|Publication number||US2436291 A|
|Publication date||Feb 17, 1948|
|Filing date||Jun 25, 1946|
|Priority date||Jun 25, 1946|
|Publication number||US 2436291 A, US 2436291A, US-A-2436291, US2436291 A, US2436291A|
|Inventors||Daniel Lewis H|
|Original Assignee||Daniel Lewis H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (94), Classifications (11) |
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Self-sealing closure for containers
US 2436291 A
Feb. 17, 1948. L.. H. DANIEL 2,436,291
SELF-SEALING CLOSURE FOR CONTAINERS I I Filed Jun'e 25, 194e Ew/5v H. DAN/EL.'
vPatented Feb. 17,1948 A.
AUNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,436,291 Y SELF-SEALING cLoSUaE Fon CONTAINERS Lewis n. Daniel, Annapolis, Ma.
Application June 25, 1946. Serial No. 679,189
i s claims. (ci. en -4s) absorbent applicator, brush bristles;` or the like. A
may be wiped of excess liquid or semi-solid material and pointed or shaped after receiving a supply of material and especially as it is removed therefrom. 1
A prime object is to embody such a means in a self-sealing closure for the supply container, thus to enable'access to its contents without necessitating removal or adjustment of the closure, minimum contamination and oxidation of the supply, to enable shaking without removal of the closure and to prevent spilling if overturned.
Another object is to provide a structure which contains the advantages set forth, comprising a plurality of diaphragms in juxtaposed relation, and each of which has a slit, with the slits of the different diaphragms in intersecting relation.
A further object is to provide a. construction A wherein the diaphragms are elastic so as to read.
ily dilate to accommodate passage of the applicator pledget or brush bristles therethrough and automatically close as such pledget or bristles arewithdrawn in order to squeeze excess material therefrom and to point such pledget or bristle's.
Various additional objects will be hereinafter pointed out and otherwise become apparent as the description proceeds in connection with the accompanying drawings illustrating an operative embodiment by way of example.
In said drawings:
Figure 1 is a plan view of one form of device embodying the invention;
Figure 2 is a diagrammatic sectional view of said device taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional view through a container with the invention in operative position;
Figure 4 is a perspective view of a container employing the invention and showing an instrument carrying a pledget in the -act of obtaining an application of liquid or semi-solid; and
Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 3 taken through a modified form. l
Referring specifically to the drawings wherei like reference characters designate like or similar parts throughout the different views, and flrst'to the form of the invention shown in Figures 1 to 4, the device employs a plurality of juxtaposed diaphragms at I0, each of which has a slit cut therethrough atv II. Said diaphragms may be made from elastic natural or synthetic rubber or any substitute therefor, or any plastic or equivaient material to the end that the slits are normally closed and will at all times seek a closed and ferred. Such diaphragms are secured to each other in any desired manner and -as best shownl in Figures 1 to 3, they are joined and reinforced 'by outer peripheral rings I2V and an intermediate ring- I 3 preferably, but not necessarily, of the same material as the diaphragms I0. These rings are bonded by any suitable adhesive or otherwise secured to the diaphragms where they contact Vthe latter. If desired, the rings I2 and I3 may even be made of a hard rubber, hard plastic,.wood, metal, or otherwise. The device of Figures 1 and 2 is preferably fastened across the mouth of a container it and clamped .in place thereon by a conventional cap I3 which may, be screwthreaded or otherwise fastened in place at I6, or
even frictionally secured in place, the cap having a central opening as at II.V With a view to minimizing danger of tearing of the slits II when dilating, the diaphragms preferably have integral enlargements or reinforcements at the terminals of the slits as at 20.
In use, any type of applicator, such as that shown at I8, vmay be passed through the crossed or intersecting slits I I into the container Il in order to obtain a supply of the liquid or semisolid contents on a Dledget of cotton, bristles or the like at I9, after which the applicator I8 is withdrawn, during which withdrawal the slits under the contractual and self-closing action of the4 material ofl the diaphragm successively squeeze the element I9,Y removing any excess of material therefrom and shaping or pointing it. The material of the diaphragm readily enables the dilation in the presence of the applicator I8 and automatic closingas it is removed therefrom. Itis to be understood that the applicator I8 is to be 'taken as general, since it may represent a stick of wood, metal, a probe, tweezers, pliers, brush or otherwise; and that the element I9 is also to be taken as representative of a pledget of cotton or any other absorbent or similar material, bru'sh bristles or otherwise.
