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Publication numberUS2438298 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 23, 1948
Filing dateJun 29, 1946
Priority dateJun 29, 1946
Publication numberUS 2438298 A, US 2438298A, US-A-2438298, US2438298 A, US2438298A
InventorsReed Jesse C
Original AssigneeReed Jesse C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Liquid elevating apparatus
US 2438298 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 23, 1948.

`.1. c. REED LIQUID ELEVATING APPARATUS Filed June 29, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet l r. VIA


@76,55 C. Jeecl J. C. REED LIQUID ELEVATING APPARJVIUSv March 23, 1948.

Filed June 29, 194e 2 sheets-sheet 2 'J4-255e C. 6862 Patented Mar. 23, 1948 l V.UNITED STATESy PATENT GFFICE LIQUID ELEVATING APPARATUS Jesse C. Reed, Dayton, Ohio Application June 29, 1946, Serial No. 680,410

Claims. 1

This invention relates to liquid-elevating apparatus, having particular reference to that type of such apparatus in which an endless belt is disposed for operation in a well shaft, and wherein the upper portion of the belt is passed around a motor-actuated driving pulley arranged in a casing above the well shaft, and wherein the lower part of the belt passes around a weighted pulley submerged in the liquid to be elevated and disposed in the bottom of the shaft, the arrangement being such that when the belt is actuated,

. liquid adheres to the surfaces thereof and is conducted upwardly for discharge from the apparatus when the belt passes around the upper or driving pulley. Such apparatus has been disclosed, in general, in my prior patent, No. 2,391,642, dated December 25, 1945.

As such apparatus has been constructed heretofore, the same has necessitated the employment of a rigid frame, depending from the casing at the top of the well shaft, for effecting the support yof the lower pulley around which the liquid-submerged lower end of the endless belt passes, The employment of this rigid depending frame adds considerably to the cost of the apparatus and the length of the same is subject to variation in meeting the requirements of well shafts of different depth.

One of the objects of the present invention is to provide liquid-elevating apparatus of this character in which the depending well-shaft frame is eliminated and wherein cable-suspended means are provided, controllable from the top of the well shaft, for maintaining the lower pulley member of the apparatus in its required operating position.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means, in liquid-elevating apparatus of the type under consideration, for maintaining the liquid-elevating belt under required tension and preventing twisting or undue distortion of the belt when positioned in a well shaft.

A further object of the invention is to provide a cable-suspended weight member for tensioning the liquid-elevating belt and, further, to provide said weight member and the lower belt pulley with a plurality of pivotally mounted arms, the latter carrying at their lower ends a plurality of sharp-edged disks, the arrangement being such that when the apparatus is suspendedin a lwell shaft, the arms are actuated to maintain the sharp peripheral. edges of the disk in contact with the well shaft lining, whereby to preclude rotation on the part of the lower belt pulley and twisting of the belt and without the employment of a rigid frame structure in the well.

For a further understanding of the invention, reference is to be had to the following description and the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view, partly in side elevation, of liquid-elevating apparatus formed in accordance with the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical sectional view taken on the plane indicated by the line 2 2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical longitudinal sectional view taken through the upper portion of the apparatus;

Fig. 4 is a horizontal 4 4 of Fie. 1.

Fig. 5 is a front yelevational View, partly in vertical section, of the lower belt pulley and depending structure, disclosing a modied form of linkage for restraining the pulley against axial rotation.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, the numeral I designates the vertical bore or shaft of a well, containing liquid in the bottom thereof to be elevated, the bore or shaft being provided with the usual lining or casing 2, the open upper end of the bore or shaft being surrounded by a base 3 on which is mounted a housing .or casing 4. The latter may consist of a base section 5 having an opening 6 formed in the top thereof. Positioned on the base section is a top section 'I provided with a removable cover plate 8.

The top section is formed with longitudinally aligned bearings 9 for the reception of a shaft I0, the latter passing through a stuffing gland I I and being united by means of a flexible coupling I2 with the shaft of an electric motor I3, or other prime mover, which may be carried by a shelf I4, formingA a part of the base section 5 and projecting laterally therefrom.

Between the bearings 9, the shaft I0 is provided with an upper or drive pulley I5 and passing around this pulley is one or more endless belts I6.

The ascending and descending runs of the belt I6 depend in parallel order in the shaft casing 2, and at its lower end the belt passes around a, bottom pulley or guide sheave I'I, the latter being rotatably mounted on across shaft I8.

Positioned as at I9 Von the reduced outer ends of the shaft I8 is a pair of arms 20, and the lower ends of these arms are pivotally joined, as at 2|, to the upper ends of a pair of oppositely disposed bell crank levers 22. These levers are pivotally mounted on the intermediate portions of a shaft 23 which has its outer end portions positioned in registering openings 24 formed in the bifurcated upper end 25 of a weight member 25. The extreme outer ends of the shaft 23 are connected as at 21 with the lower ends of a pair of cables 28, the latter being employed in raising and lowering the weight member and the parts associated therewith.

