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Publication numberUS2432455 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 9, 1947
Filing dateNov 19, 1945
Priority dateNov 19, 1945
Publication numberUS 2432455 A, US 2432455A, US-A-2432455, US2432455 A, US2432455A
InventorsHarvey J Smith
Original AssigneeNona B Smith
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined display rack, oil saver, and waste can receptacle
US 2432455 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

9, 1947'. H. J. SMITH 2,432,455 COMBINED DISPLAY RACK, OIL SAVER, AND WASTE CAN RECEPTACLE Filega Nov. 19. 1945 4 Sheets-sheet 1 ATTORNEY- INVENTOFI, Harvey 7.' ,Sm/Z114 l l 1 r.' ll l :l I| ll "l Il El H. J. SMITH 2,432,455 COIBINED DISPLAY RACK, OIL SAVER, AND WASTE CAN RECEPTACLE Dec. 9, 1947.

Filed Nov. 19, 1945 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVEN TOR, J'm

Harvey ATTO Fi NEY.

Dec. 9, 1947. vH. J. SMITH COMBINED DISPLAY RACK, OIL SAVER, AND WASTE CAN RECEPTACLE Filed Nov. 19, 1945 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 .j mvENTon, Harvey J 13m/i714 2 ATTOBN EY- Dec. 9, 1947. A H. J. SMITH 2,432,455

i COMBINED DISPLAY RACK, OIL SAVER, AND WASTE CAN RECEPTACLE Filed Nov. 19, 1945 4 sheets-sheet 4 ATTORNEY.

lIatented Dec. 9, 1947 COMINED DISPLAY RACK, OILSAVER, AND WASTE CAN RECEPTACLE Harvey J. Smith, Danville, Va., assignor to Nona B. Smith, Danville, Va.

Application November 19, 1945, Serial No. 629,521

(Cl. 3l2-ll93) 8 Claims.

My invention relates to racks of the kind dis-y closed in and covered by my Letters Patent #2,320,159 issued May 25, 1943 and #2,343,248 issued March 7, 1944.

The present invention` has for its objects to provide the rack with telescoping doors or closures to cover the cans of oil on display in the rack when desired and to provide a single locking means to secure all doors in their closed positions as when oil is not being sold, in order to prevent theft of full cans.

Other objects will in part be obvious and in part will be pointed out hereinafter.

To the attainment of the aforesaid objects and ends, the invention further resides in those novel details of construction, combinations and arrangements of parts all of which will first be described in detail and then be specifically pointed out in the appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a front elevation of my improved rack. with the doors closed and locked.

Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same on a smaller scale than Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged detail section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, the can-collecting drawer being removed and the doors withdrawn into their wells.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail horizontal section on about the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 isa detail vertical section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4, with the tclescoping doors in their well.

Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 5 with the doors out of the well.

Fig. 7 is an enlarged detail horizontal section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 8 is an enlarged vertical cross section of the lower portion of the outer telesco-png door and the upper portion of the inner telescoping door showing their interlocking means.

Fg.9 is a face view of the door locking unit.

Fig. 10 is a top plan view of the unit.

Fig. 11 is a detail enlarged horizontal section on the line I I--I I of Fig. 9.

Fig. 12 is a detail vertical section of a portion of my apparatus hereinafter referred to.

In the drawings in which like numerals and 33 along their upper edges.

letters of reference indicate like parts in al1 the figures, I represents the base of the rack, 2 the Vvided with an inner loop 4I.

drawer I2 is mounted on downwardly-rearwardly inclined tracks 9 and is withdrawable through an opening I8 in the front wall 2. The drawer has a front I'I which has an inside strap 42 for a purpose presently to appear. The oil reservoir I3 in the present case is iixed in the rack and has a drain pipe I4 and drain cock I5 (see Fig. 2). The can slide I6 has an oil discharge opening I1.

I8 is a cross bar to which a can retarding spring 20 and a can deflecting plate I9 are attached.

2| designates the top of the rack under which the telescoping outer doors 28 project when the rack is closed.

At each side of the rack is a well 22 for the reception and storage of the telescoping doors. Solid rods 23 are welded to the corners of the wall 5 at the wells. The inner doors 25 have tubular guides 24 to ride loosely on the rods 23 and they also have side walls 26 welded to guide rods 21 for the outer doors. The outer doors 28 have side walls 29 terminating in tubular portions 30 to ride loosely on rods 21.

Beginning at the bottom of each side wall 6 is a transversely disposed plate 5X from the outer edge of which a side wall 5 extends downwardly to constitute the back wall of the doorwell 22. On each wall 5 near its upper end are two striker plates 31 (see Figs. 4 and l2) the purpose of which will presently appear.

The inner doors 25 have upper hooks 3I and lower hooks 32 while the inner walls 5 have hooks The doors 28 have lower hooks 34 which, when the doors 25,28 are in their extended or closed position hook under the hooks 3i (see Fig. 8). 35 are stiff latch springs which are secured to the doors 28 and s'nap over the hooks 3| when the doors are extended (Fig. 8), while 36 designates latch-releasing spring ngers carried by the doors 25 which cooperate with striker plates 31, `secured to the walls 5, at suitable locationsas the doors are lowered into the wells to free the latches 35 so they may pass the hooks 3 I.

The front of the rack has an opening 38 through which cams C are entered. This opening is closable by a door 39 hinged at 4 and pro- The loops 4I and 42 cooperate with the latches 50 and 54.

The latching mechanism is built as a separate unit and includes a supporting plate 43 having ears 44, side walls 45 and horizontal walls 46. -The plate 43 is secured to the walls 5 by bolts and nuts 64 which pass through the side walls 45.

3 The ears 44 extend from the sides of the plate 43xandare oi' right-angle iorm ln plan view.

A lock 41 similar to the ignition locks on automobiles is mounted on the plate 43. A turn knob 48, controlled by said lock. has an arm 49 to which is pivoted at 53, the latch 54 and the connecting rod 62, the latter being also pivcted at 5In to the latch 50. Pivoted together to the latch 54, at 55, are two links 51, 58 which connect pivotally at 62 to slidable latches 59.

Each latch 59 comprises a slotted bar whose slots 6I receive the studs 60 that are xed to plate 43. Platforms 63 are secured to the latches so as to fit beneath the lower ends of the inner doors 25 when the doors are closed.

The latch unit is bolted or otherwise secured to the walls 6.

When all doors, I I, 39, 25. 28 are closed, handle 41 is turned to horizontal position to project the free end of latch 5,0 into loop 4I and the free end 56 of latch 54 intoloop 42. At the same rtime latches 59 are projected so that their platforms 63 come beneath the telescopic doors y25 and thus hold the doors closed. So long as no key is in lock 41, the doors remain locked.

The doors 25, 28 are raised manually, hooks 34 picking up door 25 by engaging hooks 3l.. As hooks 34 enter hooks 3| spring lingers or latches 35 will snap over hooks 3i and latch the doors together. As soon as the doors 25, 28 shall have been fully raised the latches 59 are projected by turning knob 48 and platforms 63 come beneath the doors 25, which doors now rest on such platforms.

After latches 59 are withdrawn, doors 25, 28 are lowered and as release springs 36 engage the striker plates 31 they will push off the latches 35 and permit the outer doors 28 to drop into the wells. The outer doors 28 have caps 65 to close the wells 22.

Drain holes 66 and baffles 61 deect water from the surfaces 5x to and through the bottom of the rack and out through the open bottom of the rack. The bottom is slightly elevated from the ground by cleats 68 on the bottom of the rack.

From the foregoing description taken in con. nection with the accompanying drawings it is thought the construction, operation and advantages of my invention will be clear to those side walls, there being outwardly opening racks 1 forr cans on the side walls of said hollow body. a waste-can drawer within said body, a can chute within said body and above said drawer and extending inwardly from an openingin the front of said body. a door for the opening to said chute, the improvement which. includes: a latching unit that includes; 'a supporting plate: a door latch mounted on said plate; a turn-knob mount. ed on said plate and having an arm; a connecting link between said arm and said door latch; closure latches mounted on said plate; a drawer latch operatively connected tolsaid arm; links connecting said closure latches with said drawer latch; means for mounting said supporting plate in said chambered body in cooperative relation to said door, said drawer and said closures; said door, said drawer and said closures having elements cooperating with said latches for holding the same closed.

4. In apparatus of the class described wherein is provided a hollow body having front, back and side walls, there being outwardlyl opening racks for cans on the side walls of said hollow body, a waste-can drawer within said body, a can chute within said body and above said drawer and extending inwardly from an opening in the front of said body, a door for the opening to said chute, the improvement which includes: a latching unit that includes; a supporting plate; a door latchmounted on saidl plate; a turn-knob mounted on said plate and having an arm; a connecting link between said arm and said door latch; closure ysaid chamberedbody in cooperativey relation to said door, said drawer and said closures; said door, said .drawer and said closures having elev ments cooperating with said latches for kholding therein, mechanism for latching said doors and 1 said drawer in closed position. and a single means for operating all said latching mechanism. f

2. In apparatus of the class described wherein is provided a hollow body having front, back and -sicle walls, there being outwardly opening cornthe same closed; and means cooperative with said turn-knob for locking the same in a closed position.

5. In appara-tus of the class described wherein is provided a chambered body having a front, a

.back and side walls and having a base and including an upper portion and a lower portion, the upper portion having outwardly opening compartments on its side walls to provide rows of can stacking spaces, the improvement which includes wells in the sides of said lower portion; doors each composed of nesting parts having inwardly turned ends, said doors ybeing normally held in said wells and adapted to be raised over the stacks of cans in said can stacking spaces; means to hold said doors extended to cover said stacks of cans; said door parts each including an outer door and an inner door, said inner door having an upper hook, said outer door having a lower hook to engage said upper'hook when the doors are extended, said outer door having a latch to cooperate with said hook to hold said doors extended, and means automatically to release said latch as said doors are lowered into their wells.

6. In apparatus of the class described wherein is provided a chambered body lhaving a front, a back and side walls and having a base and including an upper portion and a lower portion, the upper portion having outwardly opening compartments on its side walls to provide rows of can stacking spaces, the improvement which includes wells in the sides of said lower portion; doors each composed of nesting parts having inwardly turned ends, said doors being normally held in said wells and adapted to be raised over the stacks of cans in said can stacking spaces; means to hold saiddoors extended to cover said stacks of cans; said door parts each including an outer door and an inner (door, said inner door having an upper hook, said outer door having a lower hook to engage said upper hook when the doors are extended, said outer door having a latch to cooperatewith said hook to hold .said doors extended, and means Vautomatically to release said latch as said doors are lowered into their wells, said last named means including latch pushers carried by said innerdoor and xed striker plates operatively located on said body and adapted to actuate said latch pushers as said doors are lowered into the wells.

7. In apparatus of the class described wherein is provided a chambered body having .a -front, a back and side walls and having a base and including an upper portion and a lower portion, the upper portion having outwardly opening compartments on its side walls to provide rows of can stacking spaces, the improvement which includes wells in the sides of said lower portion; doors each composed of nesting parts having inwardly turned ends, said doors being normally held in said wells and adapted to be raised over the stacks of ans in said can stacking spaces; means to hold said doors extended to cover said stacks of cans; said door parts each including an outer door and an inner door, said inner door having an upper hook, said outer door having a lower hook to engage said upper hook when the doors are extended, said outer door having a latch to cooperate with said hook to hold said doors extended, means automatically to release said latch as said doors are lowered into their wells, xed guide rods in said wells, tubular sleeves carried by said inner doors to ride said rods, guide rods carried by said inner doors, and tubular sleeves carried by said outer doors to ride said last named rods.

8. In Aapparatus of the class `described where; in is provided a chambered body having a base, a front, a back and side walls and including a lower portion and an upper portion, the upper portion having vertical partitions forming with the body outwardly opening compartments for stacks of cans, the improvement which includes wells in the sides of said lower portion; nestfor effecting drainage from said drain holes over the sides of said drawer.

HARVEY J. SMITH.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the iile oi this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Imriani July 23, 1918 Friedrich Apr. 21, 1936 Holderle Aug. 2, 1938 Smith May 25, 1943 Number

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1273494 *Mar 23, 1917Jul 23, 1918Newton CypherShoe-rack.
US2038035 *Dec 19, 1935Apr 21, 1936Ed Friedrich IncDisappearing drop door for refrigerator and display cabinets, bins, etc.
US2125444 *Sep 9, 1937Aug 2, 1938Holderle Carl LCooling cabinet
US2320159 *Sep 19, 1940May 25, 1943W Ira BarkerCombined display rack, oil saver, and waste can receptacle
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2512961 *Nov 21, 1947Jun 27, 1950Sunroc Refrigeration CompanyWater cooler
US2571071 *Dec 18, 1947Oct 9, 1951Smith Harvey JCabinet closure locking means
US2598957 *Feb 7, 1949Jun 3, 1952Dayton Pump And Mfg CompanyPanel arrangement for dispensing pumps
US2690948 *Mar 28, 1951Oct 5, 1954Torsion Balance CompanyBalance case
US2692810 *Dec 30, 1950Oct 26, 1954Winger Joseph AStorage and display stand
US2765206 *Jul 28, 1953Oct 2, 1956Modern Metal Products CompanyCanned oil display and can draining cabinet
US3028206 *Dec 5, 1955Apr 3, 1962Modern Metal Products CompanyGoods display, can draining and towel dispensing cabinet
US3198593 *Apr 4, 1963Aug 3, 1965Flannery And Associates IncDisplay rack closure means
US3249294 *Feb 5, 1962May 3, 1966HughesClosable cabinet for the collection and safe storage of soiled linen
US3297377 *Apr 27, 1965Jan 10, 1967Modern Metal Products CompanyOil can display and can draining cabinet
US3348895 *Oct 13, 1965Oct 24, 1967Eugene F SettlemireRolling sales dispensing unit and multple cash drawer for gasoline stations
US4820003 *Apr 7, 1988Apr 11, 1989Lloyd Harold CWheeled storage and display cart
US6401009Feb 16, 1999Jun 4, 2002Suzette M. ChandonnetSundry article vending apparatus
US6905039Sep 20, 2002Jun 14, 2005Dci Marketing, Inc.Modular utility assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification312/212, 312/312, 232/43.2, 312/309, 232/1.00R, 312/217, 312/289, 222/192, 220/908, 312/298, 141/98, 222/108, 312/229, D06/664
International ClassificationA47F7/28
Cooperative ClassificationA47F7/288, Y10S220/908
European ClassificationA47F7/28G