removed from hem H, through either of the hem-openings .8.

The springs 4 and :9 canbe easily transverse-1y enlarged o expanded by flexing their free ends away from each other, in order to put the apron on and to take it off, thus eliminating buttons, zipperaand other fastening devices.

These springs releasably engage the neck and waist of the user.

The two layers of the neck-pocket are unconnected to each other, save by the edge-tape 2' and the stitches II.

I have described a preferred embodiment of my invention, but numerous changes and omissions and additions can be made without departing from its scope.

The spring 9 at the waist may have the same construction as the neck-spring 4. The reverselybent ends {5a and 5b may abut the cylindrical body of the Wire 4, instead of being in loop-form. The shape of the neck-opening may be any desired shape, with a corresponding change in the shape of the neck-spring 4.

I claim:

An apron which comprises a body-layer of fabric, said body-layer having outer longitudinal marginal edges at the top portion of said bodylayer, said body-layer having a cut-out which provides a neck-opening between said marginal edges at the top of said apron, said body-layer haying separate edges at the rear of said neckepening, a supplemental layer of fabric which is located at the rear of said body-layer, said supplemental lay-er extending transversely across the respective part of said body-layer, the bottomedge of said supplemental layer being below said neck-opening, said supplemental layer having a cut-out which coincides with said first-mentioned cut-out, said supplemental layer and said body- .layer being continuously stitched to each other at the edges of said cut-outs and at said longitudinal marginal edges, said bottom edge being stitched "to the body-layer by transverse stitches which are interrupted substantially at the median point of said bottom edge, a blade neck-spring which is located between said layers and which abuts the connected edges of said cut-outs, said neck-spring being shaped to be inserted between said layers and to be removed from its position between said layers at said median point.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,628333 Schilke May 10, 1927 FQREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 8,300 Great Britain 1905

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1628433 *Jun 24, 1926May 10, 1927Schilke Walter DGarment protector
GB190508300A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2649587 *Oct 23, 1951Aug 25, 1953George H Bowman JrShoulderless garment with supporter
US2655659 *Aug 21, 1951Oct 20, 1953Swearingen Paul RApron with automatically adjustable belt
US2690563 *Jun 6, 1951Oct 5, 1954Wilson Roy WChild's bib
US2804624 *Jul 13, 1956Sep 3, 1957Schattel Juanita RFinger painting apron
US3042930 *Sep 21, 1959Jul 10, 1962Martinez Sergio ABib like protective devices
US3042932 *Dec 9, 1958Jul 10, 1962Marvin EppyWaistband structure for garments
US3863343 *Feb 9, 1972Feb 4, 1975Oscar MalminDental patient drape
US4674132 *Nov 19, 1986Jun 23, 1987Scott SteinSurgical gown
US5621916 *Mar 5, 1996Apr 22, 1997Bell; Carol W.Bib for use while operating a vehicle
US6836900 *May 3, 2004Jan 4, 2005James F. Fus, Sr.Bib
US6859938 *Nov 21, 2003Mar 1, 2005Brian W. NiskiProtective bib with snug fitting feature
US7877818Jan 27, 2009Feb 1, 2011S2S Design, Inc.Easy on and off collar for a protective garment
US8037544 *Sep 16, 2008Oct 18, 2011Covies, Inc.Self-securing garment
US8307462 *Dec 16, 2009Nov 13, 2012Kenney Purcaro Mary SBath towel bib
US8671465 *Feb 18, 2010Mar 18, 2014Nancy ArmstrongNursing canopy
US20110296581 *Feb 18, 2010Dec 8, 2011Nancy ArmstrongNursing canopy
WO2010087891A1 *Nov 18, 2009Aug 5, 2010S2S DesignProtective garment with a flexible collar
U.S. Classification2/48, D02/864, 2/52
International ClassificationA41D13/04
Cooperative ClassificationA41D13/046
European ClassificationA41D13/04C