US 2427522 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sepe. 16, 1947.
C. V. CESERY SHINGLE AND sHINGLE covERING Filed June 17, 1946 www Patented Sept. 16, 1947 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SHINGLE AND SHINGLE COVERING Carl V. Cesery, Jacksonville, Fla.
Application June 17, 1946, Serial No. 677,291
This invention relates to improvements in buildl ing coverings comprising shingles having, at least,
some degree of flexibility to facilitate the laying of the shingles and securing the same to the roof or sides of a building.
The main objects of this invention are to provide a covering for roofs or sides of dwellings 'or other buildings which includes individual shingles fabricated from sheets of suitable waterproof material wherein said shingles are of improved design whereby the shingles have the quality of reversibility thereby making it possible to select either one of two designs for a shingled surface, The structural design which I have invented provides for the laying of the shingles accurately in a minimum of time. i
Other obj ectsand advantages pertaining to the specific structural design of my shingles and the I specification and drawings identify the particular parts and portions set forth in the following detailed description.
The shingle I is substantially L-shaped in the general contour. The top portion or tab 2 is substantially the same in size as the valley or recessed portion 3. The tab 2 is somewhat less in length than one-half the width of the entire shingle I. The lower edge portion 4 is provided with tabs 5 and 6 substantially equal in size. Between the tabs 5 and 6 is a valley or recess 8 of slightly lesser area than the area of each tab Y 5 or 6. The recesses or valleys 1 and Iil in the corners of the shingle I are substantially equal in area but are smaller inarea. thanthe recess 8 but are each individually more-'than one-half the size of said recess.
The broad end I0 of the shingle is substantially of greater depth than the narrow end II..
The small circles I2 to I4 on Fig. 1v andindicated as I5to I'I on Fig. 2 designate suitable poanother method of r tion being used and with regard to the underlying surfaces to which they are to be amxed.
In the shingle surface designs of the type of finish or pattern shown in Figs. 2 and 3 it is noted that a broad end Ill of one shingle always abuts or nearly abuts a narrow end II of another shin'- gl in the same row or course. ,f
By my particular structural design it is to be noted that there are accurate guides provided for laying one row or course of shingles in overlapping relation on the preceding lower row. As is shown in Fig. 2 a portion of the tab 2 comprising the distance from the point alto the point b is flush with an equal portion of thenarrow end portion of the shingle I. Therefore, it follows that if these portions are maintained in a 'flush positiongwhile fastening the same, one coursei/will follow accurately the previously laid course withou'tthe aid of a chalk line mark or a similar extraneous guide. v?" j:
In Fig."3 it will be sen that the distance from the point cto the point d of the narrow portion of a shingle is hush with the upper edge of the tab 2 fora like distance. Hence no chalk line guide is needed for the method employed in this pattern of surface.
When` starting to shingle a roof sta ter strips (not shown)` should 'be laid accurately and should not project more "than crie-half inch over the eaves lto .form la drip edge. Such shingle strips approximately nine inches wide and of correspending color should be used. The strips are nailed suiiiciently to Ahold them in place for the laying of the viirst shingle coursef which entails ,further fasteninglof the starter strips and the fastening of the first course." After the starter strips are overlaid with the first shingle course additional courses are vlaid in staggered relation so as to provide overlapping relation of the s ucl cessive strips I as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and3.
The amount of yshingle strip exposure to the y weather lis determined by the flush alignment previously pointed out.
Both the methods used by me, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3,v contemplate in either 'case substantially self-alignment of the shingle strips as well as .a 'measured exposure to the weather which is sitions to place the fastening elements, such as brads, nails, tacks, screw tacks, etc. It is contemplated that the most suitable fasteningele ments will be selected for the shingle composidetermined by said alignment. v
`I'have found in practice that it is possible to make these shingles approximately thirty inches long and approximatelyfteen inches -wide at their widest part. l These shingles may be cut from a strip of stock sheet material thirty inches wide and of any length obtainable with very little or almost no waste. The separate shingles may be cut from the sheet material by a rotary element carrying knives of proper placement and contour.
If the shingles are cut from asbestos sheet material the small pieces excised from the recesses 1, 8 and i may be reground and used over again to make new asbestos sheet material. It may therefore. be said correctly that there. need berno loss of material whatever in the fabrication of shingles embodying my design.
The shaded areas E of Fig. 2 and F of Fig. 3 represent areas in which the shingle covering has a thickness equal to the thickness of a single shingle. All like areas are of the same thickness and all are located well within the margins of each overlying shingle. Because of the single thickness areasa saving of material results in using my shingles.
My drawings are merely illustrative of my invention and are not to be considered definitive thereof since many minor variations may be made within the scope of my invention.
My shingle may be made from any suitable sheet material but sheet vmaterial4 oi' asbestos composition is preferred.
As an article of manufacture a shingle embodying my invention is so out as to provide 'ample weather overlap and weather resistance at all points. The area covered is substantially equal to the area exposed. This is made possible by the projected tab 2 which underlies and closes the end Joints of the overlying shingles.
What I claim as my invention and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
l. An article of manufacture comprising a reversible shingle substantially L-shaped in general contour, the short leg of 'the L being rectangular and having a self-aligning straight edge,
the long leg of the L having cut-out corners and a central recess, said cut-outs and said recess defining two spaced tabs, the length of each tab being greater than the length of the recess or the length of the cut-out corners. the width of the short leg of the L being substantially egualto one half the length of the long leg of 2. An article of manufacture comprising a reversible shingle which lends itself to two methods of course laying, said shingle having one large cut-out corner equal in length to substantially half the length of the shingle, the width of said cut-out being more than one fourth the width of the shingle and less than one third the width of the shingle, said shingle having two shallow corner cut-outs on the opposite edge from the large cut-out. a recess on the same edge as the corner cut-outs and being in alignment therewith, said corner cut-outs and said recess defining two shallow tabs, the combined length of said tabs being slightly less than the combined length of said cut-outs and aligned recess, said shingle having two aligning edges on one side thereof` arranged in staggered relation relative'to each other, said aligning edges being parallelto each other.
. CARL V. CESERY.
REERENCESV CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,516,238 Mortimer Nov. 18, 1924 1,362,852 Harshberger L--- June 14, 1932