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Publication numberUS2438829 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 30, 1948
Filing dateMay 21, 1945
Priority dateMay 21, 1945
Publication numberUS 2438829 A, US 2438829A, US-A-2438829, US2438829 A, US2438829A
InventorsMax Skolnik
Original AssigneeLeonard A Fish
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wheeled carriage
US 2438829 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


FiledMay ATTORNEYS March 30, I,11948. M SKOLNIK 2,438,829

WHEELED CARRIAGE Filed Mayvzl, 1945 2 sheets-sheet 2 IILII VIII/II INVENTOR. Max Skolnik ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 30, 1948 WHEELED CARRIAGE.

- Max Skolfnik, Qhcag o, Ill., assigner tol Leonard* A. Fish, Chicago, Ill. Apelieatlunmami,1945seria1Noleaessv.. j

This. invention relates. to wheeled'. carriages efthe chair or stroller type and' particularly toaj foldable carriage, of. the typereferredi to, `suitable fort a small childi One objectv of the` inyentijon is to provide. a. carriage of the Chair or. stroller. trpewith. a recept-aen. for packages that. ofv substantiar capacity and,sodisposedlwith 1I'. Sl.1.e.c.l:`V to the. seat that' it does. not' inconvenience. the occupant of the carriage A". fllllelobjeot ofthe invention. isgto. provide a carriage of; the type. referred'I to with. a. taloleV supportedgabove. the seat and. at. a .convenient dis..- tance in front ofthe. Sat.. j

An additional" object is; to. provide. a. foldable carriage offlightweight and1ample strength which servesjasA a. wheeled. baby; chair or stroller and., also as a package. carrier..

witnthe. abqveand; other. objects in,viewthe M invention may be.. said`T to.. comprise thefcarriage as illustrated.' in trie` accompanyingfdrawings, hereinafter.l 'described,` and',l I iaticularlyY set. forth inthe. appendediclaims, together. with sucnvarlations4 and.' modicationsthereoi. aswill; beeppar.- ent to one skilledjin the art.. to. which, the inven-rv tion pertains.

Reference.. should; be. had to., the. accompanying drawingsforming apart. of thisspecication, in which;

Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the carriagev embodyingthemyention; l v

Fig. i 2.. is a. top. plan ...view of.. the, carriage;

Fig. isa detailview showingtlie joint of the. toggle,` that serves. to. hold. the pvot'ally. connected..` frame members 1in, operativeny position;

Fig. 421 is. a sectiontaken ontheline., indicated at t. 4 4' in Fig., 1. on; a.. somewhat enlarged scale;

Fig. 5i is aside. elevation. ofV the. slidingv pivotal connectionfshown in Figa;

Fig. 6. is.. a.` fragmentary. section., through the upper portionV offtle.. package receptacle, taken on the. lineindicated atr-IlinFig, .7;

Fig. 7; is` a front,... elevation ofthecarriage;

121g... 8.. is.. a.. side., elevation .off the. carriage co1- lapsedgand;

Fig. `9isy a .section.taken.on-fthelinefindicated. at 9`9jin.18. 8.

The. carriage. of.I the.A presentV invention! has a main frameproyided. with paralleli side bars I and. an auxiliary frame.A provided with. parallel side bars; the two frames beingpivotallyI connectedby `means vofalinedh0riz ontal pivotsy 3 connecting the side bar sl andj2=atf-each-side ofthe carriage: The carriagejisj'collapsedgby.folding the main ands auxiliary frames about' the pivots 3" melaims. (o1. zelt- 4.1)`

