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Publication numberUS2428630 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 7, 1947
Filing dateSep 28, 1945
Priority dateSep 28, 1945
Publication numberUS 2428630 A, US 2428630A, US-A-2428630, US2428630 A, US2428630A
InventorsLanter Clarence W
Original AssigneeBreuer Electric Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hair drier
US 2428630 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 7, 1947.

C. W. LANTER l HAIR DRIER Filed Sept. 28, 1945' j?? iwf-7M? Patente'd Oct. 7, 1947 HAIR DRIER Clarence W. Lanter, Bartlett, Ill., assignor to Breuer -Electric Mfg. Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Application September 28, 1945, Serial No. 619,208

7 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in hair driers and is more particularly concerned with apparatus of this type in which streams of preheated air are directed to the interior of tubular hair curlers and thence outwardly through apertures provided therein to elTect rapid drying of hair wound around said curlers.

This invention further contemplates the provision of hair driers embodying means for directing light rays and auxiliary streams f air toward the head of the user to aid in the hair drying operation, said auxiliary streams of air being directed from the drier apparatus through nozzles telescopically movable for controlling the flow of air therethrough.

This invention further contemplates the provision of a hair drying apparatus embodying an adjustable head for projecting light rays and auX- iliary air streams, said head having a reflector for projecting the light rays and also serving as a baille for directing a stream of air past an electric lamp for the purpose of absorbing heat therefrom. However, it is contemplated that additional air heating means may be provided in addition to the electric lamp.

This invention further contemplates the provision of a hair drier having a head mounted upon a tubular pedestal provided With a base portion for enclosing a 'motor driven blower unit employed for directing air upwardly through the pedestal and thence outwardly therefrom for drying hair. The air inlet passage leading to said blower unit preferably extends from the side of the pedestal and thence downwardly around and/or through an electric motor employed to drive the blower for the purpose of preheating the inflowing air and for cooling the motor. By disposing the air inlet end 0f said passage in the side of the pedestal and in spaced relation to the base thereof, the inflowing air stream is maintained relatively free of dirt o-r other foreign material.

This invention embodies other novel features, details of construction and arrangements of parts which are hereinafter set forth in the specication and claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawing wherein:

Fig. 1 is a sectional view showing the head portion of a hair drier embodying features of this invention.

Fig, 2 is a sectional view showing the base po-rtion of the hair drier and the means provided for directing a stream of air upwardly toward the head portion.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken along `the line 3-3 of'Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a detailed sectional view showing the auxiliary air nozzle construction.

Referring now to the drawing for a betterunderstanding of this invention, the hair drier is shown as comprising a head I I having a ballshaped back wall I2 for adjustable air tight positioning in an adapter I3. The back wall I2 is slotted at I5 to receive a'pair of adjustment bolts I4 mounted in bolt brackets I 6 secured to the adapter I3. lThe threaded ends of the bolts I4 are provided lwith compression springs I1 `and nuts vIll for maintaining the wall I2 of the head in air tight engagement with the circular opening I9 provided in the adapter I3. A lamp socket 2| is mounted on the wall I2 to receive a lamp 22, and suitable lead Wires 23 extend from the socket 2| to a switch 24 connected to a suitable source of current by means of leads 25. A lens 21 is mounted on the front of the head II by means of an annular rim 28 demountably connected to the back wall I2. An annular gasket 2'9 is provided between the lens 21 and the inwardly projecting ange of the rim 28 to prevent leakage of air from the head I I ai; this point.

A reflector 3| is secured t0 the inner face of the Wall I2 for directing light rays from the lamp 22 outwardly through the lens 21. The back wall I2 is provided with a plurality of air inlet openings 32 for the passage of air into Aa chamber 33 deiined by the wall I2 and the reector 3|. The air from the chamber 33 is directed through an opening 34 provided in the upper end of the reector 3| and thence downwardly around the electric lamp 22 for the purpose of absorbing heat therefrom.

