|Publication number||US2437665 A|
|Publication date||Mar 9, 1948|
|Filing date||Mar 19, 1945|
|Priority date||Mar 19, 1945|
|Publication number||US 2437665 A, US 2437665A, US-A-2437665, US2437665 A, US2437665A|
|Original Assignee||Luella Rose|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (10), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
arch 9, 1948. JJQQSE KITCHEN cABiNET' Filed March 19, 1945 2 Sheet-Shefa 1 FI G. 8
JAMES @055 My ch 1948. J. ROSE KITCHEN CABINET Filed March 19, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I INVENTbR. 4 i P056 Patented Mar. 9, 1948 KITCHEN CABINET James Rose, Davenport, Iowa, assignor to Luella Rose, Davenport, Iowa Application March 19, 1945, Serial No. 583,592
This invention relates to the construction of a kitchen cabinet and more especially to the arrangement of a means for adjusting the positioning of shelves in the cabinet. Among the objects of this invention are the provision of a cabinet which is so constructed that when a plurality of cabinets are arranged, end to end, the top surfaces of the shelves present an uninterrupted smooth face so that objects may be slid from one cabinet to the next without encountering any obstruction; the provision of a cabinet of the type indicated in which the guide rails for shelves can be adjusted to various positions to accommodate compartments of difierent vertical depths; the provision of "a cabinet of such construction that cleaning of the cabinet is rendered extremely easy when needful; and such further objects, advantages, and capabilities as will hereafter appear and as are inherent in the construction disclosed herein. My invention further resides in the combination, construction, and arrangement of parts illustrated in the accompanying drawings and, while I have shown therein what is now regarded as the preferred embodiment of this invention, I desire the same to be understood as illustrative only and not to be interpreted in a limiting sense.
In the drawings annexed hereto and forming a part hereof,
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the top section of a cabinet embodying my present invention;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a bottom section of a cabinet embodying my present invention; and
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of one of the guide rails which support the shelves.
Reference will now be made in greater detail to the annexed drawings for a more detailed description of this structure. In general, the cabinet comprises a door l, bottom 2, top 3, and end frames 4. The end frames comprise, in part, vertical posts 5 and 6. These posts are provided with several notches l, 8, and 9 for the reception of the guide rails [0. These guide rails are made up of two parts ii and i2 of unequal length and depth. The parts l2 are of just the right length to fit in the notches 'l, 8, and. 9 and abut against the farthest faces of these notches while the vertical depth of these parts is such that they can slide easily into the notches, yet fit the same closely enough so that they will not rock.
If it is desired to have only two deep drawers in a cabinet, or two compartments, guide rails l9 are placed only in the notches 8 at the opposite sides of the cabinet and then a shelf 13 may be placed on the shelf-supporting strips II. The
2 strips I2 extend just enough above the strips II that a shelf resting on the latter will have its top flush with the upper surface of the strips l2 so that, if it is desired to slide a dish from one cabinet into an adjoining cabinet, there will be no obstruction in the way of doing so. In order that this may be so, the ends of the shelves are rabbeted to produce projecting end portions of a thickness equal to the amount of projection of part I2 above part II. The ends of the strips H extend enough beyond the ends of strips l2 to overlap the posts 5 and 6 and thus keep the guide rails from beingshoved out of position through the end openings of the cabinet, if not provided with end panels. It is obvious that the strips It are held separated by the shelf l3 so that neither one can approach the other. Therefore, the parts, when once assembled, serve as securing means to hold each other in.
If it is desired to have three shallower drawers or compartments, two guide rails II! are used at each end of the cabinet, being placed in notches 1 and 9. Shelves 13 are then placed on these guides and divide the cabinet space into three equal compartments. In such an arrangement, the middle rails are omitted. On the other hand, if only two compartments are desired, as shown in Fig. 2, the upper and lower rails are omitted from the notches 1 and 9.
It will be obvious from what has already been said that these cabinets may be used either with or without drawers. It is also clear that, when it is desired to clean such a cabinet, the contents may be removed, the shelves I3 taken out, and the guide rails Ill slipped into the cabinet and taken out. These parts can then be easily washed and the cabinet shell also can be cleaned because of the easy access thereto, there being no front divider bar between the compartments. It is also clear that similar units can be placed end to end and secured to each other by bolts passed through the holes I4 provided therefor in the posts 5 and 6 of the adjacent units to hold them together.
The base cabinet shown in Fig. 2 differs somewhat in form from the top section shown in Fig. 1 V
in that it has a toe recess l5, a drawer l6, and a special table top l1.
While I have described a. specific structure and different uses thereof, it will be understood that this disclosure is to be regarded as illustrative only and is not to be interpreted in a limiting sense.-
Having now described my invention, I claim: 1. A cabinet of the type indicated comprising connected top, bottom, and corner posts, a shelf or shelves, and guide rails for the shelf or shelves,
3 said posts being notched for the reception of the guide rails, the guide rails comprising two portions of unequal lengths and heights, the length of one portion being substantially the same as the distance between the remotest Walls of opposed notches, and the ends of the other portion extending beyond the ends of the first mentioned portion to overlap the posts whereby to serve as retaining meansffor the'guide mile.
2. A cabinet of the type indicated comprising connected top, bottom, and corner posts, a shelf or shelves, and guide rails for the shelf or shelves, each shelf having its ends rabbeted to formprojecting end portions, said posts being notched for the reception of the guide rails, the;guide rails comprising two portions of unequal lengths and heights, the length of one portionbeingsubstantially the same as the distance between'the remotest walls of opposed notches, the ends 10f the other portion extending beyond the ends of the first mentioned portionto overlap the posts whereby to serve as retaining means for the guide rails, and the first mentioned portionbeingofa depth sufficiently greater than the secondzportion to project thereaboveen amount equal .to the thickness of a projecting end portion of :a-shelf resting on the second portiornand the front-ref the cabinet being devoid of transverse rails thereby rendering access to the interior-of the cabinet easy for cleaning purposes.
3. A cabinet of the-type indicatedcornprising connected top, bottom, and corner posts,-a shelf or shelves, and guide rails for the shelf or shelves, each shelf having its endszrabbeted to form projecting end portions, said posts being notched for the reception of the guide rails, the guide rails comprising two portions of unequal lengths and heights, the length of one portion being substantially the same as the distance between the remotest walls of opposed notches, the ends of the other portion extending beyond the ends of the first mentioned portion to overlap the posts whereby to serveras retainingmeans for the guide rails, the first mentionedportion beingof a depth sufiiciently greater than the second portion to project thereabove an amount equal to the thick- .nessofa projecting end portion of a shelf resting on the second portion, and the guide rails and shelves ,being;readily detachable whereby access to the;entire structure can be had for cleaning purposes.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are ,ofrrecord-inithe file of this patent:
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|U.S. Classification||108/102, 312/108|