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Publication numberUS2422228 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 17, 1947
Filing dateDec 27, 1943
Priority dateDec 27, 1943
Publication numberUS 2422228 A, US 2422228A, US-A-2422228, US2422228 A, US2422228A
InventorsFerrar Bernard
Original AssigneeFerrar Bernard
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined skate and sandal
US 2422228 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Junel'i, 1947. B' FERRAR 2,422,228


' l rTaR/VEY atented `une v1V 7, 1947 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE COMBINED SKATE AND SANDAL Bernard Ferrar, Los Angeles, Calif. Application December 27, 1943, Serial No. 515,682

4 Claims.

The invention relates to improvements in foot appliances and has for its primary object the provision of an improved foot appliance so constructed and arranged as to provide surface-contacting means such as roller skates, ice skates or skees, and which is capable of economical production and highly eiiicient in use.

Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved appliance of the character indicated which may be readily converted into a substitute for shoes when desired.

Other objects will appear hereinafter.

The invention consists of the combinations and arrangements of parts hereinafter described and claimed.

The invention will be best understood by reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, and in which- Fig. l is a side view of an appliance embodying the invention;

Fig. 2, a horizontal section thereof taken substantially on line 2 2 of Fig. l;

Fig. 3, an enlarged section taken substantially on line 3-3 of Fig. 2; and

Fig. 4, a side View of the construction in condition for use as a substitute for a shoe.

The embodiment of the invention illustrated in the drawings comprises a foot rest l provided with a top pad 4Il of felt or the like, and held in place on the foot by means of an instep band l2 adjustably connected thereto by lacing I3, as indicated. A heel-embracing member i4 is connected at I5 as shown, with the rear of the rest member I0, and the forward ends of the member I are formed into securing straps i6 adapted and arrangned to adjustably engage buckles on the rear edges of the instep band as shown. By this arrangement a secure and adjustable attachment for the foot is provided, and one which may be readily applied to or removed from the foot by merely loosening or securing one of the side straps I 6, as will be readily understood.

Two spaced ilexible attaching elements are arranged to extend downwardly from the heel and toe portions of the foot rest I0. Each of these attaching elements comprises four spaced compression springs Il fitting at their ends over short posts or projections I8 on the underside of the rest I0 and on top of a corresponding supporting plate I9 as indicated. A flexible tie member in the form of a chain 20 is positioned centrally in each attaching element and serves vto hold the springs I'l under suitable initial compression and to limit their expansion, said springs being placed under sufiicient initial compression substantially equal tothat of theperson intended to wear the appliance, and being held under said tension by action of the corresponding chain 20, as will be readily understood. A suitable flexible housing 2|, preferably of leather or similar material, is arranged as indicated around each set of springs I'I and a rubber cushion or tread block 22 is provided with a exible lip 23 at its top adjustably securing the same to the projecting edges or shoulder of each plate I9 as shown. Surface-contacting means in the form of a steel plate 24 having up-turned stiffening anges 25 at its sides is detachably secured to each supporting plate I9 by means of upwardly and inwardly extending attaching lips 26 formed at each end thereof, and adapted and arranged to engage over the projecting edges or shoulders of the tread members 22-23 as indicated, and whereby the member 24 may be readily attached to, or detached from said attaching elements. Each member 24 is provided, as shown, with two transverse axles 21 carrying rollers 28, thereby completing a surface-contacting means in the form of an ordinary roller skate. By this arrangement the flexibility of the attaching elements permits of the ready attach`r ment or detachment of the members 24 and also provides the necessary lateral resiliency to permit of full and complete use of the attachment as an ordinary roller skate. By this arrangement a simple and effective foot appliance adapted to serve as a roller skate, ice skate or a skee may be readily attached to each foot of the wearer and the same fully cushioned and flexibly mounted so as to permit of the full and complete use and enjoyment thereof.

If and when desired, the surface-contacting means may be readily detached and the appliance then used as a shoe substitute as indicated in Fig. 4.

While I have illustrated and described the preferred form of construction for carrying the invention into eect, this is capable 0f variation and modication without departing from the spirit of the invention. I therefore do not wish to be limited to the precise details disclosed, but desire to avail myself of such variations and modification as fall within th'e scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A foot appliance comprising a foot rest; two spaced flexible elements depending from said rest and each comprising four spaced compression springs and a exible tie member positioned centrally between them limiting the expansion of said springs.

