US 2435612 A
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Feb. 10, 1948. w. M. SNYDER CRYSTAL NOVELTY AND PAPERW EIGHT Original Filed March 19, 1942 INVENTOR.
WAY/(410M BY Patented Feb. 10 1948 UNITED s TATBES PATENT *o'F'F-ICE -William M.-'Snyder,Covington, Tenn, assignor -to Sarah S.Snyder, Covington, Tenn.
Original application March 19,-1'942, Serial No. 435,411. "Divided and this "application October s;194-a, Serial No; 505,515
-fiuid container for facilitating production and improving the circulation of fluid and precipitate therein for simulating whirling show about the figure.
This application is a division-of my application Serial No. 435;i11,fi1ed'March19, 1942now Patent Number 2361;424, 'issue'd' October 31, 1944, I for Crystal novelty and paperweight.
One of the objects of my' invention is i to provide a structural arrmgei'nent"for mounting a figure within a liquid filled containerwhere the figure and basa thereof are" substantially spaced from the interior-ofthe' container to facilitate circulation of liquid and suspended precipitate within the container and improving the simulat ing of whirling snow.
Another object-of my invention is toprovide an arrangement 'of r'eces'ses or-pockets in the interiorwalls of the neck'of a container with radially'e'xt'ending lugs formed'on the figure and "fitting within the pockets or recesses for supporting the figure in spaced relation to'theinterior walls of the container for allowing'substant'ially' unobstructed circulation of nuts about stin another object ofinyinventiqn is to provide-a'construetidfiof support for a figure within a liquid fille'dhontainr wherein theinteriorof the neck of the container and the base of the figure aremutually shaped to prrnitboth 'rigid support 'of the figure and circulation of fluid 'about' the figu're within the container.
-A further object of my invention is to provide i construction of figure enclosed container and coactingfigure in which the figure iisprovided with a frusto-conical ba'se coacting'with' a frustoconical shaped internal neck of the container in suchspacial relation thereto as will allow circulation of theiiuid and floati'ngly "suspend precipitateireelyabout the figure. I
A s'till furtherobject of my invention is to imp'r cve'the structure of support for a figurewithin fluid container and facilitatethe circulation of fiuid about the figure by forming circulatorypas sages for the-fluid'through the figure or around theba'se thereof to "permit a whirling action of precipitate "within the new "simulating fallin snow. I
Another -ob ectof ni'y invention is to provide an arran ement *of crystal riovelty' including a fluid subrn erged fi'g'u're where the figure is provided with CharirllilVayS extending ithenlorlg itudinally or transversely of the container or both for facilitating circulation offiuid with suspended precipitate therein for thereby simulating the ction of whirling snow. V l U H w I Other and further objects of my invention reside in a construction of crystal novelty designed for mass production on an inexpensive basis as set forth-more fully in the following specification 'by reference-to the accompanying drawings, in which: v V
Figure lis'asectional view of the lower-portion of crystal novelty'embodying my invention; Fig; 2 is a horizontal sectional viewtaken on line 2-2 of Fig. '1, the base being omitted for the sake 1 of clarity; Fig. 3 is a sectional view of a portion of the fluid container; Fig, 4 is'a side elevation of the lower portion of the figure showing its frustoconical shaped base and the channels'formed on its sides; Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view illustratinganother modified form of support for the figure within the fluid container; Fig.16is a transverse sectional view taken on line 6-6 of'Fig. 5; Fig. 'lis'a fragmentary verticalsectional view taken through the baseof thefluid' container illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6;Fig.-8-is aside elevational view of the base "ofthe figure employed in the arrangement "of Figs. 5,6 and'l; *Fig. 8a is-a transverse sectional view taken'on line-Ba-Jia of Fig. 8-and indicating the securing lugs for supporting thefigure and thecirculatory passages through the baseoftl'ie figure; Fig. 9 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view 'of a further modified form of my inventiom'and Fig. 10 is 'a-transverse sectional view taken-on line M -iii ofFig. 9.
