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Publication numberUS2434852 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 20, 1948
Filing dateOct 16, 1946
Priority dateOct 16, 1946
Publication numberUS 2434852 A, US 2434852A, US-A-2434852, US2434852 A, US2434852A
InventorsJackson Harold F
Original AssigneeOhio Steel Foundry Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Grid hearth
US 2434852 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 20, 1948. H. F. JACKSON GRID HEARTH Filed Oct. 16, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR, HAHULD F JA/JKsuN BYQ 9 E I Jan. 20, 1948. H. F. JACKSON GRID HEARTH Filed 0012. 16, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

HAHULE F JALKEUN I ATTYS.

Patented Jan. 20,1948

GRID HEARTH Harold F. Jackson, Springfield, Ohio, assignor to The Ohio Steel Foundry Company, Lima, Ohio,

a corporation of Ohio Application October 16, 1946, Serial No. 703,625

7 Claims.

This invention relates to means for supporting work for treatment in a carborizing or other heat treatin furnace, and particularly to such means of" the flexible type adapted to rest on a furnace hearth and to be moved therefrom into a furnace and then returned to the hearth.

An object of the invention is the provision of novel means of simple, eflicient and economical construction which permits supporting the work to be treated in elevated form by a grid-like construction of a flexible nature to prevent warping, distorting and breaking during the heat treatment, and also permits easy movement of the means with the work thereon into and from the treatingfurnace.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description and from the accompanying drawings illustrating one embodiment thereof, in which- Fig. 1 is a plan view of an apparatus embodying the invention; Fig. 2' is a side elevation thereof; Fig, 3 is an enlarged end elevation thereof; Fig. 4 is an enlarged cross-section n the line 4-4 in Fig. 3; Fig. is an enlarged perspective view of one end portion of a top side rail of the apparatus; Fig. 6 is an enlarged perspective view of an end portion of one of the cross grid members, and Fig. '7 is a section on the line 1-1 in Fig. 6.

Referring to the drawings, l, l designate two parallel transversely spaced skid-bars, each having a plurality of upwardly opening longitudinally spaced socket portions 2 in which the lower ends of upright posts or legs 3 are loosely mounted for free limited rocking movements in various directions therein. These posts are retained in the socket members by pins 4 projecting, in the present instance, through holes in the lower ends of the respective posts and having their ends mounted in horizontally elongated openings 5 in the socket walls, as best shown in Fig. 4. Cotter pins 6 engage the pins to prevent removal from the openings.

Mounted on the upper ends of the posts 3 above and in parallel relation to each skid-bar I is a top rail 8, in the present instance, of T-bar form in cross-section and provided at intervals with downwardly opening socket portions 9 by which the upper ends of the posts 3 are loosely received. The posts are loosely retained in these sockets by pins l0 projecting through holes in the upper end portions of the respective posts and through horizontal elongated openings II in the socket Walls, the same as shown in Fig. 4 in connection 2 with the fastening of the posts in the skid-bar sockets,

Each rail 8 has each end of its top or horizon tal flange turned upwardly to form an upstand ing end lug l2. Intermediate these end lugs l2 the rail is provided on its top with a plurality of upstanding lugs l3 cooperating to form pairs between which the ends of cross grid-bars H! are loosely mounted. One of these lugs also is disposed adjacent to each end lug l2 so asto cooperate therewith to loosely receive the ends of respective end bars M therebetween. A rod l6 projects freely through aligned apertures in the ends of the bars 14 and in the lugs 12, I3, with the apertures in such lugs preferably vertically elongated, as shown at H, to permit limited vertical movements of the rods therein. In this manner the grid-bars M are mounted for limited universal twisting movements relative to the supporting rails 8 so that no strain is imparted either to the rails or the cross-bars by relative movements thereof occasioned by any warping action of the members of the gridstructure.

The spacing between the bars I4 is narrow so that quite small articles may be supported by the grid, and each bar is provided intermediate its ends with one or more sets, three in the present instance, of laterally projecting lugs l8 which align with and are only slightly spaced from adjacent lugs of adjoining bars. To prevent hot spots occurrin in the metal when cast at the portions of the bars from which the lugs project, enlargements 19 are provided at such points and each of these enlargements is provided vertically therethrough with a cored hole 20 of barrel-form. The provision of these barreled holes removes some of the metal at the center or worst point for hot spot conditions so that a more effective chilling of the metal at such points may be obtained and shrinkage thus reduced to a minimum. The bars thus have substantially a uniform chill so that strains and cracks are prevented at the points from which the lugs l8 project.

In the use .of the grid hearth, the top of the grid is loaded with work while supported above the furnace hearth with the skid-bars I resting on the hearth. When loaded the grids are shoved into the furnace where they remain until the work has been properly heat-treated. The elevation of the grid portion of the device permits the heat to circulate around, under and above it so that each work part is properly treated. This having been accomplished, the grid devices are removed from the furnace by means of a forked dolly truck, or in any other suitable manner.

