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Publication numberUS2440429 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 27, 1948
Filing dateJan 15, 1945
Priority dateJan 8, 1942
Publication numberUS 2440429 A, US 2440429A, US-A-2440429, US2440429 A, US2440429A
InventorsEllison Best Frank
Original AssigneeEllison Best Frank
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Key
US 2440429 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 27, F E BEST 2,440,429

KEY

Original Filed Jan. 8; 1942 INvENTon.

Patented Apr. 27, 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE KEY Frank Ellison Best, Indianapolis, Ind.

Original application January 8, 1942, Serial No. 425,952. Divided and this application January 15, 1945, Serial No. 572,902

29 Claims. (Cl. 'l0-395) Nature and objects This invention pertains to lock keys and particularly to keys having their combinatable portion, designated the bit, releasably attached to the blade.

The principal objects of this invention are:

l1. To provide such a key, comprising a handle, ablade, a bit and latch means, in which the bit is attachable to, and detachable from, the blade by a sidewise rotary movement of one part relative to the other when the latch means thereof is released.

2. To provide such a key in which a certain forward movement of the key, simulating the insertion of such a key in a lock, over a xed pin, as one xed in the end of the keyway oi a lock, releases the latch means.

3. To provide such a key of the ilat type having a comparatively ilat, longitudinally-iluted blade, in winch the bit forms an extension, of common keyway-fitting form, to the said blade.

4. To make the fact, that the bit is detachable from the blade, as unnoticeable as possible by making the bit and blade close fitting at their junctures and by making the bit of the same general contouras the rest of the blade and so designing the key that the longitudinal division between blade and bit forming thevkey blade is in corners of iluted grooves on both sides of the key.

5. To make the thus assembled key as strong and rugged as possible by providing tongue and groove construction between the latch means and blade and bit, along one edge and one end of said bit.V

Description of figures vention with the bit in its released position readyJ to be separated from the blade by arcuate sidewise movement of the blade relative to the bit. Fig. 2, 3 and 4 are transverse sections taken on broken lines 2--2, 3 3, and 4-4 respectively of Fig.v 1.. i

a Fig. 5 shows an isometric view of the bit.

. 2 Fig. 6 shows an isometric view of thevblade and handle.

Fig. '1 shows a sectional view of latch bolt`|94 ready for assembly into blade |80.

Structural description This key comprises a blade |88 having the usual lobe or handle I8| on its outer end and having a shouldered portion |82 adjacent the handle. The blade portions |88 and |82 are adapted to enter a keyway of a lock and the shouldered portion |82 is adapted to abut against a shoulder in the lock to position the Vkey longitudinally in the lock and to provide a strong member for transmitting torque.

A notch |84 is provided in the bla-de |88 a short distance forwardly of the shouldered portion |82 for engagement with key retaining means in a lock.

The blade has the .usual side utes or grooves |85 and one edge portion of said blade is provided with two longitudinally spaced `apart notches |88 and |81 for the reception of a separable combinated portion |88 herein referred to asa key bit or simply a bit, jointly forming with said blade, a key blade. Overhanging lugs |89 and |98 are provided in connection with the respective notches |86 and |81 to engage with lugs |'9I' and |92 on the respective ends of the separable `key bit member |88. These notches and lugs are preferably arcuate in cross section as best shown in Figs. 2 and 3. i

The bitted edge of the key bit member comprises a series of stepped portions 2918 whichv may have abrupt or square corners and which are of individually distinctive heights and are longitudinally offset from each other the proper distances to cause the `stepped portions of the key bit always to align themselves with respective lock tumblers when the key is in the correct lock operating position in a mating lock.

The lugs |9| on the end of the key bit member are preferably two in number and are transversely spaced apart to provide a grooveor space 285 therebetween for the entrance of a. locking lug |93 of a latch bolt |94, see Fig. l, that is embedded in a recess lll in the blade |88. The latch bolt |94 has twoinclined portions |95 and |98 that are guided in the blade |89 in such a manner as to cause` the latch bolt to be moved toward the bit |88 when it is moved toward the tip end of the blade and to be moved away from the bit |88 when it is mov-ed toward the lobe end of the key.

A compression latch spring |91 in a hole, recess or bore |98 in the key blade presses against one side of a latching pin |99 that engages with a lug 294 of the latch bolt |94. The other side of the lug 20d is engaged by a latch releasing means 200 that extends to the forward end of the blade |80 and is adapted to be engaged and actuated by a latch-releasing means such as pin 9|, foreign to the key yand which may be a part of a lock, being secured rigidly in the end of the keyway thereof, or which may otherwise be held rigidly, and thus adapted to cooperate with the forward movement of the key thereover to release the latch bolt |94, as shown in Fig. 1.

