|Publication number||US2423448 A|
|Publication date||Jul 8, 1947|
|Filing date||Feb 29, 1944|
|Priority date||Feb 29, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2423448 A, US 2423448A, US-A-2423448, US2423448 A, US2423448A|
|Inventors||Haight Stanley M|
|Original Assignee||Haight Stanley M|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (13), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 8, 1947. s. M. HAIGHT 2,423,448
FIST GUN Filed Feb. 29, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG. 4.
l I (D f 0 l j lim:
qa? 7 'l l8/7 2 4.7 'f /6 #fafa 2.
Bf' srAA/LEyMHA/GHT l AT RNEY Patented July 8, 1947 iJNi'iED ST'EES PATENT QFFLCE FIST GUN Stanley M. Haight, United States Navy Application February 29, 1944, Serial No. 524,435
(Cl. Li2-13) (Granted under the act of March 3, 1883, as amended April 30, 1928; 370 0. G. 757) 11 Claims.
the Woods Patent 1,073,312. The purpose of these' devices is concealment and surprise against holdups and the like, and they do not involve physical contact with the adversary.
My device, on the contrary is not primarily intended to be concealed, although it may be if so desired, and the purpose is to provide the wearer with a lethal weapon which he may keep attached to his person at all times without undue diiculty. Modern warfare, with its inltration tactics and surprise, entails considerable hand to hand fighting. Due to the surprise nature of these attacks, the attacked personnel are frequently caught comparatively unarmed, in that they have laid aside their normal arms while engaged in other duties, or while sleeping, etc.
The device, in the illustrated embodiment is in the form of a firearm which is worn on the back of the hand, and has its trigger projecting in the direction of the iingers. The barrel substantially parallels the direction of the fingers. When the fist is doubled up, the trigger is exposed for contact and the lingers are removed from the line of re of the lethal charge of the weapon. Thus when the wearer becomes engaged in hand to hand fighting and his other weapons such as rifle or bayonet are ineffective, he need only double up the st of the hand to which the weapon is attached, and strike his adversary'. Even though l,the trigger of the weapon is not struck against a vital organ of the adversary, such as the head or abdomen, the nature of the lethal charge at these close quarters is such that the adversary will be instantly knocked out or disabled, because the weapon is loaded with a shotgun shell, and the shattering eiect of such a shell, particularly at close range, is Well known. The Weapon contains only a single shell, and while it can be reloaded easily, it may not be possible to do so during the same action, but since it remains attached to the hand it is still a very eective brass knuckle in subsequent fighting.
It is accordingly the primary object of my invention to provide a novel firearm which is adapted to be worn at all times, and with which a lethal charge can be discharged into an adversary by pressing or striking the Weapon against him.
Another purpose of the invention is the provision of a novel weapon which discharges its charge into an object when the trigger is pressed or struck against the object. p
Another object is the provision of a novel firearm adapted to be worn on the back of the hand and discharged by striking orv pressing its trigger against an object or adversary, there being a safety device operable to prevent the inadvertent discharge of the gun when the safety is on..
Still further objects of the invention will appear as the description thereof proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the device attached to the back of a glove on the hand of a person, the st being doubled and the gun ready for action;
Fig. 2 is a perspective View of the base of the gun, with the mechanism and barrel removed;
Fig. 3 is a perspective View of the barrel of the gun, looking at it from the rear; V
Fig. 4 is a partial sectional View in a plane parallel to the base and passing through the barrel substantially at its diameter;
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the gun, detached from the glove, with the barrel rotated into the loading position, and showing a shell in position to be loaded.
