Vegetable cutter and grater
US 243139 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
G. KIMMEL. Vegetable Gutter and Grater. No. 243,139. Patented June 21,1881.
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(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
Vegetable Cutter and Grater.- No. 243,139. Patented June 21,1881.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CHARLES KIMMEL, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
VEGETABLE CUTTER AND GRATER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 243,139, dated June 21, 1881. Application filed May 11, 1880. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, OHARLEs KIMMEL, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Vegetable Cutting and Grating Machine, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in vegetable-cutting machines in which horizontall y-reciprocating radial knife-blades operate in an open-end cylinderand in conjunction with a beveled cross-bar above the disk to which the blades are attached, and shown in Let- .ters Patent of the United States No. 151,884, bearing date of June 9, 1874.; and the objects of my improvements are, first, to facilitate the introduction of materials to the cylinder; second, to provide means for adjusting the cross-bar with relation to the cutting-blades. I attain these objects by mechanisms illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure l is a vertical cross-section with parts broken away to show the adjustment of the beveled cross-bar; Fig. 2, a plan view partially broken away; Fig. 3, a detail of the driving mechanism. Fig. 4 is a cross-section through one of the cutting-blades, showing the adjustment and operation of the same; Fig. 5, a cross-section of a modification ot' the blade shown in Fig. 4; Fig. 6, a cross-section through the grating-disk; Fig. 7, a plan view of the same, and Fig. 8 a perspective of a portion of the disk and of the cutting-blade shown in Fig. 5.
Similar letters refer to the same parts throughout the several views.
A represents an open-end cylinder, provided with a rigid cross-bar, a, supporting the oper ating mechanisms of my machine, said cylinder being supported upon suitable legs, a. The cross-bar a is enlarged at its center and provided with a transverse perforation, in which is journaled the horizontal crank-shaft B, carrying the beveled cog I).
G isa disk, provided with a vertical shaft, 0, having its lower edge journaled in a suitable recess in the bar a, and provided with a bevelwheel, 0, corresponding to and gearing with the cog b of the shaft B. The disk 0 is provided with a series ofradial slots, d, one side wall of which is longitudinally beveled and has secured thereto, by a set-screw, d,a straight knife blade, D, having an elongated slot, as shown in Fig.4, to enableits adjustment toward or from the opposite wall of the groove, to regulate its depth of out upon the vegetable to be operated upon.
Instead of beveling the wall of the grooves and having the cutting-blades straight, the back of the blade may be concavoconvex in cross-section, and the upper face of the disk adjoining the slot be made correspondingly concave to form a seat for said back, the blade being adjustably held in position by a setscrew passing from the under side of the disk through the slot in the blade and secured by a plate or strip, d plano-convex in cross-sec tion, as shown in Figs. 5 and 8. The purpose in either case is to have a solid base against which to clamp the blade and prevent itswarping or breaking, as has heretofore been the case in similar machines.
E is a cross-bar, suitably recessed at its center of length, to rest upon the upper end of the shaft of the revolving cutting disk and provided with a thumb-screw, c, to adjust it to any desired height above said disk, and is mounted rigidly in a horizontal position and prevented from turning with the disk by dovetailing its ends and fitting them into corresponding lugs or inortises in -the sides of the cylinder, to which it is held by thumb-screw e c. This cross-bar E is beveled on either side of its center of length in opposite directions, so that as the disk revolves the vegetables will be drawn down and held against the cuttingblades, and in this respect is a feed to the same.
Instead of providing the revolving disk with cutting-blades, I may perforate it from the under side to give'it a rough surface adapted for cutting or grating the vegetables, as shown in Figs. 6 and 7, or I may have with each machine a disk of each kind to use as the necessity of the occasion may require, for, as the construction, with the exception of the cuttingsurface, is the same, the one may be replaced by the other at will.
By the construction above described it will be seen that free access is bad to the cylinder in both feeding the vegetable to and cleaning the same, and that the machine is made more compact in structure and size and its parts readily adjustable for use and detachable for cleaning or packing.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s-
1. In a vegetable cutter, the combination, substantially as described, with the revolving cutting-disk and the cog on its under side e11- gaging with the crank shaft, of a verticallyadjustable feed-bar having oppositely-beveled sides, and extending across and above the face of the cuttingdisk, whereby the thickness of the slices may be varied at will.
2. The combination, with the cylindrical receptacle, the revolving disk, and the radial