US 2427909 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 23, 1947. E. N. HOWELL y LOCKING DEVICE Filed Sept. 13, 1944 1. @MIN ifa/wg;
Patented Sept. 23, 1947 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE LOCKING DEVICE Y Edward N. Howell, Arlington, Va. Application September 13, 1944, Serial No. 553,880
The present invention relates to locking devices, and more particularly to a locking device especially adapted for use in connection with sectional overhead doors of the general type disclosed in United States Patent No. 2,276,976.
In doors of this general design, it is customary to provide a pair of spring latches or a pair of dead bolts positioned on the opposite vertical edges of the door and controlled by a common handle located in the center of the door. Usually, the individual latches or deadbolts are actuated from the central handle by control rods or chains. In some cases a lock is positioned adjacent to the central handle so that the bolt of the lock will prevent movement of the handle and will thus secure the latches against release.
The general object of this invention is to provide an improved locking device particularly suited to the control of one or more latch bars whereby a large sectional door may be secured. More specifically, the prime object of the present invention resides in the provision of a lock or simplied structure, well adapted to economical mass production methods of manufacture, and of concentric design; so that the entire lock structure may be mounted in a single cylindrical opening through the door. In addition to the above, the present invention contemplates the provision of a lock having a selective control so that the door may be locked from the exterior side of the door and yet the bolts may be released from the inside.
A further object of the invention resides in the provision of a locking structure as above, having its several parts so designed and inter-related that the locking unit may be easily assembled or disassembled, and WilTbe equally adapted to the use on a door having two oppositely disposed latches, or having a single vertical latch at the center of the door.
The foregoing objects of the invention are accomplished in the preferred embodiment illustrated in the drawings by the provision of a novel central locking unit including an interior and exterior handle in coaxial relationship with each other; together with a cylinder lock to cause the latches to be locked from the exterior of the door, but under control of the interior handle. The relationship of the interior and exterior handles is concentric, with their axes in line With each other, so that the entire locking structure may be installed on the door in a single opening of relatively small diameter, so that the installation of the lock may be expeditiously done with vordinary carpenters tools, and will not require 2 cutting odd shaped openings or drilling multiple bores to house the lock.
Referring now to the drawings of the present speciiication,
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a sectional folding door showing two alternative methods of installing the lock.
Figure 2 is a detail cross sectional View of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 3 is a sectional view taken substantially on the plane of the line 3-3 in Figure 2 and illustrating the latch control lever associated with the interior lock handle.
Figure 4 is a detail plan view of an operating plate forming a part of the lock structure.
The type of structure illustrated in the drawings has been chosen as best illustrative of the principles of this invention. The lock is iristalled on the door portion I0 within a single bore II extending completely through the door. This bore is cylindrical and is suciently small Y so that it may be drilled by the use of an ordinary carpenters brace. Further, since it is of cylindrical form, it will not require any routing or chiseling of the door. The exterior surface of the door is nished by an escutcheon plate I2 which may be secured to the door in any desired manner. In case of a metal or metal covered door this plate I2 may be formed integrally with the door or welded to its surface, but in the structure illustrated, and intended for use on a door of wooden construction, the plate I2 is secured to the door by a pair of carriage bolts I3 locked against rotation in the escutcheon I2 by squared shank portions I4. The opposite ends of the carriage bolts I3 are secured by the nuts I5 bearing against the washers I6 in the countersunk openings I'I.
The exterior handle 20 of the door includes a shank portion 2| in which a rotatable cylinder lock 22 of any conventional type is positioned. The shank 2| extends through the plate I2 but the shank and the escutcheon plate are interlocked by the lug l23 and groove 24' so that the rotary motion of the handle 20 with respect to the escutcheon plate is limited.