My inventionis directed to'a construction of crystal novelty of thegeneral type 'set'forth in my co-pending application Serial No. 411;729, filed September 20, 1941,'now Patent Number 4O 236L423, issued October 31, 1944. In'my present invention I have provided means for positively supporting the figure within the container "in spacedrelation tothe walls of the container with paths so arranged that circulation of the liquid withinthe container and movement'of the precipitatesuspended in the liquid may be'facilitated. I provide pockets or recesses in the interior surface of the neck'of the container for receiving lugs whichexten'd "from the figure which is in- 'serted into the container. 'The figure is thus positively "spaced from the interior of the container permitting free circulation of the fluid and precipitate "suspended in 'thefluid'for simulating whirling snow. The'b'ase ofthe figure is 'ffilstb co'nicaL' conforming with' thekhape 0f the 3 interior of the neck of the container and spaced therefrom to allow circulation of the fluid. Passages may be provided through the base of the figure for facilitating circulation for thereby improving the simulated whirling snow resulting from the agitation of the precipitate in the fluid. Various shapes may be imparted to the base of the figure complementary to the internal shape of the neck of the container for securing the figure in position while permitting circulation of the precipitate within the fluid. The figure may be of solid construction as well as of hollow construction with provision made for the passage of the circulating fluid through the base of the figure. Various constructions of closure caps may be employed as set forth more fully in my copending application Serial No. 411,729, supra.
Referring to the drawings in detail, reference character I designates the glass container of the crystal novelty of the invention having a cylindrical neck portion 2 terminating in an offset annular screw threaded portion shown at 3. The screw threads on the offset annular portion 3 are molded thereon to receive a screw threaded closure cap 4 adapted to secure the disc-like member 5 in position against the peripheral edge of the annular portion 3. The disc-like member 5 has an annular recess 6 formed therein for receiving the ring-like gasket l which is pressed in intimate contact against the peripheral edge of the annular portion 3 for establishing a vacuum type seal. The screw threads id on the skirt of the closure cap 4 engage the screw threads 3a on the exterior of the annular portion 3 for insuring a tight closure between the closure cap 4 and the neck of the container I. The annular instruck portion 4b of closure cap t bears directly against the disc-like member 5 for forcing the gasket 1 which is carried by disc-like member 5 into sealing relation with theperipheral edge of the annular screw threaded portion 3.
The interior annular wall of the cylindrical neck portion 2 is provided with pockets or recesses at 8 and 9 therein. These pockets or recesses are formed in the interior wall of the cylindrical neck '2 during the blowing and molding of the container. While I have shown but two diametrically opposed pockets or recesses 8 and 9 it will be realized that a multiplicity of pockets or recesses may be provided and distributed around the interior wall of the cylindrical neck portion 2 in order to insure proper support and spacing for the figure.
I have represented the container by reference character I which may have the interior wall of the cylindrical neck thereof shaped on a taper thus providing a frusto-conical interior surface as represented at 24. The pockets or recesses 8 and 9 are formed as heretofore explained in the interior of the annular screw threaded portion 3 to receive the bar-like lugs 14 and I5 which project from the base of the figure represented generally at In. The interior wall of the cylindrical neck portion 2 is frusto-conical as shown at 24 and correspondingly the base of the figure I0 is frusto-conical shaped and provided with corrugations or flutings represented at 25 and shown more clearly in Fig. 4. The frusto-conical base of the figure is therefore spaced from the frustoconical interior wall 24 of the container by means of a plurality of angularly disposed channels 26 which terminate at their upper ends in the container l and are interconnected at their lower ends throughtransversely extending passages 27. The transversely extending passages 2'! are formed by diametrically disposed slots which are molded into the base of the figure and allow the free circulation of fluid with the precipitate particles therein between the base of the figure and the central portion of the disc-like member 5 that seals the container. Thus the fluid and precipitate are free to circulate around the base of the figure and beneath the base returning in a whirling movement to the body of liquid in container I, thus simulating the falling of snow.
Instead'of forming the fiutings or corrugations at 25 on the base ofthe figure, I may form the corrugations or fiutings on the tapered interior wall of the neck of the container l as shown at 28 in Fig. 7. With this arrangement the figure 19 is provided with a smooth frusto-conical base 29 as shown in Fig. 8. The base 29 includes transversely extending passages '21 therein through which the fluid and suspended precipitate are free to circulate. Substantially rigid support may be imparted to the figure ill by the contacting relation between the tapered flutings or corrugations 28 and the tapered base 29 while leaving the passages 26 between the fiutings open for the circulation of the fluid and precipitate, thus the fluid and precipitate may freely move from the main body of the liquid along the passages 26 and diametrically across the passages 21 for inducing whirling movement in the fluid body.
