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Publication numberUS2429500 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 21, 1947
Filing dateJan 17, 1942
Priority dateJan 17, 1942
Publication numberUS 2429500 A, US 2429500A, US-A-2429500, US2429500 A, US2429500A
InventorsWolfner William F
Original AssigneePhotoswitch Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Photoelectric control
US 2429500 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 2l, 1947. w. F. woLFNER, 2D

PHOTOELECTRIC CONTROL Filed Jan. 17, 1942 nu, uw@ @www @mm1 Patented Oct. 2l, 1947 PHOTOELECTRIC CONTROL William F. Wolfner, II, Methuen, Mass., assignor to Photoswitch Incorporated, Cambridge, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Application January 17, 1942, Serial No. 427,210

(Cl. ,2H- 2.6)

15 Claims. 1

This invention relates to electronic control circuits and especially to arrangements where energy impulses. derived for example from a phototube, control the correlation of an operating instrumentality with the material operated upon.

Some of the main objects of the invention are to actuate a controlling element upon the concurrent e'ects derived from a working operation and a supervising impulse, to move a controlling element in one sense or the other dependent upon the relative location of an impulsing mark relatively to an operating means, to provide a device l or carrying out such control movements 1n one or the 'other sense in positive dependency upon the relation between impulsing mark and operating means as this relation changes correspondingly in one sense or the other, and to provide a device of this nature which permits the selection of effective impulses and of the duration of their effectiveness separately in either sense.

Other objects, as applied especially to blank severing machines, are to provide a simple registration control which supervises the direction of error in the relation of registering marks and cutting edge or similar severing instrumentality, for operating a corrective device for a suitable period of time in the proper direction. In still another aspect, the invention has the object to provide such registration control with the aid of a comparatively simple and compact electronic circuit using only standard high vacuum tubes as distinguished from the often unstable gas tubes which are also more expensive and require rather complicated controls which are not as completely electronic as might be desired.

The control circuit which is included in the invention is universally adj-ustable as to the duration of correction time in either direction and electronically locks out the detecting ei'fect during the time when correction is carried out in either direction. Further, the detecting circuit according to the invention carries only very small currents so that practically no maintenance is required.

These and other objects, aspects and advantages will appear from the following description of a specific embodiment illustrating the character of my invention by way of example and referring to a drawing in which Fig, l is a diagrammatical representation of a cutting machine incorporating the invention including a control circuit; and

Figs. 2 and 3 illustrate two abnormal positions described, a cutting mechanism is required to operate under the control of a series of registration marks applied to comparatively thin and stretchable strip material to be cut.

Fig. 1 shows a table A supporting strip material W delivered by suitable means indicated by a feed roll a from a supply roll E with a brake drum F carrying as a synchronization adjusting mea'ns a brake band f. An electromotor M is adapted to rotate by means of a transmission, for example worm gear w, a pulley h to which the brake band is fastened as indicated at i. The motor may be a self-starting synchronous motor with condenser pack c permitting it to be started in either direction by closing switch SI or S2. The transmission is so arranged that at full speed, which motor M reaches almost instantaneously, pulley h rotates rather slowly, for example at the rate of one revolution per minute. depend upon the braking friction exerted by band f, and can be varied by tightening or releasing the stretchable band by means of the motor rotating in one or the other direction.

A knife drum K rotating at constant speed carries as operating means a knife k which upon striking the edge of table A severs a blank B from strip W. Fastened to drum K and rotating with it is a selector switch, for example a commutator consisting of a segment KI of insulating material and a. conducting segment K2. Two stationary brushes bl, b2 are so arranged that under normal conditions both contact the insulating segment KI at the time when the knife k cuts. Under abnormal conditions, to be discussed in detail hereinafter, one or the `other brush may contact conducting segment K2, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3; such contact establishes an electric connection between one of the brushes and wire 20, through a slip ring or similar arrangement connecting segment K2 with wire 20, as indicated in the gures.

