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Publication numberUS2428242 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1947
Filing dateJan 24, 1944
Priority dateJan 24, 1944
Publication numberUS 2428242 A, US 2428242A, US-A-2428242, US2428242 A, US2428242A
InventorsProst Raymond J
Original AssigneeProst Raymond J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Picture frame
US 2428242 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

sept.30,1947. R,J;PROST Q .2,428,242

Y PICTURE yFRAME Filed Jan. 24, 1944 sfsheets-sh'eet 1 Sept. 30, 1947. R, J, FROST 2,428,242

v PICTURE FRAME I Filed Jan. 24, 1944 f 5 sheets-sheet 2 Patented Sept. 30, 1947 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PICTURE FRAME Raymond J. Prost, Chicago, Ill.

Application January 24, 1944, Serial No. 519,454

8 Claims. 1

This invention relates to picture frames forme of inexpensive materials and has for its object the production of a picture frame made of paper board, paper, leatherette, and similar inexpensive materials.

One of the objects of the invention is to produce a picture frame which may be made simply of a few pieces of paper board and a fabric Wrap or covering which will have a finished appearance and produce the illusion of expensive tooled work upon the finished frame.

Another object of the invention is to permit the manufacture of photograph frames from very few part-s which are so formed and related that the illusion of bevel and tooled work can be produced merely by the assembly of the parts.

Another object of the invention is to provide a photograph frame made from parts that are so cut as to be relatively located and assembled into proper relationship by inexperienced help.

Another object of the invention is to produce a photograph frame in which the paper board frame members are so cut that when covered with fabric wrap an ornamental embossed effect can be produced upon the frame.

Still another object of the invention is to employ doubled-over paper board for parts of the frame so that when adhesive is applied any tendency of the board to warp in any direction is counteracted by the adjacent doubled-over portion of the same board.

Other features and advantages will appear from the specification and drawing, in Which- Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an assembled photograph frame embodying my invention, in which theparts are so related as to produce the appearance of a beveled border on the interior margin of the frame;

Fig, 2 is a Plan view of the scored and cut-out framing board by which the frame shown in Fig. l is produced;

Fig. 3 is a plan view of the scored board shown in Fig. 2, folded into final shape and overlying the wrapping fabric employed to produce the frame shown in Fig. 1, the view being taken from the back of the framing board and wrapping fabric;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary section of the frame shown in Fig. 1, taken on the line 4--4 thereof;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary section of the frame shown in Fig. 1, taken on the line 5 5 thereof;

Fig. 6 is a modified form of photograph frame with the bevel produced on the exterior margin.

of the photograph frame;

2 Fig. 7 is a plan view showing the respective parts `of the frame shown in Fig. 6;

Fig. 8 is a plan view of the parts shown in Fig. 7, laid in overlying relation preparatory to assembly thereof;

Fig. 9 is a fragmentary section of the frame shown in Fig. 6; taken on the line S-S thereof;

Fig. 10 is a fragmentary section of the frame shown in Fig. 6, taken on the line Ill-i6 thereof;

Fig. 11 is a View of an embossed frame embodying this invention;

Fig. 12 shows the framing board used in the frame shown in Fig. 1l; and

Fig. 13 is a sectional vview of the photograph frame of my invention in a simplified form which obviates the need for a slot opening to insert the photograph.

Referring to the drawings, an assembled Dhotograph frame exemplifying one form of my invention is shown in Fig. l in which the frame is shown without the photograph which it is designed to frame and expose. The numeral. II refers to the backing board which forms thebacking of the frame and shows a fiat rectangular sheet of paper board, not shown separately in the drawing, In the event that a heavier or more rigid frame is required the material from which the backing board and other parts of the frame are made may be modified accordingly.

The frame is shown surrounding the sight opening I2. The framing portion of the frame proper is composed of a framing board I3 covered with a fabric covering or wrap Ill. This wrap may be made of paper or other fabric preferably treated to simulate leather. For variety of design other materials which can be handled like paper and other fabrics may be employed such as leatherette, imitation leather, cloth, flexible plastic sheeting, foil, etc. One edge of the photograph frame is formed so as to provide a slot I5 for the insertion of the photograph.

