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Publication numberUS2434198 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 6, 1948
Filing dateMay 1, 1946
Priority dateMay 1, 1946
Publication numberUS 2434198 A, US 2434198A, US-A-2434198, US2434198 A, US2434198A
InventorsDuma Stephen
Original AssigneeDuma Stephen
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrical facial mask
US 2434198 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 6, 1948.

S. DUMA ELECTRICAL FAG IAL MASK Filed May 1, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR J TEPHEN D UMA ATTORNEY Jan. 6, 1948. s. DUMA ELECTRICAL FACIAL MASK 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 1, 1946 INVENTOR S TijJ'PHEN DUJVIA ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 6, 1948 UNITED STATES FFlCE ELECTRICAL FACIAL MASK 3 Claims.

This invention relates in general to a facial mask and in particular to a facial mask adapted to apply a heating beauty treatment to a human face.

It is an object of this invention to provide a facial mask for applying a heating beauty treatment to a human face.

More specifically, this invention proposes a facial mask adapted and shaped to conform with a human face and to apply a gentle heating treatment thereto.

The invention further proposes a facial mask comprising a flexible sheet material shaped to conform with a human face and having heating means mounted therein for applying a gentle beautifying heat treatment and having face-fitting or massaging members mounted therein for pressing and shaping contours in the face being treated.

For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanyin drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.

In the accompanying drawing forming a material part of this disclosure:

Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a facial mask according to one form of this invention.

Fig. 2 is a front view of the article shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a side cross section of the article shown in Fig. 2, taken along the line 3-3.

Fig, 4 is an enlarged cross section of a portion of the mask shown in the previous figures, taken along the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged cross section of a section of one layer of the mask shown in the previous figures during an intermediate step in its manufacture.

Fig. 6 is a similar View of the same portion after a further step in its manufacture.

Fig. '7 is a schematic front view of the article shown in the previous figures, outlining the formation of the heating member therewithin.

Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary cross section of a portion of the facial mask according to a further form of the invention, the mask having an adjustable contour member thereon.

Fig. 9 is a detail vertical sectional view, taken on line 9-9 of Fig. 8, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Referring to the figures in detail, there is shown a mask generally designated i0 adapted to fit snugly and massagingly over the face of a wearer during or after a beauty treatment, adapted to apply a beauty heating treatment to the face of the wearer. The mask is shaped in the outline of a human face, having contours thereon to fit a forehead II, nose I2, lips 13, and chin to cause uncomfortable heat.

Hi, and having securing straps or bands I5 for removably and adjustably mounting the mask on a wearers face. There are also provided nostril openings H3 in the nose portion of the mask, and optionally additional eye holes I! and a mouth opening !8. An electric heating member 20 passes through the mask in a predetermined pattern, and an electric lead cord 21 serves to connect the heating member to a source of electric current.

The mask Iii is constructed in at least two layers; an outer structural layer 22 which is flexible and elastic, being adapted to stretch or contract to fit the exact contours of the face of a wearer and being adapted to hold the mask in a substantially predetermined shape; and an innor, spongy layer 23 adapted to fit comfortably against the wearers face and to conform closely with minor irregularities of the face and to cushion the mask against the face.

The heating member 2B is mounted entirely within the outer layer 22 and the inner layer is maintained even and regular in thickness except for face molding pad members 24 thereonwhich are adapted and positioned to match desired facial contours.

The mask, as shown in the figures, is shaped to extend substantially across the entire face of the wearer and substantially back on the sides of the face, terminating in securing bands [5 which are adapted to extend behind the back of the head. On two of the bands l5 are located buckles 26 or the like, and on the other two bands are openings 25 adapted to fasten to the buckles thereby securing the mask to the face of the wearer. At predetermined positions on the face of the mask iii are located face molding pad members 24 which are adapted to fill out the mask at selected positions such as near the eyes and nose of the mask, and positioned to fill out hollows in the cheek of the wearer. These contour members are optionally positioned to conform with the contours of the average wearer; alternatively, the contour members are positioned in an accurately determined pattern according to an individual study of a particular wearer for whom the mask is designed.

The heating member 26 is positioned in the outer layer of the mask in substantially horizontal lines, weaving back and forth horizontally across the face of the mask. This heating member is an insulated electric resistance Wire, so selected that it produces a low local heat, sufiicient to warm the face of the wearer but not high enough A control device such as a thermostatic control (not shown) may be added to the mask heating system to control the heat therein.

The mask I0 is constructed by forming two rubber or rubber-like mask face pieces 28 (see Fig. 5) of substantially identical outline, shaped to fit the face as desired. The heating member 20 is disposed between these two face pieces in the patternshown in Figs. 3 and '7. The face pieces are then pressedytogether and subjected to a vulcanizin'g heat according to known processes, whereby the two pieces 28 are molded together to form one unitary piece 22 containing the heating member 20 substantially inits' center. This piece 22 is then used for the outer layer of the finished mask. A sponge material --23 is mounted on the inside of this mask-structure by means of an adhesive 30 or the like which bonds the two layers together. In this way, the inner sponge layer is retainedl substantially wrinkle free within the mask andis'adapted to provide a smooth and pleasant surface to the face. The inner or spongelayer extends substantially across the entire mask, except'for the bands l5 which comprise only the outer'layer 22.

