US 2442048 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 25,1948. s. KROLL ETAL CRIB BED Filed Oct. 20, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 "Wm W m W m WW? 1% v M w I Jame/flu BY Patented May 25, 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CRIB BED Samuel Kroll and Nathan J. Kroll, Chicago, Ill.
Application October 20, 1944, Serial No. 559,572
This invention relates to infant cribs and more particularly to a crib of this character in which provision is made to afford access to and from the provision of a construction for accomplishing -the above stated results.
When the infant reaches the climbing age, the infant will attempt to climb over the drop side. In doing so, because of the height of the drop side from the floor there is grave danger of the infant's falling out of the crib in the attempt to climb out of the same. Our object is to provide a crib with a panel (which may be used as a no-draft panel), removably associated with the drop side in a manner such that when the infant reaches the age of desire to climb out of the crib without the aid of the mother, the panel may be removed to produce an opening in the drop side through which the infant may with ease and safety ascend from the crib without assistance from the mother.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a crib having the foregoing characteristics which will be simple in construction and'economical in manufacture.
Another object of the invention is to provide a crib constructed to include the foregoing characteristics without deteriorating the eye appea of the crib to the observer. 1
Other objects will appear hereinafter.
The invention consists in the novel combination and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter described and claimed.
The invention Will be best understood by refer. ence to the accompanying drawings showing the preferred form of construction, and in which;
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an infants crib having the removable panel embodied in our invention, incorporated therein;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the infants crib, illustrated in Fig. 1, showing the panel removed from the drop side of the crib;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary, part sectional, detail view of the crib drop side illustrated in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional detail view taken in substantially on line 4-4 of Fig. 33-
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional detail view of the panel shown in Fig. 3; and
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional detail view taken substantially on line 6-6 of Fig. 5.
The drawings illustrate the preferred form of construction by which the several objects of the invention are accomplished. In this connection the infants crib illustrated comprises end panels Ill and II and drop sides I2 and !3. These drop sides I 2 and I3 are slidably connected to the end panels in a manner well known in the art as;
'- are also adjustably latched to the end panels by means of a latch unit l5 also well known in the art and which unit constitutes no part of our present invention.
In the present illustration of our invention the drop sides l2 and I3 each comprise top and hottombars l8 spaced suitably from each other and having therebetween the bars l8.
Asshown .in Fig. 2, an openng IQ of suitable dimension is provided in the drop side l2 to allow the child to climb into and from the crib. When not used for this purpose, this opening is closed by a panel 20 (Fig. 1) which is removably associatedwith the side rail in the following described manner.
The panel 20 comprises the parallel spaced side bars 24 between which a panel board 2| divided into two sections, an upper section 22 and a lower section 23, is arranged. The upper section 22 is fixed in any suitable manner to the side bars 24 and is removable therewith. The upper end 25 of this panel board section 22 extends above the top ends of the side bars 24 to provide a tongue 26 which is adapted to fit into a groove 2'! formed in the top bar'lfi of the drop side 12.
The'panel board section 23 has its side edges .28 slidably received in grooves 29 formed in the bars 24. This panel board section is of such dimension as will provide a space between its top edge 30 and the lower edge 3| of the panel board section 22, thus to permit the slidable movement of the panel board section relative to'the bars 24 to disengage the .edge portions 32 thereof from grooves 33 formed in the bottom bar I8 of drop side. l2, there being provided suitable springs 34 to urge the edge portions 32 into the grooves 33. These springs 34 are arranged as shown in Fig, 5, between the lower edge 3i of the panel board section 22 and the top edge portion 30 of the panel board section 23.
To limit outward movement of the panel board section 23, we provide slot and pin'connection 35 (Fig.5) between'this section 23 and bars 24.
