US 2423209 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 1, 1947. q H, S O EY- 2,423,209
PAPER BALER Fild may 20, 1944 INVENTOR DANIEL H.5TOREY ATTORNEYS Patented July 1, 1947 UNITED S.'l7ATli". S OFFICE PAPER B'ALER Daniel. H; Storey, Wausau, Application May 20, 1944, Serial No; 536,56?
This invention appertains to presses and more particularly to a novel balin-g press particularly adapted for use in homes for baling'wastepaper and the like.
One of the primary objects of my invention to provide a household baling press, which will be of a light, compact order andonewhich can be easily operated by a woman or other person for making a neat tight bale of waste paper, the body of the press itself actingas a bin for the collection of waste paper;
Another salient object of my invention is to provide a baling press which can be effectively used in households or" small business establishments, that can be quickly knocked down and folded into. a small compass for shipping and storing.
A further important object of my invention is to provide novel means for'assembling; the walls of the body of the press on the base to form a rugged structure. and novel means for forming andoperating the compressing, plunger.
A still further object of my invention is to provide a. domestic waste paper'baling press which will be durable and efiicient in use, one that Will be simple and easy. to manufacture, and one which can be placed upon the market at a reasonable cost.
With these and other objects in. view, the invention consists in. thenoyel. construction, arrangement, and formation of parts, as will be hereinafter more specifically described, claimed,
? and illustrated inthe accompanying drawing, in
which drawings Figure 1 is a perspective view of the body of" section being. taken substantially-on the line: 3-3
of Figure 4 loo-king in the direction of the arrows.
Figure 4 is a horizontal, sectional View through the press taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 3 looking in the direction of the arrows and with the lever 35 partly broken away.
Referring to the drawing in detail, wherein similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views, the letter B generally indicates my improved baling press and the same includes a base section 5 and a collapsible body section l5.
The baling press B is preferably formed from light inexpensive lumber, such as is commonly employed in the construction of shipping boxes,
but obviously any desired type of? material can be employed that is best-suited for thepurpose. In fact, after the war, it is contemplated of making the press from metal.
The base 5 includes a floor 5 reinforced by transversely. extending spaced cleats l on which the base can rest on the floor. Secured to the upper surface of'the floor 6: around themarginal edges thereof are upstanding. front and rear flanges or strips 8 and9: and side flanges or strips [0; If preferred, therear flange or strip 9 can extenda greater distance abovethe floor than: the front; and side flanges. It is. to be noted that notches H: can beformed in the. front strip or flange 8 for the reception ofbaling cord or twine l2; Bolts l3; can be utilized for connecting the flanges or strips inpl'aceeon the floor 6 but nails can be emiployed: for this purpose, if so desired. The base is also providedwitlr an eyel4, the purpose o-f which will be later described.
The. body t5; of the. press includes a removable front wall 16; back OIIIBEL!" wall I21, and sidewalls 1:8 and: I9:
Aszillustratedr," thesetwall'slare formed from verticalt boards and: the. boards are; united by horizontal: cross: braces. The rear wall. l1: and the sidewalls. tfirand: t9 are united by'removable angle irons 20, so that the side walls can; be placed on top cs the. rear wall when. the walls are detached from the base: When. the; side walls are placed oyertherear' wall, thisunit can be placed. on top of: the base andt'hefront wallcan then beplaced on top of theisidewalls. Thisformsa. compact bundle for shippingand' storing.
As is clearly: shown in. Figures 1. 3,. and 4, the body is placed onrtherfloor B of the base 5in abutting refation withthe flanges or strips of the base.
The side: walls lflaand t9 carry forwardly pronicotine; hooks 2t and; the front" wall. I6 carries mating: laterally. projecting. hooks: 22. This front wall canbeslipped onthe: base: against: the front edges of the side wall 18 and IS with the hooks 22 engaging the hooks 2|. This will form a convenient sturdy structure, which will unite all of the walls of the body and at the same time permit the quick removal of the front wall to lift out a completed bale from the press as will be later described. The lower edge of the front wall is provided with cord receiving notches 23 which are adapted to register with the notches I I when the front wall is in operative position.
