US 2439382 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
DE GRAZIA FIELD JACKET HOOD April 13, 1948.
iled June 1, 1945 OJ e rd la. fNVENTOR/ ATTORNE;
Patented Apr. 13, 1948 UNITED srr. 'rss Arum omen (Granted .underthe act of March 3, '1883, as.
amended April 30, 1928;37!)- 0.1;.757)
The invention described-herein, if patented, may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.
The invention concernsa winterhead covering or hood designed for useof the armed forces and worn by both men-and-women; usually with the regulation field jacket of the armed forces.
Itis an object ofthe invention to provide warm head covering of the hood orhelmet style which can be secured to the field jacket by means of the buttons providedthereon for the regularuse of the jacket,'that"is, without the necessity of providing special buttons to secure. the
hood. i I
It is a further object of-the invention to provide a wind resistant and water resistant head covering for the use of hunters; followers of win ter sportsand-outdoor workers in general which can be worn combined with any front closing coat or jacket having itshuttons spaced properly with relation tothehood.
Further objects of the invention will appear from the description of the invention taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a soldier wearing the field jacket and hood,
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the folded hood or helmet,
Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the hood with the flaps extended,
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a woman wearing the womans field jacket and helmet,
Fig. 5 is a perspective view,'partly broken away, of the hood illustrated in Figs. 1 to 3, in engage ment with a shoulder strap button.
In the drawings A represents a helmet or hood constructed according to the present invention and B represents the standard field jacket of the Army- The field jacket comprises a bodi portion I0, having the conventional shoulder straps i I, provided with a button 3| and buttonhole securing means for the end of the strap adjacent the shoulder. Two of the buttons closing the fly front of the jacket are shown at I? and I3, and the collar i4 is shown raised with the throat tab I5 buttoned thereto at IS.
The hood comprises side sections ll, secured together by a median seam l8 and having facing members l9 and 2!]. The facing member I9 forms a hem for a drawstring 2| which emerges through eyelets 22 in the fabric of the hood. The drawstring is knotted or otherwise provided with thickenedportions at 23 to keep the ends from being drawn into the hem.
The lower or neck portion of the hood as shown in Fig. 1 has side flaps or extensions 24 and 25 which are adapted tobe secured together under the chin of the wearer to'complete the conventional helmet form. The closing of. these flaps diife'rs from the closing ofpreviously'known hood fronts in that itprovides for securing the hood to the buttons of the wearer's coat, in this case the =field jacket B. For this purpose the flaps 24 and'fiii: are provided with a single button 26 and buttonhole 2'lplaced at the upper part of the vertical fronts of the side fiaps. conjunction with the drawstring 2|, which is adapted to draw the hood opening snugly around the .iace of the wearer, close the front of the hood or helmet.
In addition to this closing the hood A. is provided with four buttonholes in the lower edge. The two buttonholes Hand 29 at the lower end ofthe vertical fronts are adapted to be attached tothe upper button lz of the field jacket B. This fastening not only finishes closing the hood, but secures it firmly to the field jacket, thereby keeping it in place and forming a windproof joint with the jacket. The side buttonholes 30 are adapted to be secured to the shoulder buttons 3|! of the shoulder straps II, thus completing the attachment of the hood to the jacket.
The hood is made of any suitable material as wind resistant and water resistant cotton Oxford cloth, or it may be made of wool or any desired material.
Because of the left-over-right closing of the mans field jacket, the left flap 25 of the mans hood is made longer than the right flap 24, as shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 4 shows the right fla 24' of the womans hood made longer than the left flap 25' to conform to the right-oVer-left closing of the woman's jacket. The relative lengths of the two flaps depends on the extent to which the coat fronts overlap, that is, on the width of the double-breasted overlap.
To attach the hood A to the field jacket B the shoulder straps ll of the jacket are unbuttoned and buttonholes 30 of the hood A are buttoned on to the shoulder buttons. The shoulder straps are then rebuttoned over the hood. The turn up collar i4 is then raised and the throat tab l5 of the jacket is buttoned on to the collar buttons It. The shorter flap of the hood is next buttoned over the upper exposed button l2 of the jacket, as shown in Figs. 1 and 4, and the longer flap is then buttoned on to the same button. The
3 wearer then inserts the button on the shorter flap of the hood in its buttonhole in the longer flap, adjusts the drawstring 2| and ties it. The hood is worn under the steel helmet if conditions require the wearing of the latter.
It will thus be seen that a hood has been provided which affords complete protection to the neck and ears of the wearer and which is secured to the field jacket or other coat by a windproof and. rainproof connection. At the same time, no extra fastening means is required on the jacket for the attachment of the hood.
It will be noted that the hood can be secured to any military garment provided with. shoulder loops buttoned at the free end, including a garment having a double-breasted buttoned front closing. It will be necessary only to have the upper closing button of the coat located at the proper level to match the buttonholes on the hood. The hood can also be worn with nonmilitary coats, as the front anchoring means is eifective even without the shoulder fastening.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:
1. A helmet comprising a head portion and a neck encircling portion having overlapping front flaps and having means adapted to be secured to a coat having shoulder straps, shoulder strap buttons, a fly front and closure means for said fly front including a top button, said first-named means comprising buttonholes at the shoulder point and at each side of the front of the neck encircling portion, said buttonholes at the front adapted to be brought into alignment with each other and with said top button for securing said buttonholes to said top button.
2. A helmet comprising head and neck portions, said neck portion being open at the front and having overlapping side flaps, one of said flaps being longer than the other and both being provided with buttonholes adapted to be brought into alignment with each other when said flaps are in neck-encircling position, whereby the flaps may both be secured to one of the upper buttons of a coat.
3. A helmet comprising head and neck portions, said neck portion being open at the front and having overlapping side flaps, one of said flaps being longer than the other and both being provided with buttonholes adapted to be brought into alignment with each other when said flaps are in neck-encircling position for securing the flaps to one of the upper buttons of a coat, said flaps also having coperating means to secure them together above the said buttonholes.
4. In combination, a jacket having a buttoned front closing and shoulder straps buttoned at the end adjacent the neck and a hood having a neck portion provided with front closing flaps, said flaps having buttonholes at their front edges, said buttonholes being adapted to be brought into alignment with each other when said flaps are in neck-encircling position to engage one of the front buttons of the jacket, said neck portion also having buttonholes to engage the shoulder strap buttons of the jacket.
'5. In combination, a coat having a buttoned front closing and a hood having a'neck portion provided with overlapping front closing flaps, one of said flaps being longer than the other and both being provided with buttonholes adapted to be brought into alignment with each other when said flaps are in neck-encircling position, whereby the fiaps may both be secured to an upper button of the coat.
JOSEPH DE GRAZIA.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the patented file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,033,047 Cabelinsky July 16, 1912 1,414,558 Ensten May 2, 1922 1,485,392 I-Ialek Mar '4, 1 924 2,370,158 Grice et a1 Feb. 27, 1945