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Publication numberUS2445049 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 13, 1948
Filing dateAug 26, 1946
Priority dateAug 26, 1946
Publication numberUS 2445049 A, US 2445049A, US-A-2445049, US2445049 A, US2445049A
InventorsWelch Martin J
Original AssigneeWelch Martin J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 2445049 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 13, 1948. M. J. WELCHJ 2,445,049

STOCKING Filed Aug. 26, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Zorzzeys Patented July 1 3, 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT orrlcg-Y Martin J. Welch, Buffalo, N. Y. Application August 26, 1946, Serial No. 6 92,95 7

1 Claim. (01. 2-439) This invention relates to stockings made of sec-' tions which are of such shape that when sewed together they conform to the contour of the foot and leg.

It is the object of this invention to provide a stocking made of nylon, silk, rayon or similar materials knitted on a Tricot, Milanese or circular knitting machines in the piece and of the proper elasticity so as to insure a smooth fit and proper construction which will prevent runs in the fabric and in the finished stocking.

This application is related to an application for design patent filed by myself December 28, 1945, and serially numbered Dl25,082.

In the accompanying drawings: 2

Fig. 1 is a side view of a finished stocking embodying this invention,

Fig. 2 is a top plan plan view of the same,

Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view of the same.

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary front elevation of the 7 same.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary rear elevation thereof.

Fig. 6 is a spread out view of the blank or section of the stocking forming the leg and the top of the foot of the completed stocking.

Fig. "7 is a similar View of the blank or section of the stocking which forms the underside or sandal Of the foot and the heel portion of the stocking.

f Fig. 8 is a plan view in a spread or open position of that section of the stocking'which forms the Welt.

Fig. 9 is a similar view of the welt section in a closed position.

In the following description the same reference ures of the drawings.

The blank or section of the stocking shown in Fig. 6 and constituting the body of the same is made of sheet material and adapted to cover the thigh and the crus and the uppersidellof the instep of a human leg and comprises anupper leg panel II) which is comparatively long and wide, a front or lower instep panel or flap ll which is comparatively short and narrow and an intermediate tapering ankle panel or fiap l2 W'hich'is arranged between said upper and lower panels and made integrally therewith, said incharacters indicate like parts in the several fi and provided with parallel longitudinal edges I5 which mergeby downwardly converging edges l6 into the side edges [4 of this central part and the lower part of this upper panel has downwardly'converging side edges I1. At its upper end the upper panel [0 terminates in a straight transverse edge l8 and at its lower end the same is provided with transverse shoulders l9 which extendinwardly a short distance from the lower ends of the inclined edges l! of this panel. This upper panel is folded about a longitudinal axis and the correspondinglongitudinal edges [4, l5, l6 and l! are seamed or sewed together as shown at 20 in Figs. 3 and 5, so that this panel is of tubular formand adapted to enclose the crus and thigh of the leg.

The intermediate panel 12 is adapted to fit over the top of the ankle of the leg and the lower parts 2| of its longitudinal side edge are inclined and converge downwardly or forwardly relative to the length of this panel and'the upper art 22 of these side edges are parallel and connect with the transverse lower edges IQ of the upper panel so as to form a right angled notch between each side edge part 22 and the corresponding'transverse edge part 19, as shown in Fig. 6.

The vlower'panel II is adapted to fit over the instep of the foot and has its transverse front edge 23 curved convexly. The central parts 24 of .theopposite longitudinal side edges of the lower panel I l are parallel and the lower ends of these side edge parts 24 are connected by lower inclined parts 25 with the. opposite ends of the transverse front edge 23 and converge forwardly relative to -the same. The upper endsof the parallel side edgev parts 24 of the lower panel l l are connected by upper or rear inclined parts 26 with the inner lower ends of the inclined edge the sole, heelgunder or rear part of the ankle and theupper side of the toes are covered by a section having the form of a sandal or'slipper which is constructed of sheet material as'follows:

Theblank of the sandal or slipper section comprises a central or sole panel-21 adapted to engage with the bottom of the foot, a. lower toe panel 28 connected with the front end of the sole is providedrwith parallel longitudinal edges l4,

the upper part of the same is somewhat wider panel and adapted .to engage with the underside of the toes, anupper toe panel or -flap 29 con- 3 nected with the front end of the lower toe panel and adapted to engage with the upper side of the toes, a front heel panel connected with the rear end of the sole panel and adapted to engage the front part of the heel, a rear heel panel 3| connected with the rear end of the front heel panel and adapted to engage with the rear Part of the heel, and a rear ankle panel or flap 32 connected with .the rear endof therear heel panel and-adapted toengage with theiunder side or nape of the ankle in rear of the heel, these suitable material.

