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Publication numberUS2439731 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 13, 1948
Filing dateMar 14, 1944
Priority dateMar 14, 1944
Publication numberUS 2439731 A, US 2439731A, US-A-2439731, US2439731 A, US2439731A
InventorsHawes George R
Original AssigneeBuxton Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flexible pocket receptacle having pivotally supported units
US 2439731 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 13, I948. e. R. HAWES 9,

FLEXIBLE POCKET RECEPTACLE HAVING PIVOTALLY SUPPORTED UNITS Filed March 14, 1944 s Sheets-Sheet 1 164 4 7" TTORN Y5 April 13, 1948. I G. R. HAWES FLEXIBLE RECEPTACLE HAVING PIVOTALLY SUPPORTED UNITS Filed March 14, 1944 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVEN'TOR fire/r 51? 121mm! ATTORzEYS April 13, 1948. s. RQHAWES 2,439,731

FLEXIBLE PQCKET RECEPTACLE HAVING PIVOTALLY SUPPORTED UNITS Filed March 14, 1944 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR v 7 G207? a: 1?. flan za- 3 Z 9 ATTO YS Patented Apr. 13, 1948 FLEXIBLE POCKET RECEPTACLE HAVING PIVOTALLY SUPPORTED UNITS George R. Hawes, Longmeadow, Mass, assignor to Buxton, Incorporated, Springfield, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts Application March 14, 1944, Serial No. 526,413

4 Claims. (Cl. 150-39) This invention relates to an improvement in flexible pocket receptacles designed for carrying pass cards and similar articles either with or without a capacity for carrying other articles such as currency and the like.

One object of the invention is to provide an improved structure whichiwill carry the pass cards with greater security and provide greater convenience in their display.

A further object is to provide a pass card supporting structure which may be permanently or temporarily incorporated with conventional billfold structures with the advantages above mentioned and at the same time obviating certain disadvantages heretofore encountered when pass cards and the like are carried in billfolds.

Other and further objects residing in the details of the construction will be made apparent in the following specification and claims.

In the accompanying drawings which show several illustrative embodiments of the invention,

Fig. 1 is a front elevational view of a pass case embodying my invention, the case being shown open with one of the pass envelopes (shown in dotted lines) swung outwardly of the support to inspection position;

Fig. 2 is. a front elevation of the structure shown in Fig. 1, the case being closed;

Fig. 3 is a bottom edge view of the case as shown in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 but showing the pass envelopes pivoted at their inner corners;

Fig. 5 is a detail view'of one of the pass envelopes, parts being broken away.

i Fig. 6 is a front elevational view showing the invention combined with billfold structure, the billfold being shown open and with parts broken away;

. Fig. 7 is a sectional view substantially on line 5-1 of Fi 6; I

Fig. 8 is a View similar to Fig. 6 but showing astructure modified to permit removal of the pass carrying unit from the billfold, parts being broken away; i

Fig. 9 is an elevational view of the pass carrying unit of Fig. 8 removed from the billfold, parts being broken away;

Figs..10 and 11 are detail views of the means for lreleas'ably holding the pass carrying unit of Figs. 8 and 9 in the billfold, Fig. 11 being a secv tional view taken substantially on line H-II,

of Fig.8; i

Fig. 12 is a front elevational view showing the manner ofmassembling and disassembling the pass unit and billfold combination of Fig. 8;

Fig. .13 is a diagrammatic View showing the manner of operationby which. the pass envelopes are released from interlocking interference to permit them to be swung-outwardly of the billfolds of Figs. 6 and 8; a i

Figs. 14 and 15 are detail viewsshowing alternative forms of pivotal connections for the envelopes by which the envelopes may be made detachable from the support; and

Fig. 16 is a front elevational View showing another way of combining the pass case of Fig. 1 with billfold structure.