Registration marks m are applied to strip W for example in the form of dots or lines printed or otherwise applied to the strip and having light reflecting properties diierent from those of the strip material proper. 'I'hese marks are supervised or detected by means of a lantern L directing a scanning light beam l towards strip W which reflects it towards a phototube T6 constituting a detecting impedance which varies proportionatel to the light flux impinging thereon; this ux in turn depends upon the reiiecting properties of the strip material or the marks, respectively. It will be evident that markings, as for example perforations, which are blocking or transmitting The tension of strip W will istration on the blanks of printed matter. Y electric circuit controlling this operation will now a light beam may be used for delivering control impulses.

As will be described in detail below, changes oi the relative position of marks m and cutting edge k cause the motor M to run in one or the other direction, thereby releasing or tightening brake band f and decreasing or increasing .the tension and therefore setting the length between marks of the strip material to be cut, so that a predetermined'spatial relation between cuts and marks is maintained, providing for example r'lehgbe described.

A current source. for example a standard alternating current line indicated by terminals I, 2 is connected to the primary ot a transformer t having a rectiiier secondary sr and anv auxiliary secondary sh for the heater elements of the electronic apparatus of the circuit. The mid-point of the rectifier secondary constitutes one side 4 of a direct current supply system; the other side 3 of that system is connected to cathode h5 of a rectifier tube T5 whose anodes a5 are in customary manner connected to the end terminals of the rectier secondary of transformer t. A band elimination illter network 715 may be connected between wires 3 and 4 for the purpose ot smoothing the direct currentl supply.

The voltage between wires 3 and 4 is apportioned by means of potentiometer RI2 and resistor R23, connected in series between conductors 3 and 4 and deilning predetermined voltages at terminals I4, I5 and I5 and adjustable tap 40. Terminal I5 may be connected to ground as indicated at 0, so that 3 and I4 are positive and 4, 40 and I6 negative with respect to I5.

Two actuating twin tubes T2, T4 with cathodes k2, k4 and each having a section I and a section II with anodes aI, aII, and control grids g1, gII serve as electronic switching means and are con nected as follows, it being understood that separate tubes can be used as electronic relay means for this purpose. Y a

Two series of ,resistors R0, R5, R8 and RIII, RI5, RISare connected between wires 3 and 4. Anodes aI of tubes T2, T4 are connected between resistors R0, R5 and RIO, RI5, respectivelxnandl R2I and condensers C2, C4, respectively. Re'

sistors RI I, R2I may be of the plug-in type in order to permit convenient adjustment of the characteristics of networks n2, n4.

Magnets MI', M2 close, when energized, normally open switches SI, S2 which control the connections between supply terminal 2 and motor supply leads 2 I, 22, respectively.

Two initiating pentodes TI, T3 are connected as follows.

The cathodes kl, k3 of tubes TI, T3 are connected to ground wire which is tied to point I of potentiometer R23; the control grids gl, a3 are joined to point II of network N (to be described below); screen grids sI, s3 are joined to point I4 of R23; suppressor grids ul and a3 are 4 connected to negative wire 4 throughresistances R3, RI3, respectively, and they are also connected through wires II and I2 tobrushes bI andbl, respectively, of the commutatorarrlngement indicated at K of the ngures. The modes aI and a3 are connected between anode; aJI and resistors R3, RI3 oi' sections II of tubes T2 and T4, respectively.

The phototube detector T3 with cathode k3 and anode a3 is connected in a detecting and amplify-v iying circuit as follows.'

The cathode k1 of a photo ampliiler tube T1 isconnectedtowire3anditganodea1towire3 through load resistance R3I. Grid g1 o! tube T1 is connected to an impulse discriminating network nI consisting of condenser CII connected ,to wire II in series with phototube T3, the two sides of the condenser being joined to wire 3 through impedances R23 and R23, respectively. For reasons to be pointed out below, impedance R23 and the impedance constituted by Phototube T3 may be arranged interchangeably as indicated by adjacent terminals in Fig. 1, The output circuit ot tube T1 is coupled to network N and the grids aI, g3 of tubes TI, T3 through condenser CI. Condensers C3, C3 and resistors R24,

, R25, R26, R and R32 are inserted for supplylng the proper voltages to the elementsof pentode T1 and to provide filtering action where necessary, in conventional fashion.