Fig. 6 is a perspective View of the sear;
Fig. 7 is a View in cross-section taken along the line 'l-'I of Fig. 4;
Fig. 8 is a longitudinal View in cross-section along the line 8-3 of Fig. 4;
Fig. 9 is a longitudinal view in cross-Sectio along the line 9 9 of Fig. 4;
Fig. 10 is a longitudinal view in cross-section along the line ISB-l 0 of Fig. 4;
Fig. 11 is a partial longitudinal View in crosssection along the line ID-Ill and similar to Fig. 10, but. showing the ring pin in cocked position;
Fig. 12 is a plan view in detail of the safety locking mechanism; and
Fig. 13 is a cross-sectional View along line |3| 3 of Fig. 12 showing the details of the spring pressed detent on the safety mechanism.
The gun is made of metal throughout, and comprises a base I2, shown substantially stripped in Fig. 2. The base I2 comprises a at portion which is fastened to the back of the hand or glove as shown in Fig. 1. Integral with or securely fastened .to the base I2 is a shoulder I3 which has a longitudinal threaded bore I #extending parallel angles to the base, as by machine screws I8 and I9 passing through lugs-20 and 2! which are, integral with the plate, the screws engaging tapped holes in the base I2.. The plate I'I has a-,holelg therethrough, in axial alignment with the .bores I4 and I6 in shoulder I3 and breechV blocki i5.
A trigger tube 23, threaded at one endmto engage the threaded bore I4 in the shoulder I3, extends the length of the' base `1I 2 and'ipas'ses through the bore I6 and the holey 22, with both of `which it has a fairly close t. The tube 23 is .tlrreaded on, the end-whichpa-sses through-plate l I'I. --A cap 24 `is threaded ontov this end-of .tube
23 and tightened against theside of platek Mythe I.tubee23; thereby being secured at cachend. .The tube -lis1locked against*I turning bya .-screw- 24a whichvis threaded into-the bottom ,-of the base I2 and has an unthreaded portionftt-ing into a mating-hola 2419 inthe ytube 23. 'Mountedfor sliding movement within the bore of trigger tube projecting end Illerl have an; enlarged impact button 26 threaded thereon.
`Asibest-showninfFigs 4,;8; 9 and'll, a lug 27 .-projectsffrorn onev side of the tri-ggerbar -near -its vother-end, and extendsf through and'l pasta longitudinal slot 28 in the side Wall of thegtube A23. 'I,1he trigger,bar.25 terminatesshortofthe fend of,u thev tube 23 `when lthe trigger .bar is. at Vthe left-end-of its stroke as shown- -in Figs-4, 8 and 9. The left end of the stroke is determinedby engagementofgthe lug'ZI'with the endfofjtheslot :'2.8 f. Itis .nQrma11y-,he1d-fn this-position' by a coil `vcompression 'spring 29' witl'lin` the bore ,of Y tube 23, the spring beingiempressedgzbetween'thefend @of the trigger barzgf andithevcapzt, which closes the end of tube 2,3. Y
The tube 2,3alsogservesasayhinge pin for a -barrely30of; the weapon asisshown in Figs. 14, 5
:arid-8. ,Thebarrel SMS shown separatelyinperfspectiveinfliggS, -and consists `ofafs;flele block of metal of a length extendingpfromthe-breech block; I5 -to the ,fro,nt edge of the; base I 2, ,except vforaside portionwhich isvcut awayat'lSI. This shortened side portion fits between the'shoulder .l3rand the. breech-block; I5 and contains aibore 32 through which passes the tube 23,thus forming ,the `hinged connection-between` the barrel 3U and the base I2 ofrthe gun. Asshownnin Fig 3, the lower corner -ofthebarrel is rounded at 38 so the corner will clear the base. ,Parallel to the bore Y32Vis a, bore'133 which receives a shotgun shellor cartridge 34 and, through which the Vcharge -passeswhen the shell; is exploded. YAs
show-n insFig. 4,1thev muzzle v35 is adjacent, the
button 26. At the inner end'of bore 33 isan enlarged recess 36 into which fits the-,external .angeS'Iofthe shellor cartridge 34.