Referring to Figs. 1 to 5 inclusivethe pass case is shown as including a supporting member l0, preferably formed of leather or similar flexible material, within the borders of-which the pass display .envelopes, generally indicated at II are normally positioned. The pass .envelopes are shown as formed of two pieces of transparent material [2 such as Celluloid or the like held together at one end and both side edges by a suitable binding material as indicated at l3 in Fig. 5. Through the open end I4 of the envelope one or two cards I5, or similar material, may be inserted for display through opposite sides of the envelope. The exact details "of the structure of the envelopes as so far described are not important and their construction may be varied as found desirable. According to my invention, I provide the envelopes at one corner with an extending tab I6. This tab may be formed integral with the sheets [2 and ispreferably positioned to. extend from one side of the envelope adjacent the open end Id. The envelopes are pivotally connected to the supporting member II] by rivets I! or similar members passing through openings 18 in the ears. In the drawings, the rivets I1 are shown as passing.

member It} as shown in dotted lines in said figure. The member I is formed with a transverse line of fold it. Preferably one or more envelopes are arranged on opposite sides of the line of fold I9 with their ends 23, which are remote from their pivots, adjacent the line of fold as shown in Fig. 1. End pieces 20 are secured to the ends and bottom edge of the member I!) to form pockets in which the envelopes nest, when within the confines of the member I0, the open ends it of the envelopes being positioned adjacent a closed side of the lJOCkets, thus preventing the passes from working outwardly of the envelopes. Members "'20 separate and protect the exposed surfaces of the envelopes from rubbing against each other when the support I 0 is folded to close the case.

The member in is providedwith aportion Zl Fig. 2 the portion 2| maybe folded over onto the rear face of the member I0, as shown in Figs.

- bination, separation of the pass case from the 2 and 3, and secured by a sna'p fast'ener z 2 to hold the case closed. H i

The ends 23 0f the envelopes remote from thei pivots are preferably positioned sufliciently close to the line of fold 19 so that said "fold" engages or is in near engagement with the ends 23, when the supportis foldedftoprevnt any substantial outward swinging movement of the envelopes. Since the ends 23 'thu sen gaged are the "leadin ends ofthe .e'nvelops'intheir swingingmovement their engagement by the fold "I il effectively prevents outward movement of the "envelopes while leaving "the leadin'gside edges 24 adjacent the pivots free to be grasped whenthe case is open without any closure flap'bfl f 'in the'wa'y. This arrangement also leaves the edges 25 "exposed so that they may be 'previded with'index'receiving tabs 25, ii desired forfaeilitatirljgselection of a desired card'for inspection.

If, as sho'wnin Fig. '4', the envelopes are pivoted at their corners adjacentfol'd '[9 the envelopes r v held w thin h q finss o t e s by the engagement'withtheir'leading'ends of the fold 250i portion 2i.

In Figs. 631. 3 '7 isillustrated"one manner in which the present invention "may *be advantase us y'i r ra din 'af i QBIS I' WR- R ferrin'g to the latterflfijgures, a billfold is shown comprisingan 'o'l ter wall "3B1and inner wall 3|. connected togetherat' theirendan'd bottom side edges to form between them an elongated "bill compartment '32. A partitio'n'wall is shown at 33 which divides the bill compartment in "the usual manner. It 'will'be understoodthat the several wall members may "be made up in any conventional or desired manner. As shown (Fig. 7) thepartition wall '33 is connected at the bottom to the elements 34"of"the inner'wall. The billfold walls, as is customary, have a transverse line of foldtiabout'whi'ch onehali of the billitold may be folded on the other. 'Pass display envelopes H "which may 'be'identical in form with those previously described are pivotally'connected adjacent the outer, upper corners'of-the partition wall as by rivets '36. In this'arrangemerit the partition wall -33 "functions relative'to the pass display envelopes for the same purposes and in thesame manner as does supporting memberiii in the form previously described, thefol'd 35 engaging the leadingedges f the envelopes when'the billfold lsclo'sed to"prevent"outwarg1 swinging of the envelopes asdoesfold'ls. Sim? larlythe'portions "of-inner wall member 3| on billfold eitherleaves the latter noticeably incomrplete and unsightly or the combination is made at the expense of customary and desirable billfold structure such'as auxiliary pocket on the facedfi-thefinner walls of the bil-lfold. The desired. advantageous separation of the pass case iromi' tl ebillfol'dmay be secured in accordance with the .lpresent. invention without material alterationin the general appearance of the .billfold o'rim pa'irm'en-t'dfiitsutility as such.

