|Publication number||US2422358 A|
|Publication date||Jun 17, 1947|
|Filing date||Mar 20, 1947|
|Priority date||Mar 20, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2422358 A, US 2422358A, US-A-2422358, US2422358 A, US2422358A|
|Original Assignee||Hero Mfg Co Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (11), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 17, 1947. Q L B' 2,422,358
YARN BOBBIN Filed March 20, 1947 Patented June 17, 1947 YARN BOBBIN Otto Lobl, Middleboro, Mass, assignor to Hero Mfg. (70., Inc., Middleboro, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Application March 20, 1947, Serial No. 736,092
3 Claims. 1
This invention relates to improvements in bobbins of the general type on which yarn, string or thread may be wound for convenient withdrawal. More particularly it provides such bobbins which may be removably grouped together on a holder with each bobbin of the group having means thereon facilitating withdrawal of a predetermined measured length of the material on the bobbin, such as yarn, for example. According to the invention, the individual bobbins of a group or set may have material of the same or different color or character wound thereon with predetermined measured lengths of the material on a bobbin engaged and held at the opposite ends of each measured length, so that, by disengaging one end of a measured length, the bobbin may be released or dropped to hang suspended at the opposite end of the measured length, with only that measured length unwound and conveniently available for use.
It is among the objects of the invention to provide yarn bobbins, and the like, from which the yarn, or other material readily may be withdrawn at intervals in predetermined short or relatively long lengths with assurance that no more than the predetermined length will be withdrawn at any one time to become tangled or snarled.
Another object is to provide a bobbin on which yarn or comparable material may be quickly and freely wound, as on a spool, with predetermined lengths of the wound yarn engaged, at opposite ends of each predetermined length, in means designed to releasably hold the yarn against unwinding, whereby release of one end of a predetermined length conditions the bobbin for unwinding or withdrawal of only that predetermined length.
A feature is that the bobbins are adapted to be grouped on a holder for individual removal as needed, with the various bobbins holding yarn of the particular color combination or characteristics needed for a design or pattern which is being developed, and with the individual bobbins having the predetermined lengths required of their respective colors or characteristics.
It is, moreover, my purpose and object generally to improve the structure and efiectiveness of yarn bobbins and the like and particularly such bobbins from which yarn or other material is to be withdrawn in the process of hand-knitting, and for comparable purposes.
In the accompanying drawing:
,Fig. 1 is a perspective View of a group or set of my improved bobbins removably held on a ring;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of one of the bobbins having yarn wound thereon for withdrawal in a plurality of predetermined lengths; and
Fig. 3 shows the bobbin of Fig. 2 suspended at the end of one unwound predetermined length of yarn.
Referring to the drawing, each bobbin l0 conveniently may be of suitably stiff and resilient sheet material, such as Celluloid or one of the available plastic materials, for example. Opposite side edges of the bobbin have concave curvature as at I2, and the opposite ends of the bobbin have convex curvature as at M, so that the bobbin has a generally flat spool shape for receiving yarn or the like wound around the body portion between the ends of the bobbin. Adjacent to each end of the bobbin, a relatively small hole [6 extends through the bobbin, and a slit 18 extends from each hole It outward through the end edge to provide abutting resilient tongues 2!] of the bobbin stock at opposite ends of the bobbin, each of which tongues may be flexed resiliently out of the plane of the adjacent tongue to permit a portion of the yarn to be passed along a slit I8 intoa hole it. Or the yarn may be left in the slit l3 and be pinched between two coacting resilient tongues 29.
It is a feature of the invention that yarn or the like may be wound on one of my improved bobbins and be secured at any desired intervals along the yarn so that only one predetermined length of yarn will be free for withdrawal at any one time. For example, ten or any other number of convolutions of the yarn may be wound around the body of the bobbin, followed by slipping a portion of the next convolution through a slit l8 into one of the end holes 16. Then another ten convolutions, for example, may be wound around the bobbin body, followed by another slipping of the yarn through a slit, l8 into a hole It. This procedure may be repeated until a desired total length of yarn is on the bobbin, after which the outer end of the yarn may be secured by engaging it in the pinch of one of the slits l8.