`-In orderto .load or .unload the'- gun, the barrel 30 is swung'up.lto.thefpositicn shownin lFigf5. After the shell is :inserted intothe borefthe Vbar- .,rel is swung idown .against the baseV and the ,breech :block A.where :itA is latched in position by ',a-cspring. .pressed .latch-.59 in the. breech block. .I5
4 fully in Fig. 4 and comprises a lever pivoted on ak pin 40 in the breech block I5. The latch portion 39 of the leverts into a horizontal. notch 4I in the side and corner of the barrel 36, A 5 corresponding slot 42 in the breech block I5 accommodates the lever, which has a finger piece 43. L A-hole, in the breech blo-ck I5 accommodates a coil compression spring-i5 which bears against the inner side of the finger piece 43 to urge the 10 1ever clockwise as viewed in Fig, 4, and to thus Vthe latch 39-by depressing the finger piece @3k 20 against the action of the spring IE5. At its rear, by the recess 36, the barrel has a groove 45a in which a ring pin 54 slides when the barrel3lis swung up and down. Thebreech block `I5 has a lthreaded hole Mex- 25 tendingalmost therethrough, and .inaxial alignment with the bore 33 when .the lbarrel is in the position of Fig. l. .The threaded holeA lil .termi- .hates inla smaller axially aligned-helaas which :does go through the breech block. In axialalign- 30 .mentwith the. aforementioned holes isa hole. 49
. passing. through the plate: I'I. A threaded bushing 55A having a Asquare 4external vflangeliat is threaded` into and seated-inthe-hole l 4in the breech block. The bushing .has a largeinternal bore 5i for most of-.its length,terminating in a smaller bore-52, therebeingan internal shoulder 5.3 at .their juncture. tion or small diameter passing throughA the vhole 5t for engagement with the firing cap .of` the shell in the .barrelL as showninkFigs..4 `and 10. The firing :pin is cf Ya length. extending past the plate Hand has a knobv 55 threadedon its outer end. YThe firing pin has Y.anenlarged .portion which slides in the bore 52,fand an external `flange 55 which slides `the largebore! inthebush- `ing .55. A spring.-5l iscompressedbetween-tm -flange 55.011. the-.tiring pin and theshoulder 53, thus urging. thering .pin .to rthe fleft. vBeyond Athe enlarged portion .whichslides .in bore 52, the firing pin diameter is reduced to form a shoulder `-`58 and ,passes .througha-.bushing .59 which slides vthroug'fh the holeflin plateI'I. .The bushing 59 is clamped to theringpin between .the shoulder T58 ,and the knob55. Adjacent shoulderv58 the .bushing hasan annular recess terminating in a sharprshoulderi. Thus .the firing pin may be pulled tothe right to cock itagainst .the action .cf spring 5l as shown in Fig. 11. When released, lt will .ily to Ytheleft anditssmall portion.54 .at
.60 .the left endwill strike the ringfcapof the shell ,to explode it.
.,In'Ffig. ,6 is shown aperspective viewof asear Si havlflrg a latch 62 which is springpressed against the shoulder- 5i? to holdthe ring pinin the cocked position shown ,in Fig. 11. An eye bolt `63 appearing in Figs. 4 and 9 has its threaded .portion Y(it screwed `into a threaded hole inthe 'breech'block 55. The bolt has two spaced eyes, v a pin( E5 passing through one and having thready-ed engagement'withl the other. "The searftl has ahole 66 through which the-pin. 55 passes, the sear 5I beingthus'pivoted about'thepinfE. As
Y`shown infFig. 9,:there is a blind hole `I'I vin the bottomzof the scar, and a Coil spring'G .which .is 75..sea.t'ed inl this'hole bears .againstthe top lof the base l2, thus normally raising the free end of the sear 5I. When the rng pin is drawn back to the cocked position of Fig. 11, the spring 68 forces the latch 52 upwards whereupon it is held in resilient engagement with the shoulder 60 by the combined action of springs 51 and S8. The top of the sear has a recess with an upwardly sweeping top surface or cam S9. As best shown in Figs. 4, 9 and 11, the lug 21 which projects from the trigger bar 2-5 extends over the cam 69. When the trigger 25 is moved backwards by a thrust on the button 2S, the lug 21 engages the cam @s to force the sear and latch 62 downwards against the force of spring 58. When the sear has been sufficiently depressed, the latch 62 is disengaged from the shoulder 50, and the firing pin will y to the left to explode the shell. rIhus the gun is cocked by pulling the firing pin back by means of the knob 55 until the latch 62 engages the shoulder Si). rfhe gun may be discharged by pushing on or striking the trigger bar button 25.
