US 2435111 A
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Jan. 27, 1948. A. G. WAHL 2,435,111
GARMENT HANGER Filed Dec. 6, 1944 INVENTOR. flMsus/e 7' 6. 7469/94 Patented Jan. 27, 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE GARMENT HANGER Albert G. Wahl, Los Angeles, Calif.
Application December 6, 1944, Serial No. 566,859
2 Claims. (01. 223-95) My invention relates to a garment hanger, and has for its principal objects, to provide a simple, practical and highly effective hanger, constructed wholly of wire and having a pair of wire frames or fingers adapted to receive and conveniently support skirts, trousers and the like and which frames are capable of being easily and quickly adjusted toward and away from each other, in order to support garments of different sizes.
A further object of my invention is, to construct the skirt and trousers supporting frames or fingers, so that they may be readily applied to and interchangeably used on conventional forms of wire garment hangers now produced and sold in large quantities.
A further object of my invention is, to cover or coat those portions of the skirt and trousers supporting frames which directly contact the garments with substances which furnish a marked degree of friction, thus counteracting tendencies of the garments to slip off and drop from frames,
With the foregoing and other objects in view, my invention consists in certain novel features of construction and arrangement of parts which will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is an elevational view of my improved garment hanger.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged horizontal section taken on the line 22 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a cross section taken on the line 33 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a cross section taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a detail elevational view, showing a modified form of the connection between one end of the sliding frame and the lower rail of the hanger,
Fig. 6 is a cross section taken on the line 66 of Fig. 5.
Referring by numerals to the accompanying drawings which illustrate a preferred embodiment of my invention, l designates a conventional coat hanger framed from a single piece of wire or the like, bent to provide a hook ID, a pair of diverging inclined rails H and a lower horizontal rail l2.
Such forms of hangers are now largely used for receiving and hanging coats and vests, and where skirts and trousers are folded over the lower rail l2, they tend to slip therefrom, inasmuch as there is nothing tending to hold the garments on said rail other than their weight.
The skirt and trousers receiving and suspending frames or fingers contemplated by myinvention, are each formed from a single piece of resilient wire bent into V-shape to provide an outwardly bowed member l3 and an inner inclined member l4, with a short curved member l connecting the lower portions of said outer and inner members. i
Members l3 and M are both inclined with respect to the lower rail I2 and thus when said frames are applied to said rail, the curved outer members I 3 extend outwardly and downwardly therefrom.
To prevent garments from slipping ofi the frames, the outer members I 3 are covered or coated with some friction producing substance, such as rubber, flock, or the like.
The upper end of each member I3 is bent to form an open loop 16 having a short portion [1 overlying rail I2 and a short portion l8 underlying said rail and with the free end of said member spaced apart from the upper portion of arm l3. in order that the loop may be hooked onto the rail as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3. Loop I6 is in the form of a segment of a spiral, with the opening into said loop on one side thereof, which arrangement enables the parts I! and I 8 to normally grip rail l2 and thereby anchor the frame or finger to rail l2.
If desired the upper end of member l3 may be bent to form an open loop slightly greater than 360 degrees in length as illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6, thus making it practically impossible for the loop to be accidentally disen aged from the rail; but at the same time, enabling it, under proper manipulation, to be applied to and removed from the rail.
The upper end of member l4 terminates in an inverted V-shaped hook I!) which engages over rail l2 as illustrated.
When the frames are applied to rail |2,the parts I! and I8 of loops l6 bear with a certain degree of pressure, respectively on the top and bottom of said rail, and hooks l9 bear downward on top of the rail, and thus said frames will auto-- matically anchor themselves after having been adjusted to the desired position upon said rails.
The conditions and results just described are brought about as a result of the resiliency of the wire from which the frames are formed.
To efiect a release of the gripping action of the frames on the rail, the thumb is placed on the central portion of arm l3 and finger pressure is now applied to the intermediate portion of arm l4, so as to lift the hook slightly, thus enabling 3 the frame to be tilted outwardly a slight distance, and then adjusted lengthwise upon the rail.
When skirts or trousers are suspended from the hanger, the waist bands and portions of the garments adjacent the waist bands, lie directly upon the arms 13 and the friction producing surfaces thereof, counteracts tendency of garments to slip ofl? said arms.
The weight of the suspended garments on the bowed arms [3, tends to rock the loops i6 and I6 and the rail l2 and thereby causes said loops to firmly grip and maintain their positions on said rail.
The frames or fingers may be formed of. wire, plastics composition or any other suitable material.
Thus it will be seen that I have provided agar ment hanger, which is simple in construction, inexpensive of manufacture, and very eifectivein performing its intendedwfunctions.
It will be iniderstood that minoitchanges :m. the size, form and construction of the various :parts of my .imprdi/Zedgarment hanger may-be made and substituted for those hei einshown and-described without departingrfrom itnespiritof my invention, the-Scope of wnicnisset forth on the appended claims.
I claim as-myinventiom 1. The combination with a garment hanger having a straight lower rail, of a pair of substantially V-shaped resilient frames mounted for sliding movement on said lower rail, each frame comprising an outwardly bowed outer member, the upper end of which terminates in an open loop in t e shape of a segment of a spiral, with the opening in said loop on one side, the inner member of which V-shaped frame extends inwardly and upwardly from the lower end of said outer member and an inverted U-shaped hook on the upper end of. said inner member.
2. The combination as set forth in claim 1, with said outwardly bowed member having a friction producing surface.
ALBERT G. WAI-lL.
REFERENCES CITED Th'following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNIT ED STATES 'PA'mTS Number Name Date "712,475 Bernard e l-..- Nov, 4, 1902 1,274,534 Guernseyhlewshms Aug. 6, 1918 1;5'53,1'40 Chidley- ..-..se..--a Sept. 8, 1925 1,391,496 Henry.....e -l Feb. 10, 1931