The initiating or control network N includes grid resistor R4I connected between points 'I and II, and resistor R42" between 'I and tap 43 o! potentiometer RI2. To point 1, intermediate RII and R42, are connected on the one side resistor R43 leading to point 5 on anodes all o! tube T2 and aI of tube TI, and on the other side resistor R44 leading to point 3 on anodes alI of tube T4 and a3 of tube T3.

The above-described embodiment of the invention operates as follows:

The actuating tubes T2, T4 conduct under normal conditions through sections I because in sec- 0-T3-5-R I l-R I S-MZ-S For reasons likewise to be discussed below, the voltage of tap I9 and hence of grid gI will be depressed suiilciently below the critical value to render section I non-conductive, and section H conductive.

Still assuming that T3 and section II became conductive, condenser C4 of timing circuit n4 will charge due to the grid current in nonconducting section I, and magnet M2 will be energized, When condenser C4 has discharged through its network M, grid gI will become again sulciently positive to transfer conductivity back to section I, whereupon M2 becomes again deenergized. Condenser-s C3 and C5 help in transferring conductivity back to sections I since they bridge resistors R5, RI 5, short circuiting them for sudden loads so that the grid potential can quickly assume the plate potential.

It will be noted that, after the voltage of tap I9 and grid gI has once been lowered due to conductivity of tube T3, section I will remain nonconductive until condenser C4 is sulciently discharged, regardless of the condition of the initiating tubes. It will be further noted that in tubes T2, T4 transfer of conductivity from sections I to sections II will be initiated independently for each tube by tubes TI, T3, respectively, whereas the transfer 0f conductivity back from sections II to sections I depends only on the timing circuits n2, n4, regardless of the conditioning of TI, T3. Still further it will be noted that the voltage of cathodes k2, k4 will be substantially constant since tubes T2, T4 always conduct, either through sections I or sections II. Thus the actuating tubes T2, T4 are each in a pulse generator circuit furnishing a substantially rectangular current pulse (through section II) for actuating the relays MI and M2.

The initiating tubes TI, T3 are with their suppressor grids ul, a3 normally connected to negative wire 4 through high value resistances R8, RIB. The voltage of 4 is suiliciently negative to prevent these tubes from conducting so long as this voltage is applied to the Suppressors; however, if a suppressor is connected to the" wire of cathode voltage, the respective tube is unlocked. These connections can take place through selector switch brushes bl or b2. For example, if the selector is in the position shown in Fig. 2, suppressor grid a3 of tube T3 is connected to cathode voltage through brush-suppressor circuit u3--I2--b2-K220-0--k3, and T3 is free to become conductive so soon as the voltage of its control grid g3 is suiilciently positive.

The phototube T6 is subject to changes of illumination of its cathode k6 causing correspending variations of its impedance and of the charge on condenser CII). If these variations are sufficiently slow, as for example caused by changes of ambient illumination, the condenser charges will dissipate in network n1 before control grid g1 of photo amplifier T1 is affected. If however an instantaneous energy impulse such as caused by a mark m moving into the light beam l of lantern L is transmitted to condenser CII), the latter cannot discharge quickly enough and will lower the voltage of grid g1. Tube T1 will become less conductive, the voltage drop across resistor RSI will decrease and hence the voltage of point I1 become more positive.

If phototube T6 is connected as shown in Fig. 1` sudden decreases of the illumination of T6, as passing of a mark m through beam l, are effective to supply an initiating impulse to tubes TI and T3; if T6 and R28 are exchanged, sudden increases of illumination are similarly effective.

The initiating network N controls the voltage of point 1 which is normally, that is with sections I conducting, determined by the position of tap 40 on potentiometer RIZ, which is so set that the voltage of grids gl and g3 of tubes TI and T3, respectively, is low enough to keep these tubes non-conductive.

The above-mentioned change towards the positive of point I1, effected by phototube T5, will raise the potential of grids gl and g3 suiciently to permit the tubes to become conductive. Ii unlocked by operation of the brush-suppressor circuit, one of the initiating tubes will become conductive. Due to their magnetic circuit, relay magnets MI and M2 act as high impedances for sudden or steep impulses. Since the becoming conductive of one of the initiating tubes is such an impulse, MI or M2 thereupon act as high impedance load on TI or T3; this causes considerable voltage drop on tap I8 or I9 and hence on grids gI of sections I, and transfer of the con- 6 ductivity of tube T2 or T4 from section I to section II.