The frame illustrated in Fig. 1 may be pressed or run through a soft-rolled wringer to produce the effect of a step rather than a bevel, thereby forming an embossed, raised border rather than a beveled edge.

Referring to the framing board shown in Fig. 2, the sight opening is cut from the interior of the board and may be of the size and proportion desired. The framing board is formed in a single sheet which is larger than the final frame and is scored along the scoring line I5 and cut away at the corners I1 to permit the framing board to be folded over to produce a double thickness in portions thereof. It is to be noted that the margins I8 are narrower than the framing panels I9 so that when the framing board is folded over, as shown in Fig. 3, the framing board is doubled where the margins I8 overlie the framing panels |9, but is of only single thickness at the inner edges.

The framing board is laid upon the die-cut wrap Ill with the margins I8 against the wrap and the wrap is then folded over in the manner indicated in the sectional views, Figs. 4 and 5, and secured by appropriate adhesives.

In order to effect this assembly glue is applied to the inner face of the entire Wrap I4. The framing board I3 with the outer margins I8 bent inwardly and folded fiat against the framing panels I9, is laid down upon the glue-covered wrap I4 with the margins I8 against the adhesive. The inner margins 2|) of the wrap are then folded outwardly to overlie the framing board I3 and because of the generous marginal portions part of the inner margins will adhere to the outer margins 2 I. Thereupon one of the outer margins 2| is folded back over a single panel of the framing board to provide the opening I5 at one edge of the frame. The backing board I I is then laid upon the framing board I3, its outer edges being congruent with the outer edges of the framing board. Thereupon the remaining three outer margins 2| are brought over the edge of the backing board II and pressed do-wn against the backing board so that the adhesive secures these margins to the backing board and completes the frame.

The slight surplus material at the corners is disposed of by suitable folds along the lines indicated in Fig. 3 by the numeral 3l. The material yields itself readily to tucking and no scoring of these corners is necessary for that purpose.

It will be noted that the wrap I4 has abundant inner margins 2B, which are broader than the framing board so that they will overlap and partially overlie the outer margins 2|, thus eecting a double thickness of wrap along the outer edges of the frame. When the wrap is refolded over the backing board this double thickness covers a large portion of the edges of the backing board I I with a double thickness of wrap reinforcing the frame construction.

This reinforcement by means of the die-cut wrap is especially important in frames designed to have the photograph covered by a sheet of glass, which is disproportionately heavy in a frame of this construction. While no glass is shown in any of the drawings, it is manifest that a sheet of glass, celluloid or other transparent material may be used to cover the photograph 22 and protect it against soilingl The use of a wrap of this type not only permits reinforcement at the edges of the frame where strength is needed, but also permits the use of a thinner wrap without any sacrifice of necessary strength.

To provide the slot opening I5, which may be made in either of the edges or the top or bottom of the frame, it is, of course, necessary that the wrap be merely wrapped about the framing board panel at that edge as Vdistinguished from the other edges where the wrap completely covers both sides of the framing board and runs over the edge of the framing board and the edge of the backing board II and is secured to the rear of the backing board.

In the modified form of my invention shown in Figs. 6 to 10 inclusive, the parts are largely similar to those shown in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive,

with the difference that the framing board ||3 is so cut as to permit a bevel to be produced at the outer edge of the frame.

This beveled effect is produced by using a backing board |II, which is slightly larger in its outer dimensions than the outer dimensions of the framing board II3 when folded along the scored lines IIS. The framing board II3 is cut, as shown in Fig. 7, with the outer margins 8 designed to be folded between the framing panels Il 9 and the backing board I I I. This gives a substantial thickness to the framing panels IIS and permits the use of lighter board than is possible where undoubled frame members are used, inasmuch as a large part of the board used in the manufacture of frames is wasted by reason of the trim and sight opening cuts. The use of a lighter board so out as to permit portions thereof to be doubled to give the effect of thickness, substantially reduces the waste by reason of the fact that the cut-away portions are of extremely light board.