.As illustrated in Figs. 8 to 12 inclusive, I secure the desired separability of the pass case from the bi liq by mak n the suno i e em n 49 9f epas c sei nth fpnn o 'ase ara l 'pah i t n the b som ar m n flq 'the i foldxthe l lfo d e n enera l ind ated a the pass case is in position in the bill compartmee QI the fbillfold asflin' t sth omb uation uns s s su t n a as d r bed i ann st n h he "st res Q nin'F sfi n 71- As best shown-in Fig-'9,thepassdisplay'envelopes l I, identical inform Withth'ose previously de r bed a e p v tal rr bn e adja ent th u e u p c rne '01? up o ng m mber 1 for swinging'movement outwardly of the confines f p o t n member, i 'the "e e ent t e envelopes; whether the support M is in partition forming position in the bill compartment as in Fig-8 01f is separated therefrom- 'as'inFig. 9. Ass'hown the end portions '42 -of the member ii] are folded inwardly to form pockets in which h r r ni n Q th a i i d n elc es" seat, the *infolded ends -42 and the "pockets *iprmed therebyservingthe same: purposes asmembers-Z 0, endi e po ts wh h y r de nth qnr t nb *Fisn Q 'd' rw a ii ddin ne es a u k o billio d' em m e lza e 7 preferably maderelatively narrow. As shown,

he nd on 42 a e d'in 'p s t on rt rivets 43 which form part of 'thepivotal co nnecs tion of the' pass-'envelopesto' the support andby additional rivets 64 "which pass through spacing blocks 45 below the envelopes. Blocks "45 keep the a al Of the up ortirqm bendin sharply e tth 'heads 9 theri e s T lev e r s4?'ma of cursebe st h dpr q h is e u ed in memb r 46 to o e th lower side of the pockets if' desired. The use'pi sp 1 11 a h we e efe ab e i a substantial'number of' envelopes is used. Men ber 40 is provided with a transverse line of "fold 46 which functions in the samemanner and for the same purposes as fold lines lq-andei prethe turned over portion .48 or .theouter wall of the billfold, (see Fig. 10) the remainder of portion 48 being cemented or. otherwise fastened down to give the edge of the billfold a-finished appearance as is customary. The free ends of the tongues are respectively locked in slits 49 formedin the folded edgeof the adjacentfront wall members 59 and 5| so thatend portionsof the upper edges of member 40- are engaged beneath the tongues as shown in Figs. 8 and 11 when the pass case is seated in the billfold. The pass case may be removed from the billfold by crimping thesupport M1 at the fold lines,- as shown in Fig. 12, to shorten its length sufficiently to disengage one end frombeneath the holding tongue.

Preferably in the several forms shown, the leading end edges of the envelopes II are not only positioned sufiiciently close to the transverse fold line of the support so as to be engaged thereby when the case is closed, but are also sufiiciently close to each other so that when the case is unfolded and the envelopes at each side of the fold line lie in the same plane, substantial outward swinging movement of the envelopes is prevented by engagement of the leading end edges of the envelopes on one side of the fold with those on the other side. This arrangement is of particular advantage in the billfold combinations described since the tendency of the envelopes to swing outwardly accidently is substantially minimized. By flexing the billfold including the envelope supporting member thereof, as diagrammatically indicated in exaggerated form in Fig. 13, so that the planes of the envelopes intersect beyond the borders of the envelopes, the pass display envelopes may be easily moved outwardly of the case. In the form shown in Fig. 1 and in Fig. 16 (later described) the envelopes may be released from interference by flexing the supporting member rearwardly about its transverse line of fold in an obvious manner.

In Fig. 16 pass display envelopes M such as previously described are combined with a billfold 53 having conventional auxiliary pockets provided on its inner face between wall members 54 and 55 which are at opposite sides of the transverse fold line 56 of the billfold. The pass display envelopes are normally positioned within the pockets as shown but are pivotally connected to the wall members 55, as at 51, to be swung outwardly of the billfold pockets in substantially the same manner as described with regard to the similar pockets formed by members 20 in Fig. 1. By my invention, the desired pass cards are more available for easy selection and inspection than is the case with previous constructions. As will be apparent, when a selected card is swung to position for inspection, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1, the card is automatically inverted so that it is in position to be read by the inspector without turning the pass case around and in most instances without the pass case leaving the hands of the owner. It'will also be obvious that the pass case element of the combination shown in Figs. 8 to 12 is incorporated in the billfold without necessitating the omission or modification of any essential or desired auxiliary or other element of the billfold per se. It is also apparent that when 7 conventional screw post 60, as shown inFig. 14,

for the pivotal connection of the pass envelopes to the support, or by using any other suitable form-of releasable connection, such as a hoolc hasp 61 as shown in Fig. 15.

