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Publication numberUS2431366 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 25, 1947
Filing dateJul 14, 1944
Priority dateJul 14, 1944
Publication numberUS 2431366 A, US 2431366A, US-A-2431366, US2431366 A, US2431366A
InventorsBuell Lewis W
Original AssigneeMetals & Controls Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrical terminal clip
US 2431366 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Filed July 14, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Nov. 25, 1947.

| w. BUELL ELECTRICAL TERMINAL CLIP Filed July 14, 1944 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Nov. 25, 1947 ELECTRICAL TERMINAL CLIP Lewis W. Buell, Rehoboth, Mass, assignor to Metals & Controls Corporation, Attleboro, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts Application July 14, 1944, Serial No. 544,866

2 Claims.

This invention relates to electrical spring terminal clips, and more particularly to those for plug-in attachments.

This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application, Serial No. 501,214, filed September 4, 1943,

Among the several objects of the invention may be noted the provision of an easily attachable and detachable terminal clip which at the same time provides for holding a wire and which also provides the springy engagement required for cooperation with engaging tines of electrical plugs and the like; the provision of a device of the class described in which the conducting element is constituted by a single spring member, the assembly of which to its base parts requires only a single very simple manual movement; and the provision of a device of the class described which while being reliably held in position during normal plugging in operations may in the absence of a plug be removed from its base with great ease. Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.

The invention accordingly comprises the elements and combinations of elements, features of construction, and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the structures hereinafter described, and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the following claims.

In the accompanying drawings, in which are illustrated several of various possible embodiments of the invention.

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one form of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a. plan view of the clip of Fig. 1, the clip being turned over and applied in its base;

- Fig. 3 is a vertical section taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 15a vertical section taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4 but showing the application of a line wire holding bolt and showing the insertion of a tine of a. cooperating plug;

Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing another form of the invention;

Fig. 77 is a view similar to Fig. 3 but showing said other form of the invention;

Fig. 8 is a view similar to Figs. 1 and 6, but showing another form of the invention;

Fig. 9 is a view similar to Figs, 3 and 7, but showing the Fig. 8 form of the invention;

Fig. 10 is a view similar to Fig. 5, but showing the Fig. 8 embodiment;

Fig. 11 is a section of the base taken on line i and the other end 2 3-3 in Fig. 2, but with the clip and nut removed; an

Fig. 12 is a section taken Fig. 9.

Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views of the drawings.

In the copending atent application of myself and John D. Bolesky, Serial Number 515,012, filed December 20, 1943, for Motor starting and protective apparatus, there is shown a base construction requiring certain spring clips for cooperation with the tines of a removable plug. The present inve tion is shown as applied to that construction, but it is to be understood that it is also applicable to any construction wherein an electrical engagement is desired between plug tines and spring terminal clips, The invention is also applicable where there are dummy holes which are to act as hold-down means for clips on harnesses and the like, but wherein subsequent electrical engagement with the held-down clips is not necessary.

Referring now more particularly to Fig. 1, numeral I in general shows one form of my new cl-ip which comprises preferably a phosphor bronze strip formed into a generally V-shaped spring contact clip having a straight arm 3 from the free end of which a tab 5 having an opening 1 extends laterally outward. The other arm ii of the clip diverges from. the apex 9 to provide a sloping face. This arm II is in turn bent back at the knee l3 to form the extension 15 toward arm 3. A projection or tongue 21 is struck up from the arm 3 adiacentto the apex 9. The widths of the parts 3, 9, I I, I3 and iii are slightly less than the widthoi the tab 5. Offsets i1 provide the steps between the two widths. From the above it is clear that the clip is basically of V- shape in which the large end is partially closed constitutes a leading angle.-

Referring to Figs. 2, 3 and 4, an insulating base is indicated at i9 through which passes an opening 2!. Lateral endwise pockets 23 are provided as part of this opening to accommodate the steps I! and an opposite endwise pocket 25 accommodates the tongue 21. A hexagonal recess 29 loosely accommodates a nut 28 which may be applied simply by dropping it into position. The recess prevents rotation of the inserted nut. A depression 3! below the pocket accommodates the threaded extending portion of any screw 32 which may be threaded through the nut (see Fig. 5) The width of the opening 2i is substantially on line l2-l2 of 3 less than the sprung distance between the bend l3 and the arm 3. Thus, simply by inverting the clip from the position shown in Fig. 1 and inserting and wedging the V-shape with corner 9 first into the opening 2|, a springing action is obtained between the arm 3 and the knee I3 with the opposite walls of the opening 2|. Finally, when the tongue 21 springs into the pocket 25, the clip is held in place.

