US 2436548 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. L. BOOTH Feb. 24, 1948.
' HAIR COMB Filed March 25, 194
m w s W m TL N WT m n MT 2 M R 7 Z 7 MI 4 Patented Feb. 24, 1948 UNHTED STATES PATENT OFFICE HAIR COMB. Herbert L. Booth, Staten Island, N. Y.
Application March 23, 1946, Serial No. 656,711
6 Claims. (01. 132-12) This invention relates to hair combs and relates more particularly to tufted combs for applying wave-set lotions and the like to the human hair.
attained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations pointed out in the appended claims.
The invention consists in the novel parts, constructions, arrangements, combinations and improvements herein shown and described,
The accompanying drawings, referred to herein and constitu ing a part hereof, illustrate one embodiment of the invention, and together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.
An object of this invention is to provide a new, useful and improved hair comb.
Another object of this invention is to provide a tufted hair comb offering greater brushing surface than a standard comb thereby to make such comb more useful for applying wave-set lotions and the like to the hair in that the distribution of such lotions on the hair may thereafter be made more thorough and even.
Another object of this invention is to provide a comb of the nature aforesaid in which the provision of the added surface or surfaces or the replacement of such surface or surfaces may be effected easily, cheaply and quickly thereby to prolong the useful life of the comb and render it more sanitary.
Another object of this invention is to provide a new, useful and improved method of fabricating hair combs adapted for such purposes.
Other and further objects of this invention will appear from the following description, the accompanying drawing and the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawing which forms part of the instant specification and is to be read in conjunction therewith, and in which like numbers refer to like parts throughout the views:
Figure 1 is a view in side elevation of a portion of a hair comb embodying this invention, the view depicting one end only of the com-b which may be of conventional configuration as indicated by the broken lines and depicting transitional stages in the fabrication of the comb in accordance with this invention; and,
Figure 2 is a view in section taken along the line 22 of Figure 1, but omitting certain of the elements shown in Figure 1 so as to show details of the tooth construction more clearly.
I ially, aligned so that each row in effect forms a continuous passage extending lengthwise of the comb. It will be understood that the openings are preferably formed or cast in the comb during its manufacture.
A suitably p cted "cord is run through each row of openings lengthwise of the entire comb and this may be accomplished in any convenient suitable fashion as, for example, by the use of a needle, or by threading the cord through the openings. The cord is of a suitable diameter so as to be snugly embraced by the wall or or walls of each opening it traverses and it is preferably held frictionally removably therein with suflicient firmness, so as not to be dislodged in normal usage. Each cord is preferably a twisted multiple filament element which, after being inserted, is cut in the spaces between the teeth thus causing it to splay out and form separate opposed tufts between and substantially at right angles to the teeth offering a greatly increased surface area for the more thorough and uniform transfer of wave-set lotions or other liquids from the comb to the hair. Obviously, each cord may be a single filament and is preferably of cotton, wool or other absorbent material although rayon, nylon, hair, bristles or other material may be employed.
It will be apparent that the tufts may be removed without undue difliculty if their replacement is desired. As the become soiled, fresh clean cords may be inserted and out between the teeth as previously described to form new tufts.
Referring now more particularly to the accompanying drawing, a comb III has its teeth ll apertured to provide a multiplicity of small openings I2. The openings l2 are arranged in substantially parallel rows extending lengthwise of the comb from end to end thereof with the openings in each row coaxially or substantially coaxially aligned.
In Figure 1, the comb is shown as having ten rows of openings l2 in relatively closely spaced relationship, but it will be apparent that a larger or smaller number of rows and a larger or smaller spacing of the teeth ll may be provided, as may be deemed necessary or advisable.
In accordance with this invention moreover cords I3 are run through the openings '2 of the respective rows preferably from end to end of the comb and these cords are then cut by any suitable means (not shown) in the spaces between the teeth so as to provide tufts I4 in opposed relationship between and at substantially right angles to each pair of teeth. These tufts thus form severed segments of a common cord.
Variousstages of the sequence of cutting operations are iiidi'catedlinil igure I wherein the top five rows of openings l2 respectively contain an uncut cord l3 which has been threaded through the openings of the row. In the next four rows of openings 12 the cords l3 are depicted as they would appear with the cutting of only a portion of the cord length completed? In the lastor bottom row, the entire lengthrof the cord hasbeen cut and the full number of' tufts [4' in the row has been obtained. It will be understood that all of the cords win normally be cut over their full length so as to provide the. optimum surface area.
Thus it will be seen that the objects of. this invent on have been accomplished and there has been provided a new; useful and improvedtufted comb offering more; brushing. surfaces than a standard comb and ensuring that in the application of wave-set lotions and thelike the distribution will be more thorough and even.- There has been provided a new, useful and improved method of fabricating. such. combs enabling the fabrication thereof to be carried out simply, swiftly and economically and enabling the replacement of the brushing surfaces to be expeditiously efiected.
The invention in its-broader aspects is not limited to the specific mechanisms: shown and described but departures may be made therefrom within the scope of the accompanying claims without departing from the principles of the invention and without sacrificing its" chief advantage.
What is claimed is:
I. A hair comb having: a: plurality of openings in its teeth, said openings being: arranged in rows extending generally lengthwise of the": comb and, tufts in said' openings,. the tui'lts of eachrow ex tending between' the teeth;
2. A hair comb having a pluralityof small openings in: its teeth, said openings beingarranged in rows each providing; a substantially continuous passage extending generally lengthwise of the comb; tufts in said openings, the respective tufts of each row extending in opposite directions from the respective teeth at substantially right angles thereto into the spaces therebetween,
3. A hair comb having a plurality of small openings in its teeth, said openings being arranged in substantially parallel rows each providing a substantially continuous passage extending generally lengthwise of the comb; tufts in said openi'n'gs, the respective tufts of each. row extending in opposite directions from" the respective teeth at substantially right angles thereto into the spaces therebetween.
4; A hair comb having a plurality of small openings in its teeth, said openings being arranged in substantially parallel rows each providing a substantially continuous passage extending generally lengthwise of the comb; tufts frictio-nally, firmly held in said openings, the respective tufts of each row extending in opposite directions from the respective teeth at substantially right angles thereto into the spaces therebetween.
5. Ahair comb having a plurality of small openings in its teeth, said openings being arranged in substantially parallel. rows each providing a substantially continuous passage extending generally lengthwise of the comb; tufts frictionally, firmly held in said openings, the respectivetufts of each row extending in opposite directions from the respective teeth at substantially right angles thereto into the spaces therebetween.
6. A hair comb having a plurality of small openings in its teeth, said openings being arranged in. substantially parallel closely spaced rows extending generally lengthwise of said comb from end toend thereof with the openings in each said row being substantially coaxially aligned; a tuft firmly frictionally held in each said opening and extending in opposite directions from the tooth at substantially right angles thereto into the spaces between the tooth and the adjoining teeth.
HERBERT L. BOOTH.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date