US 2427762 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 23, 1947. v J. G. CARR 2,427,762
METAL .SIDING Filed Feb. 9, 1945 2 sheets-sheet 1 s4 ii- I l 't 'I l l i 1.-
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w x, Lz-*924511111 we fv??? Sept. 23, 1947. J. G. CARR 2,427,762
METAL SIDIHG Filed Feb. sa,l 194s 2 sheets-sheet 2 grwemv donn a. CAQQ.
w, Ziff? Patented Sept. 23, i947 METAL SIDING John a. can, n, om Application February 9, 1945, Serial No. 577,024
(Cl. 18S-86) i Claims. l
This invention relates to improvements in metal siding for use more particularly on the outside of houses and other buildings.
An object of the invention is to provide a siding formed of a plurality of sections or strips of sheet metal interlocked on the outside of a building and having the appearance of ordinary lap siding, but which is iireproof and waterproof, and also provides a plurality of insulating air spaces between each section or strip and the building walls.
Another object is to provide a siding in which the sections or strips may be quickly and easily assembled and secured in position on the building so that all fastening means are completely concealed.
A further object is to provide each metal section or strip with an upwardly extending flange on its lower end and a downwardly extending` flange on its upper end formed to provide a socket or channel which snugly receives the flange on the lower end ofthe adjacent section or strip in overlapping relation so as to provide a waterproof joint betweenthe sections.
A further object is to bend a small portion oi each downwardly extending flange upwardly at predetermined intervals out of the plane of the socket or channel to permit a fastening element to extend through such portion to secure the section to the building wall, each fastening element thereby being out of any possible contact with any section or strip except the one through which it extends.
A further object is to provide a metal base strip along the bottom of the building walls which strip has a socket or channel that receives the upwardly extending flange of the lowermost metal section to form a Waterproof joint at the bottom of the siding.
A further object is to provide the sections on certain sides of the building adjacent the corners with angular extensions that extend around the corners and overlap the sections on the other sides, suitable backing or filling material being utilized to insure a tight fit at the corners.
A further object is to arrange horizontally adjacent sections in close abutting relation with lling or backing strips being used to maintain the proper relation at all times.
Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a portion of two walls of a building covered with my siding:
Fig. 2 is an enlarged partial sectional view taken substantially on line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a similar view taken substantially on line 3-3 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary detail view of one of the metal sections showing how these sections are fastened to a building;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged perspective view of a portion of the corner of the building showing my novel corner construction, as well as my arrangement for abutting the sections;
Fig. 6 is a partial sectional view taken substantiallv on line 8-8 of Fig. 5;
Fig. '7 is a similar view taken substantially on line 1-1 of Fig. 5; and
Fig. 8 is a partial perspective view of one of the metal sections used on the corner of the building.
Referring to the drawings the numerals l0 and Il designate respectively a portion of the front and one side wall of a house or other building adapted to receive the siding of this invention. It will .be understood that this siding may be put on as many walls of the building as desired andfor any height desired, but it is not believed necessary to illustrate more than the portions of the walls shown in order to understand the invention. The walls I0 and Il may be formed of any conventional material as is well understood in this art, and are suitably supported at spaced intervals by the usual two by fours or wooden posts im., Preferably the corner posts are of double thickness as indicated at i8.
In applying my siding, a base strip l is first secured to the walls at the bottom by suitable fastening means such as nails l5 or the like, which are placed at selected intervals so as to extend through the walls and into the wooden posts I2 and I3. This base strip extends for the length of each wall on which the siding is to be applied, and is preferably formed of sheet metal, the lower portion of which is bent as indicated in Figs. 2 and 3 to provide a socket or channel I6.
Next, a plurality of sheet metal sections or strips, designated as a whole by the numeral l1, are secured to the base strip and to the walls.
The arrangement on one of ythe walls, for example wall I0, will first be described, and as these sections are identical except for certain corner sections which will later be referred to, a description of one will suiiice for all. As more clearly shown in Fig. 3, sections I1 are bent to provide a base portion I8 having a rear upwardly extending flange I9, and a front wall portion 20 which extends diagonally from the front of base portion At intervals, predetermined by the location ofthe wooden posts I2 and I3, a small portion 25,
of the flange 22 is bent upwardly out of the plane of ange 22 into engagement with wall I0, and
suitable fastening means, such as nails 26 or the like, extend through this portion and through the wall I0 into the adjacent wooden post. Each section I'I in the lower row is thus securely held in place on wall I0 by the flange and socket arrangement with the base strip and by the fastening means 26 at the top.
Successive metal sections I1 are arranged across the bottom of wall I0 and may be of any desired length. The length of these metal sections will usually depend upon the spacing of the posts I2 and I3, as it is desirable to have each section attached to two or more of these posts, with the ends of the sections that are intermediate the corners of the building terminating about midway of one of the posts I2. In this way adjacent horizontally arranged sections are brought together in abutting relation in front of one of the posts I2, as indicated at 21. 'I'he upwardly bent portions 25 on the ends of these abutting sections also abut each other, as more clearly shown in Fig. 5, so that the posts I2 in the rear of such abutting sections receive a fastening element 26 for each section.
To assist in maintaining the proper abutting relation between adjoining sections, blocks of wood or other suitable backing or filling material 28 are inserted between the building wall and the front portions 20 of the sections I1. Blocks 28 are of a size and shape to completely lill the space in front of posts I2, preferably being about the same width as these posts and tapering in thickness to tightly t into the space provided. With these blocks 28 in position the abutting edges of the sections will be kept in proper alignment unless deliberately distorted.