i As shown in Figs. 1 and 3, we provide at the base of the panel board section 23 a hand hole 36 to facilitate lifting of this section to disengage the edge portions 32 from the grooves 33 upon removal of the panel from the drop side l2. To insert the panel v20 within the opening IS, the tongue 26 is inserted in the groove 27. The hand of the operator is positioned to engage the panel board section 23 adjacent the area providing the hand hole 36, and this panel board section 23 is moved upwardly against the action of the springs 3 3. This movement will elevate the panel board section 23 a suflicient distance to allow the edge portions 32 to pass into the grooves 33, thus removably securing the panel in place with respect to the rails l3. "To remove the panel from this-position with respect to the rails l8, the operator inserts his hand through the hand hole -35 and bears upwardly against the panel board removed from position with respect to the bars It,
to provide the opening 19 for the purposes here inbefore stated. 7
While we have shown only one-o -the-dr0n$idcs-- provided with the removable panel, both drop sides may be so provided. t crib construeted in accordance with the foregoing disclosure provides a meansby which the child may-climb. withsafety to and from the orib'without the assist-5 ance of the mother. Until the -infant has reached that age safe for his or her own independent. climbing into and from the crib, the. panel may protecting the childfrom-unseasona'ble drafts While we have illustrated and described the preferred form of construction for: carrying our invention into effect, thisiis' capable of variation and modification without departing 1 from the spirit of the invention. "Weatherefore, do' not wish to-be limited to the precisedetails of construction' set forth, but desire-toiavail ourselves of such variations and modifications as'comewithin the scope of; the appended claims;
Havingthus described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
1. A crib bed comprising-adrop sideprovided. with an opening through which a ehild may climb into and out of the crib bed, said drop side'comprising top and bottom bars each provided with longitudinally extending confronting grooves, and a panel for closing said opening when not used for the foregoing purpose, said panel comprising astationary sectionand a movable-section'with said sections having tongues engaging said'grooves. r V
2. A crib :bed comprising a drop side provided with arr-opening through which a child m'ayclimb into=and out of the crib bed, said dropsidecomprising top and bottombars each provided with the foregoing purpose, said panel comprising a stationary section and a movable section with said sections havingtongues engaging said grooves, spring means, for urging the tongues of the movable'section into their respective grooves, means for limiting moving of the movable'se'ction in a direction from the stationary section, and a hand hole provided by the movable section to facilitate movement of said movable section.
formed therein, a panel board section having'op- 20 be used' for what is knownasa no-draftipane ,f V
, movable relative to the first-named section and posite edge portionsfixedly mounted in a por 1 7 .tion of said grooves with one edge thereofextending beyond the ends of'the side bars't-o. pro vide a tongue for removable projection in the grooves of one of the railsof the drop side, a'panel section having edge. portions movably mounted' in the remaining portions .of said grooves and adapted to have an edgeportion projectingbe 'yond" the opposite end portions of the side bars toiprovide a tongue adapted to removably project inthe grooves of the other-of the rails, and spring means for yieldably projecting the tongues ofthe last-named sectionin rail; V
6- A panel for the drop side of a crib bed havsaid grooves of saidjother ing top. and bottom rails provided with confront-.
ing longitudinally extending grooves comprising spaced side bars having confronting grooves formedtherein, a panel board sectionhaving ope a posite edge portions fixedly mounted in a portion (a tion'having edge portions movably mounted-in longitudinally extending confronting grooves-a panel for closing said opening when not-med for the foregoing. purpose, said panelfcomprising a stationary section *and a movable section with said sections havingv tongues engaging said; V
7 with an opening: through: which aehildmayiclimb 3 into and out-of the crib bed; saidi drop sidecomprising top and bottom bars each provided with longitudinally extending confronting grooves, a panel for closing saidopening when-not used for the foregoing purpose, said panel eomprisinga stationary section andiia 'movable; section-with said sections having tongues engaging said.
, grooves, spring means i017 urging the-,tohgltesrof the movable section into-their: respective; grooves;
60 said last-named section by'said springmeans reland means for limiting movingofjthemovable section, in a direction from the stationarvseotion;
'4. A o-rib bed comprisingadrop.siderprovided 70 2,339,694
with an opening throughwhich a childsmay climb prising top andbottorn bars-each 'pmvidedwith:
a into and out of th -crib bed, saiddroi? Sideeom-;-
' UNITED STATES Number Name" Date- Tj 154,940 Adams" Sept. 15,1874 167,951 Stoddard j Sept. 21, 3,875 1,283,169 Hasson' Oct.--29,--191'8 440,943, Szabo L'Janf2f1923 1,870,285 Feldm an "Aug.f9, 1932 2,009,482 Derman' July 30; 1935 2,059,240 Johnston Nov. 3,1'936 2,337,154 Derman Dec. 21,1943
j Gersten 'Jan.; 18,1944
V V FOREIGN PATENTS 7. Number. Country" Date; 344,791 GreatBritain iMarr-llLgllltf-li';
the remaining portions of'said grooves and'mov V able relative to the first-named section and adapted to have an edge portion. projecting beyond the opposite end portions' of the side bars 451 to rovide a tongue adapted to removablyjproject in the grooves-of the' other of the rails, spring means for yieldably projecting the tongues of the last-named section in said grooves of said other rail, and meansfor limiting the movement of ative to said first-named section. 7 SAMUEL' KROLL.
REFERENCES, orrso file of this patent: V I
"Eranoe sch-in A panel for the drop side of a crib bed hav ing we and bottom rails provided with confront ing; longitudinally extending grooves comprising spaced side bars having, confronting grooves PATENTS!