When the cap I5 is in place, it will be realized that the container is fully closed and sealed against escape of its contents keven if the same should be overturned; and, further, that the ma terial within the container is enclosed against contamination yand undue oxidation; and further, that such contents may be shaken without removal of the closure. l
made in the claims to a pledget it is intended to' cover such articles as brush bristles and absorbent applicators of any character.
Various changes may be made within the spirit and scope of the invention, and, for instance, I may resort to the construction disclosed in Figure 5, wherein the diaphragms 2I are of the identical construction of those shown at IU and contain the identical slits and arrangement at 22 to those disclosed at I I. In lieu oi employing the rings I 2 and I3. they are omitted and the diaphragme` 2I bonded or otherwise secured together at 25 adjacent their periphery. The container at 23 and cap at 24 correspond to those at I4 and I5, respectively.
1. Means i'or squeezing and pointing a. pledget comprising superposed closely positioned?. elastic diaphragms, each diaphragm having aslit and the slits of the diierent diaphragms being in transverse relation.
2. Means for squeezing and pointing a pledget comprising superposed closelypositioned rubber diaphragms, each diaphragm having a slit and the slits of the diierent diaphragme, being in transverse relation. I
3. Means for squeezing and pointing a pledget comprising superposed closely positioned elastic diaphragms, each` diaphragm having a slit and the slits of the diii'erent diaphragms being in transverse relation, and means securing the diaphragms together adjacent their margins to form a unitary device.
4. Means for squeezing and pointing a pledge comprising superposed closely positioned elastic cliaphragmsI each diaphragm having a slit and the slits oi the different diaphragms being in transverse relation, and reinforcing means on the diaphragms adjacent the ends of the slits.
5. Means for squeezing and pointing a pledget comprising superposed closely positioned elastic diaphragms, each diaphragm having a slit and the slits of the dierent diaphragms being in transverse relation, and means integral with the aasaaer l diaphragms for increasing the thickness of the diaphragms adjacent the ends of the slits.
6. Means for squeezing and pointing a pledget comprising superposed closely positioned elastic diaphragms, each diaphragm having a slit and the slits of the diierent diaphragme being in transverse relation, and annular means securing the diaphragms together adjacent the margins thereof.
' 7. In a device of the character described, a container, a self-sealing closure therefor comprising a cap removably.,mounted on the container and having a relatively large opening therein dening an annular ange overlying the upper edge oi' the container, and at least two superpgsed closely positioned elastic diaphragms having their marginal edges secured together to form a unit with the unit clamped between the upper edge of the container and the annular flange on the cap, said` diaphragms being centrally slit with the respective'slits4 arranged in transverse relation.
8. Means for squeezing and pointing a piedget comprising superposed closely positioned elastic diaphragms, each diaphragm having a slit and the slits of the different diaphragms being in transverse relation, means securing the dia.-V phragms together adjacent their margins to form aunitary device and a cap having a central opening therein for retaining the unitary device on the open upper end of a container.