A plurality of flexible conduits 36 lea-d from the lower portion oi the head II for connection with a plurality of tubular hair curling members 31 provided with apertures 38, A plurality of auxiliary air nozzles 32, preferably formed of rubber, are telescopically mounted in housing members 4| to direct streams of air from the head II toward the hair of the customer. The nozzles 39 are formed with ball-shaped portions 42 which permit angular adjustment of the nozzles when same are drawn outwardly to their hair drying positions. The housing members 4| are provided with air inlet openings 43 intermediate their ends. The flow vof air through each nozzle 33 may be stopped by moving same inwardly until the ball-shaped portion 42 engages the inner end of its housing 4| The adapter I3 is provided with a tubular portion 46 for telescopic adjustable engagement within a tubular pedestal 41 by means of a locking screw 48. The lower end of the pedestal 41 terminates in an enlarged hollow base portion 49 to receive a blower unit comprising an electric motor 5| and a centrifugal fan 52. The motor 5l is enclosed and supported within an air conduit 53 which leads downwardly from a grilled opening 54 formed in the side wall of the pedestal 41. The air conduit 53 terminates at a circular partition wall 56 provided with air ports 51 through which the air passes into the fan chamber 58 dened by the partition 56 and a partition 59. The stream of air passes through the fan chamber 58 and is forced upwardly through the interior of the pedestal 41, and thence through the apertures 32 into the chamber 33 of the head Il. The air stream then passes from the chamber 33 through the opening 34 for movement past the electric lamp 22 to be heated thereby. After the air is heated, it is directed through the flexible conduits 35 and the apertures 33 of the hair curlers 35 for drying hair wound thereupon. If desired, the air nozzles 33 may be moved to their forward position7 as indicated in Figs, 1 and 4, to permit streams of air to flow through the ports 43 and nozzles 39 toward the head of the customer.

The grilled openings 54 areA preferably disposed in the side wall of the pedestal 41, and at a substantial distance upwardly from the base 49, to reduce the amount of dirt or other foreign material drawn therethrough into the air conduit 53. In order to further reduce the amount of dirt or foreign material in the air stream passing into the conduit 53, it is desirable to provide a suitable air filter 5i adjacent the air inlet for removing such dirt and foreign material from the air stream. It will be noted that the head I I may be manually pivoted in a vertical plane for properly directing light and/or heat rays and auxiliary air streams toward the head of the user. The hair drier is als@ provided with casters 62 to facilitate movement of the drier. The electric motor 5I may also be connected to a source of current leading through and controlled by the switch 24 for operating the light 22 and/or the motor.

While this invention has been shown in but one form, it is obvious to those skilled in the' art that it is not so limited but is susceptible of various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the claimed invention.

I claim as my invention:

1. In a hair drier, a tubular pedestal having an enlarged base portion, a head supported upon said pedestal, means providing communication between said pedestal and said head for circulation of air, said pedestal having an air inlet formed in the side thereof, an air conduit eX- tending downwardly from said air inlet, a plurality of air tubes leading from said head for engagement with apertured hair curling members, a blower unit positioned within the base portion of said ipedestal for drawing a stream of air downwardly through said air conduit and thence for moving said stream of air upwardly through said pedestal and outwardly through said air tubes, electrical air heating means disposed in said head, said electrical air heating means inpluding an electric lamp disposed in the path of the air stream, a reflector for said lamp serving as a partition for directing a stream of air around Said lamp, and a lens provided on the face of said head for the passage of light rays from said electric lamp.

2. In a hair drier, a tubular pedestal having an enlarged base portion, a head supported upon said pedestal, means providing communication between said pedestal and said head for circulation of air, said pedestal having an air inlet formed in the side thereof, an air conduit extending downwardly from said air inlet, a plurality of air tubes leading from said head for engagement with apertured hair curling members, a blower unit positioned within the base portion of said pedestal for drawing a stream of air downwardly through said air conduit and thence for moving said stream of air upwardly through said pedestal and outwardly through said air tulbes, electrical air heating means disposed in said head, said electrical air heating means including an electric lamp disposed in the path of the air stream, a reflector for said lamp serving as a partition for directing a stream of air around said lamp, a lens provided on the face of said head for the passage of light rays from said electric lamp, and auxiliary air nozzles mounted on the face of said head to direct streams of air toward the head of the user.

