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Publication numberUS2424970 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1947
Filing dateJan 19, 1940
Priority dateJan 19, 1940
Publication numberUS 2424970 A, US 2424970A, US-A-2424970, US2424970 A, US2424970A
InventorsChurch Joseph H, Kessenich Gregory J
Original AssigneeChurch Joseph H, Kessenich Gregory J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Explosive projectile
US 2424970 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

5, 1947; J. H. CHURCH ETAL EXPLOSIVE PROJECTILE Filed Jan. 19, 1940 Patented Aug. 5, 1947 omrso STATES P'lE'l EXPLOSIVE PROJEGTILE Joseph H. Church, Austin, Minn, and Gregory J. Kessenich, Madison, Wis.

9 Claims.

amended April 30, 1928; 370 O. G. 757) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to us of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates to an explosive projectile.

In U. S. Patent 639,214 and in French Patents 504,857 and 516,457 there are shown projectiles loaded with nitroglycerin and an absorbent which remain insensitive until the nitroglycerin is separated from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force due to rotation of the projectile. Because of the dead space occupied by the absorbent the explosive force of the nitroglycerin is generally insufficient to properly fragment the projectile,

The purpose of this invention is to provide a projectile which is arranged to carry a relatively large charge of high explosive that is initiated by a relatively small charge of nitroglycerin which serves as a supersensitive fuse. The specific nature of the invention as Well as other objects and advantages thereof will clearly appear from a description of several embodiments as shown in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. l is a longitudinal sectional view of a projectile constructed in accordance with the invention.

Figs. 2 and 3 are similar views of modifications.

Referring to Fig. 1 there is shown a projectile comprising a jacket or casing 5 which in the instance of a small arms bullet is preferably made of gilding metal capable of being engraved by the rifiing of a gun barrel. The jacket 5 includes a closed base 6 and an open front end defined by an annular rim 1.

A similarly shaped lead core 8 is fitted in the jacket and has an elongated chamber 9 which receives a relatively large main charge III of a high explosive whose front end is spaced a short distance from the front end of the chamber. A thin disk or cushion ll of a yielding-material such as lead or wax is placed on the front end of the main charge [0 and is provided with openings 12.

A capsule which may be made of thin copper material includes a cylindrical portion l3 which is inserted into the mouth of the chamber 9 and retained in any suitable manner, conveniently by frictional engagement in the mouth of the lead core 8. The capsule is formed with an ogival head l4 and includes an annular flanged shoul- N5 of nitroglycerin mixed with an absorbent such as kieselguhr 0r fullerS earth which may occupy the entire space in the capsule or may be preshaped as shown to clear the annular pocket l1 formed by the shoulder I5.

The charge It is normally insensitive but becomes sensitive after the projectile is some distance in flight beyond the muzzle of the gun, the nitroglycerin separating out from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force and being distributed along the wall of the capsule and in the pocket ll. On impact with an object such as an airplane wing or balloon cloth, the head of the capsule will be crushed or deformed or forced rearwardly and will initiate explosion of the nitroglycerin which in turn will detonate the main charge Ill.

An ogival windshield I 8 may be mounted on the jacket 5 if desired and will be capable of shearing or deforming on impact to provide for deformation of the capsule as previously described.

The projectile shown in Fig. 2 comprises a shell I9 filled with a main charge 20 and having an opening in its front end for receiving a flanged .bushing 2| of a yielding material such .as lead. A capsule 22 fitting in the bushing has a flanged shoulder 23 seated on the flange of the bushing.

In Fig. 3 there is shown a shell 24 having a closed head 2-5 and an open rear end which is closed by a plug 26. Within the shell there is a large main charge 2! which is loaded or held in any suitable manner against rearward movement on set-back, as by a disk 28. A capsule 29 containing a small charge 30 of nitroglycerin and an absorbent is placed in rear of the main charge or of disk 28 when the latter is employed, and it is seated on a disk 3| of a yielding material such as lead. The capsule has an annular shoulder 32 fitting against an inclined Wall 33 of the shell. On impact the washer or disk is fre to move forwardly to compress the shoulder and thereby insure initiation of the nitroglycerin that has been separated from the absorbent during flight.

By virtue of the foregoing arrangements a projectile of small caliber may retain its usual proper form factor, the provision of which in a mechanical nose fuse is practically impossible of achievement.

We claim:

1. A projectile comprising a jacket having an open front end, a lead core in the jacket having a chamber, a main explosive charge in the chamber and spaced from the front end thereof, a

cushion in front of the main charge, a capsule inserted in the mouth of the chamber in front of the cushion and having an ogival head with a flanged shoulder overlying the rim of the jacket and spaced therefrom, an initiating charge of nitroglycerin mixed with an adsorbent in the capsule and adapted to be separated from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force to be exploded on impact.

