US 2438766 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
vMam-h 3o, 1948.
Filed 001'.. 29, 1946 EEE- l l E. z; //4 n A527 I /7 I JNVENTOR.
E BY Patented Mar. 30 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SIDING TOOL Milo Rifenberg, Constantine, Mich.
Application October 29, 1946, Serial No. 706,290
1 Claim. 1
This invention relates to what is known as a siding tool, and more particularly to a tool of the type used when applying sheathing or siding to studding. In the building trade, where it is necessary to use long runs of lumber, especially of the tongue and groove type, and to secure the same to studding, the problem presents itself of not only keeping the boards level, but tight before nailing. This is especially true today when so much lumber used in the building of homes, etc., is green and tends to warp and spread apart as it dries out The principal objectl of the present invention is to provide a new and improved tool for use when applying siding, or the like, to studding to enable the user to quickly secure the tool to the stud near to the point where he is about to place his nails, or other securing means, and hold the board or sheathing in tight relationship with the one immediately below same before securing the board to its supporting stud.
In modern building practice, especially when erecting homes or garages-it is standard practice to use the well-known two-by-four as a spaced support forthe siding or sheathing used in this type of construction. I have provided a standard rigid member adapted to engage a two-by-four quickly which in turn eliminates the necessity of manually adjusting the same, which consumes too much time when engaged in modern production building practice.
The tool has but two moving parts and the user is not hampered by having to lock the tool in position, but has simply to use one hand to apply force to an adjacentI lever while starting his nail into the siding and hence the studding.
The above and other objects will appear more fully from the following more detailed description, and from the drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing the tool securedto a stud and the manner in which the siding engaging shoe engages the siding to be secured to its studding.
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the tool per se,
Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the tool, and
Fig. 4 is a view of a shoe for use with the tool when the lumber used is not of the tongue and groove type.
Referring now to the drawing the numeral I designates a member for clamping or securing the tool to a stud IVI. The member I0 is formed of a bar of steel having its end portions turned inwardly to form legs I2 adapted to slide over the ends of the ordinary two-by-four studding and the clamping member acts as a brace for the tool per se. Rigidly secured, as bywelding, or the like, to the flat side of clamping member I, there `is provided a flat bar I3 which extends out beyond the at side of the clamping member I0, the same being adapted to pivotally support a lever I4 by means of a nut and bolt I5. A tongue engaging block or shoe I6 is provided, the same being morticed, as at I1, to allow lever I'4 to pass therethrough and to be moved freely upon said lever to the position desired when in use. Block I6 is further grooved, as at I8, so that the groove may contact tongue I9 on board 20. The blocks are interchangeable, and, as shown best in Fig. 4 of the drawing, block :2l is identical with block I6 with the exception that in place of the groove, for use with tongue and grooved lumber, it is kerfed, as at 22, for use with lumber without the tongue and groove.
The manner in which the device is used is as follows:
When attaching siding to its studding the user simply secures his first run of boards down to the iioor joists, and as he starts his next run immediately above same, before driving his nails home into any one vertical stud, working from left to right, he secures the tool to the stud immediately above where the nails will enter the board being secured to said stud, clamping member Ill and legs I2 fitting neatly about the stud, as shown in Fig. 1, and if the board to be driven home is tongue and grooved, the type shoe shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 Will be used, the shoe being slid upon lever I4 until it is in position to seat upon tongue I9 and groove I8 engage the same. Bar I3 being rigidly secured to member I 0 and lever I4 being pivotally mounted thereon as at I5, the nut and bolt I5 provide a, fulcrum for lever I4 and, as pressure is brought to bear on the outer end of lever I4, by the user with one hand, the board to be nailed is forced tightly against the board immediately underneath, and while held in this position by means of shoe I6, the
user drives at least one nail home through the board and into the stud. He can then release the pressure on the lever I4, as the board 20 is set, and finish hammering home the desired number of securing nails. This procedure is followed all along the board, the tool being moved from stud to stud as needed-the tool having either right or left action, the same may be used on eitherside of the stud. If the siding lbeing applied is not tongue and grooved, the user simply changes shoes, using the type shoe 2| shown in Fig. 4 of the drawing, wherein the shoe contacting surin practical operation, it will be understood that y the invention is not limited to specific constructional details shown and described, but that many changes, variations and modications may be resorted to Without departing-from the prin! ciples of my invention.
A siding tool of the character described for use 20 in exerting pressure upon siding before securing same to its studs, comprising means'for con- 4 tacting astud, said means comprising a, U-shaped member, a bar rigidly secured to said U-shaped member and extending outwardly therefrom, a lever pivotally mounted upon the outwardly extending portion of said bar, a morticed siding contacting shoe slidable upon said lever, said shoe being formed to contact said siding While pressure is being applied to said lever.
v MILO RIFENBERG.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 607,567 Jordan July 19, 1898 654,365 Stowell et al. July 24, 1900 911,404 Harris Y Feb. 2, 1909 981,871 Moen June 17, 1911