2,422,228 u 3 4 2. The construction specified in claim 1 in p which each flexible element is provided at its REFERENCES CITED bottom with a rubber tread member. The following references are of record in the 3. A foot appliance comprising a foot rest; file 0f this patent; two spaced flexible attaching elements depending 5 A A from said rest, each provided at its lower end UNITED STATES PATENTS with an attaching shoulder; and a supporting Number Name Date member consisting of a plate having upwardly 1,261,488 Cerar et al.v Apr.4 2, 1918k and inwardly'extending lips at each end adapted 1,675,256 A Brosthwait June 26, 1928 and arrangedtoengage over thev attaching shoul- 10"' 1,858,833 Leach': May 17, 1932 ders on said attaching elements. 1,351,925Y Rieke Sept. '7, 1920 4. A foot appliance comprising a foot rest; A 36,595 Ansley Oct. '7, 1862 two spaced flexible attaching elements depending 1,263,093 Miers Apr, 16, 1918 from said rest, each providedatfits'lowerendv I 17,702,316 Ridgers Feb. 19, 1929 with an attaching shoulder; a supporting memr1S 1,263,092 Miers Apr. 16, 1918 ber consisting of a plate having iipwaidly'and "822,448 "il Hanson June 5, 1906 inwardly extending lips at each end adapted" and i 211,587,749 f- -Bierly June 8, 1926 arranged to engage over the attaching .shoulders on said attaching elements; and 'surfacecontacting means on said supporting member con- 20 sisting of a pair' of V,axles carrying rollers.


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US36595 *Oct 7, 1862 Improvement in skates
US822448 *Jul 12, 1905Jun 5, 1906Alexander HansonSpring-stilt.
US1261488 *Nov 17, 1917Apr 2, 1918Frank CerarResilient shoe-heel.
US1263092 *Jul 26, 1917Apr 16, 1918Elijah Misener MiersIce-skate.
US1263093 *Jul 26, 1917Apr 16, 1918Elijah Misener MiersIce-skate.
US1351925 *Dec 15, 1919Sep 7, 1920George H RickeSkate
US1587749 *Jul 14, 1924Jun 8, 1926Albert S BierlyPropulsive-spring foot support
US1675256 *Jul 13, 1927Jun 26, 1928Ray SheltonShoe heel
US1702316 *Feb 17, 1927Feb 19, 1929Ridgers Horace LSkate
US1858833 *Jul 22, 1930May 17, 1932Leach Guy MSpring shoe attachment
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3996677 *Jun 11, 1976Dec 14, 1976Lawrence Peska Associates, Inc.Exercise skate
US4715460 *Nov 20, 1984Dec 29, 1987International Texas Industries, Inc.Omnidirectional vehicle base
US4928982 *Mar 18, 1988May 29, 1990Logan Kenneth CConvertible running shoes/roller skates
US5114166 *Mar 23, 1990May 19, 1992Mccosker Robert EWheeled coasting board
US6406038Aug 14, 2001Jun 18, 2002Heeling Sports LimitedHeeling apparatus and method
US6450509Mar 31, 2000Sep 17, 2002Heeling Sports LimitedHeeling apparatus and method
US6698769Feb 3, 2003Mar 2, 2004Heeling Sports LimitedMulti-wheel heeling apparatus
US6739602Feb 7, 2002May 25, 2004Heeling Sports LimitedHeeling apparatus and method
US6746026Feb 15, 2002Jun 8, 2004Heeling Sports LimitedHeeling apparatus and method
US6926289Apr 5, 2002Aug 9, 2005Guohua WangMultifunctional shoes for walking and skating with single roller
US6979003Jun 7, 2004Dec 27, 2005Heeling Sports LimitedHeeling apparatus and method
US7063336Feb 18, 2003Jun 20, 2006Heeling Sports LimitedExternal wheeled heeling apparatus and method
US7165773Dec 22, 2005Jan 23, 2007Heeling Sports LimitedHeeling apparatus and method
US7165774Jun 19, 2006Jan 23, 2007Heeling Sports LimitedExternal wheeled heeling apparatus and method
US7610972Aug 4, 2005Nov 3, 2009Heeling Sports LimitedMotorized transportation apparatus and method
US7621540Jan 22, 2007Nov 24, 2009Heeling Sports LimitedHeeling apparatus and method
US8480095Nov 23, 2009Jul 9, 2013Heeling Sports LimitedHeeling apparatus wheel assembly
WO1986003132A1 *Nov 19, 1985Jun 5, 1986Int Texas Ind IncOmnidirectional vehicle base
U.S. Classification280/11.19, 280/124.179, 36/7.8, 36/11.5, 267/289
International ClassificationA63C1/24, A63C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63C1/24
European ClassificationA63C1/24