US 2430070 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 4, 1947. J.J.MEYERSONETAL' -2,430,070
GARMENT sUsTAINING MEANS Filed June 11, 1945 Patented Nov. 4, 1947 GARMENT SUSTAINING MEANS Joseph J. Meyerson, Montclair, N. J., and Herbert Buchsbaum, Chicago, Ill. assignors to S. Buchsbaum & Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Application June 11, 1945, Serial No. 598,840
The present invention relates to a novel buckle.
An object of the invention is to provide such a device that is simple and relatively inexpensive and is effective in its operation. It is also intended to provide such a device that is easy to manipulate and one that is attractive in appearance.
The foregoing constitute some of the objects and advantages of the present invention, others oi which will become apparent from the following description and the drawings, in which,
Fig. 1 is a perspective View of one embodiment of the invention showing a belt and buckle in cooperating relationship;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary plan View of a portion of the belt shown in Fig. 1 showing in particular the buckle in closed or buckled position;
Fig. 3 is a view corresponding to Fig. 2 but showing the buckle in partially opened position;
Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view through the belt and a portion of the buckle taken on the line d--ll of Fig, 1;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary elevational View of the rear face of the belt and buckle with a portion of the belt shown broken away;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary front elevational View of a second embodiment of the invention as it applies to Suspenders; and
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional view through the strap and buckle shown in Fig.
6, the view being taken on the line 'I-'I of Fig. 6.
For purposes of illustration two embodiments only of the invention are shown. It is recognized however, that many modifications may be made in the arrangements as shown without departing from the spirit and intended scope of the invention.
Referring now to Fig. 1, the preferred form of the invention is illustrated in the form of a belt I0 having mounted on one end thereof a buckle il. For purposes of illustration one side of the belt, indicated at I2, will be referred to as the outer side, whereas the other side of the belt shown at I3 will be referred to as the inner side or face of the belt. Again referring to Fig. 1, a, groove Ill is disposed longitudinally of the belt in the outer surface or face thereof and is disposed substantially along the center line of the belt. As shown this groove extends throughout the entire length of the belt. On the reverse or inner side I3 of the belt are a pair of grooves I5 and l5 disposed on opposite sides of the center and extended longitudinally throughout the entire length of the belt.
One end of the belt ID may be somewhat tapered as shown at I1, and adjacent to this tapered end are a plurality of spaced perforations I8 extending through the belt and disposed within the groove I 4. To the opposite end of the belt the buckle II is secured.
Referring specifically to Fig. 5, the buckle II comprises a main body portion I9 Ebifurcated along one edge to form spaced members 20 and 2l to which members is pivoted a tongue 22. rThis tongue 22 comprises a long arm 23 (see Fig. 3) and a short arm 24 forming a hook portion 25 therebetween. At the free end of the short arm 24 are disposed oppositely extending lugs 26 which cooperate with the spaced members 20 and 2| to form a pivot connection between the tongue 22 and body portion I9 of the buckle II.
At the opposite side of the body portion I9 of the buckle II projects a centrally disposed arm 2l having outwardly extending lugs 28. As shown the arm 2l corresponds in width with the width of the groove I4 in the belt I0 so that this arm 21 may be readily received in the groove. A slot or perforation 29 is disposed through the Wall of the belt I0 directly opposite each of the lugs 28 so as to accommodate the lug. As shown these lugs 28 are of sufcient length to project through the adjacent wall of the belt I 0.
A projection indicated in lines 30 extends outwardly at each side of the body portion I9 'of the buckle and is wrapped around the side and partially across the underneath face of the buckle.
Referring now to the second embodiment of the invention shown in Figs. 6 and 7, a pair of short straps 32 and 33, each having at its free end a button hole 34, may be formed integrally with a connecting top piece shown at 3| in Fig. '7 that is bent back on itself as at 3Ia. to form a loop for receiving the oppositely extending lugs 2S. This embodiment illustrates the application of the invention to a pair of suspenders. In this case the portion previously illustrated as a belt is shown as a strap 35, likewise provided with a longitudinally extending groove 36, provided as before with a plurality of slots or perforations 3'! adjacent to one end of the strap 35.
In both embodiments of lthe invention the relationship between the tongue 22 forming part of the buckle II and the groove Id or 3S, as the case may be, is the same and, therefore, the operation of the buckle Will be described as it applies to the belt shown in the preferred embodiment.
Referring particularly to Fig. 3, the tongue 22 of the buckle II is adapted to pass through one of the perforations I8 shown in Fig. 1. The belt I 0 is fed onto the long arm 23 of the tongue 22 and moved toward the hook portion 25 of the tongue. During this operation the tongue 22 is rotated in a clockwise direction (referring to Fig. 3) until it assumes the position shown in Fig. 2 wherein the tongue 22 is disposed substantially parallel with the plane of the belt l0. In this position the tongue 22 is closed and lies in the groove I4 as best shown in Fig. 1 or 6. It is to be noted that the width of the tongue 22 substantially corresponds with the width of the groove I4 (or 36 in Fig. 6) so that it can be received within the said groove and when in its closed or locked position it is arranged with its outer surface substantially ush with the outer surface of the belt. This relationship is brought out best in Fig. 4. To unbuckle the belt it is merely necessary for the wearer to grasp the tapered end I of the belt and pull it away from his body so as to rotate the tongue 22 to its open position at which position it is possible to slip the belt olf the tongue.