2. A projectile comprising a jacket having an open front end, a lead core in the jacket having a chamber, a main explosive charge in the chamber and spaced from the front end thereof, a capsule inserted in the mouth of the chamber in front of the main charge and having an ogival head With a flanged shoulder overlying the rim of the jacket and spaced therefrom, an initiating charge of nitroglycerin mixed with an absorbent in the capsule and adapted to be separated from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force to be exploded on impact.

3. A projectile comprising a casing having a chamber open at its front end, a main explosive charge in the chamber, a capsule inserted in the mouth of the chamber and having an ogival head with a flanged shoulder overlying the rim of the casing and spaced therefrom, an initiating charge of nitroglycerin mixed with an absorbent in the capsule and adapted to be'separated from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force to be exploded on impact, and an ogival Windshield on the casing and inolosing the ogival head of the capsule.

4. A projectile comprising a casing having a chamber open at its front, a main explosive charge in the chamber, a capsule inserted the mouth of the chamber and having an ogival head with a flanged shoulder overlying the rim of the casing and spaced therefrom, an initiating charge of nitroglycerin mixed with an absorbent in the capsule and adapted to be separated from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force to be exploded on impact.

5. A projectile comprising a casing having a chamber open at its front, a main explosive charge in the chamber, a capsule inserted in the mouth of the chamber and having an ogival head with a flanged shoulder overlying the rim of the casing, an initiating charge of nitroglycerin mixed with an absorbent in the capsule and adapted to be separated from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force to be exploded on impact, an ogival Windshield on the casing and inclosing the ogival head of the capsule.

6. A projectile comprising a casing having a chamber open at its front, a main explosive charge in the chamber, a capsule inserted in the mouth of the chamber and having an ogival head with a flanged shoulder overlying the rim of the casing, an initiating charge of nitroglycerin mixed With an absorbent in the capsule and adapted to be separated from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force to be exploded on impact.

'7. A projectile comprising a casing having a chamber open at its front end, a bushing of a yielding material in the casing at the mouth of the chamber and having a flange seated on the rim of the casing, a main explosive charge in the chamber, a capsule inserted in the bushing and having an ogival head with a flanged shoulder overlying the flange of the bushing, an initiating charge of nitroglycerin mixed with an absorbent in the capsule and adapted to be separated from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force to be exploded on impact.

8. A projectile comprising a casing having a chamber, a main explosive charge in the chamber, a capsule in the chamber in rear of the main charge and having a flanged shoulder under a portion of the Wall of the casing, an initiating charge of nitroglycerin mixed with an absorbent in the capsule and adapted to be separated from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force to be exploded on impact, and a disk of a yielding metal in rear of the capsule and arranged to move forwardly on impact to deform the capsule.

9. A projectile comprising a casing having a chamber, a main explosive charge in the chamber, a capsule in the chamber in rear of the main charge and having a flanged shoulder under a portion of the wall of the casing, an initiating charge of nitroglycerin mixed with an absorbent in the capsule and adapted to be separated from the absorbent under the influence of centrifugal force to be exploded on impact.

JOSEPH I-I. CHURCH. GREGORY J. KESSENICl-l.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,232,690 Church et a1. r Feb. 25, 1941 385,332 Forster June 26, 1888 2,276,110 Snelling Mar. 10, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 504,857 France July 19, 1920 201,314 Switzerland May 16, 1939 516,458 France Dec. 6, 1920 524,903 France May 23, 1921

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US385332 *Jun 26, 1888 Max von foestee
US524903 *Dec 26, 1893Aug 21, 1894 Vehicle-axle
US2232690 *Feb 6, 1940Feb 25, 1941Church Joseph HFuse
US2276110 *Mar 18, 1939Mar 10, 1942Trojan Powder CoExplosive missile
CH201314A * Title not available
FR504857A * Title not available
FR516458A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2459175 *Aug 26, 1941Jan 18, 1949Moore Wiley TExplosive bullet
US3421441 *Aug 1, 1966Jan 14, 1969Us ArmyChemical impact-sensitive fuze
US4876964 *Jul 25, 1988Oct 31, 1989Raufoss A/SProjectile and method of making it
US7603951 *Mar 14, 2005Oct 20, 2009Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive material enhanced projectiles and related methods
US8122833Oct 4, 2006Feb 28, 2012Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive material enhanced projectiles and related methods
DE1181095B *Apr 19, 1962Nov 5, 1964Foersvarets FabriksstyrelseAufschlagzuender
Classifications
U.S. Classification102/500, 89/1.15
International ClassificationF42B12/20, F42C1/00, F42B12/02, F42C1/10
Cooperative ClassificationF42C1/10, F42B12/204
European ClassificationF42C1/10, F42B12/20B4