Device for attaching faucets to barrels
US 244320 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. S'GHOFIELD.A DEVICE FOR ATTAGHINGFAUGETS T0 BARRELS. No 244,320.
Patented. July 12 1 8 8 1 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
PETER soHoEIELD, on PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
DEVICE FOR ATTACHING FAUCETS TO BARRELS.
SPECIFICATION forming part `of 4Letters Patentv No. 244,320, dated July 12, 1881. `Application filed March 12, 1891. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, PETER SoHcFIELn, a citizen of the United States, residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have invented certain Improvements in Devices for vAttaching Faucets to Barrels, 85e., of which the following is a specification.
The object of my invention is to so construct a device for attaching faucets to barrels, kegs, &c., that the application and removal of the faucet can be readily effected, leakage overcome, and the clogging of the outlet by the bun g prevented. These objects I attain in the manner which I will now proceed to describe, referencebein g had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a faucet and my improved device for attaching the same to the barrel or other reservoir of liquid; Fig. 2, a longitudinal section of the device from which the faucet has been removed 5.
Fig; 3, a transverse section on the line l 2, Fig. 2; Fig. 4, a transverse section on the line 3 4, Fig. 1; and Fig. 5, a detached view, showing one of the minor features of the invention.
The faucet shown in t-he drawings is similar to that which forms the subject of my Letters Patent No. 163,263, dated May 11,1875, A being the stem of the faucet, B the sliding tube with discharge-nozzle and valve, and D the operating-nut, adapted to sections of screwthreads formed on the stem A and tube B.
A more detailed description of the faucet will be unnecessary, as the-device forming the subject of my( present invention is adapted for use in connection with faucets of different characters.
F is a hollowr tapering plug adapted to iit into the bung-hole of a barrel, keg, or other reservoir containing liquid, the front end ofthe plug being made of sufficient strength to withstand the blows of the mallet used in driving the plug into its place. The plug F has a cylindrical bore, in which tits snugly, but so as to slidefreely, a tubular valve, G, having transverse openings a a and two annular packingrings, b d, the ring b being in front of said openings a and the ring d in the rear of the same. The stem eof the valve Gr passes through a bridge, j', in the hollow plug F, and between said bridge and a shoulder, g, on the valvestem intervenes a coiled spring, h, the tendency of which is to move the valve outward, an enlarged head, m, on the valve-stem serving, by contact with the bridge f, to limit said forward movement of the valve. (See Fig. 2.)
Before a faucet hasbeen applied to the plug F the valve G occupies the position shown in said' Fig. 2, being moved outward to its full extent by the spring h, so that the portion of the valve having the transverse openings a formed therein occupies a position within the cylindrical bore of the plug, and the passage of the liquid to and through said openings a Vfis prevented by the annular packing-ring d.
When the faucet is inserted into the plug, however, the inner end of the stem A presses upon the outer end of the tubular valve G and causes the latter to move inward, so that the Vopenings a are carried beyond the cylindrical bore of the plug, and the ow of liquid into and through the valve and through the faucet is thereby permitted. Leakage around the valve, when the latter is pushed inward, is prevented by the packing-rin g bin advance ofthe openings a, and leakage between theend of the valve and the vstem of the faucet is prevented by the packing-ring u, carried by the annular shoulder, which presses upon said end of the valve.
The inner end of the faucet-stem is preferably reduced in diameter, as shown, so as to fit into the central opening of the valve G; but this is not essential. In order to permit the ready introduction and withdrawal of the faucet without impairing the secure retention of vthesame when inserted, I form in the plug 'F transverse openings s, and in the faucet-stem A a transverse slot, w, the latter, when the'faucet is inserted, coinciding with the openin gs s and permitting the insertion of a transverse pin, J, whereby the faucet is rmly retained in the plug. By simply withdrawing the pin the faucet is free to be removed, the act of removal permitting the closing of the valve Gr.
When the device is applied to ale-barrels I use, in place of the solid head m on the valvestem, a perforated head, m, such as shown in Fig. 5, this head fitting snugly to the interior of the tapering plug F, so that the liquid must pass through the perforations, the dregs or IOO lees being thereby prevented from passing to the faucet.
In the event of the failure of the plug F to drive the bung from the bung-hole when said plug is inserted therein, the head m of the valve-stem will eifeet the removal of the said bung when the valve is caused to move rearward by the insertion of the faucet into the plug.
I claim as my invention- 1. The combination of the plug F, having a cylindrical bore, the tubular valve G, having transverse openings a, and paekingrin gs b and d, arranged 011 opposite sides of said openings, as set forth.
J AMES F. ToBIN, HARRY SMITH.