A round post 1E) is threaded into the base I2 and extends vertically upwards therefrom between the bushing 5S and the scar 5l as shown most clearly in Figs. '7 and 4. The diameter of the post is too great for it to t between these two elements, so a circular cut is milled in the side facing the bushing 59, the diameter of the cut being substantially the same as that of the bushing so that the bushing bears against substantially the whole area of the cut in the post. The post 1@ thus forms a brace or guide preventing sideways movement of the free end of the sear 6l.
Safety means are provided to prevent accidental discharge of the gun while it is cocked. Such means are desirable because while it is intended that the gun be worn and in readiness for use substantially all of the time, there are occasions when the trigger button 25 might be struck unintentionally, as when the wearer is working with his hands, or when asleep, etc.
The safety means is shown particularly in Figs. 4 and 12. It comprises a lever which is L shaped in plan and pivoted about a screw 1l which is threaded into the base l2, the lever itself lying flat upon the base. At its exterior end the lever has a button 12 which enables the wearer to move the lever. When the safety is in the locked position, its end 13 lies under the scar 62 as shown in Fig. 12. As is apparent from Figs. 10 and 11, the safety cannot pass under the sear to lock it unless the firing pin is cocked because there is not room under the sear for the end 13. When the iiring pin is cocked, as in Figs. 11 and 12 and with the safety in the on position of Fig. 12, the sear 6l cannot be depressed by moving the trigger bar backwards, because with the end 13 of the safety under the latch 62, the latch is held thereby against downward movement. Similarly the trigger bar 25 cannot be pushed back for its normal stroke. Thus after the gun is loaded by the insertion of a shell as in Fig. 5, and the rng pin is cocked by pulling back on the knob 55, the safety can be pushed into the on position shown in Fig. 12, or it can be left in the 01T position of Fig. 4.
A spring pressed detent as shown in Fig. 13 may be used to hold the safety in either its on or oir position. The knob 12 has a bore containing a spring 1li and a ball 15 which are retained in the bore by reducing the diameter of the hole at its lower end to a diameter less than that of the ball 15. The base l2 is provided with depressions 16 and 11 into which the protruding portion of ball 15 fits when the safety lever is in the on or olf position respectively. Thus the safety lever will not shift from either position unless it is pushed hard'enough to overcome the spring pressed detent.
The mechanism between the breech block I5 and the plate l1 is protected by a cover plate 18, shown in section in Fig. 7. Defending side portions 1S of the cover plate extend to the base E2 and the entire cover plate may be fastened to the base by screws 86 which pass through the base and are screwed into the side portions 19. The cover plate may however be secured by any other suitable means.
The gun may be secured to the back of the wearers hand by any suitable means. One such means is sho-wn in Fig. 1. The base i2 is provided with a series of holes 5l, and a glove 32 or other hand covering is worn on the hand. The
gun is secured to the back of the glove by a,
thong S33 of any suitable material which passes through the back of the glove and through the holes Si. In a similar manner, the gun may be secured to the glove by means of rivets or small machine screws passing through the holes 82. If this method of securing the gun to the wearers hand is used. the glove may be merely a skeleton glove without fingers if desired. It is to be undei-stood that any other suitable means to fasten the glove to the back of the hand may be used.
The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.