.As shown in Fig. 8', the framing board is laid upon the wrap I| 4 with the marginal portions 8 folded over the framing panels IIS. In contrast with the operation shown in Fig. 3, the margins I I8 are now toward the back of the assembled frame and against the backing board III.

Because the backing board I is slightly larger in its outside dimensions than the folded-over framing board II3, when the wrap II4 is applied as shown in Fig. 8 and folded over, the wrap can be pressed down snugly at the edges of the frame to produce the beveled effect shown in Figs. 9 and 10.

The wrap H4, like the Wrap I4 in the first embodiment of the invention discussed herein, is provided with ample interior margins |20 so that the wrap is doubled at the edges of the frame to produce reinforcement and to permit the use of a lighter stock.

To assemble the finished frame shown in Fig. 6, the wrap H4 is laid face down upon the table andV its back covered entirely with adhesive. Thereupon the framing board H3 with its outer margins I I8 doubled over against its back is laid upon the adhesive-spread wrapper with the outer margins IIB of the framing board out of Contact with the wrapper. The dummy strip |23 with one face covered with adhesive is then laid upon one panel of the framing board II3 and pressed to it to secure the two together. The dummy strip |23 is slightly wider than the framing board and, therefore, projects beyond the outer margin of the framing board. Thereupon the inner margins |20 of the wrap I I4 are brought over the folded-over framing board and the dummy strip |23 and, because of their adhesive, will adhere to the framing board and actually overlie portions of the outer margins I2|. Thereupon the outer margin I2I lying beyond the dummy strip is folded inwardly and, because of its adhesive, will adhere to the dummy strip |23.

The backing board III, which is greater in its outer dimensions than the framing board I I3, is then laid upon the backing board and over the outwardly folded inner margins |20 and the three remaining outer margins I2| thereupon foldedY inwardly to secure the frame together.

To provide an even margin all about the frame it is necessary that one edge of the backing board overlies the edge of the dummy strip I 23 and the other edges project a uniform distance beyond all of the edges of the framing board H3. To provide for the surplus material about the corners of the backing board this may be tucked in along the dotted lines I 3 I.

Both in this form of my invention and in the form previously discussed, it is apparent that by doubling-over the framing board H3, any tendency of the paper board to curl or warp when adhesive is applied is counteracted by the opposite tendency of the adjacent doubled-over portion of the framing board.

Because of the necessity of providing an opening in one edge, which may be either the top, bottom, or one of the side edges of the frame, for the insertion of a photograph and cover of glass or transparent plate if that is desired, it is necessary to modify the construction at one edge of the frame in order that the wrap does' not close that edge. This is done by the use of a dummy strip |23, shown in Figs. 8 and 9, which takes the place of the backing board as a base for the bevel |24 produced by pressing the wrap down on the edge of the frame.

When the wrap is folded, as indicated in Fig. 9, the opening II5 is left between the backing board and the wrap which covers the dummy strip |23 andthe framing board I I3.

In the third embodiment of my invention, shown in Figs. 11 and 12 of the accompanying drawings, I have employed in addition to the conventional backing board 2| I, a framing board 2|3 of novel design. This framing board, as shown in Fig. 12, is composed of the main framing panels 2|9, the outer margins 2|8 and the inner margins 225 with the scoring 2|6 and 226 between the outer margins and the framing panels, and the inner margins and the framing panel respectively.

This framing board is superimposed over a bacldng board which is the same size as the rectangle dened by the outer scoring ZIB, and the wrap is then applied in the same manner as heretofore described for the embodiment shown in Figs, 1 to 5 inclusive. The margins 2|8 and 225 are so proportioned that when folded over the framing panels 2l9 they do not meet but leave a slight gap 221 between them, and when the wrap is pressed down upon the framing board to which it is applied by adhesive covering the entire interior surface of the Wrap, the gap outlined by the space between the outer margins 2|8 and the inner margins 225 will produce an impression in the wrap which will simulate tooling. A highly ornamental effect is thus produced Without any separate operations and merely by the die cutting of the framing board.

