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Publication numberUS2442026 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 25, 1948
Filing dateMar 19, 1947
Priority dateMar 19, 1947
Publication numberUS 2442026 A, US 2442026A, US-A-2442026, US2442026 A, US2442026A
InventorsThompson Jr Joseph A
Original AssigneeThompson Jr Joseph A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Foot warmer
US 2442026 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 25, 1948. .1. A. THOMPSON, JR

FOOT WARMER Filed March 19, 1,947

JOSEPH A. THOMPSON, JR.

M ywq Attorneys Patented May 25, 1948 U N l TED S TATE'S PATENT FF ICE FOOT WABMER I :Iose'phA. Thompson, In, Oklahoma City, "Okla. App'lic'ation'March 19, 1947, 'Serial No. 735,595

7'Claims. 1

The present invention relates to an improved foot warmer, and more particularly to means for circulating heated air into and through the bottom of a boot, shoe or the like.

An important object of the invention consists in forming between the inner and outer soles of the'shoe a compartment or chamber which communicates with the interior of the shoe, and associating with the compartment heat generating means in the form of a catalyst such as spongy platinum or platinum black which upon being brought into contact with vaporizable fluid such as alcohol vapors mixed with air, generates "heat, and this heat is utilized to heat the air that is circulated into and through the compartment and into the sole of the shoe to warm the foot of the wearer.

A further object consists in providing means in the heel of the shoe for 'forcing air through a passage communicating with the compartment and positioning in the path of the air before it reaches the sole of the shoe, a container in which is positioned absorbent material which is saturated with alcohol so as to provide a vaporizable fluid that mixes with the air as it discharges through said'passage. Also positioned in the passage in front of the-vaporizable fluid container. is a suitable catalyst such as a pellet o'r'blockfof perforated. spongy platinum or platinum black, which upon the treated air being brought into contact therewith, generates heat that warms the air prior to its introduction into the air compartment and the sole of the shoe.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description when taken in conjunction with 'theaccompanying claims and drawings.

Referring to the drawings in which is "shown several preferred embodiments the invention may assume:

Figure 1 is a plan view of a shoe or boot with parts in section, and having the improved foot warmer associated therewith.

Figure 2 is a'longitudinal central sectional view of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a detail sectional view of a modified construction of shoe showing the connection of the counter with theheel and Figure 4: is'atrarisver'se view of a'mo'dified'iform of shoe construction with which the foot warmer may be associated.

Referring to the drawings in which like numerals indicate like parts in t ev ra fi u es, ii] designates a "shoe or boot which is provided between its outer sole H and its inner 'sole 52' with an air compartment l 3preferabl'y fo'rmed'by fcutting out-a portion of "the upper surface of theniid'sdle as at l l. The heel 15 ofthe shoe is provided with'anfinwardly disposed cylindrical recess l'6inwhioh' ispositioned a cylindrical metal member 11 that is closed at its bottom'and has an open upper-end. bppositely disposed ports or passages T8 extend laterally from the cylinder i? and project outwardly 'fr'om the shoe and may have oonne'c't'e'dto theiroufterend's vertically disposed tubular member's-19 that extend upwardly from the shoe for the purpose of conducting atmospheric air into the cylinder 11. Flap valves 20 are positioned i'nthe ports I8 for controlling the introduction of air iilto the cylinder ll. An air outlet port or passage 21 extends forwardly and centrally from the cylinder I1 and is provided with a nap valve 2 '2. Preferably interposed between the outer sole ll 'andth'e inner sole i2 and extending over the compartment '13 'is a thin fiatm'etallrc reinforcing member or plate as which extends from "the toe to the heel or the shoe and is snapea to conform with the interior configuration or the sole and shank. The plate 23 is provided with a se'ries of openings 24 for communicating the compartment 13 with the interior of the shoe. The plate 23 rests on the m'id'sole l2 and' the compartment 13 may be provided with downwardly projecting spaced pillars 2'5 for'supp'or'ting the portion of the plate 23 eX- tending 'over the com artment. A 'displaceable member or metal "plate 26 "conforming in shape with the shank and heel, is positioned within the shoe and preferably comprises a forward inclin'ed section?! 'wnichi's pivoted as at as to the platen and i's nmged as at 29 to'a rear section as that extends over therecess 1B in theheel. The section '30 has a depending annular flange 3i of substantially "the same diameter as the inner diameter ofthe cylinder 1 'I' and which constitutes a reciprocatin piston movable in the cylinder. The insole i2 is made of felt or other soft material and overla sthe section 30 -'of the member 26 so that the foot of the user comfortably fits into the shoe. The cylinder I! constitutes a compression ohamb'erthrough which air is forced by the reciprocation of the piston 3|, which in turn is operated by'the 'footor movement of the heel of the user, either when walking, standing or sitting. 'Th'e flap valves 2i! are arranged to move inwardly while the flap valve 22 is movable outwardly "so that when the piston 3| is raised relative -to the "cylinder H, the suction created opens the valves 2-!) in order to '"allow atmospheric air to enter'tiY-ecylinder l'l through the ports is. At