side parts of the lower toe panelig are made, respectively, of substantially-V-shape, the' summit 34 of each of these V-shaped parts being .-connected by an inclined edge 35 with the'front end of the longitudinal edge 33 on the corresponding side of the sole panel so'that' these "inclined edges 35z'converge" rearwardly. and the rear part of the lower" toe'panel tapers rearwardly. The longi- V tudinal opposite 'sides of' the front fpart of" the 'Slower toe panel 28are also providedwithinclined -edgestli'which converge forwardlyf-rom the sum- ".mits '34 so that 'thispartof' the lower toe panel is of forwardly tapering form. The longitudinal opposite sides of the upper toe'panel 29 are provided with inclined edges 31' which'diverge from thefront' ends ofithefinclined 'front'edgesfiid of the lower toefpanel' so thatthis' upper toe panel 'is of tapering form. Atitsouteriextremity the upper toe "panel is' provided -with a transvers 'dge'tawhich is curved concavely.

The opposite side parts of their'ont 'heelpanel '30 areimade, respectively, "ofsubstantially V- shape, the summit39 of each" of these V-shaped gpartsbeing' connected byan" inclined edge 40 with the rear end of'thelongitudinal' edgel'33 on 'the corresponding side of the solei'panelsothat these inclinedv edges 40 converge forwardly land "the" front part of the'front heel panel tapers forwardly. The opposite'l0ngitudinalsides of "the front heel-panel are also providedwith inthe summits'39 so that the 'rearpart of the front ".heelpanel tapers rearwardly.

Z'Iheopposite' side parts of'the rear heel panel 3| .are also-made, "respect'ively; of substantially clined edges I l I which .converge' rear'wardly: from 'i parts being connected by anlinclined edge 43 "with'the' rear end of "theinclin'edi edge 4| of the lcompanion front heel panel "soithat "the front ,i'part of the rear heel panel is of forwardly ta- L peringf form. The oppositelon'gitudinal sides of ;the reariheelipanel are also provided within- "cflined edges 44 which converge rea'rwardlyfrom "the's'ummits 42 sothat the rean'partof the rear .heel panel tapers rearwardly.

" The ankle panel 32 is comparatively narrow and provided with opposite parallellong'itudinal edges "45 "which connect at their front ends with the t ends of the inclined rear-edges 44 ofthe' rear heel panel and connect at their rear ends with opposite ends of the transverse edge 45.0f' the "ankle'panel.

iPreparatory to assembling this sandal with the bodyiof the stocking". the sandal blank is v sewed up into the'sh'apeof asandalbrslipper'which will 'engage the underside of the-foot'and enclose the heeland toe'of a human'foot. This is accomplished in part by seaming orsewing together the inclined edges' il -on-opposi-te=sides-of the rear part of "the front heel-panetwith the-inclined Ifhe sole panel is provided on its opposite-sides with parallel longitudinal edges 3 3 the opposite.

panels being formed integrally from a sheetrof V "adapted to receive the toes of a human foot.

edges 43 on the front part of the rear heel panel, as shown at i'i in Figs. 1 and 3 thereby closing the notches 58 on opposite sides of the sandal blank between the respective inclined edges 4|, 43 of the front and rear heel panels, an upwardly opening pocket on the sandal section which is adapted to receive the heel of the human foot.