The voltage drop in R3--R9-MI or RI3-RI3--M2, now in the anode circuit of sections II, reduces the voltage of point 5 or 6, and hence the voltage of points 1 and I1 will be correspondingly lowered, reducing the voltage on grids gI and g3 to a value so low that impulses from photo amplifier T1 are no longer effective. This voltage drop is in the form of a substantially rectangular pulse similar to and caused by the afore-mentioned current pulse through sections II.

In this connection lt will be noted that tubes TI, T3 may advantageously be high mu pentodes which should work into a high plate impedance in order to have suflicient gain, whereas tubes T2, T4 work well with a comparatively low load impedance, promoting a plate current suilciently high to operate the relay magnets. These requirements are met by magnets Ml, M2 which are in the anode circuits of both types of tubes and have a high impedance for short load impulses of the initiating tubes TI, T3, whereas they have a comparatively low resistance in the direct current load circuit of the actuating tubes T2, T4.

It will also be noted that either none or only one of tube groups TI, T2 or T3, T4, respectively, can be affected in this manner; this is due to the fact that either none of brushes bl, b2 (Fig. 1) or only brush b2 (Fig. 2) or only brush bl (Fig. 3) can connect the respective suppressor of the initiating tubes TI, T3 to the cathode wire for the unlocking of the respective tube.

Assuming, for example, that initiating tube T3 has become conductive with brush b2 in the position of Fig. 2, and an impulse transmitted through photo amplifier T1 raising the voltage of point I1, the conductivity of tube T4 will be transferred from section I to section II and magnet M2 will be energized as above described, closing switch S2 and starting motor M in a given direction. Upon M2 becoming energized, the voltage of point 6 drops due to the current in the voltage of points 1 and I1 drops accordingly, the grid bias of gl and g3 increases, and the sensitivity of initiating tubes TI, T3 is reduced.

Impulses arriving from T1 are now unable to render Tl, T3 conductive, and hence unable to affect the condition of either actuating tube during the time when SI or S2 is switched or during the time when sections II are kept conductive, before condenser C2 or C4 has suillciently discharged. After C2 or C4 has sufiiciently discharged to return sections I to conductivity, as above described, tubes T2 and T4 are now ready to receive another impulse from T6 through photo amplifier T1, network N and one of the initiating tubes, effective to energize MI or M2, respectively.

It will be noted that the above-described lockout function through reduced sensitivity of the initiating tubes TI, T3 and reduced voltage of point 1 is completely separate from the suppressor lock-out of the same tubes due to positioning of brushes b I, b2.

Summing up the complete cycle of opera-tion it may be assumed that strip material W is conveyed as indicated by the arrows of Fig. 1 and slightly tensioned by brake f. In this connection it should be noted that the normal distances of the marks between rolls E and a, corresponding to the path of the cutting device, will be somewhat Atings and other controlling characteristics.

longer than the correct length of'the severed blank, in order to compensate for this initial and ui are connected to negative wire l and block the initiating tubes, the impulse arriving from T8 through T1 and N is therefore ineffective, Si and S2 remain open and motor M stands still.

If the cuttings should become too long due to a shift in the phase relation of the cutting cycle and the registering cycle, the register marks strike the beam too late, that is, after knife k has performed the cut and the commutator is in position Flg.,2, brush b2 establishes connection between wires i2 and 20 and unlocks T3, and the impulse arriving from,T6 through Tl renders T3 conductive and switches conductivity of Tl from section I to II. Switch S2 thereupon closes, and motor M turns drum h in clockwise direction releasing the tension of strip W and therefore rectifying the defect by decreasing the distance between markings.

If the cuttings become too short, brush bl will go into position Fig. 3 and unlock tube Tl, the scanner impulse will energize magnet Mi in the manner described above for magnet M2, switch S2 will close and motor M will rotate drum h in counter-clockwise direction tightening the brake and increasing the marking distance until normal condition prevails whereupon both switches Si and S2 open and the motor comes to a standstill.