When the yarn is to be withdrawn from the bobbin for use in the process of hand-knitting, for example, disengagement of the pinched end of the yarn will free for withdrawal only a length of yarn extending back to the portion of yarn last slipped into a hole l6, and any unwinding must stop there until the portion last engaged in a hole It is released. If desired, the end of the yarn may be held while the bobbin is dropped thereby to unwind only whatever length has been predetermined. When this unwound portion of yarn is used or nearly used, the portion of yarn last inserted in a hole I6 may be slipped out through the adjacent slit l8 and another ten or other predetermined number of convolutions will be thereby freed for unwinding.
It will be obvious that yarn may be wound on my improved bobbinsso that, any desired predetermiried, lengths of the yarn may be freed in succession as the knitting proceeds. Where a colored pattern is being worked, a series or set of the bobbins l conveniently may be removably held on a ring 22 or the like with yarn'of the required colors on the vrespective bobbins, and with the required length of any particular color wound so that no more than that predetermined length will be released for unwinding at any one time. Hence, the invention not onlt avoids snarling and tangling of the yarn as it is Withdrawn from a bobbin for use, but enables a predetermined planned initial winding of the yarn on the bobbins which 'greatly facilitates the actual process of knitting by ensuring that only a predetermined variablelength of yarn will unwind from a bobbin in response to each releasing of an engaged portion of yarn from onejoi the holes l6. Furthermore, my improved bobbin can have an attractive stream-lined shape with the opposite ends identical and providing a yarn look at each end in either of which the yarn may he slipped withoutwany manual actuation of the lockingelements excepting a mere tensionmeet the yarn over a bobbin end to engage the yarnin one of the end slits without any catchmg, of the yarn or otherinterference with its free slip into and along a slit and, if desired, into a retaining hole 16 at the inner end of a slit.
Iclaiin as my invention:
, 1. A bobbin for holding yarn and the like, comprising a generally flat member of resilient sheet material having opposite side edges extending with concave curvature and having opposite end edges rounded with convex curvature,
there being a relatively small hole adjacent to 4 passing around said concave side edges of the bobbin and with one predetermined convolution extending through said end hole on its course from one of said concave side edges to the other, thereby to limit unwinding of yarn from the bobbin to convolutions wound subsequent to said predetermined convolution until said predetermined convolution is released from said end holel 2. A bobbin for holding yarn and the like, comprising a generally flat member having o'p posite side edges extending with concave curvature and having opposite convexly rounded end hole with the eonvolutions passing around said 7 concave side edges of the bobbin, and said end hole being located and adapted to receive a predetermined convolution of the yarn slipped through said ope n'able passage an'd extending through Said holeon its course iromone of said concavesideedg'es tothje other thereby to stop unwinding of yarn from the bobbin until said predetermined convolution is released from said hole.
3. .A bobbin for holding yarn and the like, comprising. a generally, flat 'in'ernber having opposite side, edges extending with concave curvature and having opposite convexly roundede'nd edges, there being a relatively. small hole through said member adjacent to each of .said convex end edges, means at each end portion of the bobbin providingan opehable assage to each said hole from the adjacent end edge of the bobbin, whereby a selected number of convolutions of yarn may be ireely wound around said side edges-or the bobbin inward of said end holes and any 'pred'e; terrnined convolution may be diverted andslipped through a said o-pehable passage so as to extend through a said end hole on its course from One of said concave side. edges to the other, thereby to limit free unwinding oryarh to fconvolutio'ns wound on. the bobbin subsequent to said pie-- deteri'riined convolution.
' OTTO LOBL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2493208 *||Apr 16, 1947||Jan 3, 1950||Sedgewick Richard D||Holder for bobbins|
|US2893658 *||Aug 10, 1954||Jul 7, 1959||Fischer Elly C||Yarn holder|
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|US4161075 *||Feb 21, 1978||Jul 17, 1979||Eubanks Ann S||Thread and yarn organizer|
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|US20170081145 *||Sep 17, 2015||Mar 23, 2017||Kevin Thomas Cayton||Apparatus for Managing Personal Electronic Accessory Cords|
|U.S. Classification||242/405.1, 33/393, 242/405, 242/613.3, 242/580, 33/392|
|International Classification||B65H75/06, B65H54/68|
|Cooperative Classification||B65H75/06, B65H54/68, B65H2701/31|
|European Classification||B65H54/68, B65H75/06|