LEWIS H. DANIEL.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the ille of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 204,625 Silsbee June 4, 1878 1,857,015 Gere May 3, 1932 1,865,764 Keenan July 5, 1932 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Countryl Date 104,862 Australia Aug. 17, 1938
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US204625 *||Apr 17, 1878||Jun 4, 1878|| ||Improvement in mucilage-holders|
|US1857015 *||Dec 2, 1930||May 3, 1932||Clair M Gere||Vented container and relief valve therefor|
|US1865764 *||Sep 26, 1930||Jul 5, 1932||Gen Lab Inc||Container stopper|
|AU104862B *|| ||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2644183 *||Apr 27, 1949||Jul 7, 1953||Kellett Leo L||Brush stripper attachment for liquid containers|
|US2885704 *||Sep 29, 1955||May 12, 1959||Thompson Norman L||Comb wiper|
|US2914163 *||Mar 8, 1957||Nov 24, 1959||Charles S Allen||Trash receiver for automobiles|
|US2918373 *||Mar 28, 1958||Dec 22, 1959||Harold J Weisblut||Tea bag device|
|US2983938 *||Mar 10, 1959||May 16, 1961||Veazey Marion H||Paint container|
|US3052588 *||Jul 5, 1957||Sep 4, 1962||Electrolux Corp||Method of and apparatus for making container closures|
|US3084374 *||Nov 1, 1961||Apr 9, 1963||Ziegler Louis C||Mascara applicator and valve therefor|
|US3387765 *||Mar 23, 1967||Jun 11, 1968||Sweetheart Plastics||Vent opening|
|US3696958 *||Jul 22, 1971||Oct 10, 1972||Us Plywood Champ Papers Inc||Gas venting liquid retaining closure|
|US3865236 *||Mar 16, 1973||Feb 11, 1975||Becton Dickinson Co||Needle shield|
|US3938686 *||Nov 18, 1974||Feb 17, 1976||Milligan Robert T||Paint container|
|US3945528 *||Feb 24, 1975||Mar 23, 1976||Maryland Cup Corporation||Apertured lid and method for manufacturing same|
|US4001910 *||May 21, 1975||Jan 11, 1977||Peilet Lester R||Retractable brushes|
|US4165769 *||Jun 13, 1977||Aug 28, 1979||Hoffmann Guenter||Battery filling system|
|US4217723 *||Nov 9, 1978||Aug 19, 1980||Frank Hrebec||Fly catcher|
|US4244478 *||Jun 27, 1979||Jan 13, 1981||Mpl, Inc.||Closure assembly for unit dose vial|
|US4282891 *||Jun 5, 1978||Aug 11, 1981||Revelations Antoine Ltee||Fingernail treating device|
|US4331254 *||Sep 8, 1980||May 25, 1982||Butterworth Systems Inc.||Sealing arrangement|
|US4470425 *||Apr 30, 1982||Sep 11, 1984||L'oreal||Serrated wiper|
|US4506807 *||Apr 13, 1983||Mar 26, 1985||Anderson James Y||Powder dispensing container for dripless assembly to and disassembly from a flame spraying torch|
|US4510954 *||May 12, 1982||Apr 16, 1985||Miller Richard J||Apparatus and method for automatically removing fingernail polish|
|US4515752 *||Jun 15, 1983||May 7, 1985||Miramanda Fernando X||Stopper for containers for use in analyses|
|US4808381 *||Aug 1, 1983||Feb 28, 1989||E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Fluid transfer device|
|US4976894 *||Sep 22, 1989||Dec 11, 1990||Nsa Acquisition, Inc.||Carbon dioxide injection interface in carbonation apparatus|
|US5111946 *||Nov 30, 1990||May 12, 1992||Elliot Glanz||Safety bottle|
|US5114032 *||Feb 20, 1991||May 19, 1992||Laidlaw Willam S||Plug for sealing preservative in wood|
|US5143236 *||Jun 14, 1991||Sep 1, 1992||L'oreal||Packaging unit for improving preservation of the product during storage|
|US5167637 *||Oct 30, 1991||Dec 1, 1992||Sherwood Medical Company||Valve membrane for a catheter introducer hemostatic valve|
|US5188620 *||Jun 14, 1990||Feb 23, 1993||Baxter International Inc.||Pre-slit injection site and associated cannula|
|US5211638 *||Jan 21, 1992||May 18, 1993||Baxter International Inc.||Pre-slit injection site|
|US5292203 *||Dec 9, 1992||Mar 8, 1994||Whitman Robert S||Self sealing substance dispenser|