As the clip i brought into final position shown in Figs. 3 and 4, the tab 5 comes into position to hold the nut 28 in place. As seen in Fig. 2 the opening 29 is of about the same hexagonal shape as the nut, so that the latter may not turn. The thread of the nut may be entered by the thread of screw 32. through the opening 1. In the absence of an accurate stop by the nut 28 or top of body IS, the downward movement of the clip is limited by engagement between ofisets I1 and the bottoms of the pockets 23. Lateral engagement of offsets H with pockets 23 also prevents undue lateral rocking of the clip I as a whole in opening 2|.

Thus all that is required to assemble the holding nut 28 and the clip I is to insert. the nut and simply push the clip down into the opening 2|, whereupon the tongue 21 springs into the pocket 25 to hold in the assembly.

The holding screw 32 for holding the conductor is shown threaded through the nut 29 in Fig. 5. This Fig. 5 also shows the application into the opening 2| of a tine 35 of an electrical plug. This tine engages the then sloping surface of arm H and pushes it back so that the part |5 engages the opposite arm 3 positively to hold the assembly in place despite roughest usage. It is here to be understood that the device doe not depend upon screw 32 for holding it in position, either in the absence or presence of tine 35.

In order to remove the clip from it opening 2|, assuming the tine 35 removed as in Fig. 3, it is only necessary to insert a pry into the pocket 25 and pry the tongue 21 out of the pocket 25,

' whereupon the clip may be pushed out from the side of the opening through which it was originally introduced. It is assumed that at this time the screw 33 has been removed The result of prying out I will also be a release of the nut 21 which can easily be picked out, since it is not molded into base I9, but simply nested therein.

In Figs. 6 and 7 is shown another form of the invention in which like numeral designate like parts. There is a change in the character of the tongue in Fig. 6 and it has therefore 'been numbered 26. In the Fig. 6 form the tongue 26 is made by striking out from arm 3 a cup-like form instead of a bridge-like form as in Fig. 1.

A more important difi'erentiation in the case of the Fig. 6 form is the substitution, for the flat tab 5 of Fig. 1, of the cylindric tab 6. This is for receiving a section of wire 8. By skinning the insulation from local sections of wire, a plurality of the clips may be applied by soldering to form what is sometimes referred to as an as-' sembly harness. Then the wire with the applied clips may be brought into juxtaposition with a base having a plurality of the openings 2|, and the clips simply pushed into their proper. positions whereupon they become automatically fastened with the greatest of ease. In this case a recess such as shown at 29 of Fig. 3 is not necessary, but it is to be understood that if desired a clip of the form of Fig. 7 may be applied to a properly sized opening 2| having an adjacent recess such as 29 (Fig. 3), the latter simply being tongue which has been numbered 31.

leit useless. 01' course the form of the invention showrrin Fig. 1 may also be used on a harness.

Although the purpose of engaging the offset portion H with the pockets 23 is to provide for limiting motions of the clip in the opening 2| without relying upon the upper surface of the base l9, as above described, these and the oflsets H are not always necessary.

In Figs. 8-12 is shown still another form of the invention, in which like numerals designate like parts. This new embodiment illustrates, among other things, how the oflsets l1 and pocket 23 may be omitted (see Fig. 12).

The Figs. 8-12 clip also has a different type of In this embodiment the tongue 31 has been made by striking out a hook-shaped ledge instead of the cup-like form 26. A change has also been made in the base and a pocket having a sloping ledge 39 has been molded therein to conform to the shape of the tongue 31.

The arm I I has likewise been changed in form and has been numbered 4| It will be noted that arm 4| has been curved inwardly so that a tine 35 upon entering does not immediately force this surface backwardly toward wall 3.

The Fig. 8 clip need not, however, be used with a base molded with a ledge 39, but may be utilized with a base having an opening 25, as shown in the Figs. 1-7 embodiments (see Fig. 11).

The hook-like shape of the tongue 31, particularly when used with a base having a ledge 39 molded therein, causes the entrance of a tine 35 to force the tongue more securely against the base. In this way, the terminal is more firmly anchored by the entrance of the tine 35 than before the tine has entered.