The interior end of the shank of the handle 20 includes a portion 25 of reduced diameter in which one end of a square actuating shaft 26 is secured by means of a cross-pin 21. The crosspin 21 is maintained in position by a flanged washer 28. Frictional engagement between the escutcheon plate I2 and the handle 20 is established by a relatively light coil spring 29 interposed between the flanged washer 28 and the 3 inner surface of the escutcheon I2. The inner surface of the escutcheon I2 also includes a keeper notch 3| in alignment with the transverse bolt 32 of the cylinder lock 22, so that if the bolt 32 is extended into the keeper 3| it will be impossible to rotate the handle 20. However, when the key 33 of the cylinder lock 22 is turned, the bolt 32 will be withdrawn into the lock cylinder so that the handle 20 may rotate with respect to the escutcheon plate I2. The actuating shaft 26 extends through the bore II of the door and is rotatable in a, bushing 34 pressed into the bore II adjacent the interior surface of the door. The square actuator shaft 26 is thus mounted for rotation between the handle 2|) on the exterior side of the door and the bushing 34 on the in- ,terior side.
The shaft 26 serves to support and provide a rotatable mount for an interior door handle 35, which is formed integrally with or permanently .Aalxd to a double-ended per'atin'g'levei 36. For
this purpose, the handle 35 and operating' lever 36 are provided with a cylindrical interior 'sleeve 31 having a bore 3B of such size as to .iot'ateir'eely over the Square shaft "26 and the handle 35 is secured to the shaft v26 by a Vscrew 4I threaded through the threaded portion 42' 'of Athe handle and into 'a tapped 'opening 43 'in the 'square actuator fshaft 26. The "screw 4I is locked 'in position on the handle b'y 'a l'ock washer '44.
From the 'foregoing it 'will be seen that the screw '4I acts 'as a pivot between the square 'actuator 26 and the interioihandle 35 so 'that although the screw maintains 'the two parts in coaxial relationshipythe handle is free t'o vrotate with respect to 'the actuator shaft. Since the handle 35 is rigidly "secured 'to `(the control lever 36, these two members will 'turn together a'n'd 'will serve to control `the two latch bolts '45 of fthe door. The bolts '45 are actuated by a pair of rigid control ro'ds 46 'extending 'to the bolts irom the openings 4'I in 'thelever 3'6. The latches 45 'are slidably mounted in brackets 48 and are positioned so that they engage the keepers '4Q on the door frame when the door is moved to closed position. IIt is lconternplated'that the 'latch bolts 45 be provided with coil springs I 'so that the latch `bolts 'will be kspring urged into the keepers, 4altl'rough an alternative construction `may b e used in whih these springs are omitted. y.IEn `either 'clase the movement 'of the latch bolts 435 is -cdhtrolledwby the rotation of the lever 36, so that when the lever 'is Erotated in ajcouritercl'o'ckivise'direction (as viewed in 'Fig'- ure 3) the control rods zf6 will'dr'aw the 'bolts inwardly -ag'a'in's't the action *of 'th'efs'prings As :before stated, lthe interior l'iaiifdle -35 and the lever 36 are freely rotatable o'n the square actuator shaft t26. In order'to establish a mechahical connection so that the rotation of the exterior Ihandle and 1the 'sh'ait f23 will actuate the Elatch bolts 55, an fope'ratin'gr plate 55 is interposed b'etween'fthe flve'r 3`6 -an'dithe -actuator 2s. This platess 'isprovidedlwitha central square openin'gl fitted overfth'e actuator 2'6fand h'a'so'n its outer edges a pair of lugs `5'1, eachof Iwhich engages lan `eloiffgat'etl Yarcuate s'lot 58 iin l'the lever 36. Thelugs 5-'I1and-'s'lot's 58-pr`ovidea lost-'motion connection betweenTtheindekingplate 55andthe control `lever l36. l'n'addition, 'th'e plate 55 serves as an inderingmernber, and performs the'fun'ction oi positioning Tthe --le'ver 36 indifferent 'attitudes; that is, whenA the flock 'is being usen for the 'control -cf twolatcnboits :positioned nonzon'tally on lthe opposite edges lof 'the 'door the plate 55 may be positioned as indicated in Figure 3 to locate the control lever 36 so that the latchbolts are each urged inwardly in response to a counterclockwise rotation of the interior handle 3'I. It is also contemplated, however, that the locking device illustrated may be used for the control of a single bolt, as illustrated by the vertical bolt 6I slidably mounted in a bracket 62 to be urged upwardly into its `engagement with the keeper 63 by means of a spring 64 (see Figure l). When used in this manner, the plate 55 may be rotated counterclockwise with respect to the actuator 26 so that the lever 36 lies in a position 90 removed from that shown in Figure 3. At this time, the lever 36 will serve to control the bolt 6I by drawing it downwardly by the control rod 65. Thus it is unnecessary to alter the positioning of the outer escutcheon of the lock in order to control either vertical or horizontal latchbolts associated with the door.
