|Publication number||US2442899 A|
|Publication date||Jun 8, 1948|
|Filing date||Apr 8, 1946|
|Priority date||Apr 8, 1946|
|Publication number||US 2442899 A, US 2442899A, US-A-2442899, US2442899 A, US2442899A|
|Inventors||Mcallister William H|
|Original Assignee||Mcallister William H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (17), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 8, 1948. w. H. McALLlSTER 2,442,899
CHOKE ATTACHMENT FOR GUN BARRELS Filed April 8, 1946 Inventor B, QM aoiw.
anyway 3M8 atente June STATES PATENT OFF-ICE 1 Claim. (CI. 42-79) This invention relates to new and useful improvements and structural refinements in choke attachments for gun barrels, and the principal object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herein described, whereby the degree of taper at the muzzle of the gun barrel may be effectively adjusted to control the limits of dispersion of the discharge shot.
A further object of the invention is to provide an attachment which may be readily applied to or removed from the gun barrel.
An additional object of the invention is to provide an attachment which may be conveniently controlled from the firing position of the gun in the arms of the user.
Another object of the invention is to provide an attachment which is simple in construction and which cannot easily become damaged.
A still further object of the invention is to provide an attachment which will substantially reduce the recoil normally associated with the firing of the gun.
With the above more important objects in view, and such other objects as may become apparent as this specification proceeds, the invention consists essentially of the arrangement and construction of arts as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a fragmentary side elevation of the gun barrel, illustrating the invention in situ.
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the subject shown in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of the invention.
Figure 4 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of the same.
Figure 5 is a side elevation of a modified embodiment of the invention, and
Figure 6 is a cross sectional view, taken in the plane of the line 6-6 in Figure 5.
Like characters of reference are used to designate like parts in the specification and throughout the several views.
Referring to the accompanying drawings in detail, the invention embodies in its construction a conventional gun barrel II], the muzzle of which is formed with a plurality of spaced, longitudinally extending slots H. The latter are open at the outer end of the muzzle and terminate in enlarged apertures I! at the inner ends thereof, as is best shown in the accompanying Figure 3.
The essence of the invention resides in the provision of an open-ended sleeve I3, provided with a tapered bore It, and slidably positioned on the muzzle of the barrel H) with the minor diameter W of the sleeve adjacent to the muzzle opening. It will be noted that the entire length of the bore It need not be tapered, and that the same may be tapered only along a portion of its length, as is best shown in the accompanying Figure 4.
A suitable bracket I6 is provided medially the length of the underside of the barrel [0, and a control rod l1, secured at one end thereof to the sleeve l3, slidably passes through the bracket l6, as is best shown in Figure 1.
The remaining end portion of the rod I! may, if desired, be angulated as at I8 in conformity with the contour of the barrel, and the extremity of the rod ll carries a convenient finger piece I9.
When the invention is placed in use, the sleeve I3 is, of course, applied to the muzzle of the barrel it in the manner already set forth. By manipulating the finger piece I 9, the sleeve l3 will be slid longitudinally on the muzzle, whereby the tapered portion M of the bore in the sleeve 13 will engage the slotted portion of the muzzle allowing the same to expand when moved in one direction and forcing the contraction of the slotted portion when moved in the opposite direction.
In this manner, the angle of taper at the end. of the muzzle will be efiectively controlled, thereby correspondingly governing the dispersion of the shot.
By virtue of the location of the finger piece is, the invention may be conveniently operated from the firing position of the gun in the arms of the user. If desired, a transversely extending pin 20 may be provided in the rod l1, between the bracket l6 and the finger piece l9, said pin coacting .with the bracket Hi to limit the sliding movement of the sleeve l3. The pin 20 will thus prevent the sleeve from being pushed excessively in the forward direction and becoming disengaged from the muzzle of the barrel l0.
Referring to the modified embodiment of the invention illustrated in the accompanying Figures 5 and 6, the same is similar to the embodiment already described, but includes a plurality of pressure relieving apertures 2|, provided in the barrel 22 adjacent the choke attachment 23. The apertures 2| will facilitate the escape of a certain volume of the exploded gases, thereby reducing the recoil associated with the firing of the gun.
It is believed that the advantages and use of the invention will be clearly apparent from the foregoing disclosure and accordingly further description thereof at this point is considered unnecessary.
While in the foregoing there has been shown and described the preferred embodiment of this invention it is to be understood that minor changes in the details of construction, combination, and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed.
What I claim as my invention is:
In association with a gun barrel having the muzzle thereof provided with a plurality of spaced, longitudinally extending slots, a choke attachment comprising in combination, an openended sleeve provided with a tapered bore, said sleeve being slidably positioned on said muzzle, and means for sliding said sleeve, and a plurality of apertures in a portion of said barrel adjacent its muzzle, whereby movement of said choke attachment to increase the choking action thereof a REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 559,550 Tittmann May 5, 1896 653,813 Broyles Jul 10, 1900 685,689 Broyles Oct. 29, 1901 812,140 Kent Feb. 6, 1906 1,348,750 Schuster Aug. 3, 1920 1,508,805 Legett et a1 Sept. 16, 1924 1,598,360 Pavel: Aug. 31, 1926 1,892,522 White Dec. 27, 1932
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|US653613 *||Apr 17, 1900||Jul 10, 1900||James C Broyles||Choke attachment for gun-barrels.|
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|US1348750 *||Dec 19, 1918||Aug 3, 1920||Xavier Schuster Francis||Choke attachment for shotguns|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2490829 *||Jul 20, 1948||Dec 13, 1949||Noll Robert M||Combined choke regulator and recoil compensator for shotguns|
|US2512850 *||Sep 5, 1947||Jun 27, 1950||Blake Crandall Gladstone||Pattern control means for shotguns|
|US2712193 *||May 3, 1951||Jul 5, 1955||Mathis William F||Shot gun muzzle device|
|US2805602 *||Mar 18, 1954||Sep 10, 1957||Moore Chester F||Blank cartridge adapter for rifles|
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|US4151671 *||May 24, 1978||May 1, 1979||Mcpeak Walter G||Mechanism for remotely operating variable choke devices for shotguns|
|US5509345 *||Aug 12, 1994||Apr 23, 1996||Cyktich; James M.||Muzzle attachment for improving firearm accuracy|
|US5698810 *||Nov 29, 1995||Dec 16, 1997||Browning Arms Company||Convertible ballistic optimizing system|
|US5798473 *||Apr 30, 1997||Aug 25, 1998||Roblyer; Steven||Harmonic optimization system for rifles|
|US6112447 *||Sep 11, 1998||Sep 5, 2000||B.B.A. Research & Development, Inc||Shotgun choke|
|US6223458||Apr 1, 1999||May 1, 2001||Kevin Schwinkendorf||Harmonic optimization technology|
|US7895787||Mar 1, 2011||Andry Mark L||Porting feature for firearm|
|US20080173166 *||Jan 23, 2007||Jul 24, 2008||Andry Mark L||Shotgun choke|
|USRE35381 *||Oct 19, 1995||Nov 26, 1996||Browning||Ballistic optimizing system for rifles|
|DE1172577B *||Jan 8, 1962||Jun 18, 1964||Theodor Brandt||Verfahren fuer den Schrot-Weitschuss|
|U.S. Classification||42/79, 89/14.3|
|International Classification||F41A21/40, F41A21/00|