The formation of arm in the manner shown causes the tine 35 upon entering to strike the arm farther in and as a result at a lesser angle of incidence. In this way the tine 35 tends to slide into the terminal clip more easily, yet is held as firmly as in the other embodiments of the invention.

The clips of the present invention are extremely economical to make, to disassemble and to assemble, and at the same time are very reliable.

It will be noted that in each of the forms of the invention, the knee l3, transversely considered, lies in a plane located between the tab 5 and the protrusion 21 (Fig. 1), between the tab 6 and protrusion 29 (Fig. 6) or between the tab 5 and protrusion 31 (Fig. 8). This means that the reaction at the knee l3 on one side of the opening 2| is such as to maintain the arm 3 flat against the opposite side of the opening 2|. Thus, the arm II lies angularly across the opening 2|. This provides a wide opening 33 for the easy reception of the tine, as Figures 3, 5 and 7 clearly show.

In view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained.

As many changes could be made in the above constructions and processes without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

I claim:

1. An electrical connector comprising an insulation member having a tine-receiving opening therethrough. one side wall of the opening having a pocket adjacent one end thereof shaped to provide a ledge which slopes away from said side wall in the direction away from said one end of the opening, a generally V-shaped spring contact clip wedged into the opening with one of its arms engaging said one side wall and its other arm angled across the opening and engaging the opposite side wall, the apex of said clip being adjacent said one end of the opening and said one side wall, said one arm having'a hook-shaped tongue extending into the pocket, said tongue having a sloping portion engaging said ledge, said one arm also having a tab extending laterally outward from its free end in engagement with said insulation member adjacent the other end of the opening, said other arm being bent so that the portion thereof adjacent the apex of the clip is substantially parallel to said opposite side wall of the opening, whereby a tine 20 ally V-shaped spring member, one of the arms of 25 2,238,740

end bent back toward said straight arm thereby forming a knee.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Thorn et a1 June 3, 1941 Slade Oct. 15, 1929 Propp Nov. 15, 1932 Abramson Dec. 11, 1934 Gates Feb. 18, 1930 Clayton June '7, 1938 Lazich Apr. 15, 1941 Number

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Referenced by
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US2599488 *Feb 16, 1948Jun 3, 1952United Carr Fastener CorpElectrical connection fastener
US2640970 *Jun 13, 1950Jun 2, 1953Gen Motors CorpElectrical connector having a spring-biased line terminal
US2668279 *Jun 17, 1950Feb 2, 1954Hirsch EpsteinElectrical conductor terminal with strain relieving means
US2703395 *Sep 2, 1949Mar 1, 1955Wade Electric Products CoElectrical connector
US2705785 *Nov 18, 1952Apr 5, 1955Gen ElectricWiring device terminal connecting means
US2881279 *Apr 12, 1954Apr 7, 1959Bryant Electric CoWiring device
US2886681 *May 3, 1956May 12, 1959Bourns Lab IncVariable resistor construction
US2946036 *Jun 22, 1956Jul 19, 1960John I Paulding IncElectric switch with terminal plate and wire grip therefor
US3125299 *Jun 12, 1961Mar 17, 1964 Vehicle lamp mounting
US3143625 *Nov 8, 1960Aug 4, 1964Ford Motor CoElectrical push button switch assembly
US3172981 *Jun 8, 1962Mar 9, 1965Gen Motors CorpPlunger type cam actuated switch
US3209109 *Aug 2, 1961Sep 28, 1965Singer CoElectric switch with wire terminals insertable as switch contacts
US3210485 *Oct 24, 1962Oct 5, 1965Oak Electro Netics CorpTime tuner assembly with movable electrical component and contact structure
US3373398 *Sep 23, 1965Mar 12, 1968Amp IncTerminal block
US3384853 *Apr 16, 1965May 21, 1968Gen Motors CorpPrinted circuit terminal nut
US3447121 *Nov 7, 1966May 27, 1969Wiegand Co Edwin LElectrical connectors particularly for electric resistance heating elements
US3990764 *Jan 12, 1976Nov 9, 1976Bell Telephone Laboratories, IncorporatedConnector
US4270836 *May 31, 1979Jun 2, 1981Wickmann-Werke AgHolder for electrical component
U.S. Classification439/746
International ClassificationH01R13/02, H01R13/26
Cooperative ClassificationH01R13/26
European ClassificationH01R13/26