During the time period when condenser C2 orl C4 discharges in network n2 or n4, magnet MI or M2 will remain energized regardless of the unlocking of tubes Ti, T3 or of incoming scanner impulses. This time period is adjustable as mentioned above so that the machine can be set for a speed of correction dependent upon the material handled, the conveying speed, the size of cut- Full correction need not be accomplished in response to a single impulse but may extend through several cutting operations.

It should be understood that the present disclosure is for the purpose of illustration only and that this invention includes all modifications and equivalents which fall within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. Electric control apparatus comprising cyclically effective operating means, registering means delivering a series of impulses normally effective in synchronism with said operating means, setting means adapted to vary the phase relation between the cycle of said operating means and said registering means, electronic initiating means having suppressor screen means and control grid means, means associated with said suppressor means for locking said initiating means during periods in xed time relation to the cycle of said operating means, means associated with said control grid means for rendering said initiating means conductive during periods in fixed time relation to said impulses, and electronic pulse generator means for generating a substantially rectangular pulse of electric current of a predetermined time duration in substantially immediate response to an initiating impulse of any lesser duration applied to an electrode ofsaid generator means; said initiating means providing said initiating impulse immediately upon the concurrent unlocking and rendering conductive of said initiating means through said suppressor. means and said gridmeans under control of said operative means and said registering means: said rectangular pulse actuating said setting means for its entire duration, but not longer.

2. Electric control apparatus comprising cyclically effective operating means, registering means delivering a series of impulses normally synchronized with the cycle of said operating means, setting means operative in two senses for varying the phase relation between the cycle of said operating means and said registering means, two electronic initiating means, means associated with each of said initiating means for varying the conductivity of its initiating means in fixed time relation to the cycle of said operating means, means associated with each of said initiating means for varying said conductivity in fixed timel relation to said impulses, said conductivity varying means being normally alternately effective, and electronic pulse generator means for generating a substantially rectangular current pulse of a predetermined time duration to actuate said setting means in one sense or the other for said time duration in response to an initiating impulse of any lesser duration applied to an electrode thereof; one or the other of said initiating means furnishing said initiating impulse immediately upon said conductivity varying means being simultaneously effective thereon; said pulse generator means then furnishing to said setting means a pulse to actuate said setting means to restore said normally synchronized condition.

3. Electric control apparatus comprising cyclically effective operating means, registering means delivering a series of impulses normally synchronized with the cycle of said operating means, setting means operative in two senses for varying the phase relation between the cycle of said operating means and said registering means, two electronic initiating means each having a first and a second control electrode means, means associated with each of said first electrode means for varying the conductivity of its initiating means in ilxed time relation to the cycle of said operating means, means associated with each of said second electrode means for varying said conductivityin xed time relation to said impulses, said conductivity varying means being normally alternately effective, two substantially inertialess electronic relay means for actuating said setting means in one sense or the other, means for establishing an actuating conductivity condition of said relay means immediately upon the overlapping in one sense or the other, respectively, of the eiect thereon of said operating means and said registering means, and means for maintaining said actuating condition during a period which is independent of the condition of said initiating means.

, 4. Electric control apparatus comprising means adapted t0 deliver a rst and a second series of impulses; means adapted for adjusting the synchronization of said impulse series by varying the impulse intervals of one of said series; a discharge device having an output circuit and two control electrodes associated with said impulsedelivering means, one control electrode affecting the conductivity of said device in synchronism with said first series and the other control electrode ailecting said conductivity in synchronism with said second series; an electronic pulse generator for generating a. substantially rectangular pulse of electric current of a predetermined time duration in substantially immediate respons m 9 an initiating impulse of any lesser duration applied to an electrode thereof; said discharge device output circuit providing said initiating im- -pulse immediately uponconcurrence of impulses of each of said first and second series to render `said device conductive; and said rectangular pulse energizing said adjusting means.

5. Electric control apparatus comprising means adapted to deliver a first and a second series of impulses; means adapted for adjusting the synchronization of said impulse series by varying the impulse intervals of one of said series; a discharge device having an output circuit and two control electrodes associated with said impulse delivering means, one control electrode affecting the conductivity of said device in synchronism with said first series and the other control electrode affecting said conductivity in synchronism with said second series; an electronic pulse generator for generating simultaneously a substantially rectangular pulse of electric current of a predetermined time duration and a substantially rectangular voltage pulse of substantially identical duration, both said pulses being initiated in substantially immediate response to an initiating impulse of any lesser duration applied to an electrode of said generator; said discharge device output circuit providing said initiating impulse immediately upon concurrence of impulses of each of said first and second series to render said device conductive; said current pulse energizing said adjusting means; and said voltage pulse being applied to one of said control electrodes in such fashion as to maintain said device non-conductive for the duration of said pulses.