2.. and the frames are heldin. operative position. by means Aoffvparallel toggle. links.y 4. and. 5 that. connect the `side bar`s"I with the upper. ends` oi the side bars 2.` t Y l Each of't'hebars I and12 carriesawheel" 6iat its lower end,v each` wheel; E" being.. mounted" upon` an axle 'I journal'ed` in. a. ULShjapedbracket' 8; the

brackets S'being' attachedftothe bars I. and? at their lower ends. A cross bar 9connectstheside bars I of the main frame below the vpivots 3",lthe bar 9 being reinforced by angularly disposed braces Iattachedtothe bars. Ifbelow the cross bar 9] and to the. under side of" the cross. bar. The cross bar` 9 provides a support for arear.-

f Wardly projectingfoot resta lI I` thatislrigidly attached thereto, A cross barL I2`formsa handle. joining the upper ends of 'thejbarg I`of.tle main` edge of the back Illfbeing attaclied;to the edge` of the seat I5. A metalstrap. Iextendsaround the sides and rear ofthe seatY lffandlhas `forwardlly `and downwardly; projecting ends. I1 that are. pivotallyV supportedon the pivot pins. 3..

A cross rod VIconnects the upper. ends of the. side bars 2far'1d`.provides`agpivot` for.; the toggle links 5.v The joint of the. toggle flrnedlby the links 4 and'5is providedwith meansir. limiting the downward "movement ofthe links sov that.. the only movementV of tlie toggle isfitomltlie horizontal positionshownin Fig. l upwardly to` the collapsed positionshown inv Fig..8. A's. shown` in Fig. 3, the link 4' carries. a` lug I9. atlits.. forward end which engages in a,` recess 2li` f-iormedfin. the.

upperedge ofV thelink 5adjacent1to. and forwardly of the toggle pivot 2I Tlie. lug. I 9'. pre.-

vents movement ofthe links downwardlylpast. the` horizontal position and,A serves to. retaintlief toggle in the position. shown inlFig; 1.4

A' table 22j may. be .pivotally mounted upon the cross r0d..I8 to. swing from the, verticalposition` shown in dotted'` linesv in Fig. 1; to,4 a.position. resting jupon. the togglelinks` 5'; as shown ,in full.

by a cross. bar 2.4" andfthe receptacle 23.. has,its-

open top disposed'in the' rectangular spacebe.- tween the side links 5 and the cross members IS and 24,.the receptacle having hooks 25 attached to its upper edge which engage the links 5, the cross ro'd I8 and the cross bar 24. The pivoted table 22 provides a lid for the receptacle 23 that can be easily lifted to aiford access to the receptacle.

Braces 26 are pivoted at their upper ends to plates 2l attached to the side bars l of the main frame, and the lower ends of these braces are slidably and pivotally connected to the-frame bars 2 below the pivots 3. Each of the braces 26 has a hook member 28 pivotally connected thereto andV slidably engaging the adjacent lbar 2, and a-djaf, cent its lower end each brace 26 has a slot29 that receives a cross rod 30 that c :onnectsf-theA bars 2 adjacent their lower ends, the cross rod sides thereof connected together in crossing relation; two of said bars being parallel and rearwardlyginclined `and the other two being shorter y than :the first and inclined forwardly, horizontal 30 serving to limit a downward movementA ofthe braces 26, the braces 26 being engaged'witlrthe rod 30 when the carriage is in the operative posi-j tion shown in Fig. 1.

It will be apparent that the present invention provides a carriage'of4 the chair'por stroller ,type that is of very Vlightweight 'but'v'oflstrong construction and that provides a convenient package carrier as well as an .infants caririage". It is to be understood that variations and modications of the specific devices .herein shown'and described for 'purposes of illustration, ."mayf' be made without departing' from the .spirit'lo'ff the invention. i y i Whatclaimis: v v 1. A wheeled carriage having 'frame'` members at the sides thereof, aseatlmounted ybetween'fs'aid frame members; a foot rest forwardly of and below the seat, forwardly extending. members ca`r` ried by said frame members above the seat, are',- ceptacle suspended from 'said forwardly extending members forwardly of said seat, and a table supported upon said forwardly exten-ding mem'-, bers and covering the top of said receptacle;i j j 2. A wheeled carriage having frame Vmembers at the sides thereof,v a seat mounted betweenfsai-d frame members, afoot rest forwardly of Vand below the seat, forwardly, extending members carried by said frame members abovethe seat, spaced cross members connectingsaidy forwardly extending members ,forwardly of said,s`eat, 'an

