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Publication numberUS2440979 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 4, 1948
Filing dateApr 26, 1945
Priority dateApr 26, 1945
Publication numberUS 2440979 A, US 2440979A, US-A-2440979, US2440979 A, US2440979A
InventorsRudolph G Schneider
Original AssigneeAmerican Furniture & Toy Compa
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Convertible four-way child's chair
US 2440979 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1943' R. G. SCHNEIDER CONVERTIBLE FOUR WAY CHILD'S CHAIR 2 Sheet-Sheet 1 Filed April. 26, 1945 May 4, 1948. R. G. SCHNEIDER CONVERTIBLE FOUR-WAY CHILD'S CHAIR Filed Apri1 26, 1945' 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Pam/04M 5. 465728152? Patented May 4, 1948 raiders CONVERTIBLE FOUR-WAY CHILD'S Rudolph G. Schneider, Houston, Tex., assignor to American Furniture at Toy Company, Houston,


Application April26, 1945, Serial No. 590,420

This invention relates to the class of juvenile playthings, and has more particular reference to a so-called four-way or convertible chair which lends itself admirably well to adoption and amusing use by children, particularly small tots ran ing in age, let us say, from one to six years or so.

In carrying out my primary aims, I have evolved and produced a substantial wooden, plastic or equivalent type of chair characterized by a pair of spaced parallel side panels forming the main frame members, these'panels having associated therewith right angularly disposed interconnecting members, said members primarily A serving as selectively usable seats, the arrangement being such that the chair, as a unit, may be turned bodily through approximately 360 or acomplete circle, whereby to permit predetermined spots or'regions of the perimeter edges of the side panels to contact and rest on the floor or other surface.

More specifically, the chair is usablein one instance as a short back, armless style, secondly as a rocking chair, third, as a vertical armequipped chair, and fourth and finally as a leanback lawn or so-called seaside chair.

Other features and advantages will become more readily apparent from the following description and the accompanying illustrative drawings.

1 In the accompanying drawings: I

Figure 1 is a side elevational view, with parts broken away; showing'the structure employed as a rocking chair.

' Figure 2 is-a-front elevational view of the structure seen in Figure 1, that is, observing in a direction from right-to left.

Figure 3 is'a side view,'with parts broken away, showing the upright armless arrangement.

Figure 4 is a front or end elevation'thereof, observing the structure of Figure 3 in a direction from right to left.

Figure 5 is a side elevational view showing a low style stationary arm chair.

Figure 6 is a. front view thereof, that is, a view observing the structure of Figure 5 in a direction from right to left.

Figure 7 is a side view, with parts broken away, of the slanting or lean-back lawn chair.

Figure 8 is a front view of the same observing Figure 7 in a direction from right to left.

Referring now to the drawings by distinguish ing reference numerals, it will be observed that like numerals designate like elements or parts throughout the various views. The main frame 3 Claims. (Cl. 155-69) members, as before implied, comprise two duplicate solid wood or equivalent side frames or panels, and these are denoted by the numerals l9. Inasmuch as each member is turnable throughout a complete circle to provide the fourway convertible changes, it seems advisable to differentiate each marginal edge of each panel, and to this end the four edges are differentiated by the reference letters A, B, C and D. Alon the edge A the rounded crown portions are denoted by the numerals H, and these serve in a manner to be hereinafter described. The edge B includes flattened portions l2 which constitute feet in a manner to be set forth. Also, as shown in Figure 1, the perimeter edge C is longitudinally bowed, as at 13, to define a rocker Whose terminal is indicated at M.

Continuing the consideration of Figure l (which view incidentally shows all of the parts in the overall structure), it will be seen that the numeral [5 designates a seat board, It a complemental or companion seat board, and H a bar or strip which is arranged between the outer ends of the boards l5 and 16, this serving as a reinforcing element and spacing cleat. The inner end of the board It is tapered, as at l8, and provides a feather edge, meeting and secured to the adjacent surface of the board l5. There is a solid somewhat heavier board at l9, this being secured to the edges D and, as shownin Figure 2, having its end portions extending beyond the outer surfaces of the panels l0, as illustrated.

This board I!) serves not only as a back rest,-

but also as a seat, as will be hereinafter set forth. There is another somewhat narrower board at 20 which abuts the lower or adjacent end portion of the board l9 and which terminates flush with the pointedrear end of the rocker I3, as at the point I l. And, finally, there is another board at 2|, and this is an extension of board l9 and interposed between the extending rocker portions of the side panels, as illustrated. This serves also as a back rest as well as the seat.

In taking up the four-way idea, it is best to consider the figures consecutively. Attention is first directed to Figures 1 and 2 showing the rocking chair. As stated, this type of a chair is for youngsters ranging from one to six years old, and the sides, which project above the seat board l5, prevent the little tots from falling out. Thus, at this time, the lower portions of the panels [0 serve as rockers and the upper portions project above the seat board l5 and constitute confining arms. The board l9, at this time, constitutes a back rest. Figure 2 is considered in conjunction with Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a vertical highboy, armless-type chair. In this connection, it will be seen that the feet l2 contact the floor and that the board 20 serves as the back rest, while the board 19 serves as the seat. The intervening. boards-1,5 and I6 serve as vertical braces. This; chair is adapted for children ranging from three to six 4 board, the lower end portions of the side panels being rfashioned into surface-engaging feet.

2. A convertible multiple purpose tumble-type play chair for turnab-le conversion use by small 5 children comprising a pair of duplicate onepiece spaced parallel side panels, corresponding vmagina edge po s 0i sid an being longitudinally curved and thus shaped: to function as rockers, a vertically disposed connecting years old. Figure 4 is read in conjunction Witt-r 19g a assembling board secured 13 Corresponding Figure 3.

