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Publication numberUS2443973 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 22, 1948
Filing dateJan 5, 1945
Priority dateJan 5, 1945
Publication numberUS 2443973 A, US 2443973A, US-A-2443973, US2443973 A, US2443973A
InventorsHolland Asling Jasper
Original AssigneeAvco Mfg Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Control device for cathode-ray focusing coils
US 2443973 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 22,1948. J, H, A LI G j 2,443,973

CONTROL DEVICE FOR CATHODE RAY FOCUS ING CQILS Filed Jan. 5, 1945 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. JASPER HOLLAND ASUNG Kzmd 4 ATTORNEY.

J. H. ASLING 2,443,973 CONTROL DEVICE FOR CATHODE RAY FOCUSING COILS 2 Shets-Sheet 2 4 c b u 3 9 6 6 w 2 June 22, 1948.

Filed J'ah. 5, 1 9 15 I INVENTOR. JASPER HQLLAND AsuMG -BY m. $15.45!," w H 7 7 4 m 4 w a Patented June 22, 1948 CONTROL DEVICE FOR CATHODE- RAY FOCUSING COILS Jasper Holland Asling, Cincinnati, Ohio, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Avco Manufacturing Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Application January 5, 1945, Serial No. 571,493

This invention relates to control devices for centering electronic beams and the like and is particularly concerned with a method and apparatus by which the focusing control of a cathode ray tube may be mounted in an enclosure in such a way that its axis with respect to the longitudinal axis of ,the tube may be adjusted. Cathode ray tubes may be directed or focused magnetically by means of afield produced by 'a'coil. In such case, the invention contemplates the mounting of a coil so that its axis may be adjusted in two planes, and the field aimed so to speak so that the beam may be centered on the screen of the tube.

The adjustment and centering of the beam produced in a cathode ray tube has heretofore been a problem that has confronted the user of cathode ray equipment, particularly in portable and semi-portable equipment not susceptible to being permanently set up in a laboratory. It has been necessary to gain access to the interior Ofthe cabinet 01' other structure in which such tubes are enclosed, and to either change the mounting of the tubeor of the control inductance.

An important feature of the invention is to provide means operable from without the cabinet or enclosing structure of a cathode ray tube by which the electronic beam maybe centered, viz., the beam may be accurately aimed at the center of the screen upon which the desired electronic image is produced.

The novel features that I consider characteristic of my invention are set forth in the ap pended claims. The invention itself, however,

both asto its organization and method of op- "eration, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will best be understood from the following description of a specific embodimerit when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which- 10 Claims. (Cl. 2501 61) Fig. 1 is a plan view of a cathoderay tube,

mounted according to the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a rear view taken along line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

' Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 are sections taken along lines of 'the' cathode ray tube Ill (see Figs. 1 and 3) is 2 mounted in a cabinet having a front wall I Iprovided .with a cylindrical mounting member l2, which maybe lined with cylindrical pieces of felt l3 or other material adapted for supporting tubes of this type. Around the opening at the front end of member I2 may be secured a rim M for carrying a disk [5 of glass or other transparent material through which the front end of n the tube maybe viewed. l

Secured to the front end of the cabinet as by supporting rods I6 is a back plate ll provided with an opening Ila through which the rear end Nib of the cathode ray tube is extended. A cylindrical flanged member [8 also interiorally lined with soft supporting material l8a is secured to back plate H in order tosupport the rear end or neck portion mo of the tube 10. The tube 16' is of conventional construction including a base provided with recesses through which the electrical contact is made between the internal elements of the tube and the external circuit through contact prongs l9 mounted on base 20, in turn mounted on plate 2!. The plate 2| is resiliently mounted on studs 22 which extend through it, the latter being urged outwardly or to the right as shown in Fig. 3 by springs 23 coiled around thestuds 22. The studs 22 may be conveniently mounted on a. support 24. Electrically connected to the prongs H] are conductors 21 preferably shielded as is well known in the art for connecting .thetube with the external circuit.

Intermediate between the front wall H and the back plate H is secured a plate 25 of rectangular configuration, provided with an opening 25a through which the neck of the tube 10 is extended: .Plate 25 isfixedly mounted on rods l6 which extend through its corners (see Figs. 1 and 2) and the. plate is spaced so that it is parallel to the front Wall ll.

Secured adjacent diagonally opposite corners of the plate 25 are brackets 26 and 26a having respectively upstanding portions 26?) and 260. This construction is best shown in Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 7, Mounted on these upstanding portions are bearings 26;; and 26c adapted to' journal trunnions 28 in the gimbal structure which will now "be described.

The trunnions' 28 are secured to upstanding portions 29a, and 291) on extensions 29c and 29d respectively of gimbal ring 29. Gimbal ring 29 has anext'ension 30 displaced from the bearings 25d and 26c which extension 36 has an ear 3|, provided with an opening 32, through which the end of tension spring 33 is hooked, the other 3 end being hooked through an opening 34 in the top part of plate 25.