1. A rearm -having a muzzle, a trigger pro- ,iecting from the rearm closely adjacent and 'forward of said muzzle. a substantially hat base by which the irearm be fastened to the back of. a perso-ns hand with the muzzle portion and trigger o-verhanging the knuckles, whereby when the hand is closed into a ist the ngers are removed from the line of re from the muzzle, and the trigger may be depressed by striking or pressing the st against an object.
2. A rearm having a muzzle, a trigger projecting from the rearm closely adjacent and forward of said muzzle. a substantially flat base by which the firearm can be fastened to the back of a persons with the muzzle portion and trigger overhanging the knuckles, whereby the :firearm may be discharged directly into an object by rolling the hand into a st to expose the trigger remove the lingers from the line cf nre, and striking the fist and trigger against the obiect. i
3. A firearm comprising a base member, breech block on said base member, a barrel, means hinging said barrel to said base member for movement into a position in alignment with said breech block for ring, and out of alignment with said breech block for loading, releasable means locking said barrel in its position of alignment with said breech block, and firing mechanism including a trigger and supporttherefor, said trigger support forming said hinging means.
4. A nrearm comprising a base member, a breech block on said base member, a barrel, means hinging said barrel to said base member for movement into a position in alignment with said breech block for ring and out of alignment with said breech block for loading, said hinging means comprising a tube passing through said breech block and said barrel; a trigger slidably sup- .7 ported withinsaid tube ;"a sear mechanism, said trigger "terminating at one end adjacent said Sear mechanism and at the other'end adjacent the muzzle of said barrel.
5. A firearm comprising a substantially flat longitudinally extending lbase member, a shoulder secured to said base member and projecting substantially vertically therefrom, a breech block secured to said base member at a position spaced 'longitudinally of said shoulder and projecting vsubstantially vertically from said base member in the same direction as said shoulder, a barrel having a cartridge chamber, a tube extending longitudinally of said base member through said shoulder, said breech block and said barrel'to ingedly secure said barrel to said base member intermediate said shoulder and said breech block, with the cartridge chamber of said barrel in abutting relation with said breech block for ring where-by said barrel may be swung up from its iiring position to expose said chamber for loadmeans releasably locking said barrel to said base and breech block, a firing pin extending from said breech block for firing said cartridge, a triger slidably supported inV said tube and operable to release said ring pin.
' 6. The'reann described in claim 5 characterized'further by the addition thereto of a plate secured tosaid base member to extend substantialy vertically therefrom at a position spaced longitudinally of said 'breech block on the side thereof opposite said shoulder, said iiring pin 'extending through and beyond said plate where- -by said pin may be grasped for cooking, a sear between said breech block and said plate, and means responsive to the movement of saidtrigger in said tube for releasing said iiring pin from said sear.
'7. A firearm adapted to be worn on rthe hand comprising a substantially at longitudinally extending base member having a forward end ladapted to extend toward said iingers when worn on said hand,a 'barrel hingedly mounted on said ybase 'to extend longitudinally thereof and havingl a muzzle'portion adjacent said forward end; a breech block'sec'ured to said base at the end opposite said forward end to abut said barrel when said v barrel is `in its firing position; releasable means for locking saidl barrel in said firing position;4 and. a trigger having an impact member L projecting forwardly beyon'dsaid muzzleand said base member so that-when said rearm is worn said impact member will extend forwardly of the hand ift-hen the fingers are clinched.
8. The combination of a hand covering, a rearm fastened to the back of said hand covering to extend longitudinally thereof with the muzzle directed toward the portion of said hand cover- `ing adapted-to raccommodatersaid iirigers, and a Itri'g'gerprojecting beyond-the-muzzle of said rearm s'ofthatwhen said hand coverngis Wornv the 4trigger will extend in advance ofsaidhand covering when said fingers are 'clinched 9.-In-arearm; a base; a breech blockxedto said-base; a shoulder fixed to said base at a 4point spaced from f said breech block; a trigger Atube seated'in saidv shoulder and said'breech blockpa barrel pivotally mounted on said trigger tube and havingva borefparalleling said tuba-said barrel being rotatable between a loading position whereinfit is swung away from said base'and breech block and a firing position wherein it lies adjacent said base andsaid breech block; releasable means for lockingsaid barrel to said --breech block in said ring position; a reciprocable ring pin in said breech'block; a reciprocable trigger bar in said trigger tube; said firing pinV and said trigger bar having portions extending beyond said breech block on the .side thereof remote from said barren-and means by 4which rearward movementosaid trigger bar -eieots forward movement of said firing-pin.