frame members, a foot 'rest forwardly of and belowY the seat, forwardly ,extending members," 'carried. by said frame Ymembers above the ,s'eat, s pac'edf cross members connecting said forwardlyeXtend-- ing members forwardly of,saidjseat anpperrtop receptacle suspended fromV 'said forwar'diyA extending and cross members, and a t'ablejhinged to the forward cross member andfprminga lid for said receptacle.

4. A wheeled carriage havingframe members at the sides thereof, a seat mounted between said frame members' a foot restiforwardly.fof and carried by said frame members above.t h`e seat. spaced cross membersconnecting saidjforwardly extending membersorwardly of saidseat,`,an

open top receptacle having hooks, attached to Aits top edges and engageable withsaidforwardlyfextending and cross members to detachablyj sus,-

pend said receptacleg'and atabIe hinged' to the front cross member and forming ,a'lidiorv said .ij .Uf i;


V below the seat, forwardly extendingjmembers members connecting the upper ends of the forwardlyinclinedfframe bars to the rearwardly inc linedbars, a seat mounted between said rearwardly inclined bars below said horizontal connecting members, and 4a receptacle suspended from 'said horizontal connecting'members forwardlyof said seat.

7. A carriage havingframe bars 'atgopposit sides thereof connected together in crossing' relation, two of said bars being parallel vand rearwardlyinclined' and the othertwo being shorter than the'rst and inclined forwardly, horizontah members connecting "the upper ends ofthe for-A wardly inclined frame bars to the rearwardly inclined bars, a seat mounted between'lsa'idre'arA war-dly inclined bars below said horizontal connecting members, 'a' receptacle suspended from said horizonta1 connecting members forwardly of said seat, and a table supported on saidconriect-A ing members and forminga lid for Asaid receptacle.

8. A 'carriage `having frame bars atopposite sides thereof connected together in croSSng're lation, two of sai-d bars beingparallel.andrear` wardly inclined and the other two Ybeing'jshyoirter than the .firstand inclined' forwardly,` horizontal membersconnectingjthe upper ends 'ofthe for;

wardly inclined frame barstofthe rearwardly in'..

clined bars, vaV seat 'mounted between saidlrarf.

wardly 'inclined bars below said. horizontallconnecting members, a foot rest carried bythe rear'- wardly inclined bars below the. seat, ja receptacle beneath said horizontal'connecting'inembersIfr-.

Wardly of the seat, "and a table supporte'donjsaid connecting members and forming a lidfor's'aid' receptacle.

9. A folding carriage comprisingia mainframe and an'auxiliary frame, Cachhaving' parallelside bars and supporting .Wheelsjalined pivots Y' con-V necting the sicle bars of Lthe frames vinl crossing necting the side bars of the'frames'in" cifossing relation, toggles connecting the upper endslofwthe side bars of the auxiliary frameto thesidejbai's of the main Yfreine V above said pivots; aseats1ip portedby the main' frame and projetingrearwardlytherefromg'a foot rest attached'tojthe main' framebelowsaidpivots,anda table Ojthe uppel Vend bf saidauXiliaryf-fram u n adaptedtorestfuponsaidgtoggles;

bars and supporting wheels, alined pivots connecting the side bars of the frames in crossing relation, toggles connecting the upper ends of the side bars of the auxiliary frame to the side bars of the main frame above said pivots, a seat supported by the main frame and projecting rearwardly therefrom, a receptacle suspended from said toggles, and a table pivoted to the upper end of said auxiliary frame and forming a lid for said receptacle.