In a further operation the upper toe panel 29 is turned rearwardly' over the lower toe panel 23 along the transversely folding line :38 between the same and the inclined side edges 31 of the upper toe panel are sewed o-r seamed to the inclined side edges 3&3 of the lower toe panel by stitches 49, as shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 4, thereby forming a rearwardly opening pocket which is As the front and rear heel panels are sewed together and the lower and upper toe panels are sewed together in the manner described the inclined side edges 35 of the lower toe panel, the parallel sideedges-BE of the sole panel, the inclined side edgesit) of the front heel panel, 'the'incline'dside edges-M of the rear heel panel and the parallel side edges 45 of the ankle panel are raised so as to in effect produce an upwardly-opening trough which receives the lower part of the human foot and form side walls which engage opposite sides of the arch, heel and ankle of the foot. The several edges of the lower toe paneL-sole panel, front and rear heel panel and ankle panel are connected, respectively, by longitudinal scams or sewing stitches 51' with the inclined front side edges 25 of theinstep panel, the 'parallel-side edges 2% of the instep panel, the inclindrear side edges 26 of the instep panel, the inclined edges 2| of the ankle panel and the parallel=side edges 2| of the ankle panel. As shown at fil -inFlgs. 1, 2 and 4 the front transverse edge 23 of the instep panel is also stitchedor seamed to the rear edge 38 of the upper toe panel and, asshown-at 52 in Figs. 1 and 3, the rear transverse edge 45 of the ankle panel is connected with'the transverse edges l-9'o-n the lower edge of the-leg panel.

The tubular body of the stocking is usually 1 finished by an annular welt or band'which may be formed of a rectangular sheet blank 53 which is doubled by folding the same lengthwise on a 1ine54 midway between the longitudinal-edges of this blank, and thereafter seaming together'the transverse edges 55 of the two layers, sewing the lower turned edge of this welt by stitches 56 to the upper edge It of the le panel and finishing the upper edges of the two plies of the welt in the manner of picot, as shown zit--51, in Figs. 1,

2, 3 and 9.

Although the several sections-or parts'ofthis stocking may be made of any suitable' material the same are preferably made of a'knitted material, which has the proper elasticity toinsure a 'smooth fit of the stockingon the human leg." and 'which also-is of such construction that the same "will not run' and still present alneatand finished appearance.

The leg portion of this stockingfe -preferably made of a material having a weight correspond- .ing to sheer, chiffon or service and the welt and sandal are preferably made 'of similar-fabric in order to blend withithe leg section; 'but preferably of heavier and moredurable weight;

i'It will be noted that in this stocking 'no' seams are present on the bottom of the footwsection thereby avoiding thediscomfort experienced by wearers ofstockings as heretoforemanufactured I claim as my invention:

A stocking comprising an upper section and a lower section, said upper section being constructed from a sheet blank having an upper leg panel, a front instep panel and an intermediate ankle panel connecting the front part of the lower end of said leg panel with the rear edge of the instep panel and this upper leg panel being folded crosswise so as to engage its opposite longitudinal edges and connecting the same to form a tube adapted to receive a human leg and the lower rear part of said leg panel having transverse edge portions adjacent to its longitudinaledges, said intermediate and front panels adapted to extend forwardly over the ankle and instep of a human foot and said instep panel having parallel side edges and said ankle panel having V-notches on its opposite side edges and said lower section being constructed from a sheet blank to form a central contracted sole panel having parallel side edges and adapted to engage the sole of the foot, an enlarged under toe panel extending forwardly from the sole panel and adapted to engage the underside of the toes, an enlarged over toe panel extending upwardly and rearwardly from the front edge of the under toe panel and adapted to engage the upper side of the toes, an enlarged front heel panel extending rearwardly from the sole panel and adapted to engage the front part of the heel, a rear enlarged heel panel extending rearwardly from the front heel panel and adapted to engage with the rear part of the heel, and a narrowed ankle panel extending .rearwardly from the rear heel panel and adapted to engage the ankle back of the heel and having a transverse rear edge, said front and rear heel panels being connected to form a pocket for receiving the heel, said lower and upper toe panels being connected to form a pocket for receiving the toes, and said upper and lower sections being connected along the opposing longitudinal edges of the instep and sole panels, also along the opposing transverse edges of the instep and upper toe panels, and also along the transverse edge portions between the lower part of the leg panel and the rear end of the ankle panel to form a continuous lower edge in the rear part of this tubular leg.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US365671 *Jun 28, 1887 Half to e
US1459590 *Aug 1, 1921Jun 19, 1923Anthony JunkerStocking
US2139755 *Jun 28, 1937Dec 13, 1938Julius Kayser & CoHosiery and method of making the same
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4180065 *Jan 23, 1978Dec 25, 1979Bear Brand Hosiery Co.Anti-embolism stocking
US4240160 *Dec 26, 1978Dec 23, 1980Burlington Industries Inc.Cut and sewn surgical stockings
U.S. Classification2/239
International ClassificationA41B11/00
Cooperative ClassificationA41B11/00
European ClassificationA41B11/00