'It is believed that the general mode of operation of the device will be readily apparent from the foregoing structural description. However, it may be pointed out that when the cylinder lock 22 is unlocked the transverse bolt 32 will be withdrawn from the keeper notch 3 I, so that when the handle 20 is manually rotated the movement wi-ll be transmitted through the actuator 26 to the plate 55. To open the door, the handle '20 will be rotated in a Yclockwise direction (as viewed from the outside of the door) which will rotate the `disc 55 in acounterclockwise direction (Figu re 3). As the plate 5:5 is moved, the lugs 5'I will engage the ends -of the slots 58 and move the -double ended control lever 36 in a counterclockwise direction -untilV the rods 46 withdraw the bolts 45 from their keepers and permit the door to be opened.
When the cylinder lock 22 is locked, the transverse Ibolt -32 -will be seated in the 4keeper notch 31| 'and it wil-l `noteb'e possible to rotate the lexterior -handle l20. Under these circumstances, the springs associated with the latch bolts .will maintain the ylatchb'olts in `engagement with the keepers and the door will be secure.`
However, if it is :desi-red to open 'the door from the interiorside, the handle -35 .may be :rotated to swing the :double-ended control llever 36 incounterclockwise direction and withdraw 'the latchbolts -from their keepers. 'This-operation takes place without movingfthe indexing plate '55, vdue to the lost-motion connection provided by the lugs 1.57 vand 'slots T58 in the `-leVer 36.
Thus by 'lthe use `oi. the invention here dislective `control t'o alpairofspring latches, sol'hat the doormay be lockedffrom the fexterior side `but may be readily opened from the int'erior. 'Further, this is 'accomplished without the :necessity of resorting `to structures *requiring elaborate alteration or cutting ofthedo'ort'o 'provlide satisfactory mounting.
In. addition, the particular vcombination and irelat'onsl'lip of .parts 'disclosed .provides a symmetrical "unit of neat and pleasing appearance, iincluding a :unique arrangement for .maintaining the'several'partsinassembledrelationship. That is, the parts of lthe l'device comprise -a lXed subassembly of `the exterior parts, together Vwith an interior sub-assembly secured 4in operating relationshipby one screw-only. Thus 'the -fixed exterior'sub-assem'bly, 'consisting `of Athe escutcheon plate I2, handle 2U, vlock 22, vactuator'26, -pin 2I,`
washer 28 and friction spring 29 may be permanently assembled at the factory and need never be disassembled, since the sub-assembly may be mounted on the door merely by inserting the bolts I3 and tightening the nuts I5.
The interior sub-assembly is completed by slipping the bushing 34 over the actuator and into the ybore Il, positioning the plate 55 and the lever and handle structure 35-36 on the end of the actuator, and inserting the screw 4I. The lever 3S conceals the interior ends of the bolts I3, so that the handle presents a neat appearance, While the single screw il secures all of the parts in operating position.
While the foregoing disclosure describes the present preferred embodiment of the invention in accordance with the patent statutes, it is obvious that numerous changes and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1, A locking device comprising an exterior subassembly including a rotatable handle and an actuator shaft adapted to extend through the thickness of a door and to project -a substantial distance on the interior side; together with a bearing to support the actuator shaft at a point remote from the exterior handle, an interior handle supported by and rotatably mounted on the actuator shaft, a screw member in threaded relationship with both the handle and the actuating shaft to maintain the parts in assembled relationship, and means to lock the screw member in fixed position with respect to the handle.
