|Publication number||US2431872 A|
|Publication date||Dec 2, 1947|
|Filing date||May 16, 1944|
|Priority date||May 16, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2431872 A, US 2431872A, US-A-2431872, US2431872 A, US2431872A|
|Original Assignee||Alex Kavula|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (7), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 2, 1,947.
A. KAVULA MbLD VIBRAT-on Filed May 16, 1944 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 y Invenior l Dem 2, 19? l v l A A. KAvuLA 2,431 872 MOLD VIBBATOR A. KAVULA MOLD VIBBATOR Dec. 2, 1947.
Filea May 1e, 1944 5 sheets-sheet 4 N. .mnhi
n oooooo l q l Y By d Mllomeys Dec. 2, 1,947.
A. KAVULA MOLD VIBRATOR Filed May 16, 1944 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 1 Bg I W llorneys Patented Dec. 2, 1947 UNITED TATES PATENT OFFICE finster-"z "VIB-kt lex ravula, leveland, Ohio iippiieation may "rt, 1944, serial No. 535,863 c claims. (c1. assauts) ffoi "oscillating a mold poured therein thereby causing 1Astill impurities be forced to the top.
Another important fobject of the Asifm'feriton re- 'neoif iisfnatie which is" ompar :tively slxfrple )1n its construction, conact and verricht in lits ffraniiit ef parts, l-e"as' 'fgr it" 'ipl'ate thro g-lhly ffi'cierft ianfd reliable 1in `use and 'operation nd o hrv'vise well adapted tothe purpose rervhidh iti-is-e'sined -ithit-he above -and numerous other objects in view as will appear as the ,description proceeds, the inventionconsists Vin certain 'novel features of vconstruction, and in the lcomtbination and v4arrangement of parts as will be 'hereinafter mo'r'e fully described and claimed.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of a machine fem- `beidyin'g the y'features of my ii-Iivention.
Figure 2s-a topplan view '.thereof.
Figure 3is `a vertical section through the .inbld.
Figure 4 is a 4detail section Ethroiigh one of fthe connecting A'rods and cams taken 'substantially on the line '4-"f4 `of Figure `2.
`Figure'5`is a bottom plan view-ofthe moldibase.
L'igure 6 is asectional view taken subsfta ially en the une 16gef Figure v3 witnthe baubarings removed.
Figure 7 is a detail section taken substantially on the line 'l-l of Figure 2.
Figure 8 is -a sectional View through one of the cams taken substantially on the line 8 8 of Figure 2.
Figure 9 is a top plan View of one of the sections of one of the connecting rods.
Figure 10 is a perspective View of another section thereof, and
Figure 11 is a sectional View taken substantially on the line l I--I I of Figure d.
Referring to the drawing in detail it will be seen that the numeral 5 denotes Ia car platform mounted on wheels 6 adapted to ride on rails l. The platform is provided with an oblong opening 8 with an annular ball bearing race 9 disposed thereabout. Numeral I denotes a mold base the bottom of which is provided with an yannular race il of such a size to register with the race 9 and from the center of the bottom projects a pintle I2 with oppositely ldisposed ribs I4. The pintle with its ribs extends into the oblong opening. Ball bearings l are mounted in the races 9 and Il. Thus the base may oscillate on the platform 5 and is limited by the abutment of the ribs i4 iof the opening 8 ias vis b'e'st illustrated -re V6'. The yi;1atfflni is provided with a Eve Il'fl. The latch 138 is meiintfed in a recess If!! in thebase jIl) "on a Hshaft `2U journsvlled the base amel feiitendng beyond one side edge there- ;f nd h'av 'gia 1evr2`| fixedtheretowhichlmfay be aetated o project rthe latch I8 into the fgrodve vI`-I *toprvent 'oscillation of the lbase fon the platform or may be actuated to swingthe flath out 'if the "'g'roove. 0n opposite sides the base l0 is prfvided with eyes l232.
i jA s'ha-t 123 is AJourralle'd 'stands 2v2li -and has kifedthereto Las vat `2f5 cams 26. V'These two cams 2B ai'eppositely `disposed as is indica'ted tejadyantageinigure l. .'Carn rings including sections j2'1and cams 2'8 are ldisposed about thecams -a'n'd tle'capsh-are'secured to the-sections '21 byine'ans of 'bolts '29, `The sections 2-1 have each a'lpairo'f ears 7 30. vConnecting rods, each consist of r`a section 3l extending between the ears 3'0 'and swing'- able on nbfol't 3'2 -intheears. Achannel member 3@ is Ybdltel as "at 3'4 `on the 'section V31. 'An arri-1 one rl Dtion extending into the channel .sections `3^3f'a'rn' 'held adjustab'ly in place :by means "of wedge 'shaped pins 3:6 "extending through registering openings "in tthe channel section and the arm "25. Theother end ofthe "a`rm`35 has its 1intermfediate 'portion offset outwardly `as indicated to advantage Ain Figure 2 andthe ends terminate inA'laterally -ekteriding pins 38 `aslanted to be engaged inthe'eyes 22, When the shaft 23 is in rotation obviously the carne cooperating with the connecting rod imparts an oscillatory movement to the mold base.