The front wall l6 and the rear wall I! are respectively provided with centrally located vertieal slots 24 and 25. A plunger 26 is utilized for pressing the waste paper collected in the body face of the lever is provided with a plurality of fulcrum notches 32, any one of which can receive the upper edge of the fulcrum board 29. The lever can be reinforced at this point with a wear iron 33. The rear end of the lever carries a hook 34 having a semi-circular bill 35. This hook is adapted to engage any one of a plurality of fulcrum pins 36. The fulcrum pins 36 are arranged in spaced parallel relation and are carried by uprights 31 which are firmly, but removably, secured to the rear wall I! on each side of the slot 25 therein. The upper edges of the rear and side walls can be provided with tying cord receiving notches 38.
In use of my baling press, the same is assembled in the manner shown in the drawing and the press is placed at a convenient point in the household, such as in the kitchen or cellar. Transverse and longitudinal cords are placed on the floor 6 of the base and the cords are brought up the sides and into the notches formed in the and the lever 3| is now brought into play. The f hook 34 is placed over the desired pin and lever is brought over the fulcrum board. Pressure is now applied on the outer end of the lever and the waste paper can be conveniently pressed into a compact bale. If desired, the plunger can be removed and more paper added, and as the bundle is made, the hook can be moved down to another pin 36.
The lever 3| can be held in a lowered position with the plunger against a compressed bale by the use of a flexible chain 38 carried by the eye M. A desired link of the chain can be hooked over a hook 39 carried by the lever.
When the desired quantity of waste paper has been collected, a cover sheet, such as a folded sheet of newspaper is placed over the top of the waste paper and the cords from the back are brought over the waste paper to the front and the waste paper is finally compressed by the plunger and the lever, and the lever is held down in its compressing position by the chain 38. The
4 front wall It is now removed and the front and back cords are tied. The chain 38 is released and the plunger 2! and the lever 3| are removed and the side cords are now tied together. The baler is now removed and a tight compressed bundle will be had.
Particular attention is directed to the notches 32 in the lever. Should the bale being formed be high in front, the upper end of the lever rest plate 29 is placed in the front notch 32. This gives greater pressure on the front of the bale. If the paper in the press is fairly even, the plate 29 is placed in the middle notch. If the paper is high in the back, the plate 29 is placed in the rear notch.
From the foregoing description, it can be seen that I have provided a simple and durable domestic baling press which can be conveniently operated by the ordinary housewife.
While I have stressed the advantage of my baler for homes, it is to be understood that the baler is just as valuable for small stores, ofiices, factories or, in fact, anyone needing a small sized baler.
Changes in details may be made without departing from the spirit or the scope of my invention, but what I claim as new is:
In a knocked down collapsible household baling press, a base including a floor and upstanding marginal flanges, a body detachably associated with said base including front, rear and side walls, the lower edges of said walls being adapted to fit against said floor with said Walls in abutting relation to said flanges when the body is in its set up position on the base, means removably connecting the side walls to the rear Wall, means detachably connecting the front wall to the side walls, whereby the walls of the body when disassembled can be placed flat on said base for shipment, a plunger slidably mounted in the body, when said body is in its set up position, a ful crum member carried by said rear wall, and a fulcrum lever adapted to engage the fulcrum member and said plunger.
DANIEL H. STOREY.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,142,704 Haugh June 8, 1915 1,760,292 Troth May 27, 1930 397,917 Hillman et al Feb. 19, 1889 1,296,830 Marsh Mar. 11, 1919 132,486 Pagett et al Oct. 22, 1872 944,823 Rohrer, Jr Dec. 28, 1909 145,629 Collins Dec. 16, 1873 921,453 Pilon May 11, 1909 798,133 Green et a1 Aug. 29, 1905