Obviously, the ornamental effect `produced in this manner can be varied within a wide range of gures and by cutting away portions of the margins of the framing board and modifying the configuration of the edges thereof an interesting variety of decorations can be effected. To provide the slit 2I5 in one edge of the frame shown in Fig. 11 it is only necessary for the procedure of assembling the frame heretofore described for the structure shown in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive, to be followed.

In Fig. 13 I have shown a slight alteration in the construction of the photograph frame which eliminates the need for the slot opening for the insertion of the photograph. In the sectional view the construction follows substantially that employed in the other embodiments of my invention except that the backing board SII is slit near one edge thereof by a slit 328 parallel to the edge thereof, which extends substantially from one of the adjacent edges to the other opposed edge, to enable the photograph to be inserted through the bottom of the frame.

The use of the slit 328 in the backing board eliminates the need for providing any slot in the edge of the frame and the frame, of which a fragment is shown in Fig. 13, is assembled in substantially the same manner as that shown in Fig, 1 except that all four edges of the frame are treated in the same way and the outer margins of the wrap are all folded over the back of the frame after the backing board has been applied to the frame so thatall four edges are sealed and reinforced by the wrap shown in Fig. 13.

I have not attempted, in this specification, to outline the elementary steps of assembling the various parts of the frames, as these are familiar to those skilled in the art. To produce the proper beveled and embossed effects which I have described, the wrap may either be pressed or drawn down at the respective places where these effects are desired or the completed frame may be run through a wringer composed of one soft roller and one hard roller so that the soft roller may effect the necessary yielding pressure at the places where the wrap is to be slightly deformed.

While there are shown and described certain embodiments of the invention, it is to be understood that it is capable of many modifications in form, dimensions and materials. Changes, therefore, in the construction and arrangement may be made Without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as disclosed in the appended claims, in which it is intended to claim all novelty inherent in the invention as broadly as permissible, in View of the prior art.

Although I have used the word photograph and the word picture in this specification, it is obviousthat the terms are used in their broadest general sense and that the frame may be used .to expose a photograph, a picture, fabric, or

any other flat article which is customarily displayed in a frame of this type.

I claim:

1. A photograph frame comprising a backing board, a framing board having a sight opening therein to expose a photograph therethrough, said framing board overlying a portion of the backing board, and a wrap including a face portion for covering the face of the framing board, an inner portion for covering the edges of the sight opening of the framing board and lapping the back of the framing board, and an outer portion covering three outer edges of the framing board and the backing board and lapping the back of the backing board for securing the backing board and the framing board together, the outer portion also covering the fourth outer edge of the framing board and lapping the back thereof to provide an edge opening between the backing board and the framing board to receive the photograph.

2. A photograph frame comprising a backing board, a framing board having a sight opening therein to expose a photograph therethrough, said framing board overlying a portion of the backing board, a Wrap extending about both sides and all of the edges of the framing board and over the edges of the backing board to secure the framing board to the backing board, and a slot in the backing board near one edge thereof to permit the insertion of a photograph between the backing board and the framing board.

3. A photograph frame comprising a backing board, a framing board having a sight opening therein to expose a photograph therethrough, said framing board overlying a portion of the backing board, the :framing board being formed of a board with the margins thereof doubled over to form a double thickness of part ofV said framing board and to leave a margin of single thickness, and a Wrap including a face portion for covering the face of the framing board, an inner portion for covering the edges of the sight opening oi' the framing board and lapping the back of the framing board, and an outer *portion covering three outer edges of the framing board and the backing board and lapping the back of the backing board for securing the backing board and the framing board together, the outer portion also covering the fourth outer edge of the framing board and lapping the back thereof to provide an edge opening between the backing board and the framing board to receive the photograph, saidwrap being pressed down against said backing Iboard to form a border thereon.