The mask is used ina manner which is apparent from -the figures. The mask I is fitted over the face of the wearer, preferably with a beauty cream base applied to the face, and the mask is adjusted for size by tightening bands l untilaproperfitis'obtained. If necessary, the mask is pulled locally orotherwise adjusted to cause it to fit smoothly over the entire facial surface. The heating unit is then energized, warming the mask and the'face until the desired degree of heat is produced. The heat, enclosed in the substantially moisture proof mask causes an almost immediate perspiration and opening of facial pores; the moisture thus produced in itself gives an effect somewhat resembling the eifect of a'localized Turkish bath. This moist warmth isan ideal final step in a beauty treatment. In Figs. 8and 9-there is shown a movable contour member 2 1 adapted to be used on the mask I0 shown in the previous figures. According to one form of the invention, these contour members maybe integral portions of the inner spongy layer 23 of the mask. According to a further form of the invention, these contour members 24 as shown in Figs. 8 and 9 are adapted to be placed on the inner surface of the mask. The contour member 24 comprises a pad-like member 3| shapedto conform with the desired facial contour. Along one surface of this member is a. layer ofa non-tacky adhesive-whereby the pad Z l may be removably secured tothe inner surface of the mask. Thus, the contour member *24 may be placed on themask by pressing the adhesive surfaceagainstlayer zii,and used'for a heat treatmentfor one person in a beauty parlor. Subsequently, the member-2'1 is removed and repositioned for another customer.

Due to the horizontal arrangement of the electrical heating wires, as shown in Fig. 7, no heating wire crosses any head opening of the user, and the heating wires are disposed across the usual vertical facial wrinkleson the sides of the nose and mouth, to induce -maximum circulation through these areas.

The electrical heating wires are embeddedbetween the plies ;of the outer layer-of material which makes up the facial mask, so that no wire is dependent uponany local insulation, and complete safety is thus assured the wearer. The plies of the outer mask layerare united by vulcanization so that exposure of any heating wire is virtually impossible.

While I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiments of my invention, it is to be understood'that'l do not-limit'myself to the pre- 4 cise constructions herein disclosed and the right is reserved to all changes and modifications coming within the scope of the invention as defined in ,the appended claims. 4 v4 .i laving thus described .myjinvention, what I claim as new anddesire to secure by United States Letters Patent is:

1. A facial heating mask comprising a rubber mask, shaped to fit the contours of a human face,

having openings for a nose, eyes, and mouth, having adjustable bands for securing said mask on theface of arwearer, having a heating member disposed in a pattern in horizontal lines parallel tosa'id-openings across the area of the mask, said mask comprising an outer structural layer and an inner padding layer extending-across substantially the entire facial area of said outer layer and terminating-short of the adjustable bands thereon, said heating member being disposed substantially midwa'y between the surfaces of the outerlayer, said padding being-flexible and compressible to conform with the'contours of the face of a wearer, saidpadding layer being securedto said outer -layer substantia'lly' across "the entire area thereof-by -means of anadhesive'layer, and movable contour members removably secured'to the inner -surfaceof said-maskand adapted to conform with Pde'sired facial contours.

2. 'A facial-{heating -mask' comprising a rubber mask shaped to fit the-contours of a human face, having "openings for a-nose,"eyes, and mouth, having adjustable -bands for securing said mask on thefa'ce -of a wearenhaving a heating member disposed in a patternin horizontal lines parallel tosaid"opening across'the area of the mask, said maskcomprising anouter structural layer and an innr-padding-layer extending across substantially the entire facialarea 'of said outer layer and terminatingsl'iort;f the adjustable bands thereon, said heating' -meh1ber'being disposed substantially midway b'etween' the'surfaces' of the outer layer, said padding being flk'ibleand compressible to conform with the cdntoursof the face of a wearer, said paddingf-layerfbeing secured to said outer layer substantially acro'ss' the entire area thereof by meansof anadhesive layer, movable contour members removably s'ecured-to-the inner surface of said mask and-adapted to confor'm with desired facial contours, and saidcontour members comprising ashaped padding member having anontacky adhesive across o'ne surface thereof.

"3. A facial mask having an outer layer of yielding insulation material molded to fit the-face of the user andprovided with openings for the eyes, nose and mouth matching those of the user, an electrical heating unit embedded in said 'outer layer and'extendingacross'said mask in horizontal'; lines parallel to-said openings and spaced therefrom, face molding pads 'detachably secured to the :inner surface of the mask, and adjustable means for securing the mask to the face of the user'to vary the pressure of thesame against the users face.

"STEPHEN DUMA.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1820602 *Apr 18, 1929Aug 25, 1931Dick Talbert MFace mask or like
US2028889 *May 28, 1934Jan 28, 1936Joseph S BaddourElectrical face treating mask
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5016624 *Apr 2, 1990May 21, 1991Garrett R PatrickReformable support structure
US6241711Jan 28, 1998Jun 5, 2001Skinvestment, LlcTherapeutic face and eye masque
US20040138729 *May 14, 2003Jul 15, 2004Andrea LadmerHead area heat exchange apparel and system
US20040139981 *Jan 16, 2003Jul 22, 2004Wei-Cheng LiuCosmetic mask
US20050278008 *Jun 14, 2004Dec 15, 2005Andrea LadmerThermal applicator device and method
US20130007945 *Jul 8, 2011Jan 10, 2013Kevin KrondahlHeated Face Mask
Classifications
U.S. Classification607/109, 601/15
International ClassificationA61H33/12, A61F7/00, A61F7/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2007/0003, A61F2007/0001, A61F7/007, A61F2007/0002, A61F2007/0071
European ClassificationA61F7/00E