|Publication number||US2437989 A|
|Publication date||Mar 16, 1948|
|Filing date||Jan 29, 1946|
|Priority date||Jan 29, 1946|
|Publication number||US 2437989 A, US 2437989A, US-A-2437989, US2437989 A, US2437989A|
|Inventors||Artzt William W, Ely Lesavoy|
|Original Assignee||Lisle Mills Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (6), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 16, 1948. w w, ARTZT ETAL 2,437,989
GARMENT AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME Filed Jan. 29, 1946 INVENTORS W/u/AM M42727 Md fir [5541 07 Patented Mar. 16, 1948 GARMENT AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME William W. Artzt, New Rochelle, N. Y., and Ely Lesavoy, Allentown, Pa., assignors to Lisle Mills, 1110., Allentown, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application January 29, 1946, Serial No. 643,996
ihe present invention relates to garments and the method of making the same, and is particularly directed to under garments, such as, undershirts or the like, of the sleeveless, neckless, slipover type.
It has been customary in forming garments of the character indicated by prior methods to cut a flattened tube of fabric transversely at the top and bottom of the length corresponding to the length of the garment to be formed. The straight or transverse cut at the bottom forms the bottom or lower end of the garment. A U-shaped portion is then cut at the top of the tubular section or length thus formed intermediate the sides thereof, to form a pair of U-shaped openings at one end in each wall of the tube, the tube is then cut transversely from one side towards the middle along an arcuate contour to provide the front portion of a neck opening, after which the tube is cut transversely from the other side towards the middle along an arcuate contour to provide the back portion of the neck opening. The U shaped openings and the neck portions provide four strap-like sections. The tube is then folded into a longitudinal plane perpendicular to the plane in which the tube was flattened while the cutting operations were performed, and the ends of adjacent pairs of the strap-like sections are then seamed together to provide shoulder straps. When the strap-like sections are so joined the U- shaped openings are closed to form the arm holes of the garment and the front and back neck portions form the neck opening.
The prior method of making the garment as just described has several disadvantages. In cutting the tubular material in a straight transverse line to secure the proper garment length and then cutting portions out of the other end as described, the cut out portions are discarded, resulting in the waste or loss of material. Another disadvantage is that where front and rear flaps are required on the garment, the material is cut away at the sides of the lower end to provide such flaps, the material thus cut away also being discarded, resulting in further waste of material.
The present invention aims to overcome the foregoing difficulties by providing an improved garment of the sleeveless, neckless, slip-over type and a method of making the same wherein there is no waste or loss of material.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved garment of the character indicated. 7
Another object is the provision of a garment wherein the severing of the top of one garment blank provides complementary flaps at the bottom of the adjacent garment blank.
Another object is to provide such a garment wherein the portions cut away from the garment material in forming the arm holes of the garment are employed to provide an improved garment.
A further object resides in the provision of a garment which will lit the user more comfortably, prevent riding up of the garment when worn, and which garment may if desired be Worn as a combined shirt and short pants.
Other and further objects of the present invention will be manifest from the following description and the accompanying drawing.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a flat tube of fabric having superimposed thereon patterns for cutting garments of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an elevational view of the garment folded substantially into a plane indicated by the line 22 on Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a perspective View of the completed garment of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of portions of the garment removed from the blank during the forming of the arm holes;
Fig. 5 is a plan view of a garment to which the portions shown in Fig. 4 are attached in a manner and for the purpose hereinafter described; and
Fig. 6 is a sectional View on line 6--6 of Fig. 5.
Referring to the drawing, and more particularly to Figs. 2 and 3, there is shown a garment I0 such as an undershirt comprising a seamlessly formed tubular body portion l2 having front and rear flaps i4 and [6 at its lower end, and arm holes l8 and a neck opening 20 at the upper end provided with the conventional binding 2|. The rear flap provides a buttocks covering portion and may be provided with means for detachably sesuring the same to the front flap, as will be described hereinafter.
In Fig. 1 there is shown a fiat tube of fabric 22 having patterns 24 and 26 superimposed thereon. When the tube is out along the transverse line 32 and the arcuate or complex contour lines 34, 36 and 38 and holes 40 are formed therein, garments blanks are formed.