Whereas the seat board l9 in Figure 3 ranges b about 10 inches [from the floor, the type of chair seen in Figures 5 and 6% is. a. low-style and; is for small tots ranging from. Que to murrears old and the seat board I6, which is then up or toward the top, is about 6 inches from :the floor and the projecting side panels constitute wings or arms and prevent small tots from falling out,

The lean-back lawn or beach chair is shown in Figures '7 and 8, and at this time the tapered or v-shaped cross-piece 2i serves as-a-seat, while the. depending board 20 serves as an apron, the side panels serving as side wings, and the board l6 Serving asan inclined back rest. The tips. 22 of the then rearwardly and downwardly inclined board'w serve as supporting feet, that is, they coact. in conjunction with the tips Hi to provide the. desired steady but tilted chair style.

A. chair of. this. type is highly useful and sub-.3

A careful consideration of the zforegoing desoription in conjunction with the invention as illustrated in the drawings will enable the reader to obtain a clear understanding and impression of the alleged features of merit andnoveltysufficient to clarify the construction of the invention as hereinafter claimed.

Minor changes in shape, size, materials and rearrangement of parts may be resorted to in from the invention as claimed.


1. An armless chair. of the class described con prisinga pair of vertical spaced. parallel panels havingtheir upper portions notchedra horizontal seat board secured to the upper edges and spanning the space between said panels, a hack rest secured to said seat board and also to the upstanding end portions of the side panels, and

a pair of substantially. vertical downwardly diverging brace boards securedbetwefin the intermediate portions of the side panels and extending down'from the under side of said seat edge portions of said panels distinct from said first named marginal edges and occupying a position at right angles to said side panels, a

,heriznntally disposed seat board contacting and 1 at, fright..- aliglsfto the intermediate portion of said vertical assembling board and fixedly mountedb'etween the central area portions of said side panels and having its outer free edge portion terminating inwardly of the adjacent marginal edges of said side panels, and a second horizontally disp sed atT orming h ard. a ra ged t een said ide panels and. a r sht nslesto th ide ane s and a so; atiriaht ang e to th fi s named a sembl ng board and unde lying an secured. z is dly beneath id hori onta sea boa-r the first ea ne se t. boar servin tor seating purposes when the rockers are in rocking contact with the line a d s id. secon s board. sewing tor seat ng when th chair is turned upside down. a dtheseccnd sea board takes. a p ane and position. atqnthe. fi s namedseat board.

st ucture s cified in 2. to ethe wi h a ourth bo rd. r gidl mounted atrieh angles between sa d side panels and n al gnme t wi h t first named assembling board,

said f urth board se ving as a sea when th se ond andthirdboerds in upstandin s bstaa ialir verti al posi ions. a d eing spose 4 in a vertical. back-rest o ming position wh n the second and third seat boards are thealiorenientioned. inverted. pos t on. a i RUDOLPH actual practice so long as no departure is made 4 "REFE E s TEP The followin references are of record n the ffilQOf this atent;

" UNITED- STATES 1 3 2,238. save e r-294 1,3 3 06 Res ue -.nt. .4;..1.92 1,730,304 mith 7 flat-71 1 9.2

Jens 1.3 61


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US618067 *Dec 30, 1897Jan 24, 1899 Convertible chair
US1302238 *Jul 23, 1918Apr 29, 1919Benjamin H StevensonToy rocker.
US1353066 *Sep 12, 1919Sep 14, 1920Frank S PascoeReversible chair
US1730304 *Mar 1, 1929Oct 1, 1929Smith Frank STete-a-tete rocking-chair
US2269834 *Jan 22, 1940Jan 13, 1942Wagner Edward GChild's convertible unit
USD139016 *Jul 10, 1944Oct 3, 1944 Design for a toy rocker
USD144404 *Aug 13, 1945Apr 9, 1946 Combination chair and table or like article
USD147873 *Jan 5, 1946Nov 11, 1947 Combination chair and table or like article
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2622658 *Nov 14, 1949Dec 23, 1952Morgan Leonard CCombination rocking chair and ladder
US3121588 *Jul 13, 1962Feb 18, 1964David GilchristSeating
US4181352 *Nov 9, 1978Jan 1, 1980Michael D. NewlandChildren's furniture piece
US4593950 *Apr 28, 1983Jun 10, 1986Vittorio InfantiCollapsible combined rocker and chair
US4968091 *Aug 2, 1989Nov 6, 1990Mariol John VArticle useful as booster chair and as step stool
US5203611 *Oct 21, 1991Apr 20, 1993Children On The Go, Inc.Infant bounce and rocking chair
US5440770 *Nov 3, 1994Aug 15, 1995Better Baby Products, Inc.Infant seat with opposite supporting surfaces
US6000750 *Oct 25, 1996Dec 14, 1999The First Years Inc.Convertible play center for children
US6155641 *Dec 15, 1998Dec 5, 2000Frost; Beverly J.Variable height chair adaptable for growing children
US6857696 *Apr 17, 2003Feb 22, 2005Ben UsaganiMulti-functional furniture
US7416248 *Jul 3, 2007Aug 26, 2008Rojas Robert RAdjustable configuration seating
EP0553654A1 *Jan 14, 1993Aug 4, 1993BIG-SPIELWARENFABRIK, Dipl.-Ing. E.A BettagHigh chair for children
U.S. Classification297/3, D06/335, 297/271.5
International ClassificationA47D1/00, A47D1/08
Cooperative ClassificationA47D1/08, A47D13/105, A47D1/04
European ClassificationA47D1/08, A47D1/04, A47D13/10D