they may be readily removed.

gular casing or container 33 in which is positioned 7 suitable absorbent material such as cotton, wool, or felt 34, that is saturated with a vaporizable fluid such as alcohol vapor that is introduced into the casing 33 through a pipe 35'that may be closed by a, threaded plug 36. The saturated absorbent material 34 is of sufiicient porosity'to allow the air from the cylinder I! to pass therethrough and mix with the alcohol vapor and if desired suitable openings may be provided in the absorbent material for facilitating the passage of the air into and through the casing 33. The treated air from the casing 33 discharges through a restricted pipe or passage 31 that in turn communicates with alongitudinally extending passage 38 that may be of tapered shape (Fig. 1).

and which communicates at its forward end with the compartment l3, for establishing communication between the compartment |3 and the cylinder II. A flap valve 39 which opens outwardly is positioned in the'pipe 3'! so as to be responsive to the movement of the piston 3| to open and close the same. Positioned in the passage 38 adjacent the outlet pipe 31 is a catalyst whichmay be formed of spongy platinum or platinum black molded into a perforated pellet or block 40-. The pellet .0 is arranged in the path of the treated air as it issues from the casing 33 so that upon contact of the air mixed withthe alcohol vapors,

with the pellet, heat is generated and the heated air passes through the perforated pellet intov passage 38 and the compartment 3, from where it escapes through the openings 24 into the shoe below the insole I 2' so as to warm the foot of the user. The counter or rear portion 4| of the shoe may be connected at its lower end as at 42 to the heel I in any suitable manner. In order to permit free movement of the foot within the shoe so as to allow easy operation of the piston 3| by movement of the heel of the user. the counter 4| may be connected to the heel 5 in the manner as shown in Figure 3. In this particular construction the lower end of the counter 4| is attached to a flex ble strip of material 43 and to the rear section 30 of the member 26. by any suitable means 44. The lower end of the strip 43 is connected as at 45 to the cylinder l1 and operates as a bellows upon displacement of the piston 3|. The insole l2 which is made of felt or wool provides a protective strip extending over the memi bers 23 and 26 so that the foot of the user may comfortably fit within the shoe and the piston 3| may be' operated without any physical discomfiture to the foot of the user. Spring 32 serves normally to maintain "the section 30 and the piston 3| in their raised position. The heating unit parts are so disposed in the shoe that In operation, the foot' of the user is movable within the shoe In so thatupon depression of the section 30 of the member 26 by the heel, the pisthe shoe so as to warm the foot of the user.

order to force the air confined in the cylinder outwardly through the passage 2| into the casing or container 33 where the air mixes with the alcohol vapors and then is discharged through the pipe 31 into contact with the perforated pallet 40 of catalytic material, with the result that the heat generated heats the air as it passes through the perforated pellet into the chamber 38, from where the heated air is conducted into the compartment l3 and through the openings 24 into Upo release of the downward pressure on the piston 3|, the spring 32 forces thesection 30 of the member 26 and the piston 3| upwardly, and the suction created in the cylinder l1 opens the flap valves 20 and closes the flap valves 22 and 39 so as to allow air to be introduced into the chamber I! through the lateral passages It in order that the heating operation may be repeated. To prevent the clogging of the air passages |8 when the heat warming unit is used in' inclement 'weather or when it is necessary to travel over muddy ground; the extension pipes l9 are provided which project upwardly from the sides of the heel and are so positioned as not to interfere with the movement of the foot when. Walking.