Before placing the pattern on the tube 22, the tube is flattened or doubled upon itself. The first garment blank corresponding to the pattern 24 is formed by cutting the tube 22 transversely along the straight line 32 and then along the complex arcuate line -34. The pattern used in forming this and described in copending application Serial No.
611,025, now Patent Number 2,414,048, granted January 7, 1947.
Arm holes 40 are formed in each layer or wall of the material at the middle of the tube adjacent to but spaced from the upper edge a distance whereby the upper portions of the arm holes provide seamlessly joined shoulder strap sections 42, as also more fully shown and described in the aforesaid pending application.
The first garment blank thus formed is folded into a longitudinal plane perpendicular to the plane in which the tube was flattened while the cutting operations were performed, whereby to take the form of the garment of Fig. 2, except that the bottom edge is straight instead of being provided with the front and rear flaps i l and I6 respectively. After the garment is formed the edges of the neck opening and arm holes may be provided with the binding 2! as shown in Fig. 3.
One garment of the type just described, that is, with a straight bottom edge, is made from each length of tube, it being formed at the end of the tube as aforesaid. The other garments formed from the tube are of the type shown in Figs. 2 and 3 each having front and rear bottom flaps l4 and I6 respectively.
In forming the garment blank for the garment of Figs. 2 and 3, which for convenience of description will be referred to as the second garment blank formed, the pattern 26 is placed on the flattened tube 22 in the manner shown in Fig. 1. This pattern as will be seen from Fig. 1 has a complex contour or arcuate upper edge or end formed of arcs 52 and 54 meeting substantially centrally of the side edges of the pattern. The pattern also has a complex contour or arcuate lower edge or end formed of arcs B and 58 which also meet substantially centrally of the side edges of the pattern. A hole 40 is formed in the pattern centrally of its side edges and adjacent to but spaced from its upper edge, as shown in Fig. 1. It will be noted that the contours of the arcs 52 and 56 are the same as each other but are of different contours than the contours of the arcs 54 and 53 which also are the same as each other. When the tube 22 is out along the line 36 the cut made when cutting along the contour 52 forms the back of the neck opening 20, and the cut made by cutting along the contour 54 forms the front of the neck opening, the front of the neck opening in the garment being lower than the back opening. The arm holes [8 are formed by cutting through both walls of the tubular fabric around the edge of the hole 40 in the pattern. The sections of the fabric thus removed are shown in Fig. 4.
When the first garment blank is formed, in the manner previously described, the cutting of the fabric along the line 34, that is, along the arcuate lines 56 and 58, formed the lower portion of the second garment blank; the portion of the fabric corresponding to, or out along, the arcuate line 56 formed the edge of the front flap M of the garment of Figs. 2 and 3, and the portion of the fabric corresponding to, or out along,
the arcuate line 58 becoming the edge of the back flap it, when the garment blank is folded alon line 2-2 of Fig. 1 as hereinbefore described.
When forming the next garment blank, a pattern 28 or the same pattern 25 may be em ployed. These patterns as will be seen from Fig. 1, are identical, so that instead of employing two separate patterns one may be employed by reversing the same and placing the reverse face of the pattern on the flattened tube, whereby arcuate line 53 and the arcuate line 55 will coincide with the edges of the fabric out along the arcuate lines 52 and 54, respectively, when the upper edge of the second garment blank was formed.
In reversing the pattern, in the manner described, and cutting the tube along the arcuate end thereof, there is a considerable saving of the fabric, in addition to saving or eliminating a cutting operation which otherwise would have been necessary, had the pattern not been reversed and a rear flap which is larger than the front flap desired.
When it is desired to provide the garment shown in Fig. 6, the portions or sections 56 and 62 cut from the material in forming the arm holes, as shown in Fig. 4, are utilized. These portions are first fastened to each other along one of their edges by stitching 64 or in any other suitable manner (Fig. 6), and are then secured to the lower edge of the rear flap 6 by stitching 66 or in any other suitable manner. In attaching the sections to the flap IS the sections are superimposed thereon with their arcuate edges 68 and 10 in alignment with the arcuate lower edge of the flap l6 and secured to the flap by the stitching 66, as shown in Fig. 5, whereby to provide a pocket 12 (Fig. 6), having a double or reinforced front wall.