|US5293960 *||Sep 29, 1992||Mar 15, 1994||Majerowicz Frank G||Button lubricator|
|US5300034 *||Jul 29, 1992||Apr 5, 1994||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Iv injection site for the reception of a blunt cannula|
|US5309929 *||May 14, 1993||May 10, 1994||Charlotte Toll||Eyelash mascara case and applicator|
|US5326534 *||Aug 7, 1992||Jul 5, 1994||Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha||Liquid collection tube|
|US5351383 *||Apr 2, 1993||Oct 4, 1994||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Method of making an injection or sampling site|
|US5363870 *||Nov 12, 1993||Nov 15, 1994||Rks Marketing Corporation||Brush cleaner|
|US5395590 *||Sep 4, 1992||Mar 7, 1995||Swaniger; James R.||Valved container lid|
|US5400500 *||Jul 1, 1994||Mar 28, 1995||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Apparatus for making an injection or sampling site|
|US5613615 *||Jul 26, 1995||Mar 25, 1997||Bunzl Plastics, Incorporated||Venting cap for masking|
|US5658260 *||Jul 29, 1996||Aug 19, 1997||Baxter International Inc.||Bayonet lock cannula for pre-slit y-site|
|US5676990 *||Apr 29, 1996||Oct 14, 1997||Wawrzynski; David W.||Method of food article dipping and wiping in a condiment container|
|US5776125 *||Apr 24, 1995||Jul 7, 1998||Baxter International Inc.||Needleless vial access device|
|US5797897 *||Jun 6, 1995||Aug 25, 1998||Baxter International Inc.||Pre-slit injection site and tapered cannula|
|US5871500 *||Jan 5, 1996||Feb 16, 1999||Baxter International Inc.||Pre-slit injection site and tapered cannula|
|US5894957 *||Nov 27, 1996||Apr 20, 1999||Egel; Kent D.||Sanitary ketchup dispenser|
|US6030582 *||Mar 6, 1998||Feb 29, 2000||Levy; Abner||Self-resealing, puncturable container cap|
|US6041919 *||Dec 23, 1998||Mar 28, 2000||Brushwiser Corporation||Lid and lid system for storing an implement in a container|
|US6135842 *||Apr 13, 1999||Oct 24, 2000||Oddzon, Inc.||Spill-resistant bubble-blowing apparatus|
|US6162206 *||Dec 23, 1997||Dec 19, 2000||Baxter International Inc.||Resealable access site|
|US6173851||Mar 18, 1999||Jan 16, 2001||Anesta Corporation||Method and apparatus for the interim storage of medicated oral dosage forms|
|US6193697||Apr 9, 1999||Feb 27, 2001||Baxter International Inc.||Pre-slit injection site and tapered cannula|
|US6213996||Oct 29, 1998||Apr 10, 2001||Baxter International Inc.||Pre-slit injection site and tapered cannula|
|US6217568||May 12, 1995||Apr 17, 2001||Edwards Lifesciences Corporation||Preslit injection site and tapered cannula for blood sampling|
|US6261266||Oct 29, 1998||Jul 17, 2001||Baxter International Inc.||Pre-slit injection site and tapered cannula|
|US6286698 *||Dec 7, 2000||Sep 11, 2001||Cephalon, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for the interim storage of medicated oral dosage forms|
|US6315145 *||May 18, 1999||Nov 13, 2001||Sticksafe Llc||Lid for a specimen container that is adapted to minimize spills and leaks|
|US6361744 *||Sep 15, 1999||Mar 26, 2002||Abner Levy||Self-resealing closure for containers|
|US6402407 *||Jun 29, 2000||Jun 11, 2002||Cassidy Goldstein||Device for holding a writing instrument|
|US6447498||Oct 29, 1998||Sep 10, 2002||Baxter International Inc.||Pre-slit injection site and tapered cannula|
|US6569125||Jul 17, 2001||May 27, 2003||Baxter International Inc||Pre-slit injection site and tapered cannula|
|US6605076||Aug 9, 1996||Aug 12, 2003||Baxter International Inc.||Pre-slit injection site and tapered cannula|
|US6656514 *||Nov 13, 2002||Dec 2, 2003||Venita Tubbs||Spill-proof lid and container|
|US6716396 *||Nov 1, 2000||Apr 6, 2004||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Penetrable cap|
