US 2443422 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 15, 1948.; l E HANSEN 2,443,422
GOGGLES 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 3, 1945 I INVENTOR .Tuuus I. HANSEN BY (3m A454;
June 15, 1948. E, HAN EN 2,443,422
GOGGLES Filed July 3, 1945 v 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR J'uuus E. l-lmvsz'v v E12 .15. ATTORNEY Patented June 15, 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT *GFFl-iIE 4 Claims.
The present invention relates to goggles or spectacles and more particularly to goggles :or spectacles of the type which are used as sun glasses or as protection against the Wind.
One of theobjects ofthe present invention is L the provision of goggles or spectacles having eyeoo-veri-ng part-s constructed and arranged to afford a high degree of protection of the eyes against glare and also to afi'or'd a high degree of protection of the ocular area against wind and dust. More particularly, and in accordance with the present invention, the goggles including a pair of eye-covering parts which conform to the contour of 'the Wearers face in-the ocular area thereof, each of said parts being of such size and shape as-to extend from the inner end of the eye later- Eally to the outer end Of't'he eye-and rearwardly from the outer end of the eye over the adjacent lateral portion of the head, rearward'ly of the eye, and to extend vertically from above .the eye to the portion of the face below the eye, each of said eye-covering parts being contoured so that :it i 'positioned close to the adjacent ocular area of the face including the lateral portion f the head rearwardly ofthe outer end of the eye.
Another obje t of the invention is the rovision of goggles or spectacles of the character described and which are constructed and arrangedso that the eye-cornering partsareiol'diable .orrelatively movable from their normal-eyecoverin positions topositions in which they are ldisposedin overlying .or overlappingsurf. ace relation to form a compact article .which can be v,C rllosml in a suitable protective container .of a
.connenient size and shape to .be carried the individuals pocket or in a ladys handbag.
Another object of the invention is to provide the xeye-.covering parts of the goggles with compensating prisms whereby vto substantially reduce ight distortion, .striae, eta, whereby to improve the Q llioal. quality of the goggles.
The above .andother objects, features and adantagessof this invention will be fully understood item the iglloiving description considered in connection with th ac mp ny-i e illustrativ drawings.
In thedrawings: Eig. 1 is a .front perspective view ic-f gee-el es .embQdying the present invention; I Ijig...2 is .a front perspective xview showing the goggles as positioned on the wearer and ico ..forming .to the .contourof the .face;
- h eos les a sseeniromathe sideof .the wearervsioce;
Fig. 14 is-a plan niewgofithez oggles imthe toliled condition thereof :Fig. :5 .is -.a. top mew-of one of the eyeecovering parts of the goggles;
Fig. ,6 :is an exploded perspectiresview :of the means for connecting the aeye-nouering iparts to each other in foldable relation;
Fig. .7 is fibOWOHliViGW of the central portion. of
:Fig. '8 is a view similarrto aFig. :1 illustrating a modification Fig. 9.is a view 30f the goggles :of FFig.:-8 in the sfoldeduoondition eoflsaidtgog-gles;
:10 is :aperspec'tine mewofsthesinner' side of the central portionlof ithe ig0g'g1eS,Ii11uStmtlngfi modification;
Fig. "11 is a fragmentary end view-oi c0116 oftthe eye-covering :parts :of the goggles and .of part :of an adjustable head band which can be provided;
Fig. 1'2 'is a viewtsimila-r tofFig. .10 showing .another modification.
Referring now :to the -;dr.awings in detailthe goggles -10 of the :present invention comprise :a air of translucent eye-covering parts ll connected to each other at .their inner ends by the connecting vdevice Al 4 and provided with temples 16 which :are pivotally connected :to the outer tnds of the companion eye-.zcoverirt parts by hinge members l-8.
'The eye-covering parts 12 ef the goggles are preferably .formedof methyl .methacrylate, since this plastic has light transmission and ..optica;'1 qualities favorably oompanab-le with the highest :grade 50f optical glass "and moreover -.is substantially lighter "than glass, but it will .be under- Stood that said eye-covering 'parts can he form d of any other suitable plastic or of optical 101 othcr'glass. Further, it will .be .understoodithat when the o es are intended .tO'ibe used as sun goggles, the plastic or -glass of which the :eyecoverin parts are made is col red or otherwise providedwithantiqglare properties. The goggles of the presentinnention :are well adapted-toafiord rotect ion against wind and Kl-11313., as :well :as against glare, but it will be understood that the eye-cover pa ts can be ;:iorm d clear or non-colored plastic or glass when-intendedpn-ly for wind and/or dustprotection. Also, it -;be :understood that eyc-coveri-ngparts maybe inthe form of light-refraction lenses-for vision-correction.