It is to be noted particularly in Fig. 5 that the buckle H is mounted on the belt in a manner which in no way weakens the belt proper. The only perforations in the belt material that are required are the small slots 29 to accommodate the outwardly extending lugs 28 on the arm 21. When assembling the buckle Il on the belt the arms 30 are disposed as shown in broken lines at 36a, and consequently the end of the belt can very readily be slipped in the open end of the buckle il with the arm 21 inserted into the groove 14. The lugs 28 may be'easily inserted into the slots 29 by the simple expedient of separating the walls of the groove I4. After the buckle has thus been mounted on the end of the belt the arms 39 are bent around and forced against the underneath face of the buckle. This completes the belt and buckle assembly.
As shown two sets of lugs 28 are provided on the arm 21. It has been found that this gives the most satisfactory results for ordinary purposes, though it is recognized that only one set may be required. Obviously more than two sets of lugs may be used, but in most instances sufficient strength can be obtained with the arrangement as shown.
The relationship between the arms 23 and 24, the hook portion 25, and the pivot point between the tongue 22 and the main portion i9 of the buckle Il, is such that when the buckle is in its closed position as shown in Fig. 2, the tension of the belt maintains the tongue 22 in its closed position, so that the greater the tension the more effective is the locking effect of the buckle. The buckle can be unlocked only by manually moving the tongue 22 to its open position, and even then unless the belt l0 is moved away from the hook portion 25 of the tongue 22 any tension on the belt will tend to again lock the buckle.
For purposes of illustration the belt I0 may be made of some material such as a plastic molded to have sufficient thickness so that the groove I4 can be provided therein to accommodate the long arm 23 of the tongue 22 as previously described. Obviously other materials may be used however, such for example, as rubber, thick leather and certain fabrics. It is also Yrecognized that the groove I4 (or 35 in the case of the embodiment shown in Fig. 6) need not extend the full length of the belt or strap.
There are, of course, many other uses for the present invention, such, for example, in connection with a watch strap for a wrist watch, for leather goods, such as luggage, knapsacks, shoes 4 and overshoes. Many other uses will be apparent to those skilled in the art.
Having thus described our invention, we claim:
1. In combination a belt, a longitudinal groove in the belt on one face thereof, perforations in the groove, and a buckle fastened to one end of the belt and including a pivoted tongue adapted to pass through one perforation and rest in said groove, the width of the tongue corresponding substantially with the width of the groove.
2. In combination a belt having a front and back face, a longitudinal groove substantially centrally disposed in the front face and extending throughout the length of the belt, a buckle fastened to one end of the belt, perforations in the belt adjacent to the other end thereof and disposed in the groove, and a tongue forming part of the buckle and adapted to pass through a perforation and rest in said groove, the width of the tongue corresponding substantially with the width of the groove.
3. In combination a belt having a front and back face, a longitudinal groove substantially centrally disposed in the front face and extending throughout the length of the belt, a buckle fastened to one end of the belt, perforations in the belt adjacent to the other end thereof and disposed in the groove, and a tongue forming part of the buckle and bent back to overlie the belt and adapted to pass through the perforation and rest in said groove, the width of the tongue corresponding substantially with the width of the groove.
4. A garment sustaining device comprising a body portion, a longitudinal groove in the body portion, perforations in the groove, and a buckle including a tongue adapted to pass through the perforations and rest in the groove, the width of the tongue corresponding substantially with the width of the groove.
5. In combination a belt provided with a longitudinally extending groove, a hook associated with one end of the belt, a series of apertures formed in the other end of the belt in the region of the groove to be selectively engaged by the hook, said hook having a short arm and a long arm, and means associated with said short arm for pivotally fastening the hook relative to the belt so that when said long arm is inserted through one of the series of apertures and is rotated into closed position, the tension of the belt will maintain the hook in closed position, the long arm being disposed in the groove when the hook is in closed position, the width of the tongue corresponding substantially with the width of the groove.
6. In combination a belt portion, a buckle having an arm projecting therefrom, a groove in the belt portion extending longitudinally thereof, the arm being adapted to lie in said groove, and lugs on the arm cooperating with the walls of the groove to hold the arm in the groove.
7. In combination a belt portion, a buckle having an arm projecting therefrom, a groove in the belt portion extending longitudinally thereof, the arm being adapted to lie in said groove, and means locking the arm in the groove.
8. In combination a belt portion, a buckle having an arm projecting therefrom, a groove in the belt portion extending longitudinally thereof, the arm being adapted to lie in said groove, and lugs on the arm, the walls of the groove being provided with slots to receive the lugs.
9. In combination a belt, a longitudinal groove in the belt on one, face thereof.. the groove having side Walls, perforations in the groove, and a buckle fastened to one end of the belt and including a pivoted tongue adapted to pass through a, perforation and rest in said groove while engaging the side Walls of the groove so as to maintain the tongue centered in the groove.v
JOSEPH J. MEYERSON.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent: