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Publication numberUS2432800 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 16, 1947
Filing dateMar 2, 1946
Priority dateMar 2, 1946
Publication numberUS 2432800 A, US 2432800A, US-A-2432800, US2432800 A, US2432800A
InventorsReichold Ludwig
Original AssigneeSilex Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Heating element and method of making same
US 2432800 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 16, 1947.



Patented Dec. 16, 1941 lma'rnvo ELEMENT AND METHOD or MAKING SAME Ludwig Rkichold, Winstcd, Conn, asslgnor to The Silcx Company, Hartford, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Applicatlon'March 2, 1948, Serial No. 651,574

3 Claim.

This invention relates to heating elements and method of making same and more particularly to a heating element such as used in flat form (or such electrical appliances as pressing irons, waifle irons, and the like.

An object of this invention is to 'provide a heating element which isexceedingly thin and in which the resistance is so constructed that it can be produced in halves and then electrically connected.

A further object of the invention is to provide such a heating element having novel means for positioning the resistance between two sheets of non-conducted material.

A still further object is to provide a novel process for producing such heating elements.

Further objects and advantages 01' this invention will be more clearly understood from the following description and from the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is an elevational plan view showing onehalf of a heating element resistance embodying my invention.

Fig. 2 is a similar view showing two oi the halves connected and mounted upon a supporting plate.

Fig. 3 is an elevational edgeview of a complete heating element.

Fig. 4 is an elevational plan view illustrating the process of producing said heating element.

As shown in the, drawings, the numeral 5 denotes a heating element section comprising onehalf of a complete heating element resistance. This section is constructed of a sheet of thin metallic material, such as used for electrical resistances, and with a series of flat loops 6*which are spaced in accordance with the desired distribution of heat over a surface to be heated. For the purpose of economy in manufacturing, the said section is made to provide only one-half of a heating element resistance since the material from which said elements are made is rather expensive and producing the resistance in halves will permit a considerable saving by reducing waste to a minimum.

Each of said halves are produced in exactly the same form and, in order to insure a safe and durable electric connection between the two halves of the resistance, there is provided an oil'- set end 1 which is wider than the resistance portion of theelement and has a tongue 8 for a purpose to be hereinafter described. At the opposite end of the resistance, there is provided an extension 9 having a hole ill. therein to receive an electrical connection such as a binding screw or the like.

In assembling the heating element, two halves 5 are placed in opposed positions with the ends 1 of each half overlapping the end of the other half. The said ends are then spot welded together, as indicated at ii, to provide a positive electrical connection.

. The resistance provided by the two connected halves is then mounted between a lower plate 12 and an upper plate it of insulating material such as mica. To position the said resistance against displacement between the said plates, the tongues 8 and the extensions 9 are bent vertically and inverted through relatively disposed slots in the upper plate l3. Thus my improved heating element is produced with the use of only two plates i2 and I3 since the usual core, on which resistance wire is commonly wound, is eliminated by my novel construction of the resistance. The said resistance is retained in position without the use of rivets, or the like, as have heretofore commonly been used for retaining the core in position between the two outer plates.

My present invention also comprises a novel method for producing the said resistance out of a flat sheet of metallic material of such as Nichrome, or other suitable electrical resistance material. In the said process, a strip H of the material, wide enough to produce one-hall oi' the heating element resistance, is printed on both sides with a suitable masking material i5, such as indicated in black in Fig. 4. This masking material is applied so as toleave exposed fine lines defining the contour oi the resistance section to be produced. The said strip is then immer'sed in a bath of etching acid, such as nitric acid or the like. whereupon the acid will eat through the metallic on the said exposed lines and thus separate the finished resistance section from the remaining material. The process is somewhat similar to the ordinary etching process but herein it is permitted to consume through the entire thickness of the material on the exposed lines so as to leave an electrical resistance section which is accurate in size for uniform resistance throughout the length of the coils and also as accurate in every other respect as can be produced with commonly known methods of cutting the material in a suitable die which, in producing sections such as herein described, would be very diflicult as well as expensive since the particular shape desired would be hard to produce in a cutting die.

It will be understood therefore that my in- 3 vention provides s novel resistance for Mn! elements as well as s process tor producing the ssme.

I clslm:

1. The process tor produclnz sn electrics! slstsnce member of the chsrscter described from s sheet 0! reslstsnce msterisl. wherelnthe ssld sheet is treated with s 'msskinz msterlsl sad in mersedinsnetchlnzscldtotherebyseplntss finished reslstsnce member from the sheet.

2. The process or producing sn electrics! reslstsnce member ,0! the chsrscter described wherein the resistance ls produced by etchlns through s sheet of metallic reslstsnce mterhl to separate ssld sheet on lines deflnlns ss-ld reslstsnce member.

$.An electrics! hestln: elementsreslstsnce- 4 olthechsrscterdescrlbedeomprlstnss hsvln: s plursllty of loops and produced sflstsheetotmetslllereslstsncemsterlsl sepsrsttng ssld member from the rsmslnder theshestwlthsnetchlnsscld.


' BII'EIINCBSCI'I'ED Thetollowlnlreterencessreofrecordlnthe meotthlspetentz UNITED STATIB PATENTS m HIM M 1.171;! Denhsrd Feb. l, 1910 1,474,384 Russell NOV. 20, 1923 1,534,. Ell! All. 21, 1038

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1171104 *Jan 30, 1911Feb 8, 1916Cutler Hammer Mfg CoElectric heater.
US1474384 *Jun 17, 1922Nov 20, 1923Thomas C RussellElectric heating unit
US1534946 *Jul 31, 1922Apr 21, 1925Hall Roy FIron
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2506604 *Feb 1, 1947May 9, 1950Frank VeranoMethod of making electronic coils
US2553762 *Mar 19, 1948May 22, 1951John GyurisElectrical heating element and method of making the same
US2587568 *Feb 27, 1948Feb 26, 1952Hermoplast LtdManufacture of electric circuit components
US2632693 *Oct 30, 1950Mar 24, 1953Honeywell Regulator CoMethod of producing an electrical wiring grid
US2939807 *Jun 29, 1956Jun 7, 1960Thermway Ind IncMethod of making a heating panel
US3108242 *Aug 23, 1961Oct 22, 1963Magna Products IncCorrosion detecting probe
US3174920 *Jun 9, 1961Mar 23, 1965Daniel PostMethod for producing electrical resistance strain gages by electropolishing
US3224665 *Jan 12, 1962Dec 21, 1965Levenson Leonard LDiffusion pump
US3335262 *Apr 24, 1964Aug 8, 1967Gen ElectricElectric warming tray
US3471682 *Feb 7, 1968Oct 7, 1969Armstrong Cork CoRadiant heating apparatus
US3495328 *Jul 7, 1967Feb 17, 1970Corning Glass WorksElectric heating unit
US3903584 *Feb 13, 1974Sep 9, 1975Aeroquip CorpMethod of manufacture of spring for composite sealing ring
US4070641 *Jan 9, 1976Jan 24, 1978Square D CompanyCurrent limiting circuit breaker
US4571482 *Oct 27, 1983Feb 18, 1986Pace, Inc.Electric resistance heater assembly for soldering and desoldering devices
U.S. Classification338/293, 29/610.1, 216/41, 216/108, 219/553, 216/16, 338/254, 338/333, 219/254
International ClassificationH05B3/00
Cooperative ClassificationH05B3/00
European ClassificationH05B3/00