In accordance with the presen;t inventionith'e reyacovering parts 4.22am of such size and shape to afford .a :high de ree of protection to the ocular a reas 230i the wearers ;,iace. For this nunpose each of said eye-covering parts is of such size and shape as to extend laterally from the inner end of the wearers eye to the outer end of the eye and rearwardly from the outer end of the eye over the adjacent lateral portion of the head, and to extend vertically from above the eye to a portion of the face below the eye, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and. 3. More specifically, each eyecovering part i 2 consists of a plate having a front eye-covering part 20 which is outwardly curved laterally of said part from the inner end 22 thereof to the outer end portion 24 which is curved in continuation of the curvature of the front eyecovering part 28 with the same radius of curvature as that of said front eye-covering part of the plate and which is directed rearwardly so that the outer end 26 thereof extends to the lateral portion of the wearers head rearwardly beyond the outer end of the eye. Thus, eye-covering parts l2 are contoured to conform to the contour of the adjacent ocular areas of the wearers face and to lie close thereto, preferably with the outer end portions 24 of said eye-covering parts in contact with the adjacent portions of the face as illustrated in Fig. 2, to afford a high degree of protection against wind and dust as well as against sun or other glare.
Eye-covering parts [2 are preferably prismatic to compensate for light distortion,;striae, etc. For this purpose each eye-covering part l2 tapers in thickness, as illustrated in Fig. 5, from the inner end 22 thereof to its outer end 25. It will be understood, however, that it is within the scope of the present invention to form the eye-covering part 12 of uniform thickness. When the eyecovering parts I 2 are formed of methyl methacrylate, they are preferably formed. by casting the same from liquid or monomeric methyl methacrylate which is converted into the polymeric form in the casting mold. By thus casting the eye-cvering parts l2 to shape, stresses which would be present if the eye-covering parts were molded from sheet material are obviated but it will be understood that itis within the scope of the present invention to form the eye-covering parts l2 by molding the same from sheet material. As described above the eye-covering parts [2 are connected to each other at their inner ends by the connecting means I4 and it will be noted by referring to Figs. 1 and 4 of the drawings that the eye-covering parts are pivotally connected at their inner ends to the connecting means l4 so that said eye-covering parts are foldable from their normal position illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 to the folded condition illustrated in Fig, 4 in which the eye-covering parts are in overlying or overlapping adjacent surface to surface relation so that when the temples iii are folded down, as illustrated in Fig. 4, a compact article is provided for insertion within a small and fiat protective case or container which may be conveniently carried in the pocket of a mans jacket or shirt or in a ladys handbag. The connecting device l4, which is illustrated in detail in Figs. 6 and 7 is preferably formed of a suitable plastic and comprises an outerinemb er 28 having a thickened portion 39, an inner member 32 and a spacing member 34. Member 28 also is provided with a thickened central portion 36 which has a curved lower edge 38' continuous with the curved lower edge of member 28 to conform to the curvature of the bridge of the nose. As illustrated in Fig. '7 the inner end portions of the eye-covering parts !2 are disposed in transversely offset relation by the-thickened portion '30 and by the spaci g member 34, so that said eye-covering parts can be folded into positions illustrated in Fig. 4 in which they lie in overlappin adjacent surface relation with slight clearance between the adjacent overlapping surf-aces to prevent scarring of said surfaces. Said eye-covering parts l2 are pivotally connected to the connecting member [4 by pivot pins 39 which pass through apertures in the inner end portions of the eye-covering parts and in the several companion parts of the connection means I4, member 28 having apertures 40 and 42 which register with apertures 44 and 46 respectively of member 32, and spacing member 34 having an aperture 48 which registers with apertures 40 and 44. As illustrated in Fig. 8, instead of connecting the eye-covering parts I2 pivotally to each other by the connecting means I4, said eye-covering parts may be pivotally connected directly to each other in overlapping relation at the inner ends by a pivot pin such as an eyelet 50 which passes through aligned apertures in the overlapped inner end portions 22A of the companion eye-covering parts I 2.
