US 244215 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. B. PENBY.
12108122227. Um; I a z W65 UNITE STATES PATENT OEEicE.
JOSEPH B. FENBY, OF BIRMINGHAM, COUNTY OF WARWICK, ENGLAND, ASSIGNOR TO JASON MARVIN BOWEN, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 244,215, dated July 12, 1881.
Application filed January 12, 1881. (No model.) Patented in England March 22, 1877.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, J OSEPH BEVERLEY FEN- BY, of Birmingham, in the county of Warwick, England, have invented new and useful Improvements in Camp or Folding Stools, Chairs, Tables, and Beds, of which the following is a specification.
My invention consists of the improvements hereinafter described in camp or folding stools, by which improvements a folding seat or stool of great stability and great extent, both of seat and base, is obtained, combined with great portability. When the separable flexible top of the seat is removed the folding parts may be closed upon one another, and when so folded the said parts fitvery compactly together and have nearly the figure of a rectangular bar of wood.
Myimprovements are also applicable, as hereinafter described, to folding tables and beds.
I construct a camp or folding stool according to my invention in the following manner:
The folding parts of the stool consist of four pairs of bars, the bars of each pair crossing each other at the middle of their lengths, and being connected together where they cross by a pin or center,:on which they turn. The tops and bottoms of the bars of each pair are connected respectively with the tops and bottoms of the bars of the adjacent pairs, so that the whole of the bars are combined together, the bars of each pair by the joint at their crossings, and the several pairs with each other at their tops and bottoms. As the bars of one side of the seat are in a plane at right angles to that in which the bars of the adjoining side are situated, the tops and bottoms of the bars require to be connected by means of metallic an gle-caps or corner-fastenings, consisting, essentially, of a metallic plate, one half of which is situated at right angles to the other half. To these angle caps or pieces, which are similar both at top and bottom, the ends of the bars are jointed by pins, on which they turn. The bars of one pair are thus connected to the bars of the next pair at their tops and bottoms, and at the same time are capable of motion in planes at right angles to one another. By this arrangement of the bars a folding frame is produced capable of opening to any desired angle, so as to give a top and base square in figure and of considerable area, the top and base having the same area and the four sides being situated in vertical planes. By means of a flexible top or webbing placed upon the summit of the folding frame the seat or camp-stool is completed, the said flexible top or webbing being furnished with angle-caps, in which the summits of the jointed bars engage.
The construction of camp-tables and cam pbeds is hereinafter described.
I will now proceed to describe with reference to the accompanying drawings the manner in which my invention may be carried out.
Figurel represents, in perspective, a camp or folding stool or seat expanded for use, constructed according to my invention and Figs. 2 and 3 are side elevations of the said stool or seat folded, the said elevations being taken at right angles to one another. Fig. 4 represents some of the bars of which the framing of the stool is composed.
The folding parts of the stool or seat consist of four pairs of bars, (marked respectively (061,1) 6, c g, and f h,) the bars of each pair crossing each other at the middle of their lengths, and being connected together where they cross by a pin or center marked i. The tops and bottoms of the bars of each pair are connected respectively with the tops and bottoms of the pairs on each side of them by metallic angle caps or pieces, in the manner illustrated in the drawin gs-th atis to say,the bottoms of the bars a and b, o and cl, 6 and f, and g and h are connected together by the metallic an gle-caps 7c 70, and the tops of the bars a and g,d and e, cand f, and b and h are similarly connected together by the metallic angle-caps at k 70 The said bars are jointed to the angle-caps k and k at bottom and top by pins or centers, on which the said bars turn. The construction of these corner-fastenings or angle-caps is best seen in the enlarged views Figs. 5, 6, 7, and 8, of which Figs. 5 and 6 are edge views and Figs. 7 and 8 perspective views, and are hereinafter more particularly referred to.
By an examination of Figs. 1, 2, and 3 it will be seen that each pair of bars a (1,1) 6, c g, and f h is situated in a plane at right angles to the plane in which the adjacent pair is situated, and that the bars of one pair are connected to the bars of the next pair at their tops and bottoms, and are at the same time capable of motion in planes at right angles to one another. It will also be seen that when the folding frame is opened out or expanded, as illustrated in Fig. l, a top and base square in figure and of considerable area, and of the same area at top and bottom, is produced, the four sides of the frame being situated in vertical planes.
lis a flexible top or webbing placed upon the summit of the folding frame for completing the stool. When the top or webbing Z has been removed and the frame folded up the several pairs of bars of which the frame is composed have nearly the figure of a rectangular bar of wood, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3, without lost space between them.
Fig. 5 represents, in front and side elevation and edge view, one of the longer corner-fastenings or angle-caps used for jointing the bars together; and Fig. 6 represents, in front and side elevation and edge view, one of the shorter angle-caps used for the same purpose. The shorter angle-caps, as will be understood by an examination of Figs. 1, 2, 3, are used for forming those junctions which, when the stool is folded, are innermost, and the longer an gle caps are used for formin g those junctions which, when the stool is folded, are outermost.
For a camp-table a comparatively rigid flat top is adapted to the frame-work represented in Figs. 1, 2, and 3. This top is made by attaching laths of wood to a base of canvas or webbing, in such a way as to admit of rolling up the said top when not in use. The top is held open and flat by laths at right-angles to the laths attached to the canvas or webbing.
beds, and tents, consisting of four pairs of bars, the bars of each pair crossing and join-ted together at their mid-lengths, and the tops and bottoms of the bars of each pair bein g jointed respectively to the tops and bottoms of the bars of the adjacent pairs by means of metallic corner-fastenings provided with a bearingsurface, upon which they rest, and vertical plates at right angles to each other, in which the pivot-pin of the adjacent braces or legs are journaled, so that the whole of the bars are combined together, the bars of each pair by the joint at their crossing, and the several pairs with each other at their extreme tops and bottoms by said angle-plates, which form hinges at each end and supports or rests for said bars, as explained.
JOSEPH BEVERLEY FENBY.
SYDNEY HARRIS, W. E. FRENCH.