I'claim: i i 1 1.1 pass case-including a supporting member having portions foldable one upon the other about a transverseline of fold, pass display envelopes normally positioned within the borders of the supporting member on oppositefsicles of said line of fold, means connecting the envelopes to the supporting member for pivotal movement in the planes of the envelopes, said means; being positioned adjacent a corner of the-envelopes and adjacent an edge of the supporting member to permit the envelopes to be swung outwardly of the confines of the supporting member when the latter is unfolded, the leading edges of the envelopes remote from their pivots being adjacent the said line of fold and in engageable proximity thereto when the supporting member is folded, to prevent movement of the envelopes outwardly of the supporting member.

2. A pass case including a supporting member formed of flexible material and having portions foldable one upon the other about a transverse line of fold, pass display envelopes normally positioned within the borders of the supporting member on opposite sides of said line of fold, means connecting outer corners of opposite envelopes to the supporting member adjacent one edge of the latter for pivotal movement in the planes of the envelopes, the adjacent edges of the envelopes being suificiently close to said line of fold to be engageable therewith when the supporting member is folded to prevent substantial pivotal movement of the envelopes, and said adjacent edges of the envelopes being positioned in engageable proximity to each other to prevent substantial pivotal movement of the envelopes when the supporting member is unfolded except When the supporting member is flexed to permit the envelopes on opposite sides of said fold line to swing past each other.

3. A pass case including a supporting member having portions foldable one upon the other about a transverse line of fold, at least two pass display envelopes positioned one at each side of the said line of fold and normally positioned within the border of the supporting member, means connecting a corner of each of said envelopes to said member for pivotal movement in the planes of the envelopes to permit swinging movement of the envelopes outwardly of the confines of the said member, said envelopes being open along one edge for the insertion or withdrawal of pass cards and the like into and from the envelopes, and pockets carried by the supporting member one at each side of the said line of fold in which the envelopes are normally nested with the open side of the envelope adjacent a closed side of the pocket in which it is nested.

4. A billfold including a plurality of wall forming members providing an elongated bill compartment open along one long side thereof and closed at both ends and the other side, said billfold having a transverse line of fold about which one .portion of the billfold may be folded upon the other, a partition forming member within the

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US573665 *Aug 26, 1896Dec 22, 1896 Drawer for holding documents
US2080995 *Jun 20, 1936May 18, 1937Robert O BlackwoodTelephone index
US2176387 *Jun 25, 1938Oct 17, 1939Blakey Louis PReceptacle with safety devices
US2207135 *Jan 24, 1938Jul 9, 1940Brown & BigelowLetter wallet and billfold
US2219807 *Dec 21, 1937Oct 29, 1940Buxton Warner RFlexible pocket receptacle
US2306001 *May 31, 1940Dec 22, 1942Struhl Archle AWallet
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2667199 *Jun 3, 1949Jan 26, 1954Simon KneeCombination purse or pocketbook
US2681677 *Apr 15, 1953Jun 22, 1954Penn L Leather Products CompanPocket member
US2727549 *Feb 5, 1953Dec 20, 1955Simon KneeCombination purse or pocketbook
US2803281 *Jun 9, 1955Aug 20, 1957Ulrich Sutton IonePocketbook for foreign currency
US2871901 *May 16, 1957Feb 3, 1959Nash IncWallet and removable pass case therefor
US3124187 *Aug 17, 1961Mar 10, 1964 boscr
US3438415 *Jan 11, 1967Apr 15, 1969Prince Gardner Co IncFrench purse
US4049035 *Jan 25, 1977Sep 20, 1977Finn Donald JCurrency bill billfold file
US4194655 *Sep 7, 1978Mar 25, 1980Richard TillotsonSwimmer's wallet
US4209048 *Feb 9, 1978Jun 24, 1980Bear Body, Inc.Floatable fabric wallet
US4260055 *Feb 14, 1979Apr 7, 1981Slaybaugh Ann GKit for clipping sorting and redeeming coupons
US6029724 *Feb 23, 1998Feb 29, 2000Rudnick; JackWallet having tabbed identified pockets
US20070284264 *Jun 7, 2006Dec 13, 2007Mathew DavisCard carrying case
U.S. Classification150/139, 402/53, 150/145, 206/39
International ClassificationA45C1/06, A45C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA45C1/06
European ClassificationA45C1/06