In the modified form of the invention shown in Figure 4, means are provided for detachably connecting the outer sole 46 to the upper 41 of the shoe, so as to facilitate removing the sole and heel from the shoes to permit access to the heating unit, for the purpose of replacement or repair. The sole 46 is formed with a reduced shoulder portion 48 that extends completely around the shoe and has a recess 49 into which extends the lower end 50 of the upper so as to be detachably connected thereto bythe threaded bolts 5| that fit into complementary threaded openings in the sole 46. The shoe is otherwise similar to the form previously described and the s sole is formed with a compartment 52 for receiving the heated air and a reinforcing plate-53 together with the insole 54. The catalyst while shown in the form of molded pellets may be formed of granules and confined loosely in a perforated container positioned in the path of the treated air.

ton 3| is moved downwardly/to close the flap Thus it will be seen that simple, efiicient and economical means are'provided whereby atmospheric air is initially introduced into the shoe and is treated with a vaporizable fluid prior to being brought into contact with a catalyst that heats the treated air so that thesame maybe circulated into the interior of the shoe to warm the foot of the wearer. The inner sole l2 may be provided with openings for facilitatingthe circulating of the heated air into the shoe. 7

It is to be understood thatthe forms of the invention shown are merely illustrative of preferred embodiments and that such changes may be made as fall within-the purview of one skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention and the scope of the claims.

I claim:

1. In combination with a shoe havingan air compartment between the inner and outer soles, 7

said compartment communicating with the in terior of the shoe, an air compressor in the heel of the shoe and operable by movement ofthe foot, valve means for controlling the flow of air into and through said compressor, a passage communicating the air compartment with said:

compressor, vaporizable fluid means in said passage for treating the air forced from the air compressor into said compartment, and catalytic material in said passage in the path of the treated air for heating the latter prior to its discharge into the air compartment and sole of the shoe.

2. In combination with a shoe having an air compartment between the inner and outer soles, said compartment communicating with the interior of the shoe, an air compressor in the heel of the shoe and operable by movement of the foot, valve means for controlling the flow of air intoand through said compressor, a passage communicating the air compartment. with said compressor, a container in said passage, said container having therein absorbent material saturated with alcohol, the alcohol vapors being arranged to mix with the air as it passes through the container, and a perforated pellet of catalytic material in said passage in the path of the treated air for heating the latter prior to its discharge into the air compartment and into the sole of the shoe.

3. In combination with a shoe having an air compartment between the inner and outer soles, said compartment communicating with the-interior of the shoe, the heel of the shoe having an inwardly disposed recess, a cylinder in said recess having valve controlled air inlet and outlet passages, a movable member in said shoe and having a depending annular portion constituting a piston arranged to reciprocate in said cylinder for forcing air therethrough, the bottom of said shoe having a passage communicating the cylinder with said air compartment, a receptacle communicating with said passage and containing vaporizable fluid for treating the air as it passes through the receptacle, a catalytic material in said passage in front of said receptacle and in the path of the treated air for generating heat when the treated air contacts with it so as to warm the air prior to its introduction into the compartment and the sole of the shoe.

4. In combination with a shoe having an air compartment between the inner and outer soles, said compartment communicating with the interior of the shoe, the heel of the shoe having an inwardly disposed recess, a cylinder in said recess having valve controlled air inlet and outlet passages, a movable member in said shoe and having a dependin annular portion constituting a, piston arranged to reciprocate in said cylinder for forcing air therethrough, the bottom of said shoe having a passage communicating the cylinder with said air compartment, a receptacle communicating with said passage and containing absorbent material saturated with alcohol for treating the air as it passes through the receptacle, a perforated pellet of spongy platinum in said passage in front of said receptacle and in the path of the treated air for generating heat when the treated air contacts with it so as to Warm the air prior to its introduction into the compartment and the sole of the shoe.

5. In combination with a shoe having an air compartment between the inner and outer soles, said compartment communicating with the interior of the shoe, a fiat perforated member between the outer sole and the inner sole and extending over said compartment, the heel of the shoe having an inwardly disposed recess, a cyl inder in said recess having valve controlled air inlet and outlet passages, a hinged sectional member pivoted at one end to said fiat member and having its opposite end extending over said cylinder and provided with a depending annular flange movable into and out of the cylinder, yieldable means for normally urging the annular member away from the cylinder, the bottom of the shoe having a passage communicating the outlet of the cylinder with said compartment, a receptacle communicating with said passage and containing vaporizable fluid for treating the air as it passes through the receptacle, catalytic material in said passage in front of said receptacle and in the path of the treated air for generating heat when the treated air contacts with it so as to warm the air prior to its introduction into the compartment and the sole of the shoe.