Cables 40 may be engaged by eye bolts 4I with the connecting rods and extended over suitably mounted pulleys 4| and weights 42 may be mounted on the ends of the cables to hold the connecting rods in a raised out ofthe way position when desired.
Numeral 43 denotes the mold which at its bottom is provided on opposite sides with outwardly extending lugs 44 disposed between lugs 45 rising from the base I0 in pairs, one pair for each lug 44 and Wedge pins extend through openings in the lugs 45 over the lugs 44 thereby securing firmly the mold to the base.
When the machine is started, it oscillates the mold and the hot metal is poured into the mold. All the impurities are forced to the top and the machine is kept in motion until the metal is solid. in Figure 3 I have indicated the ingot formed in the mold 43. Numeral 46 denotes the ingot and numeral 41 indicates the defect at the top thereof.
It is thought that the construction, operation,
utility and advantages of this invention will now be clearly understood by those skilled in this art without a more detailed description thereof.
The present embodiment of the invention has been described in considerable detail merely for the purposes of exemplication since in actual practice it attains the features of advantage enumerated as desirable in the statement of the invention and the above description.
It will be apparent that changes in the detalls of construction, and in the combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed or sacricing any of its advantages.-
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new is:
1. A machine of the class described including. a platform, a. mold-carrying base mounted on the platform for oscillatiCn thereon, a shaft, a pair ofcams mounted on the shaft and disposed in opposite directions, connecting rods, rings on the connecting rod circumjacent the cams, said conrnecting rods having ends terminating in pins, and said base having eyes to receive said pins, a pulley, a cable trained over the pulley, a weight on one end of the cable, and means forl engaging the other end of the cable with one of the connecting rods.
2. In combination, track rails, a car movable on said track rails and including awheeled platform provided with an annular racein the upper surface thereof and having an elongated opening therein centrally'of the race, a mold carrying base having a second race in the bottom surface thereof and provided centrally of said second race with a depending pintley received. in said opening of the platform, lugs on the pintle coacting with walls of the opening to limit oscillation of the base about the vertical axisY of said pintle, ball bearings interposed between 'the platform and the mold base and disposed in said races, and oscillating means for the base including a connecting rod detachably connectedto the base and means for reciprocating said connecting rod mounted beside the track rails.
3. In combination, track rails, a car movabl on said track rails and including a wheeled platform, a mold-carrying base mounted on said platform for oscillation about its vertical axis, `and oscillating means for the base including a connecting rod detachably connected to the base and means for reciprocating said connecting rod mounted beside the track rails.
4. In combination, track rails, a car movable on said track rails and including a wheeled platform, a mold-carrying base mounted on said platform for oscillation about its vertical axis, and oscillating means for the base including a connecting rod detachably connected to the base and means for reciprocating said connecting rod mounted beside the track rails, said connecting rod being swingable upwardly when disconnected from the base, and yieldable means to hold the connecting rod in upwardly swung position.
r5. In combination, track rails, a car movable on said track rails and including a wheeled platform, a mold-carrying base mounted on said platform for oscillation about its vertical axis, and oscillating means for the base including a connecting rod detachably connected to the base and means for reciprocating said connecting rod mounted beside the track rails, and manually releasable means to prevent oscillation of the base relative to the platform. v
6. In combination, track rails, a car movable on said track rails and including a wheeled platform, a mold-carrying base mounted on said platform for oscillation about its vertical axis, and Oscillating means for the base including an extensible connecting rod detachably connected to the base and means for reciprocating said connecting rod mounted beside the track rails.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 316,544 Henderson Apr. 28, 1885 1,973,893 Dumas Sept. 18, 1934 1,010,851 Bruckmann Dec. 5, 1911 1,994,705 Hill et al. Mar. 19, 1935 2,252,220 Trost Aug. 12, 1941 1,785,757 Young Dec. 23, 1930 1,908,104 Bell May 9, 1933 366,157 Curtice July 5, 1887 476,047 George May 31, 1892 768,956 Smithley -I Aug 30, 1904
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|US7645065 *||Jan 12, 2010||Suk-Kyu Bae||Experimental mixing device|
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|U.S. Classification||366/114, 164/260, 366/128|
|International Classification||B22D27/08, B22D27/00|