3. In a hair drier, a tubular pedestal having an enlarged base portion, a head supported upon said pedestal, means providing communication between said pedestal and said head for circulation of air, said pedestal having an air inlet formed in the side thereof, an air conduit ei;- tending downwardly from said air inlet, a plurality of air tubes leading from said head for engagement with apertured hair curling members, a blower unit positioned within the base portion of said pedestal for drawing a streamof air downwardly thro-ugh said air conduit and thence for moving said stream of air upwardly through said pedestal and outwardly through said air tubes, electrical air heating means disposed in said head, said electrical air heating means including an electric lamp disposed in the path of the air stream, a reflector for said lamp serving as a partition for directing a stream of air around said lamp, a lens provided on the of said head for the passage of light rays from said electric lamp, auxiliary air nozzles mounted in the face of said head to direct streams of air toward the head of the user, casings mounted on said head to enclose they inner ends of said nozzles, said nozzles having port openings, and means provided on the inner ends of said nozzles t0 move into and out of registry with said casing port openings to control the flow of air through said nozzles.

4. n a hair drier, a tubular pedestal having an enlarged base portion, said pedestal having an air inlet formed in the side thereof, an air conduit extending downwardly through said pedestal from said air inlet, an adapter having a tubular neck for telescopic engagement in .said pedestal, said adapter having an enlarged opening formed therein, a head positioned in the opening formed in said adapter, means providing communication between said pedestal and said head for circulation of air, a plurality of air tubes leading from said head for engagement with apertured hair curling members, a blower unit positioned within the 'base portion of said pedestal for drawing a stream of air downwardly through said air conduit and thence for moving said stream of air upwardly through said pedestal and outwardly through said air tubes, electrical air heating means disposed in said head, said elecface trical air heating means including an electric lamp disposed in the path of the air stream, a reilector for said lamp serving as a partition for directing a stream of air around said lamp, and a lens provided on the face of said head for the passage of light rays from said electric lamp.

5. In a hair drier, a tubular pedestal having an enlarged Ioase portion, said pedestal having an air inlet formed in the side thereof, an air conduit extending downwardly through said pedestal from said air inlet, an adapter having a tubular neck for telescopic engagement in said pedestal, said adapter having an enlarged opening formed therein, a head positioned in the opening formed in said adapter, means providing communication between said pedestal and said head for circulation of air, a plurality oi air tubes leading from said head for engagement with apertured hair curling members, a blower unit positioned within the base portion of said pedestal for drawing a stream of air downwardly through said air conduit and thence for moving said stream of air upwardly through said pedestal and outwardly through said air tubes, electrical air heating means disposed in said head, said electrical air heating means including an electric lamp disposed in the path or the air stream, a reflector for said lamp serving as a partition for directing a stream of air around said lamp, a lens provided on the falce of said head for the passage of light rays from said electric lamp, and auxiliary air nozzles mounted on the face of said head to direct streams of air toward the head of the user.

6. In a hair drier, a tubular pedestal having an enlarged rbase portion, said pedestal having an air inlet formed in the side thereof, an air conduit extending downwardly through said pedestal from said air inlet, an adapter having a tubular neck for telescopic engagement in said pedestal, said adapter having an enlarged opening formed therein, a head positioned in the opening formed in said adapter, means providing communication between said pedestal and said head for circulation of air, a plurality of air tuibes leading from said head for engagement with apertured hair curling members, a blower unit positioned within the base portion of said pedestal for drawing a stream of air downwardly through said air conduit and thence for moving said stream of air upwardly through said pedestal and outwardly through said air tubes, electrical air heating means disposed in said head, said electrical air heating means including an electric lamp disposed in the path of the air stream, a reilector for said lamp serving as a partition for directing a stream of air around said lamp, a lens provided on the face of said head for the passage of light rays from said electric lamp, auxiliary air nozzles mounted in the face of said head to direct streams of air toward the head of the user, casings mounted on said head to enclose the inner ends of said nozzles, said nozzles having port openings, and means provided on the inner ends of said nozzles to move into and out of registry with said casing port openings t0 control the flow of air through said nozzles,