, The section I1 in the lower row on wall Ill which terminates at the left corner of the buildf ing, and which is more clearly shown in Figs. 5, 6, and 7, has its left end extending beyond the corner so as to meet or abut in a. diagonal plane with the similar end of the section secured to the adjacent side wall II (see Fig. 7). A block 29 of wood or other suitable backing or lling material is inserted between wall I8 and the front portion of the metal section. Block 29 is shown slightly wider than the Width of the double posts I3 and preferably is as wide as those posts, with the side nearest the corner extending a little beyond the corner, as indicated at 30. Block 29 is also of a size and shape to completely lill the space in which it is inserted, tapering in thickness in the same manner as block 28.
After the lower row of metal sections is in position on wall I0, additional rows are put on in overlapping relation. Referring -again to Fig, 3 it will be seen that the upwardly extending flanges I9 on the second row of sections. I'I snugly lit into the sockets 23 on the lower row of sections and form waterproof joints with such sections. Fastening means 26 extending through portions 25 secure the upper ends of the second row of sections to the wooden posts in the same manner 4 edge of block 38l 'nection with wall n,
that the lower sections were secured. Likewise, horizontally adjacent sections in the second row abut each other and are backed with blocks 28 to preserve the abutting relation in the same way as the lower sections, while blocks 29 are used at the corners in the same manner as used in the lower row.
The third row and as many additional rows of metal sections as desired are secured in overlap ping relation in the manner described until the siding on wall I0 is completed. After the top row is put on, a nishing strip 3|, also preferably formed of metal is secured to the wooden posts as at 32 and conceals the upper edge of the top row of metal sections. Member 32 may also be flanged for engagement with the sockets 23 on the top row 0f sections or it may be just a flat metal strip.
As additional rows of metal sections are put on the wall, the sections are preferably of lengths that will permit staggering of the abutting edges and blocks 28 in the respective rows, as clearly shown in Fig. 1.
It will be observed that since all of the portions 25 are bent upwardly out of the plane of the flanges 22, the fastening means 26, as well as the fastening means I5 in the base strip, cannot be contacted by any of the metal in the sections which respectively overlap and conceal these means. This arrangement tends to prevent rusting of the siding at the points at which it is fastened to the Wall. Previous experience has shown that most rust in metal siding forms at the places it is secured to the wall and when overlapping metal sections contact the fastening members in the next adjacent section, rust spots soon become visible on the siding. In the present arrangement, however, any rust around the fastening means cannot be observed since these means 'and the area adjacent thereto is 4completely concealed by the adjacent metal section.
Also it will be noted that waterproof joints are provided, and that the metal structure would be considered reproof, so as to materially reduce firs insurance rates on a building constructed with this siding. Further, by using backing or filling blocks at various points that completely lill the space between the wall and the front portion of the metal sections, a plurality of separated insulating air spaces are provided, for example, such as the space 33 in Fig. 3.
I'he siding material has been described in conbut except for the corner metal sections on wall Il, and on as many other walls as needed, the construction on the other walls is identical with wall III. 0n wall II, metal sections 34 are identical with sections II in all respects except that at the corner a tapered angular extension 35 is formed on the end of sections 34 to overlap the corner and tightly engage the outside surface of the adjacent section I'I on wall I0. As more clearly shown in Fig. 7, a block 3l of wood or other suitable backing or filling mate rial is arranged to lill the space between wall II and the front portion of section 34.in the same manner that block 29 is utilized. The corner however, preferably engages block 29 as indicated at 31 so that the comer space between the two building walls and the While I have shown and described one form oi.' the invention, it will be apparent that changes and modiiications may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or from' the scope of the subloined claims.
What is claimed is:
1. Wall siding comprising a pair or metal sections arranged in horizontal alignment on adiacent angularly arranged walls of a building with their adjacent edges in abutting relation and spaced from said walls, each section having an inwardly and upwardly turned il'ange on its lower end and an outwardly and downwardlyfturned ilange on its upper end forming a socket with its respective section, portions of said downwardly turned ilanges being bent upwardly atspaced points out of the plane ci said sockets, fastening means extending through said portions to secure said sections to said walls, and a backing block arranged in the space between each wall and said sections, at least one of said sections having an angular extension that overlaps said other section and conceals the edge of said section.
2. Wall siding for a corner of a building comprising a metal section on each wall arranged with their adjacent edges in abutting relation at the corner and spaced from said walls, each section having anv inwardly and upwardly turned ilange on its lower end and an outwardly and downwardly turned flange on its upper end forming a socket with its respective section, portions of said downwardly turned ilanges being bent upwardly at spaced points out ot the plane of said sockets, fastening means extending through said portions to secure said sections to said walls. and a block arranged to nll the space between each wall and said sections at the corner ofthe building, at least one ot said sections having an l 6 A angular extension that extends around the corner o! the building overlapping said other section and concealing the edge oi said latter section.`
8. Wall siding for at least twowalls meeting at the corner of a building comprising a base strip on each wall having a socket along its lower ede. fastening means for said base strip out of the plane oi said sockets, a layer of metal sections on each wall having inwardly and upwardly turned flanges on their lower ends extending into said sockets and outwardly and downwardly turned anges on their upper ends forming additional sockets with their respective sections, portions of said latter flanges being bent upwardly at spaced points out of the plane o! said additional sockets, and fastening means for said sections extending through said portions. at least one of said sections on one wall having an angular extension that extends around the corner and overlaps the adJacent section on the other wall. l
4. Wall siding constructed in accordance with claim 3 wherein backingblocks are inserted between the walls and the sections in the area adiacent the junctions of the sections.
JOHN G. CARR.
REFERENCES crrsn The following references are of record in the ille of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,178,357 Hoess Oct. 3l, 1939