The spring urges the ear 3| of the gimbal ring 29 toward the threaded end 35a of adjusting shaft 35 as shown in Fig. 4. This shaft 35 is mounted in a threaded supporting member 36 (see Figs. 4, 5 and 6) having bushing 3% that extends through and is secured to the plate as by swaging or welding at 36a. The member 36 'has a slot 360 into which one legof a clip 31 extends in such a manner as to make operative contact with the threads on the shaft 35. The

other leg of clip 31 has a rounded portion 310,,

engaging the lower cylindrical surface of the member 36, and the spring pressure between the opposed legs of the clip 31 is such as to provide friction contact of the upper leg of the spring with the threads of shaft 35 as shown in Figs.

5 and 6. This tends to lock shaft 35 in position and prevent rotation under vibration.

The other end of the shaft 35 extendsclose to the front wall ll of the cabinet through which is provided an opening (not shown) through which access may be had to the end of the shaft 35 which is provided with a kerf.

With the structure above described, it will be observed that when a tool such as a screw driver is inserted through the opening into the kerf, the shaft 35 is turned, thus causing it to be moved lengthwise, reacting against the relatively fixed members 36 and 25. When the shaft 35 is moved to the left as shown in Fig. 4, the end thereof pressed against the ear 3! of gimbal 29 and rotates the gimbal on its axis 3-3, in bearings 26d and 26a. Movement of ear 3i to the left is accomplished against the pressure of the spring 33.

Also displaced 90 from bearings zfid and 26a on gimbal ring 23 and mounted thereon are two additional bearings 42 and 42a. bearing 42 as shown in Fig. 2 is mounted on a bracket having an upstanding portion 4! and the bottom such bearing :iZa is mounted on an upturned ear Lila, integrally formed in the opposite part of the periphery of gimbal ring 23. This structure can best be observed from an examination of Figs. 2 and 4. Trunnions similar to trunnion 28 previously described are secured to bent-over extensions 43 and 43a of a second gimbal ring 44, to which is secured by machine screws or otherwise and by back ring 49 an annular casing 45, within which is housed a coil 45, connected to the circuit for focusing the tube It by conductor 43. A suitable opening 41 is provided in the casing for the passage of this condu'ctor.

The gimbal ring 44 has an extension 4411., the end 441) of which is arranged to act as a reaction surface against which the threaded end 550. of shaft is spring pressed by spring 50. Shaft 55 is supported in a member 56 similar to member 36 previously described. Shaft 55 has a kerf 55b at its other end and like the end of the other shaft 35 is accessible through an opening 58 in the front wall H of the cabinet so that tool 59 such as a screw driver may be inserted therein for turning the shaft in member 45. Rotation of the shaft against ear 4412 which is spring pressed there against as shown in Fig. 3 to turn the gimbal ring 44 on its axis 4-4.

It should be explained that the circuit used with the device that has been described is one in which an electronic beam produced on tube i0 is focused by the magnetic field of coil 46. Since the coil is arranged for rotation about two The top such diameters that are displaced from one another, it will be observed that the direction of its flux can be changed or aimed and the beam properly centered on the screen of the tube II] by selectively adjusting the position of the coil. This is accomplished by simply inserting a tool through the access openings in panel I I and tuming shafts 35 and 55.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

'1. An apparatus 'for selectively adjusting a coil about diameters 90 displaced from one another comprising in combination a plate, a gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said plate, a second gimbal ring pivotally mounted on the first on an axis 90 displaced from the axis thereof, a coil secured to the second ring within the periphery thereof, extensions on said rings 90 displaced from their respective axes, spring means operative to move said extension toward said plate, adjustable means secured to said plate each having a movablemember abutting one of said extensions and operative to move same away from said :plate whereby each ring may be selectively adjusted about its axis by movement of said movable member.

2. In a cathode ray device, a cabinet, a cathode ray tube mounted therein, and a focusing coil surrounding the neck thereof, a fixed plate mounted within the cabinet, a gimbal ring pivotally mounted thereon, a second gimbal ring mounted on the first at right angles to its axis of rotation, said coil being mounted on saidseo- 0nd ring, and means mounted on said plate for selectively adjusting said rings about their respective axes.

3. In a cathode ray device, a cabinet, a cathode ray tube mounted therein, and a focusing coil surrounding the neck thereof, a fixed plate mounted within the cabinet, a gimbal ring pivotally mounted thereon, a second gimbal ring mounted on the first at right angles to its axis of rotation, said coil being mounted on said second ring, and means mounted on said plate for selectivelyadjusting said rings about their respective axes, said means being accessible from without the cabinet.

4. In a cathode ray device, a cabinet, 2. cathode ray tube mounted therein, and a focusing coil surrounding the neck thereof, a fixed plate mounted within the cabinet, a gimbal ring pivotally mounted thereon, a second gimbal ring mounted on the first at right angles to its axis of rotation, said coil being mounted on said second ring, and means mounted on said plate for selectively adjusting said rings about their re spective axes, said cabinet having apertures therein whereby said means may be operated from without the cabinet.