7. In a hair drier, a tubular pedestal having an enlarged base portion, said pedestal having an air inlet formed in the side thereof, an aii` conduit extending downwardly through said pedestal from said air inlet, an adapter having a tubular neck for telescopic engagement in said pedestal, said adapter having an enlarged opening formed therein, a head positioned in the opening formed in said adapter, means providing communication between said pedestal and said head for circulation of air, a plurality of air tubes leading from said head for engagement with apertured hair curling members, a blower unit positioned within the base portion of said pedestal for drawing a stream of air downwardly through said air conduit and thence for moving said stream of air upwardly through said pedestal and outwardly through said airtubes, electrical air heating means disposed in said head, said electrical air heating means including an electric lamp disposed in the path of the air stream, a reflector for said lamp serving as a partition for directing a stream of air around said lamp, a lens provided on the face of said head for the passage of light rays from said electric lamp, auxiliary air nozzles mounted in the face of said head to direct streams of air toward the head of the user, casings mounted on said head to enclose the inner ends of said nozzles, said nozzles having port openings, and means provided on the inner ends of said nozzles to move into and out of registry with said casing port openings to control the flow of air through said nozzles.

CLARENCE W. LANTER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,201,229 Gross May 21, 1940 2,290,259 Vose July 21, 1942 2,076,040 Norquist Apr. 6, 1937 1,639,753 Shelton Aug. 23, 1927 2,188,924 Rockwood Feb. 6, 1940 2,189,430 McClure 1 Feb. 6, 1940 2,050,111 McKelVey Aug. 4, 1936 1,794,860 Meyer Mar. 3, 1931

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1639753 *Nov 28, 1925Aug 23, 1927Shelton William GHair drier and therapeutic lamp
US1794860 *Mar 8, 1928Mar 3, 1931William MeyerHair drier
US2050111 *Mar 30, 1935Aug 4, 1936Mary MckelveyScalp blower
US2076040 *Dec 1, 1932Apr 6, 1937Butler Manufacturing CoHair drying apparatus
US2188924 *Sep 30, 1936Feb 6, 1940Vilbiss CoMethod and apparatus for drying hair
US2189430 *Mar 20, 1937Feb 6, 1940Mcclure Robert ADevice for drying hair
US2201229 *Oct 20, 1936May 21, 1940American Machine & MetalsHair drier
US2290259 *Nov 7, 1939Jul 21, 1942Vose Edwin WHair drying apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2456669 *Feb 25, 1946Dec 21, 1948Bauer Russell LHair drier
US7798684Apr 6, 2007Sep 21, 2010Genlyte Thomas Group LlcLuminaire system with thermal chimney effect
US7934851Sep 15, 2008May 3, 2011Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.Vertical luminaire
US7972036Apr 30, 2008Jul 5, 2011Genlyte Thomas Group LlcModular bollard luminaire louver
US7985004Apr 30, 2008Jul 26, 2011Genlyte Thomas Group LlcLuminaire
US8231243Sep 15, 2008Jul 31, 2012Philips Koninklijke Electronics N.V.Vertical luminaire
US8434238 *Jun 29, 2007May 7, 2013Andis CompanyHair dryer with light source
US8506127Dec 11, 2009Aug 13, 2013Koninklijke Philips N.V.Lens frame with a LED support surface and heat dissipating structure
US8585238May 13, 2011Nov 19, 2013Lsi Industries, Inc.Dual zone lighting apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification34/99, 392/421, 362/294
International ClassificationA45D20/00, A45D20/44
Cooperative ClassificationA45D20/44
European ClassificationA45D20/44