2. A locking device comprising an exterior subassembly including a rotatable handle and an actuator shaft, in axial alignment with the handle and adapted to extend through the thickness of a door; together with an operating member in non-rotatable relationship with respect to the actuator shaft; a lever supported by and rotatably mounted on the actuator shaft; at least one latch bolt controlled by said lever; a lost-motion connection interconnecting said lever and the aforementioned operating member; an interior handle to move said lever; and a screw member in threaded relationship with both the interior handle and the actuating shaft, said screw being adapted to maintain all of the aforementioned parts in assembled relationship.
3. A locking device comprising an exterior subassembly including a rotatable handle, a locking structure associated with said handle, a bolt to prevent rotary movement of said handle, and an actuator shaft in axial alignment with the handle and adapted to extend through the thickness of a door and to project a substantial distance on the interior side; all of the aforementioned parts being mechanically interlocked to maintain themselves in assembled relationship; together with a bearing to support the actuator shaft at a point remote from the exterior handle, an operating plate in non-rotatable relationship with respect to the actuator shaft, a handle supported by and rotatably mounted on the actuator shaft, a double-ended lever carried by the handle, a lost-motion connection interconnecting said double-ended lever and the aforementioned operating member, and a screw member in threaded relationship with both the handle and the. actu- .ating shaft, said screw being adapted to maintain all of the parts in assembled relationship.
4. In a locking device adapted for mounting in a single cylindrical bore through a door frame, the combination of an exterior sub-assembly consisting of an escutcheon plate adapted to lie against the face of the door frame and surround the bore, an exterior handle, an actuator rod, a cylinder lock coaxial with the handle and having a bolt portion to prevent rotary movement of the handle with respect to the escutcheon plate, and means to engage the walls of the bore to position the entire exterior sub-assembly in a position coaxial with the bore; said means including a ilanged member rotatably mounted with respect to the exterior handle; together with an interior sub-assembly including a latch operating lever and a handle mounted on and supported entirely by the actuator rod; and means for positioning the interior sub-assembly in coaxial relation with the exterior sub-assembly; said means comprising a bearing adapted to be fitted within the walls of the interior end of the bore through the door frame, and between the door and the interior sub-assembly; the bearing having a center hole to surround and support the actuator rod.
5. In a locking device adapted for mounting in a single cylindrical bore through a door frame, the combination of an exterior sub-assembly consisting of an escutcheon plate adapted to lie against the face of the door frame and surround the bore, an exterior handle, an actuator rod, a cylinder lock coaxial with the handle and having a bolt portion to prevent rotary movement of the handle with respect to the escutcheon plate, and means to engage the walls of the bore to position the entire exterior sub-assembly in a position coaxial with the bore; said means including a flanged member rotatably mounted with respect to the exterior handle; together with an interior sub-assembly including a latch operating lever and a handle mounted on and supported entirely by the actuator rod; and means for positioning the interior sub-assembly in coaxial relation with the exterior sub-assembly,
6. In a locking device adapted for mounting in a single cylindrical bore through a door frame, the combination of an exterior sub-assembly consisting of an escutcheon plate adapted to lie against the face of the door frame and surround the bore, an exterior handle, an actuator rod, a cylinder lock coaxial with the handle and having a bolt portion to prevent rotary movement of the handle with respect to the escutcheon plate, and means to position the entire exterior subassembly in a position coaxial with the bore; together With an interior sub-assembly including a latch operating lever and a handle; and means for positioning the interior sub-assembly in coaxial relation with the exterior sub-assembly.
EDWARD N. HOWELL.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 929,637 Thomas July 27, 1909 1,654,489 Teich Dec. 27, 1927 1,858,804 Carlson May 17, 1932 1,883,119 Toncray Oct. 18, 1932