6. In combination with a shoe having an air compartment between the inner and outer soles, said compartment communicating with the interior of the shoe, a flat perforated member between the outer sole and the inner sole and extending over said compartment, the heel of the shoe having an inwardly disposed recess, a cylinder in said recess having valve controlled air inlet and outlet passages, a hinged sectional member pivoted at one end to said flat member and having its opposite end extending over said cylinder and provided with a depending annular flange movable into and out of the cylinder, yieldable means for normally urging the annular member away from the cylinder, the bottom of the shoe having a passage communicating the outlet of the cylinder with said compartment, a receptacle communicating with said passage and containing absorbent material saturated with alcohol for treating the air as it issues from said cylinder, a perforated block of platinum black in said passage in front of the receptacle and in the path of the treated air for heating the latter prior to its discharge into the air compartment and into the sole of the shoe.

7. In combination with a shoe having an air compartment between the inner and outer soles, said compartment communicating with the in terior of the shoe, an air compressor in the heel of the shoe and operable by movement of the foot, valve means for controlling the flow of air into and through said compressor, a passage communicating the air compartment with said compressor, vaporizable fluid means in said passage for treating the air forced from the air compressor into said compartment, catalytic material in said passage in the path of the treated air for heating the latter prior to its discharge into the air compartment and the sole of the shoe, and means for detachab-ly connecting the outer sole to the shoe to permit access to the interior of the shoe.

JOSEPH A. THOMPSON, JR.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2560591 *Jul 11, 1949Jul 17, 1951Oltrogge Bernard WFoot ventilating shoe
US2604707 *Jan 16, 1950Jul 29, 1952Hicks Thomas LVentilated insole
US3273264 *Jan 10, 1964Sep 20, 1966Jr Anthony S FarinelloAir conditioned shoe
US4215492 *Dec 29, 1978Aug 5, 1980Arthur SandmeierRemovable inner sole for footwear
US4736530 *Feb 17, 1987Apr 12, 1988Nikola LakicShoe with heat engine and reversible heat engine
US4756095 *Jun 23, 1986Jul 12, 1988Nikola LakicFootwarmer for shoe
US5068981 *Nov 30, 1990Dec 3, 1991In Soo JungSelf-ventilating device for a shoe insole
US5606806 *Apr 6, 1995Mar 4, 1997Breeze Technology PartnershipSelf-ventilating footwear
US5921003 *Nov 13, 1997Jul 13, 1999Kim; InsopShoe with replaceable hygienic cartridge
US5953834 *Aug 9, 1996Sep 21, 1999A.R.M.I.N.E.S.- Association Pour La Recherche Et Le Developpement Des Methodes Et Processus IndustrielsFootwear or clothing article with integral thermal regulation element
US6044577 *Sep 28, 1998Apr 4, 2000Breeze TechnologySelf-ventilating footwear
US6079123 *Sep 28, 1998Jun 27, 2000Breeze TechnologySelf-ventilating insert for footwear
US6701639Dec 14, 2000Mar 9, 2004Christl D. TreptowFoot warmer insole
US6725571 *Aug 5, 2002Apr 27, 2004Kun-Chung LiuShoe with ozonizer
US6901686 *Dec 9, 2002Jun 7, 2005Riccardo W. HayesDevices and systems for dynamic foot support
US8087409 *Feb 4, 2009Jan 3, 2012Chun-Yen KungHeater for footwear
US20110283566 *May 21, 2010Nov 24, 2011Hui-Ping ChouHigh heel shoe structure
WO2007010583A1 *Jul 20, 2006Jan 25, 2007Generazione S R LFootwear structure with improved comfortableness
Classifications
U.S. Classification36/2.6, 36/3.00R
International ClassificationA43B7/00, A43B7/06, A43B7/02
Cooperative ClassificationA43B7/06, A43B7/02
European ClassificationA43B7/02, A43B7/06