To this end, the upper portions of the cables 28 are connected with drums 29 fixed on a transverse shaft 30 which is journaled, as at 3|, in

sectional view on the line v-.riwithiithempperfforsdrivepiilleyt enst preventing fito the1upper':pulleyFthefresultant movement of ilfingit-heir; upper-:1-

, `ioifmed inv the housing? land perrl'itted` to 1 gravi- V-employment'of:arigid-fsupportingfrarnejdepend- 'lgreund wellsp-eomprisings as" 'wellas simplifying "thefinstallation thereof.

the lower section 5 of the top housing. One end said weight, devices carried by said arms at their of the shaft 30, exteriorly of the housing, may be Y lower ends adapted for engagement with the equipped with a crank 32 and a ratchet Wheel 33, sides of the well, and means linking said arms at the teetheofnthe .latter beingeengagedby theiree l Y.thiairhippenends withsaid lower pulley. y end una pawl'fisltpivotally mountedion'the exte- 5 ziiApparatus for elevating' liquids from underrior of the housing. The lower biiurcated arms ground w'ells, comprising housing arranged subof the bell crank levers 22 rotatably support stantially at ground level above such awell, a knife-edge disks 35, which, as shown more pardriving pulley rotatably mounted in said housing,

ticularly in Figs. 1 and 4, aresnorrnallyeadapted Vvea.'foon'tinuous belt having its upper portion passfor engagement with the inner surfaces of thelosing around said pulley, a second pulley disposedk shaft lining or casing 2. "irrthe'well and around which the lower portion In operation, by rotatingadahe .fslnaftsltzthe il ofsaide-beltipasses, a weight arranged below said weight structure andrits associated arms,y to-'r second pulley, lever Varnis pivotally carriedY by gether with the lower pulley I1, may-'be lowered "fs'aidiweight, devices carried by said arms at their into the well. When the pulley or shaft i1 15 lower ends adapted for engagement with the 'f:reachesVv :itsr :fully lowered: position;v assdeterrnined isidesoffthe wiellgrlmeans.linking'said' arms at their by theength' I'applyingrtensioii to Y Flipper:sen'dsifvvitlrnsaid:loweimnullxey;` drum-means Y vsaidibeltgfthe-.uppenendsofzthe bellierank'ilevers zrotatablytmountedsinfsaidi:housingsandppables 'l 22;-throughthei arms;.Zllareoscillated inwardly Y about the axis of the shaft 23, causing theflower zoiiirumameans andstheir lower.` ends A'iunitedswith rfbiiurcatedifendsfzofefsaidhellfcranks to swing1 outissaldiwgigns, i i Wardly; thus bringingthesharpenedperipheral edges of the disks 35 into cuttingor4 retaining egemprisingahousingiarrangedf:substantially at vir'eontact witn'theiinner wallfzsurfaeesiof: theshaft :i groundiflfevele aboyeosuclr a Well, dllllgf'plllley Y lining or easing'Z. As a result ofitlrisa-antionjthe; 25:r0tatgblwmountedrin said-ihousing; afoontinu'ous .ffweightf:'structurelandlthefipulleyslor :shaftl 'i are 'elt'ffhavin -1restrained:againstfrotation' axiallyo thewell .spullen saidzrlbelt:dependingtherefromsintozsaid Ahe1welllliquidita' 'ehe-elevated; afseeondi pullexeV distwisting of the liquid-elevating belt. iiWherr sog 30:@ sedarnrthewjennand aroundfwhich theeilower UFD'S'illiilldy the TWIfDll'ey'WllibelmmerSed in fportiortnf saidvbeltpasses;aiweightrmemberiartheiliquid in thebottomjoilthe wellifofbe elevated, ranged belowesaid:seoondifpilleyidrumlmeans :ifsthatfwhenlthelpowerfofthe motonl Sfis'fapplied firgmmbly;:Supportedibyfsaidi housingeahles hav- Yrdsfoon'neetedffwiztlrf said: drum .apparatus to well boresb-dii'erentdepth-:and i;ing2itsiuppenipoitioritraindsfaroundsaidfpullem "reducing thaweight and" costs of' `the apparatus; ousaidbelt depending-theretrom' intov saidwelt with its lower portion submerged in t-hefWelll liquid to "i Inthe1 modification; disclosed inbig,v 5,' rthe i;belevateda;a:lowerspulleyincludingaansaxial Y shaft is of the lower pulley er belt wheei cernes V1 *.fvishafnuisnosedlrY-Saidwlladfaroundf-whichthe "atiitsrendsj afbailfo. To"theflower''andfcentral Slowerrponti'on ofu'saidfbeltapasses; fweightrmemrpertierr offthis i bailg'ftherefis pivetaliy-eonnected, ssbenamangedf belowsadlower pulley,g drummeans rwas; at* il l thelinks f 52%) 'whichin'i turn; have their i rotatably-supported abywsaid housing-@aisles :hav-