10. The combination with a glove, of a firearm fastened to the back thereof; said firearm: having a barrel pointing toward thefingers of--said glove; and a trigger pointingtoward the lingers-of said glove and extending beyond thevmuzzleiofthe barrel, and in advanceof the-glove when the iingers are clenched.
1l.. Aiirearm comprising-a base, a breech block on said base, a barrel, means hinging said barrel to said base about an axis parallel-to the bore of said barrel for movement to a `position in alignment-with said-breech block for ring, and away from said breech block forfloading, releasable Y means locking said barrel to said breech blockin alignment therewith, and firing. mechanism including a trigger and support therefor,
said trigger support forming said hingingmeans.
STANLEY M. HAIGHT.
REFERENCES CITED rlChefollowing references are of record in the
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1040881 *||May 14, 1912||Oct 8, 1912||Benjamin Frank Case||Firearm.|
|US1073312 *||Nov 4, 1912||Sep 16, 1913||Leonard Woods||Pistol.|
|US1436534 *||Apr 18, 1922||Nov 21, 1922||Leigh Paulus Charles||Signal gun|
|US1480521 *||Sep 6, 1922||Jan 8, 1924||Lapidus Isaac||Gun|
|US1934731 *||Nov 30, 1931||Nov 14, 1933||Bankers Prot Co||Firing mechanism|
|US2213348 *||Jun 28, 1939||Sep 3, 1940||Smith And Wesson Inc||Fire control mechanism for firearms|
|GB218433A *||Title not available|
|GB191406491A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2599177 *||May 19, 1950||Jun 3, 1952||Holroyd Harry H||Tear gas gun|
|US2839017 *||Jul 12, 1952||Jun 17, 1958||Smith Elmer O||Tear gas gun|
|US3018578 *||Dec 7, 1959||Jan 30, 1962||Hill Edward T||Pistol to be worn on the wrist|
|US3729848 *||Sep 17, 1970||May 1, 1973||G Wilhelm||Hand gun and ammunition therefor|
|US5359985 *||Mar 8, 1993||Nov 1, 1994||Dean Schumacher||Projectile discharge apparatus|
|US5673436 *||Jan 11, 1996||Oct 7, 1997||Piper; Stan||Defense glove|
|US5924136 *||Sep 26, 1997||Jul 20, 1999||Ogean; Bruce E.||Hand mounted pocket|
|US6678986 *||Nov 9, 2001||Jan 20, 2004||L & R Engineering, Inc.||Handgun aiming device and method|
|US7731061 *||May 4, 2007||Jun 8, 2010||Hasbro, Inc.||Wearable toy with rotatable discharge pods for firing projectiles and methods|
|US8060948||Nov 22, 2011||Pesic Zivojin Z||Hand-mounted accessory carrier system and method|
|US20100139048 *||Jan 16, 2009||Jun 10, 2010||Pesic Zivojin Z||Hand-Mounted Accessory Carrier System and Method|
|US20150040880 *||Aug 8, 2013||Feb 12, 2015||Ying-Jung Tseng||Stun glove with airsoft gun device and electrical shocking device|
|USRE37616 *||Nov 1, 1996||Apr 2, 2002||Dean Patrick Schumacher||Projectile discharge apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||42/13, 42/69.1, 42/70.1, 2/160, 124/1, 42/1.11|
|International Classification||F41C9/02, F41C9/00|