4.. A photograph frame comprising a backing board, a framing board having a sight opening therein to expose a photograph therethrough, said framing board overlying a portion of the backing board, the framing board being formed of a single sheet of board scored to form framing panels and narrower marginal portions surrounding said framing panels, said marginal portions being doubled over to render portions of said framing board of double thickness, and a Wrap including a face portion for covering the face of the framing board, an inner portion for covering the edges of the sight opening of the framing board and lapping the back of the framing board, and an outer portion covering three outer edges of the framing board and the backing board and lapping the back of the backing board for securing the backing board and the framing board together, the outer portion also covering the fourth outer edge of the framing board and lapping the back thereof to provide an edge opening between the backing board and the framing board to receive the photograph, said wrap being pressed down at the edges of said marginal portions to produce a border Where said framing panels extend beyond said marginal portions.

5. A photograph frame comprising a framing board having a sight opening therein to expose a photograph therethrough, a backing board having marginal portions extending beyond said framing board, a wrap extending about both sides and al1 of the edges oi the framing board and over all but one edge of the backing board to secure the framing board to the backing board, and a dummy strip between said framing board and said backing board along one edge thereof held to the framing board by said Wrap, said wrap being pressed down to form a bevel between the outer edges of the framing board and the outer edges of the backing board and dummy strip.

ing board, said framing board being formed of a board cut and scored to form framing panels having narrower marginal portions extending beyond said framing panels on each side thereof, said marginal portions `having complementary vouter edges so out that said marginal portions may be folded over upon said framing panels Without overlapping, and a Wrap extending about said framing board and over the edges of the backing board to secure the framing board thereto and pressed down at the juncture of the edges of the marginal portions of the framing board beneath the plane of the upper surface oi the Wrap covering said marginal portions.

7. A photograph frame comprising a backing board, a framing board having a sight opening therein to expose a photograph therethrough, said framing board overlying a portion of the backing board, and a Wrap cut to overlie said framing board and having outer margins extending beyond said framing board and substantially Wider inner margins extending beyond said framing board so that said inner margins may be folded over said framing board and a portion of said outer margins, and the double wrap thus formed folded over the edges of the backing board to secure the framing board thereto.

8. A photographic frame comprising a backing board, a framing board having a sight opening therein to expose a photograph therethrough, said framing board overlying a portion of the backing board, and a wrap including a face portion for covering the face of the framing board, an inner portion for covering the edges of the sight opening of the framing board and lapping the back of the framing board, and an outer portion covering the outer edges of the framing board and the backing 4board and lapping the back of the backing board for securing the backing` board and the framing board together.

RAYIi/[OND J. FROST.

REFERENCES CITED T he following references are of record in the iile of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3137088 *Oct 8, 1962Jun 16, 1964Metalcraft CorpFramed canvas and method of preparing the same for art work
US3461585 *Sep 27, 1967Aug 19, 1969Robert H RobertsPicture mounting arrangement
US3956838 *Jun 17, 1974May 18, 1976Sunset Designs, Inc.Picture frame
US4199883 *Jan 19, 1978Apr 29, 1980Cross Carroll NDisplay mount
US4393612 *Jun 18, 1982Jul 19, 1983Susan ClarkPadded frame
US4934078 *Nov 16, 1988Jun 19, 1990Printmark, Inc.Planar erectable picture frame
US5404663 *Aug 12, 1993Apr 11, 1995Vicki Schober CompanyDecorative overlay for use in framing art work
US5581925 *Nov 14, 1994Dec 10, 1996American Industrial Design Co., Inc.Soft, pliable picture frame and method of framing a picture
EP0839484A1 *Oct 30, 1996May 6, 1998Ching-Kuo ChuFrame assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/765, 40/786
International ClassificationA47G1/06
Cooperative ClassificationA47G1/0633
European ClassificationA47G1/06C