|US6752965 *||Jan 28, 2002||Jun 22, 2004||Abner Levy||Self resealing elastomeric closure|
|US6843387 *||Oct 4, 2001||Jan 18, 2005||Sanai Kabushiki Kaisha||Cover for desiccant dispenser|
|US6849285 *||Sep 18, 2001||Feb 1, 2005||Nestec S.A.||Sealed cartridge for making a beverage|
|US7178685||Jun 9, 2003||Feb 20, 2007||The First Years Inc.||Straw receptacle lid|
|US7232270||Jul 22, 2004||Jun 19, 2007||Goldstein Cassidy L||Device for holding writing instruments|
|US7243799||May 14, 2002||Jul 17, 2007||Cephalon, Inc.||Portable container for disposing of a medicated oral dosage form|
|US7276383||Apr 18, 2003||Oct 2, 2007||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Method for obtaining the contents of a fluid-holding vessel|
|US7435389||Jan 14, 2004||Oct 14, 2008||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Sealed collection device having striated cap|
|US7648680||Oct 26, 2004||Jan 19, 2010||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Method for accessing the contents of a closed vessel containing a specimen retrieval device|
|US7654053 *||Apr 1, 2005||Feb 2, 2010||Michael Bauer||Concrete vapor barrier integrity system|
|US7677417 *||Sep 14, 2004||Mar 16, 2010||Voco Gmbh||Storage/dispensing system and method for the application of a flowable substance|
|US7729471||Nov 26, 2008||Jun 1, 2010||X-Ray Optical Systems, Inc.||Pre-filmed precision sample cell for x-ray analyzer|
|US7766168||Jun 29, 2007||Aug 3, 2010||Piopodco, Llc||Two-piece, easy access container|
|US7795036||Oct 18, 2007||Sep 14, 2010||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Method for accessing the contents of a closed collection device|
|US7824921 *||Jun 21, 2004||Nov 2, 2010||Abner Levy||Self resealing elastomeric closure|
|US7827758||Dec 16, 2009||Nov 9, 2010||Michael Bauer||Method to repair a concrete vapor barrier|
|US7918066||Oct 15, 2010||Apr 5, 2011||Michael Bauer||Concrete vapor barrier integrity system|
|US7927549||Oct 30, 2007||Apr 19, 2011||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Method for accessing the contents of a closed collection device with a modified pipette tip|
|US8038967||Apr 23, 2010||Oct 18, 2011||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Method for accessing the contents of a closed vessel containing a specimen retrieval device|
|US8206662||Oct 29, 2007||Jun 26, 2012||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Collection device including a penetrable cap having an absorbent pile fabric|
|US8211710||Oct 30, 2007||Jul 3, 2012||Dickey Kathleen A||Method for accessing the contents of a closed collection device|
|US8334145||Jul 21, 2008||Dec 18, 2012||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Pierceable cap having spaced-apart grooves|
|US8535621||Jun 17, 2008||Sep 17, 2013||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Penetrable cap having rib structures|
|US8573072||Aug 18, 2009||Nov 5, 2013||Gen-Probe Incorporated||Method for removing a fluid substance from a sealed collection device|
|CN1495420B||Apr 20, 1998||Sep 14, 2011||艾布纳·利维||Automatic resealed container cap|
|DE212009000105U1||Sep 10, 2009||Jun 1, 2011||Aspect Magnet Technologies Ltd.||Kammer für die Aufnahme von Tieren während anästhetischer Verfahren|
|WO1999045360A1 *||Apr 20, 1998||Sep 10, 1999||Abner Levy||Improved urine specimen container and method for using same|
|WO2003064044A1 *||Jan 27, 2003||Aug 7, 2003||Abner Levy||Self resealing elastomeric closure|
|WO2006007455A1||Jun 17, 2005||Jan 19, 2006||Bard Inc C R||Tissue collection lid for a specimen cup|
|WO2008005842A2 *||Jun 29, 2007||Jan 10, 2008||Collins Douglas P||Easy access container|