The end of the key is crimped inward around bore |98 at 20| to prevent the removal of latch releasing member 200 and at the same time leaving a hole or recess 98 large enough to freely admit pin 90. Said latch releasing member 209 is rounded and shouldered at 202 so as to match the contour of the key point and said crimped portion 20| when the key is moved away from pin 9|.

A shallow groove 203 is provided in the bottom edge of the separable bit member |88 to receive the top edge of the latch bolt |94 and thereby cooperate with the locking lug |93 to lock the detachable bit member |88 against transverse displacement.

When the key is inserted in a lock provided with a pin releasing means 9|, the said means 9| will be moved relatively into the hole or recess 98, in the end of the key, as shown in Fig. 1, and the latch bolt |914 and lug |93 will likewise be moved out of engagement with the groove 203 and lugs |9| respectively. When this occurs the separable bit member |88 will be released as re-y spects the blade |80; and bit and blade can be moved sidewise and rotatively relative to each other. When the bit is locked to the blade the lugs |9| and |92 are held beneath the overhanging lugs |89 and |90 of the blade. The lug |93 is positioned between the lugs |9|; and the upper edge of latch bolt |94 is positioned in the groove 203. This binds the bit rmly and immovably to the blade; and said bit will not be normally detached from the blade at any time except when a latch releasing vmeans 9| is inserted as shown in Fig. 1. Also said bit will be re-engaged with the blade as the key is being removed from the said means 9|.

' When the bit |88 is engaged with the blade the lower edge of the bit will coincide with one of the longitudinal grooves |85 in the sides of the key and the lines of the bit and blade will merge in such a manner that they will appear to be one piece and the fact that the key has a detachable bit will not ordinarily be noticed by persons looking at the key.

The combinated portion 206 of the bit member is narrower than the base portion thereof, as best shown in Fig. 2, to provide on the key bit member, a shoulder 201 that is adapted to be engaged by an overhanging ledge in a lock.

The blade is provided with four bores 200, 208, 209 and 2|0 and a groove 2| forming a recess adapted to accommodate latch bolt |94 and related means.

The said latch bolt is shown in Fig. 7, as it is originally made. After assembly, leg 2|2 is bent down at the narrow portion 2 |3 as shown in Fig. 1 so as to provide tongue and groove engagement between latch bolt |94 and bit and blade throughout the full length of bit |88.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent` of the, United States of America, is:

4 l. In a key blade, the combination `of elements comprising a recess adapted to receive a latch bolt and a latch spring, a latch bolt and a latch spring in said recess and lugs in said key blade adapted to cooperate with said latch bolt and said latch spring to releasably lock a detachable key bit to said blade.

2. In a key blade, the combination of elements comprising a recess in the edge of the key blade adapted to receive a latch bolt, a latch bolt in said edge recess, a recess in an end of the key blade adapted to receive a latch spring, a latch spring in said end recess, overhanging lugs in said key blade adapted to cooperate with said latch bolt and said latch spring to releasably lock a detachable key bit to said key blade to form an extension thereof.

3. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a flat blade, a recess in said blade adapted to receive a latch bolt, a latch bolt therein, and lugs in said blade adapted to cooperate with said latch bolt to releasably secure a detachable bit to said blade.

4. In a key adapted to have a .detachable.bit. the combination of elements comprising a at fluted blade, a recess in an edge of said blade adapted to receive a latch bolt, said blade having overhanging lugs adapted to cooperate withlatch means, in said recess, to releasably secure a detachable bit having end portions adapted to be overhung by said lugs, to said blade to form an extension thereof.

5. In a key adapted to have a detachablebit, the combination of elements comprising a flat fluted blade, a recess jointly formed in an edge and an end thereof adapted to receive a latch bolt and a latch spring, a latch bolt and alatch spring in said recess, and lugs onmsaid blade adapted to cooperate with said latch bolt and latch spring to releasably secure a detachable bit, having projecting end portions adapted to. be overhung by said lugs, to said blade to form a keyway-form-tting extension thereof. Y

6. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a flat fluted blade, a recess jointly formed in an end and an edge thereof, a latch bolt, a latch spring, a latch releasing member and alatching pin in said recess, and overhanging lugs in said blade adapted to cooperate with the named elements in said recess to releasably secure a detachable bit, having projecting end portions adapted to be overhung by said lugs, to said blade to forma keyway-form-tting extension thereof. K

'7. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a at blade, a recess in said blade adapted to receive latch means, latch means in said recess, and lug means on said blade adapted to cooperate with said latch means in releasably retaining a detachable bit attached to said blade.

8. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a Yflat iiuted blade, a recess jointly formed in an edge yand an end thereof, latch means'in'said recess, and blade means, constituting a-portion of said blade, adapted to cooperate with said latch means in releasably securing a detachable bit 'to said blade as an extension thereof. V

9. In a key comprising a blade and a detach able bit jointly forming a l'lat uted key blade, the combination of elements comprising a detachable bit, a blade, a recess in said blade, latch means in said recess, and lug means on'said blade adapted to cooperate with said latch means in releasably securing said detachable bit to said blade to jointly form, with said blade, said flat iluted key blade.

10. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a flat iiuted blade, a recess in said blade, latch means in said recess adapted to releasably retain a detachable bit attached to said blade, and a hole running lengthwise of the blade adapted to receive latch releasing means.

1l. In a key blade of the at type, having longitudinal utes, the combination of elements comprising a recess adapted to receive latch means, latch means in said recess including a latch bolt and a latch spring, lug means on said key blade adapted to cooperate with saidlatch means in releasably locking a detachable key bit to said blade.

12. In a key blade, of the flat type `adapted to house latch means for securing a detachable bit thereto, a recess in said blade adapted to receive latch releasing means foreign to said key blade.

13. In a key blade, of the flat type adapted to house latch means for securing a detachable bit thereto, a recess in an end of the blade adapted to receive a pin to release the said latch means.

14. In a key adapted to have a detachable kit, the combination of elements comprising a i'lat blade, a recess jointly formed in an end and edge thereof adapted to receive a latch bolt, and a latch bolt in said recess, adapted to releasably secure a detachable bit to said blade, said recess also being adapted to receive latch-releasing means foreign to said key adapted to release said bit from said blade.

15. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a blade and a detachable bit jointly forming a flat luted key blade having iiutes on both sides of said key blade, said ilutes running substantially lengthwise of the key blade, said bit being releasably secured in a recess in the edge of said blade.

16. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a blade and a detachable bit jointly forming a key blade, a longitudinal groove in an edge of said bit, and a latch bolt, housed in said blade, having a portion thereof adapted to iit into said groove throughout a considerable portion of the length of said bit to prevent edgewise displacement of said bit relative to said blade.

17. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a blade and a detachable bit jointly forming a key blade, a longitudinal groove in an edge of said bit, a latch bolt, housed in said blade, having a portion thereof adapted to t into said groove throughout a considerable portion of the length of said bit to prevent endwise displacement of said bit Vrelative to said blade and latch releasing means,

housed in said key, adapted to cooperate with other latch releasing means, foreign to said key, to release said latch bolt from said bit to permit removal of said bit from said blade.

18. In a key iadapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a blade and a detachable bit jointly forming a key blade, a groove in an edge and an end of said bit, and a latch bolt, housed in said blade, having a portion adapted to fit into said grooves to prevent edgewise displacement of said bit relative to said blade.

19. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit,

the-combination of elements comprising a blade and a detachable bit jointly forming a key blade, a groove in an edge and an end of said bit, a latch bolt, ,housed` in said blade, having a portion adapted to fit into said grooves to prevent edgewise displacement of said bit relative to said blade, and latch releasing means housed in said blade adapted to be actuated by other releasing means foreign to said key, to release said latch bolt from said bit.

20. In e, key adapted to have a detachable blt, the combination of elements comprising a blade and a detachable bit jointly forming a key blade of the iiat type, said blade enfolding a portion of said bit to prevent longitudinal and lateral displacement of the bit relative to the blade, and

a latch bolt, housed in a portion of said bladei contiguous with saidbit, adapted to interlock with said bit to prevent edgewise displacement of said bit relative to said blade.

2l. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a blade and a detachable bit jointly forming a key blade of the fiat type, said blade enfolding a portion of said bit to prevent longitudinal and lateral displacement of the bit relative to the blade, a latch bolt, housed in a portion of said blade contiguous with said bit, adapted to interlock with said bit to prevent edgewise displacement of said bit relative to said blade, and a latch releasing member adapted to release said latch boltfrom said bit to permit edgewise removal of said bit from said blade.

22. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a blade and a detachable bit jointly forming a key blade of the at type, said blade enfolding a portion of said bit to prevent longitudinal and lateral displacement of the bit relative to the blade, and a latch bolt, housed in portions of said blade contiguous to said bit, adapted to interlock with said bit along one edge and one end of said bit to prevent edgewise 'displacement of said bit relative to said blade.

23. In a key adapted to have a detachable bit, the combination of elements comprising a blade and a detachable bit jointly forming a key blade of the flattype, said blade enfolding a portion of said bit to prevent longitudinal and lateral displacement of the bit relative to the blade, a latch bolt, housed in portions of said blade contiguous to said bit, adapted to interlock with said bit along one edge and one end of said bit to prevent edgewise displacement of said bit relative to said blade, and a latch releasing means, housed in said blade, adapted to be actuated by other latch releasing means, foreign to said key, to re-4 lease said latch bolt from said bit to permit edgewise removal of said bit from said blade.

24. In a key, having a handle and a blade, said .blade being of the ilat type, a detachable key bit adapted to be carried by said blade and forming an extension thereof, said key bit having endwise extending lugs adapted to cooperate with end-enfolding and end-overhanging lugs on the key blade adapted to trap the bit against removal in the plane of the blade, and latch means carried by said blade adapted to releasably secure said bit against sidewise displacement.

25. In a key, having a handle and a blade, said blade being of the flat, iluted type having flutes on both sides of said blade running substantially lengthwise of the blade, a detachable key bit adapted to be carried by said blade and forming an extension thereof, said key bit having endwise extending lugs adapted to cooperate with end-enfolding and end-overhanging lugs on the key blade adapted to trap the bit against removal edgewise and lengthwise f said blade, .and latch means carriedV by said blade adapted to releasably secure said bit against sidewise displacement and removal from said blade.

` 26. In a key, comprising a blade of the at, fluted type having a longitudinal flute on one side of said key, a detachable key bit adapted to be carried by said blade and to form an extension thereof, said bit joining said blade substantially along a longitudinal flute of said key with the edge juncture of the said parts being substantially parallel with, and meeting along a corner of said iiute.

27. In a key, comprising a blade of the flat, fiuted type having a longitudinal ute in one side of said key, a detachable key bit adapted to be carried by said blade and to form an extension thereof, said bit joining said blade substantially along a longitudinal flute of said key with the edge juncture of the said parts being substantially parallel with, and meeting along a. corner of said flute, part of said flute being formed in said blade and part in said bit.

28. In a key comprising a key blade of the flat, fluted type, having a, longitudinal flute on one side of said key, said blade being adapted to carry a detachable bit thereon, a bit-receiving opening in an edge of said blade, said bit-receiving opening having a relatively long, straight surface that runs substantially Vparallel with said ilute and that joins said flute along a corner that is practically an extension of a corner of said ute. Y

Y 29. In a key, comprising a key blade of the fiat, iluted type, having a longitudinal iiute on one side of said key substantially parallel with a guiding edge thereof, said blade being adapted to carry a detachable bit in a bit-receiving opening in the other edge of said blade, said bit-receiving opening having a relatively long, straight surface that runs substantially parallel With said uteand that joins said flute along a line that is practically a continuation of a corner of said flute, said surface having a recess for the accommodation of latch means, and said opening comprising notcheswith overhanging lugs at the ends thereof adapted to cooperate with the latch means in said recess in the locking of a key bit in said opening.

FRANK ELLISON BEST.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US195118 *May 1, 1877Sep 11, 1877 Improvement in locks and keys
US577927 *Feb 17, 1896Mar 2, 1897 Jeremiah j
US1573791 *Apr 30, 1923Feb 16, 1926Emil RoethlisbergerCombination key
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2945373 *May 29, 1958Jul 19, 1960Powers George NTwo piece key
US5211044 *Jan 14, 1992May 18, 1993Kim Kwon WUniversal lock and key
US7552608Jun 18, 2008Jun 30, 2009Medeco Security Locks, Inc.Lock, key blank, and key of a hierarchical lock system
US7634930Oct 6, 2005Dec 22, 2009Strattec Security CorporationLock apparatus and method
US7788956Aug 7, 2009Sep 7, 2010Medeco Security Locks, Inc.Lock, key blank, and key of a hierarchical lock system
US8365560 *Mar 17, 2010Feb 5, 2013Antonio DomitLock key mechanism
WO1993014290A1 *Jan 13, 1993Jul 22, 1993Kwon Woo KimUniversal lock and key
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/395
International ClassificationE05B35/10, E05B19/00, E05B35/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05B19/00, E05B35/10, E05B35/003
European ClassificationE05B35/10, E05B19/00