In Figs. 9 and 10 I have shown a modified form of my invention in which the interior of the cylindrical neck portion is tapered at 24 as in the arrangement illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, but wherein the figure Ill has a frusto-conical base portion 30 which forms a substantially liquidtight junction with the tapered wall of the container l. The base of the figure is provided with lugs l4 and i5 which fit into pockets or recesses 8 and 9 in the interior of the neck of the container, but in which support for the figure is also obtained by the tapered junction of the base 30 with the tapered interior wall of the neck 24 of the container I. In this structure the hollow figure do is perforated adjacent the base thereof as shown at 3|, 32, 33 and 34 in a position above the junction of the figure with the tapered neck of the container. The closure cap 4 when screwed into position serves to anchor the figure l0 rigidly in this position, the liquid and precipitate therein being free to circulate through the figure for inducing a whirling motion through the container.
I have shown but one method of securing the closure cap 4 to the neck of the container I, that is, through screw threads 3a but it will be understood that the seal may be established in other ways, that is, by a crimped cap or friction or positive closure device and my invention is not limited to the screw threaded closure.
While I have described my invention in certain of its preferred embodiments, I realize that modifications may be made and that other forms of construction embodying my invention may be employed and I desire that it be understood that no limitations upon my invention are intended other than may be embodied by the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is as follows:
1. A crystal novelty comprising, a fluid container having an annular neck portion at one side thereof, the interior wall of said neck portion being inwardly inclined toward the interior of said container and having diametrically opposite pockets formed therein, a figure insert-able through said neck portion, said figure having a substantially frustc-conical shaped base with diametrically opposite lugs projecting therefrom, said lugs being engageable in the pockets in said neck portion for maintaining said frusto-conical shaped base on spacial relation to the inwardly inclined interior Wall of said annular neck portion, means engageable with the exterior of said neck portion, and means interposed between the base of said figure and the aforesaid means for maintaining said figure in a substantially vertically erect position within said fluid container.
2. A crystal novelty comprising, a fluid container having an annular neck portion at one side thereof, the interior wall of said neck portion being inwardly inclined toward the interior of said container and having diametrically opposite pockets formed therein, a figure insertable through said neck portion, said figure having a substantially frusto-conical shaped base with diametrically opposite lugs extending therefrom, said lugs being engageable in the pockets in said neck portion for maintaining said frusto-conical shaped base in spacial relation to said interior inwardly inclined wall of said annular neck portion, passages extending through said base in substantially 90 relation to the lugs thereon for the circulation of fluid therethrough, means engageable with the exterior of said neck portion of said base, and means interposed between the base of said figure and the aforesaid means for maintaining said figure in a substantially vertically erect position within said fluid container.
3. A crystal novelty comprising, a.- fiuid container having an annular neck portion at one side thereof, the interior wall of said neck portion being angularly inclined inwardly from the periphery of said neck portion toward the interior of said container and having diametrically opposite pockets formed therein, a figure insertable through said neck portion, said figure having a substantially frusto-conical shaped base, alternately disposed shaped peaks and valleys extend: ing longitudinally of the inclined surface of said frusto-conical shaped base with said peaks extending substantially in surface contact with the angularly disposed interior wall surface of the neck of said container for forming passages through said alternately disposed valleys for circulating fluid between the angularly disposed interior wall of said neck portion and the frustoconical shaped base of said figure, lugs extending from diametrically opposite sides of said base and engageable in the pockets in said neck portion for locating said figure in position with respect to said container, passages extending through said base for the circulation of fluid therethrough, means engageable with the exterior of said neck portion and said base, and means interposed between the base of said figure and the aforesaid means for maintaining said figure in a substantially vertically erect position within said eontainer.
WILLIAM M. SNYDER.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,741,692 Garaja Dec. 31, 1929 1,788,058 Jyumi Jan. 6, 1931 2,046,854 Simpson July 7, 1936 2,361,424 Snyder Oct. 31, 1944 2,317,791 Miller Apr. 27, 1943 2,345,495 Onsrud Mar. 28, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 339,792 Italy Apr. 28, 1936