6. Electric control apparatus comprising means adapted to deliver a first and a second series of impulses; means adapted for adjusting the synchronization of said impulse series by varying the impulse intervals of one of said series; a discharge device having an output circuit and two control electrodes associated with said impulse delivering means, one control electrode being adapted to affect the conductivity of said device in synchronism with said first series and the other control electrode being adapted to affect said conductivity in synchronism with said second series; and an electronic switching means including two anodes and two grids each grid controlling one of said anodes with the second one of said anodes being operatively connected to said adjusting means, connections from each of said anodes to the grid controlling the other anode, a bias controlling means associated with said output circuit of said discharge device and a condenser and a resistance bridging said condenser in said connection to said second anode, said bias controlling means being adapted to transfer conductivity from the' first anode to said second anode whereupon discharge of said condenser transfers conductivity back to said first anode after a time predetermined by its time constant; said switching means being adapted to energize said adjusting means immediately upon impulses of each of said first and second series concurrently affecting the conductivity of said discharge device.

7. Electric control apparatus comprising means for delivering operating impulses, means for delivering control impulses, means for synchronizing said operating impulses and said control impulses, control initiating means of variable conductivity including electron discharge means having two electrodes for controlling said. conductivity, means for applying to one of said electrodes a control potential varying iniixed time relation with said operating impulses, means for applying to the second electrode a control potential varying in fixed time relation to said control impulses, and electronic pulse` generator means for generating a substantially rectangular pulse of electric current of a predetermined time duration in substantially immediate response to an initiating impulse of any lesser duration applied to an elec- .trode thereof, said electron discharge means providing said initiating impulse immediately upon concurrent effect of said operating and control impulses on said respective control electrodes to cause variation in the same sense of said conductivity, and said rectangular pulse actuating said synchronizing means.

8. Electric control apparatus comprising cyclically effective operating means, registering means delivering a series of impulses normally synchronized with the cycle of said operating means, setting means adapted to vary the phase relation between the cycle of said operating means and said registering means, control initiating means Aof variable conductivity including electron discharge means having two electrodes for controlling said conductivity, means for applying to one of said electrodes a control potential varying in fixed time relation with said operating cycle, means for applying to the second electrode a control potential varying in fixed time relation to said registering impulses, and electronic pulse generator means for generating a substantially rectangular pulse of electric current of a predetermined time duration in substantially immediate response to an initiating impulse of any lesser duration applied to an electrode thereof, said electron discharge means altering its conductivity n and providing said initiating impulse immediately upon the concurrent effect of said operating means and said registering means upon said initiating means, and said rectangular pulse actuating said setting means.

9. Apparatus in accordance with claim 2 in which said pulse generator means furnishes a second substantially rectangular pulse simultaneously with said current pulse and of like duration for rendering both said initiating means substantially ineffective for the duration of said rectangular pulses and hence during the actuation of said setting means.

10. Electric apparatus for controlling the phase relation of cyclically effective operating means and registration means furnishing a series of impulses normally in synchronism with said operating means, comprising: switching means conducting in synchronism With said operating means only during control periods prior to and after, respectively, the effectiveness of said operating means; setting means for varying said phase relation; said registration means including a Dhototube and a network for furnishing said series of impulses; two initiating tubes each having a suppressor normally supplied with a voltage locking the conductivity of the respective initiating tube and adapted for connection to its cathode through a respective one of said switching means and each initiating ltube having a control grid connected to said network and tending to render its initiating tube conductive in response to said impulses; two electronic relay means for operating said setting means in one sense and the other, respectively, and means for restoring said relay means to inoperative condition after a predetermined time period, said relay means being adapted to be rendered operative by corresponding ones of said initiating tubes upon the concurc 11 rent eect thereon of said operating means and said impulses upon coincidence of one or the other of said control periods and one of said impulses and maintained operative by said restoring means during said time period.