The supporting legs 3 having loose connection with the skid-bars I and respective top rails 8 and the loose connection of the grid-bars M with the top rails prevent the imparting of strain to any part of the device and consequent cracks or breakage occurrin should there be any warpage of the parts during the heat treating action. The construction of the device, as is apparent, is simple, economical and strong and admirably adapts it for the conditions to which it is subjected in use.

1 wish it understood that my invention is not 7 limited to any specific construction, arrangement or form of the parts, as it is capable of numerous modifications and changes without departing from the spirit of the claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent is:

1. A grid hearth of the class described, comprising a pair of transversely spaced skid-bars, legs rising from said bars, top rails supported by the legs in parallel relation above the respective skid-bars for limited movements relative thereto, and grid-bars connecting said rails in rather closely spaced relation and for limited movements relative thereto and to each other.

2. A construction as called for in claim 1 wherein the bars are provided intermediate their ends with at least one transverse enlargement with side lugs projecting therefrom and with the enlargement vertically cored to provide a barrel-shaped hole therethrough. v

3. In a grid hearth of the class described, a pair of transversely spaced skid-bars each having a plurality of upwardly opening longitudinally spaced sockets, leg mounted at their lower ends in said sockets and connected to the socket walls for limited movements relative thereto, a top rail supported above each skid-bar in parallel relation thereto by the legs rising therefrom and having downwardly opening sockets loosely receiving the upper ends of the legs, said 4 rails and legs being connected together for limited relative movements, and a series of parallel grid-bars transversely connecting said rails adapted to rest thereon and having loose connection therewith.

4. A construction as called for in claim 3 wherein the bars are provided intermediate their ends with at least one transverse enlargement with side lugs projecting therefrom and with the enlargement vertically cored to provide a barrelshaped hole therethrough.

5. In a grid hearth of the class described, comprising a pair of transversely spaced skid-bars each having a plurality of longitudinally spaced upwardly opening socket on its top side, a leg mounted in and rising from each socket, a pair of transversely spaced top bars one over each skid-bar parallel thereto and having downwardly opening sockets loosely receiving the upper ends of the legs rising from such skid-bar, means retaining the legs in assembled relation to the respective top rails and permitting limited relative movements thereof, each top rail having a plurality of longitudinally spaced pairs of lugs rising therefrom with the lugs of each pair in spaced relation lengthwise of the rail, grid bars connecting said rails and resting at their ends thereon and also having their ends disposed between the lugs of respective pairs, and means connecting the lugs and grid-bars together for limited relative movements.

6. A structure as called for in claim 5 wherein the top rails are of T-form with the grid-bars resting on the top free sides of the cross-flange thereof. v

7. A structure as called for in claim 5 wherein the grid-bars are provided intermediate their ends with at least one transverse enlargement with side lugs projecting therefrom and with the enlargements vertically cored to provide barrelshaped holes therethrough.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2985440 *Jun 6, 1958May 23, 1961Dravo CorpPallet construction for sintering apparatus
US4395024 *Jan 8, 1982Jul 26, 1983Klockner Ionon GmbhApparatus for hardening metallic workpieces including furnace and workpiece transport structure, a part of which can remain in the furnace during furnace operation
US5667379 *Oct 25, 1994Sep 16, 1997Schwarzkopf Technologies CorporationCharging rack for firing objects composed of ceramic of glass ceramic materials
US7717705 *Jan 25, 2006May 18, 2010Saint-Gobain Industriekeramik Rodental GmbhSupporting device for articles to be fired that has an elastic support fixing
US8087931 *Jan 25, 2006Jan 3, 2012Saint Gobain IndustrieKeramik Rodental, GmbHDevice for supporting articles to be fired that has a defined compensation of thermal expansions
US20080138754 *Jan 25, 2006Jun 12, 2008Saint-Gobain Industriekeramik Rădental GmbhDevice For Supporting Articles To Be Fired That Has A Defined Compensation Of Thermal Expansions
US20080193891 *Jan 25, 2006Aug 14, 2008Saint-Gobain Industriekeramik R0Dental GmbhSupporting Device For Articles to be Fired That Has an Elastic Support Fixing
EP0015373A1 *Jan 22, 1980Sep 17, 1980Rudolf KlefischAnnealing box
EP0065600A1 *May 21, 1981Dec 1, 1982Acme Marls LimitedKiln support assembly for fast firing of tiles
WO1995012796A1 *Oct 25, 1994May 11, 1995Pm Hochtemperatur-Metall GmbhCharging rack for firing objects composed of ceramic or glass ceramic materials
Classifications
U.S. Classification432/261, 266/279
International ClassificationC21D9/00, F27D5/00
Cooperative ClassificationC21D9/0025, F27D5/00
European ClassificationF27D5/00, C21D9/00D5