"loweren-ds pivotedasat v2l :to: the leven-arm 22 ing their uppereends.:eonneoted'withssaiddrum in the same'rnanneras disclosed"iritheepreferred Simeans anditheirrilower 'endsffwithrlsaid' Weight `fiornrof the'inverition. y Y fmlelnoer,.l.v ivotedir'linksecarried-:by'fzsaidipulley Vfvl'NliileI: havedesribedwhatf I consider to be 60?' hait-,aandrmeans--connected:witlrfsaidflinksand i thepreferred i'ormofmy'invention;nevertheless, n'gag-eablef .ithfthensi-des'folfthe wellfandxactu- *it lwillbeunderstoodthat thevrsamefis subject to 2'atedby5irelatiwe movementfbetween isaidv''w'eight `'ce'rtain`-niodi'oation or'variationiwithoutdepart member andtsaideloweripulleyitoirestrainithevbelt inglneeessaiilyfromthespiritfandf='scopeofllthe l-Jandathe' lov/ieri puiley againstturningf1movement 'f followingitilairns. 65i".'axially-illfithefwell.k

I claim: 5;?-Apparatns'forfelevating linuidsirionnea'sing 1.-Apparatusf forfelevating 'iiquidsfnomlunder- I'ilirredaveils; :comprising aghousing` arrangedwabove groundiwllsi-'Comnrsing Housinganangeed subassen: slaven; a drwingszpuiley rotatabiyimounted stantiallyfatf'groundi=leveliabovesuchiawwell, a Lin'saldlhousings aeontinuousbelt:trained around fdr-lying plsleyirotatab'ly mountedinsaihousing; 'mesa-id:pulleyandedepending2 therefroimfintosaid sa; continuous:ijelthavingfits-uppeifipontiorrpass well, the lower portionvotfsaid:pulleyibeing .adaptj ing around said pulley, aiseeondpiilleydisposed Y Cadat-or; submergeneesinsliquidzffcontainedo'in the =1 irfi=thef1well'andlaroundlwhieh the: lower'portion Y swell;A aerse'eon'di pulleys supported,v on ande/around seeoridv'pulleyflever ifarmsflpivotallylxxarried byl rarriax-ially .disposedazshaftzicarried byfsaidz'se'cond .havinglitheirzupperf en s:connectedWithssaid y lnpparatus forseleva-ting l liquidsLf-rom 'iwells,'

A-itsiupper-.regi'onpassingrar'oundfsaid K' pulley, a weight member arranged below said seoond pulley, drum means rotatably supported by said housing, `cables having upper ends connected with said drum means and lower ends connected with said weight member, links pivotally carried by the ends of the shaft of said second pulley, bell crank levers pivotally carried by said Weight member, said levers having their upper ends pivyotally connected with said links at the lower ends of the latter, and disks having sharpened peripheral edges 'carried by said levers at their lower ends, the edges of said disks being adapted for engagement with the well casing to restrain the belt and lower pulley against turning movement axially of the well.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS 10 Number Name Date 2,329,913 Kizzlar Sept. 21, 1943 2,391,105 Reed Dec, 18, 1945 2,391,642 Reed Dec. 25, 1945

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2329913 *May 7, 1943Sep 21, 1943Kizziar Alvin MartinOil well pump
US2391105 *Sep 20, 1944Dec 18, 1945Reed Jesse CLiquid-elevating apparatus
US2391642 *Mar 21, 1945Dec 25, 1945Reed Jesse CPulley structure for belt-type liquid elevators
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2804020 *Feb 5, 1954Aug 27, 1957United States Steel CorpBelt pump
US4552220 *Feb 3, 1984Nov 12, 1985Jones Brian DOil well evacuation system
US4683946 *Nov 12, 1985Aug 4, 1987Strategic Energy Services, Inc.Method and apparatus for the installation and modification of oil well evacuation systems
US5348137 *Nov 9, 1993Sep 20, 1994Palmer R GaryVertical tensioning and anti-rotational device for use with single continuous rope conveyor lifting system
US5692567 *Dec 11, 1995Dec 2, 1997Doner; August K.Portable fluid lifting apparatus
US7306036Jun 10, 2004Dec 11, 2007Breglio Iii Robert ASystem for reducing adhesion and cohesion between non metallic bailers and side wall of wells
US7635022 *Oct 24, 2006Dec 22, 2009Petrochina Company LimitedPumping system
US20050274509 *Jun 10, 2004Dec 15, 2005Breglio Robert A IiiSystem for reducing adhesion and cohesion between non metallic bailers and side wall of wells
US20070098575 *Oct 24, 2006May 3, 2007Xiuting HanPumping system
US20080060802 *Nov 14, 2007Mar 13, 2008Breglio Robert A IiiSystem for reducing adhesion and cohesion between non metallic bailers and side wall of wells
U.S. Classification198/700, 166/69, 198/643
International ClassificationF04B19/16, F04B19/00
Cooperative ClassificationF04B19/16
European ClassificationF04B19/16