11. Electric apparatus for controlling the phase relation of cyclically effective operating means and registration means furnishing a series of irnpulses normally in synchronism with said operating means, comprising: switching means conducting in synchronism with said operating means only during control periods prior to and after, respectively, the eiectiveness of said operating means; setting means for varying said phase relation; said registration means including a phototube and a network for furnishing said series of impulses; means for excluding from ysaid network impulses having a slow rate of change; two initiating tubes each having a suppressor normally supplied with a voltage locking the conductivity of the respective initiating tube and adapted for connection to its cathode through a respective one of said switching means, and each initiating tube having a control grid connected to said network and tending to render its initiating tube conductive in response to said impulses; two electronic relay means for operating said setting means in one sense and the other respectively, the operativenes's of said relay means being controlled by corresponding ones of said initiating tubes upon the concurrent effect thereon of said operating means and said impulses upon coincidence of one or the other of said control periods and one of said impulses, and means including a timing'condenser for terminating said operativeness of said relay means independently of the condition of said initiating tubes.

12. Electronic control apparatus of the class described comprising: an electronic pulse generating device adapted to furnish a current pulse of substantially rectangular shape and of predetermined time duration in response to a relatively sharp initiating pulse of shorter duration applied to a control electrode thereof; a relay coil in an anode-cathode circuit of said device adapted to be energized by said current pulse, said coil providing relatively low impedance to the ilow of said current pulse there-through, but a relatively high impedance to said initiating pulse, said coil being so connected in said circuit that its impedance to said initiating pulse serves to accentuate the effect of said initiating pulse on said control electrode; an electronic switch for providing said initiating pulse including an electron discharge device having at least a rst and a second control electrodes and adapted to provide said initiating pulse only when a pair of controlling pulses applied one to each of said electrodes occur simultaneously; a controlled device adapted to produce one and a supervising device adapted to produce the other of said controlling pulses, said devices normally producing said controlling pulses alternately; and means rendered operative by said relay coil when energized by said current pulse to restore the normal relationship between said controlling pulses.

13. Apparatus 'in accordance with claim 12 in which said pulse generating device furnishes a second substantially rectangular pulse simultaneously with said current/pulse and of like duration, for rendering that dlontrol electrode of said electronic switch which\ is controlled by said supervising device substantially ineiective for the duration of said rectangular pulses, and

' hence during the time when said restoring means is operative.

14. Electronic control apparatus comprising cyclically enective operating means, registering means delivering a series of impulses normally synchronized with the cycle of said operatingv said conductivity varying means being normally A alternately effective, and two substantially inertialess electronic relay means for actuating said setting means in one sense or the other, means for establishing an actuating conductivity condition of said relay means 'immediately upon the overlapping in` one sense or the other, respectively, of the effect on said initiating means of said operating means and said registering means, and means for maintaining said actuating condition during a period which is independent of the condition of said initiating means.

l5. Electronic control apparatus comprising cyclically effective operating means, registering means delivering a series of impulses normally synchronized with the cycle of said operating means, setting means operative in two senses for varying the phase relation between the cycle of said operating means and said registering means, two electronic initiating means each having a first and a second control electrode means, means associated with each of said first electrode means for varying the conductivity of its initiating means in fixed time relation to the cycle of said operating means, means associated with each of said second electrode means for varying said conductivity in fixed time relation to said impulses, said conductivity varying means being normally alternately eiective, and two electronic pulse generator means for generating each a substantially rectangular pulse ot electric current of a predetermined time duration for actuating said setting means in one sense or the other for said duration, and means for initiating one or said rectangular pulses to actuate said setting means in one sense or the other immediately upon the overlapping in s. corresponding sense of the effect on said initiating means of said operating means and said registering means.

WIILIAM F. WOLFNER, II.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2518325 *Jan 4, 1947Aug 8, 1950Hurley Wilmina LElectronic synchronizing device and magnetic switch
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Classifications
U.S. Classification361/175, 318/480, 250/548, 327/514, 83/74, 327/100, 188/186, 250/214.00R, 307/650
International ClassificationB26D5/20, B26D5/34
Cooperative ClassificationB26D5/34
European ClassificationB26D5/34