The upper edge of the pocket is provided on its inside with one member M of a snap fastener adapted to engage one of a series of complementary members 16 of a snap fastener secured in vertical alignment on the outside of the front flap 14, whereby detachably to secure the upper edge of the pocket to the front flap. The series of complementary snap fastening members are provided whereby to adjust the pocket as desired.
When the pocket is fastened in closed position, as shown in Figs. 5 and 6, leg holes '18 and are formed.
The pocket in the garment of Figs. 5 and 6 serves as a support, as well as to retain the garment from riding up when worn. The garment of Figs. 5 and 6 is also well adapted to be worn as a combination shirt and drawers if so desired by the wearer.
From the foregoing description it will be seen that the present invention provides an improved garment and a novel method of making the same which results in speeding up production, and the saving of material, labor and production costs.
From the foregoing description of our improved method and garments made thereby it will also be appreciated that many operations are eliminated, such as cutting, seaming and stitching, and that a more perfectly fitting garment is provided.
While the present invention has been described in connection with an undershirt by way of example, it will be understood that invention applies to other garments such as slipover sweaters, bathing suits, bandeaux, slips, bras, aprons or in fact any sleeveless, slip-over gar- 5 'rnent having shoulder straps or the equivalent.
While we have illustrated and described a preferred embodiment of our invention it is to be understood that we do not wish to be limited thereto as obviously various changes and modifications may be made in the method herein described and the garment illustrated and described without departing from the spirit and scope of our inventionf What we claim is:
The method of forming a garment of the character described from a fabric tube flattened along lines midway of the portions thereof which are to constitute the front and back of the garment, comprising cutting out portions of the superimposed layers of fabric substantially below the upper end thereof to constitute the complete armholes, severing both layers of the flattened tube on a contoured line above the armholes to form the front and back neck portions of the garment with shoulder straps therebetween, severing both layers of the flattened tube on a contoured line at a predetermined point below and REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,809,502 Barclay June 9, 1931 1,891,775 Neilson Dec. 20, 1932 1,969,349 Bergh Aug. 7, 1934 2,049,966 Lerner Aug. 4, 1936 2,377,004 Hanes May 29, 1945 22,414,048 Lesavoy Jan. 7, 1947
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1809502 *||Jan 7, 1930||Jun 9, 1931||Barclay Sr Howard Jacob||Garment|
|US1891775 *||Jul 14, 1930||Dec 20, 1932||Neilson Mary D||Woman's vest|
|US1969349 *||Apr 2, 1930||Aug 7, 1934||Jantsen Knitting Mills||Swimming suit and method of making the same|
|US2049966 *||Apr 20, 1936||Aug 4, 1936||Frank Lerner||Garment|
|US2377004 *||Nov 25, 1944||May 29, 1945||P H Hanes Knitting Company||Garment|
|US2414048 *||Aug 17, 1945||Jan 7, 1947||Lisle Mills Inc||Garment|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2779033 *||Sep 12, 1952||Jan 29, 1957||Fountain Alfred W||Pillow slips|
|US3913146 *||Jun 17, 1974||Oct 21, 1975||Zero Itabe I||Undergarment|
|US4866789 *||Nov 21, 1983||Sep 19, 1989||Dormco, Inc.||Protective body suit|
|US5048122 *||Jun 4, 1990||Sep 17, 1991||Prieur Deborah G||Garment for shielding lines connected to a patient|
|US5367709 *||Jul 8, 1993||Nov 29, 1994||Teasley; Nancy A.||Adjustable clothing for infants|
|US6374412||Jan 26, 2001||Apr 23, 2002||Katherine S. Canlas||Swimming apparel|
|U.S. Classification||2/248, D02/700, 2/78.2, 2/113|
|International Classification||A41B9/00, A41B9/06|