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Publication numberUS2436995 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 2, 1948
Filing dateOct 6, 1944
Priority dateOct 6, 1944
Publication numberUS 2436995 A, US 2436995A, US-A-2436995, US2436995 A, US2436995A
InventorsDrummond Hamilton James
Original AssigneeDrummond Hamilton James
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Illuminating device
US 2436995 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 2, 1948. J. D. HAMILTON ILLUMINA'TING DEVICE Filed om` e, 1944 m Q 3M, d a, 2 Wl g5. KVM; 3m

Jamas/D Ha yal- Wrme Pateniea Mar. 2, i948 ILLUMINATING DEVICE James Drummond Hamlton,'Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Application October 6, 1944, Serial No.,557,411

(ci. si-55) 3 Claims.

yThis invention relates to illuminating devicesv and more particularly to those of a self-contained type and adapted to simulate a candle in appearance.

The use of ornamental candles of various sizes, shapes and designs is widespread. Such candles have a relatively short, period of useful life since they quickly become disgured, not only because The cost of such units is, however, so great asY compared with the cost of an ordinary candle, that little or no domestic use thereof has resulted. Candles are now mainly used for ornamental purposes and each domestic user requires many varying designs, shapes and sizes for dilerent occasions of use. From a practical point of View, therefore, it is more or less essential that a substantial assortment of candle designs be available to the domestic user at relatively low cost.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a self-contained lighting unit of substantially permanent nature, such unit being formed to removably receive any one Vof a plurality of outer casings of varying candle-simulating designs, means being also provided for adapting the unit to casings of varying sizes.

Other objects, details and advantages oi the invention will become apparent as the description thereof proceeds with particular reference to the accompanying drawing in which,

Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of a lighting unit as positioned in a casing in accordance with Y the invention,

Figure 5 isa'sectional elevation of a separable cap for the end of the casing, and

Figure 6 is a plan view of the cap shown in Figure 5.

Referring to the drawing, the lighting unit of the present invention comprises a light-producing device I, a base 2, and an exchangeable member 3 which is adapted to support the device I in desired spaced relation to the base.

The light-producing device comprises a container 4, preferably formed of metal, and containing any suitable absorbent material 5 saturated with a volatile combustible fluid, and a wick 6 in contact with the absorbent material and protruding through the orice 1 in the top of the container. An inlet 21 having a closure 28 is provided for filling the container with combustible fluid.

A removable and replaceable outer casing 8 of any suitable ornamental design is adapted to t over the unit. In the example shown, the lower edge of the casing rests on the shoulder 9 of the base and frictionally engages the upper recessed portion I0 of the base. It will be understood that a screw-threaded connection between the base and casing, or-any other connecting means susceptible to easy manual disengagement, may be provided.

The member 3 is of such height that it supports the container 4 in proper relation to the casing 8 with the end of the wick protruding through the opening II in the top of the casing.

It will be observed that the casing shown in Figure 1 may be readily exchanged for any other casing of desired shape, colour or design but of similar height without altering the structure `of the lighting unit. However, in order to adapt the unit to casings of dierent heights, it is merely necessary to replace the member 3 with a similar member of appropriate height to support the container in proper relation to the casing. In Figure 2, there is illustrated a member I3 similar to member 3 but of greater height to Vadapt the unit to a casing of greater height. In

an instance where the base and container are of appropriate height for casings of a minimum height, the exchangeable member, such as 3 or I3, may be omitted.

The invention also contemplates the provision of a spacing member between the base and container which is adjustable as to height to provide Y convenient adaptation of the unit to casings of various heights. Referring to Figure 3, a casing I4 is shown which is of much greater height than that shown in Figure 1 while utilizingV the same lighting unit with an adjustable support Il for spacing the container 4 above the base 2. As shown by way of example, the support I5 comprises a plurality of telescoping screw-threaded members i6.

A metal sheath 26 partially or Wholly surrounding the lower portion of the Wick protruding from the container 4 is preferably provided to facilitate positioning `o1 theiwick `endr'in ythe orifice Il of the casing. f

In Figure 4 there is illustrated an ornamental tip I1 adapted to be placed on the device when in unlighted condition. Such a tipprevents evaporation of the combustible fluid. 'In' the form shown, it is provided with-rairecess llto` receive the Wick end and a downwardly extending tubular portion i9 ttingvoverthewick and extending into the casing to enable"positioning of the tip thereon.