12. A folding carriage comprising a main frame and an auxiliary frame, each having parallel side bars and supporting wheels, alined pivots connecting the side bars of the frames in crossing relation, toggles connecting the upper ends of the side bars of the auxiliary frame to the side bars of the main frame above said pivots, a seat supported by the main frame and projecting rearwardly therefrom, braces pivoted at the upper ends to the side bars of the main frame and slidably connected at their lower ends to the side bars of the auxiliary frame below said pivots, and means for limiting the downward movements of said braces on the auxiliary frame.

13. A folding carriage comprising a main frame and an auxiliary frame each having parallel side bars and supporting wheels, alined pivots connecting the side bars of .the frames in crossing relation, toggles connecting the side bars of said frames above said pivots, a seat disposed rearwardly of said pivots and pivotally supported'V thereon, a cross bar connecting the side bars of the main frame above the seat, a brace pivoted to each of the main frame side bars adjacent said cross bar, said braces being slidably and pivotally connected to the auxiliary frame cross bars below said pivots, means for limiting the downward movement of said braces with respect to said auxiliary frame, and a fabric back attached at its upper end to said cross bar and at its lower end to said seat.

14. A wheeled carriage having fra-me: members at the sides thereof, a seat mounted between said frame members, a foot rest forwardly of and below the seat, forwardly extending members carried by said frame members above the seat, spaced cross members connecting said forwardly extending members forwardly of said seat, and an open top receptacle having hooks attached to its top edges and engageable with said forwardly extending and cross members to detachably suspend said receptacle.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 450,207 Lazarus et al Sept. 29, d18.91 1,726,609 Brown Sept. 3, 1929 1,855,567 Brown Apr. 26, 1932 2,168,513 Cobb Aug. 8, 1939

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US460207 *Apr 18, 1891Sep 29, 1891 Baby-carriage
US1726609 *Sep 29, 1928Sep 3, 1929John Howard McelroyChild's collapsible vehicle
US1855567 *May 15, 1929Apr 26, 1932Brown Reinhardt HCollapsible cart
US2168513 *Jul 11, 1936Aug 8, 1939Cobb Fannie MaeBaby chair
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2615726 *Feb 7, 1947Oct 28, 1952Samuel G BrottmanShopping cart
US2670216 *Apr 1, 1948Feb 23, 1954Lloyd H LeonardFoldable baby stroller
US2673589 *Jan 30, 1951Mar 30, 1954Kunkel BertSpring supported seat for golf bag carriers
US2722972 *May 28, 1954Nov 8, 1955Joseph B AltrudaCollapsible frames or chassis
US2920900 *Apr 9, 1956Jan 12, 1960Cal Dak CompanyShopping cart
US2947546 *Oct 17, 1957Aug 2, 1960Daniel BerlinCollapsible shopping cart
US3231053 *Mar 19, 1962Jan 25, 1966South Bend Toy Mfg Co IncCollapsible doll stroller chassis
US5102340 *Dec 3, 1990Apr 7, 1992Kaltenbach & Voigt Gmbh & Co.Dental teaching and practicing apparatus
US5290049 *Mar 9, 1990Mar 1, 1994Crisp And Wilson LimitedPush chair/shopping trolley
US5499831 *Oct 1, 1993Mar 19, 1996Worth Pfaff Innovations, Inc.Folding stroller for child's car seat
US5544904 *Mar 2, 1995Aug 13, 1996Nelson-Whittaker, Ltd.Convertible stroller
US6189914Nov 3, 1995Feb 20, 2001Worth Pfaff Innovations, Inc.Folding stroller
DE1067731B *Aug 6, 1956Oct 22, 1959Karl DahmenTransportgeraet
WO1990010567A1 *Mar 9, 1990Sep 20, 1990Crisp & Wilson LtdImproved push chair/shopping trolley
U.S. Classification280/643, 280/47.35, 297/56, 297/148, 224/42.26
International ClassificationB62B7/00, B62B9/00, B62B9/26, B62B7/08
Cooperative ClassificationB62B9/26, B62B7/08
European ClassificationB62B7/08, B62B9/26