5. An apparatus for selectively adjusting a coil about diameters 90 displaced from one another comprising a plate, a gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said plate, a second gimbal ring pivotally mounted on the first on an axis of 90 displaced from the pivotal axis of said first ring, an annular casing secured to said second-mentioned gimbal ring, a coil disposed Within said annular casing, extensions on said rings displaced '90" from their respective axes of rotation, spring means operative to move said extensions toward said plate and movable with respect thereto, one end of one of said rods contacting one of said extensions and one end of the other of said rods contacting the other of said extensions, said rods being operative to selectively move said extensions away from said plate whereby each said ring may be selectively adjusted about its axis or rotation.

6. In a cathode ray device, a cabinet, a cathode ray tube mounted therein and having a neck, a focusing coil surrounding said neck, a fixed plate mounted within the cabinet, a gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said plate, a second gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said first ring at right angles to the axis of rotation thereof, said coil being mounted on said gimbal ring, extensions on said rings displaced 90 from their respective axes of rotation, spring means operative to move said extensions toward said plate, and adjustable means mounted on said plate co-acting with said extensions for selectively adjusting said rings about their respective axes of rotation.

7. In a cathode ray device, a cabinet, a cat-h ode ray tube mounted therein, a focusing coil surrounding the neck thereof, a fixed .plate mounted within the cabinet, a gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said plate, a second gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said first ring at right angles to the axis of rotation thereof, said coil being mounted on said second gimbal ring, extensions on said rings displaced 90 from their respective axes of rotation, spring means operative to move said extensions toward said plate, and adjustable means mounted on said plate coacting with said extensions for selectively adjusting said rings about their respective axes of rotation, said adjustable means being accessible from without the cabinet.

8. In a cathode ray device, a cabinet, a cathode ray tube mounted therein, a focusing coil surrounding the neck of said tube, a fixed plate mounted within the cabinet, a gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said plate, a second gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said first gimbal ring at right angles to the axis of rotation of said ring, said coil being mounted on said second gimbal ring, extensions on said rings displaced 90 from their respective axes of rotation, spring means yieldably connecting said extensions and said plate operative to move said extensions toward said plate, and adjustable means mounted on said plate co-acting with said extensions for selectively adjusting said rings about their respective axes of rotation.

9. In a cathode ray device, a cabinet, a cathode ray tube mounted therein, a focusing coil surrounding the neck of said tube, a fixed plate mounted within the cabinet, a gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said plate, a second gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said first gimbal ring at right angles to the axis of rotation of said, ring,

said coil being mounted on said second gimbal ring, extensions on said rings displaced from their respective axes of rotation, spring means yieldably connecting said extensions and said plate operative to move said extensions toward said plate, and adjustable means mounted on said plate co-acting with said extensions for selectively adjusting said rings about their respective axes of, rotation, said cabinet having apertures therein whereby said means may be operated from without the cabinet.

10. In a cathode ray device, a cabinet, a cathode ray tube mounted therein, a focusing coil surrounding the neck of said tube, a fixed .plate mounted within the cabinet, a gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said plate, a second gimbal ring pivotally mounted on said first ring at right angles to the pivotal axis of said first gimbal ring, said coil being mounted upon said second gimbal ring, extensions on said rings displaced 90 from their respective axes of rotation, spring means yieldably connecting said extensions and said p1ate operative to move said extensions toward said plate, and adjustable means comprising a pair of rods mounted on said plate and movable with respect thereto, one end of one of said rods contacting one of said extensions and one end of the other of said rods contacting the other of said extensions, said rods being operative to selectively move said extensions away from said plate whereby each ring may be selectively adjusted about its axis of rotation.

JASPER HOLLAND ASLING.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 732,258 Belyur June 30, 1903 2,213,832 Braddon Sept. 3, 1940 2,261,309 Stuart Jr. Nov. 4, 1941 2,295,198 Braddon Sept. 8, 1942 2,389,495 Packer Nov. 27, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 2,987 Great Britain (1864) May 26, 1865 13,075 Germany Mar. 7, 1881 74,847 Germany Apr. 27, 1894 437,648 Great Britain Nov. 4, 1935 449,596 Great Britain June 22, 1936 519,587 Great Britain Apr. 1, 1940 523,439 Great Britain July 15, 1940

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2497078 *Mar 15, 1945Feb 14, 1950Gall James ETube mount
US2521061 *Mar 18, 1948Sep 5, 1950Motorola IncCombined focus and centering control for cathode ray tubes
US2533687 *May 27, 1949Dec 12, 1950Quam Nichols CompanyMagnetic focusing device
US2533688 *Jan 31, 1950Dec 12, 1950Quam Nichols CompanyFocusing device
US2533689 *Jun 28, 1950Dec 12, 1950Quam Nichols CompanyMagnetic focusing device
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Classifications
U.S. Classification348/828, 248/324, 348/836
International ClassificationH01J29/54
Cooperative ClassificationH01J29/54
European ClassificationH01J29/54