Referring to Figures 5 and 6, a cap 20 is provided on the lcasing Zito :facilitate positioning of the wick with respectthereto, Asl shown, the cap has screw-threaded :engagement with the casing and is formed in two parts 22 and- 23. Thus, on removal of the cap lfrom the .casing the parts may be separated to vpostionrthe wick in the aperture 2li formed therebetween. .A ring 25 may be provided tosecurethefpartsaof the cap together and facilitateits replacement in. the casing. Y

The various parts-ofthe inventionmay be confstructed from a'wide Variety-nf.` materials. The .casings employed may, for instancefbe formed of synthetic resinous substances,whichv are readily susceptible to formation in4 a substantially unlimited variety of `shapes,".designs` and colours :at relatively low cost.

The invention thus permits the utilization, Vwith the same lighting unit, .ofagreat number of low cost, substantially permanent casings. Thus, users, having provided. vthemselves with lighting units and means for adjusting 'the overall height thereof, may obtain from time to time', as occasion arises, ornamental casings off-desired design for mounting on the units.

It will be apparent-that variousichanges in details of the invention may beamade without de- 4 parting from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. An illuminating device comprising a base having a laterally extending peripheral shoulder thereon, an outer ornamental casing seated on the shoulder, the portion of the base above the shoulder extending into and engaging the inner surface of the casing whereby the latter is supported ontlie base in manuallydetachable relation therewith, a container for combustible fluid Within the casing, a wick extending from the con- ...tainenand beyond the casing, and exchangeable 'means for supporting the container in spaced relation to the base, said means being unconnected 'Istothe base and container.

2.. An illuminating device as deiined in claim 1,

mounted in the upper end of the casing, said cap being formed in at least two laterally opposed parts, said parts having complementary wickengaging grooves therein forming an axial wickreceiving opening between said parts.

3. An illuminating device comprising an outer ornamental casing, a base extending into and engaging the inner surface of the casing to support the latter in manually detachable relation with respect to the base, a container for combustible fluid within the casing, a Wick extending from the container and beyond the casing, and an independent rigid support lfor the container freely resting on the base, said container being freely seated on the support.


REFERENCES CITED vThe following references are vof record in the fileoi this patent: 1


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US612621 *Sep 14, 1897Oct 18, 1898 Lamp-burner
US813940 *Dec 16, 1905Feb 27, 1906George BentoteLamp for burning oil, &c.
US1299537 *Jul 16, 1918Apr 8, 1919Grover Cleveland AungstCandle-holder.
US1417004 *Nov 23, 1921May 23, 1922Webb Walter WilliamOil lamp
US1583798 *Feb 10, 1925May 11, 1926Rosenberg Jacob EArtificial candle
US1923826 *Nov 12, 1930Aug 22, 1933Max HoggCandle stick
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2481019 *Feb 21, 1948Sep 6, 1949Joyce James AOrnamental colored flame candle
US2503496 *Mar 18, 1947Apr 11, 1950Kwasniewski Thadious RMetal candle
US2512885 *Aug 20, 1947Jun 27, 1950Archambeau Harry CLiquid burning light
US2515924 *Sep 29, 1947Jul 18, 1950Hunicke Paul ANonmelting candle
US3036452 *May 2, 1960May 29, 1962Hollwick IncArtificial candle
US3081612 *Nov 16, 1961Mar 19, 1963Harry F RenwickArtificial candle
US3174311 *Feb 21, 1963Mar 23, 1965Arthur ArbetmanArtificial candle construction
US3308638 *Dec 7, 1964Mar 14, 1967Walter BindermanExtendable and shortenable candle
US5927959 *May 24, 1997Jul 27, 1999Johnson; Jac NolanReplica flame
US6161949 *Jul 26, 1999Dec 19, 2000Johnson; Jac NolanReplica flame
US6331108 *Oct 18, 1999Dec 18, 2001Brunswick CorporationConvertible gas-burning appliance
U.S. Classification431/125, D26/7, 431/156
International ClassificationF21V37/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21V37/00, F21V37/0095
European ClassificationF21V37/00, F21V37/00N