As illustrated in Figs. 1 and 4 the eye-covering parts l2 are provided with nose-rest pieces 52 which may be formed integrally with the companion eye-covering parts or which may be initially separate therefrom and secured thereto in any suitable way. However, in order to enable the goggles to be properly worn over vision-corrective spectacles or eye glasses, the nose piece 54 maybe provided as illustrated in Fig. 10 or Fig. 12, in which event the nose-rest pieces 52 may be omitted. Nose piece 54 may be formed of metal or other suitable material and secured to connecting device 14 in any suitable way as by the screws 56 which are threaded into the pivot pins 39 of the connecting means 14. Nose piece 54 instead of being secured to device (4 by the screws 56 as illustrated in Fig. 10 may be connected in quick detachable relation to device M as illustrated in Fig. 12 which shows the nose piece provided with a prong 5'! removably fitted into a groove 58 provided in a part of the connecting device l4, preferably in the part 38 thereon, thus the nose piece may be supplied as an accessory to the goggles so that it can be attached or removed by the user thereof as desired by the latter. Also, if desired, an adjustable head band may be utilized instead of the temples 16 as illustrated in Fig. 11, which shows a looped end portion 58 of the head band B connected to the outer end portion of the eye-covering part which for this purpose is provided with a slit 66 therein. The head band B may be of any suitable type and as here shown is provided with an adjusting buckle device 62.
It will be understood that various changes in the details and construction and in the size, shape and arrangement of parts may be made in the goggles of the present invention without depart ing from the underlying idea or principles thereof within the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. Goggles comprising transparent eye-covering individual rigid parts having front eye-covering portions and outer end and posterior portions integral with said front portions, respectively, and directed laterally and rearwardly therefrom so as to lie close to the adjacent side portions, respectively, of the wearers head rearwardly of the eyes, in overlying relation to said side portions, each of said eye-covering portions being arcuately curved laterally thereof, said outer end portions being curved laterally and rearwardly and extending rearwardly to positions in which they confront and lie close to the lateral portions of the wearers head rearwardly of the eyes, the inner ends of said eye-covering individual parts being positioned to lie at the opposite sides of the bridge of the wearers nose, a nose-piece, and separate pins pivotally connecting the inner ends of said individual parts, respectively, to said nosepiece, the pivotal axes being transverse to said parts in the direction of the inner and outer surfaces thereof, and said nose-piece being provided with portions which hold the inner ends of said parts in transversely offset relation.
2. Goggles comprising individual eye-covering parts having front eye-covering portions and outer end and posterior portions integral with aid front portions, respectively, and directed laterally and rearwardly therefrom so as to lie close to the adjacent side portions, respectively, of the wearers head rearwardly of the eyes, in overlying relation to said side portions, said eye-covering parts being each formed of substantially inflexible material and each comprising transparent front portions for visibility therethrough and integral outer end portions which are continuous with said front portions, respectively, in stationary relation thereto, each of said eye-covering parts being outwardly convex laterally thereof, said outer end portions being curved laterally and rearwardly and extending rearwardly to positions in which they confront and lie close to the lateral portions of the wearer's head rearwardly of the eyes, the inner ends of said eyecovering individual parts being positioned to lie at the opposite sides of the bridge of the wearers nose, a nose-piece, and separate pins pivotally connecting the inner ends of said individual parts, respectively, to said nose-piece, the pivotal axes, being transverse to said parts in the direction of the inner and outer surfaces thereof, and said nose-piece being provided with portions .yvhich hold the inner ends of said parts in transversely offset relation.
3. Goggles comprising transparent eye-covering individual parts which are outwardly convex laterally of said parts, respectively, a nose-piece, and separate pins pivotally connecting the inner ends of said individual parts, respectively, to said nose-piece, the pivotal axes being transverse to said parts in the direction of the inner and outer surfaces thereof, and said nose-piece being provided with portions which hold the inner ends of said parts in transversely ofiset relation.
4. Goggles comprising transparent eye-covering individual parts which are outwardly convex laterally of said parts, respectively, said nosepiece having portions which are engaged by the inner ends of said eye-covering parts and which hold said inner ends in transversely offset relation, and pivot pins passing through said inner ends of said parts, respectively, transversely thereof, and through said nose-piece for pivotally connecting said parts to said nose-piece.
JULIUS E. HANSEN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 583,590 Bennett June 1, 1897 1,070,334 George Aug. 12, 1913 1,697,030 Tillyer Jan. 1, 1929 1,741,536 Rayton Dec 31, 1929 1,805,396 Havens May 12, 1931 1,887,871 Craig Nov. 15, 1932 2,106,615 Maurer Jan, 25, 1938 2,179,286 English Nov. 7, 1939 2,397,243 Cooper Mar. 26, 1946