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Publication numberUS2445451 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 20, 1948
Filing dateMay 30, 1945
Priority dateMay 30, 1945
Publication numberUS 2445451 A, US 2445451A, US-A-2445451, US2445451 A, US2445451A
InventorsPadelford Lester E
Original AssigneePadelford Lester E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination spraying booth and drying chamber
US 2445451 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


A TTORNEY July 20, 1948.



ATTORNEY Patented July 20, 1948 UNIT D OFFICE COMBINATION SPRAYING Boo'm A D DRYING CHAMBER Lester E. Padelford, North Arlington, N.-J.

Application May30, 1945, Serial No. 596,727

8 Claims. (C1. 91-60) I he present invention relates to the enameling of articles of. manufacture and more particularly to a combination spraying and drying machine for such purposes.

Qbjects of the present invention include the provision at a semi-automatic structure where,- by articles of manufacture, e. g., metal wastebaskets are manipulated by an operator or attendant during spraying of the enamel or lacquer thereon so as avoid the heretofore practically unavoidable spraying of articles adjace-ntfthe one being sprayed, and thereafter the articles are automatically advanced through an associated drying oven under controlled conditions; the provision of an improved structure of greatly increased efiiciency by means of which the articles of manufacture can be relatively rapidly and uniformly finished under the control of the operator, and the various combinations and subcombinations of structural and pro,- cedural features as hereinafter more fully described and claimed.

I have illustrated an eminently satisfactory structural embodiment of my invention in the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a plan view of the invention with portions broken away to expose the underlying structure; a

Figure 2 is in part an elevational and in part a sectional view of the structure of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is an elevational view taken along line 33 of Figure 1;

Figure a is an elevational view taken along line ie-4 of Figure 1; v

Figure 5 is in part a sectional and in part an elevation-a1 ViQW taken along line 5-5 of Figure 4; i

Figures is a plan view and Figure -'7 is an end elevational view ofa detail of. construction; 1

Figure :73 is .a diagrammatic view of the electrical control. circuit forming a part of the ins vention;

Figure 9 is a fragmentary plan view illustratihg the article supporting arms and the mannerof mounting the same;

Figure 10 is an' elevational view, partly in section, of the structure of Figure 9 and the means for rotating the same;

Figure 11 is a perspective view of a typical cle u por n a and Figures 12 and 13 are enlarged views of me am ne d tailsl-z lfi l lllfielihfi de nat c ond n parts throughout the various views of the drawings,

Referring to the drawings a circular rail ID, the upper edge of which is provided with spaced notches ll, is mounted for rotary movement by being suitably secured about a standard I2, the ends of which cooperate with bottom thrust bearing i3 and top bearing I4, The rail i0 is uppor by radial bar nnecte to a fixed disc IE on the shaft, and angular braces I? which extend between certain of said ibars Na and another disc 15a, fixed on the shaft. A plurality of radially arranged bars ll rests on circular rail [it and each such bar has its inner end oiiset, as indicated at 18, and pivotally connected to standard 52. Bars Il may thus rotate about standard l2 and also swing rela ma t h et er- Ea h W H rma l rests in a notoh ll so as to move with the rail as the latter is rotated. Eaoh bar I! is provided t a bel ow u s and n so p e i fix d ll mo in he o t on hown an mol st n from the recess in which isa rod 211 on the up: per end of which a turntable 21 is mounted. Bfi e vli @3 11 t rnt a d 22 is i ll lt i l rod 20 and from the underside of each such disc a circular row of pins 23 depends, Near their inner ends bars I! rest upon the upstanding n e 9 annu ar mem h ch mainta ns and supports them in proper position and alinement.

Means is provided for rotating circular rail it at a predetermined rate. Such means com: prises an electric motor 25 which actuates the belt or chain 35 through gear reduction box 2] by means of which the rate of movement is re.- duced to the desired value. Chain 26 also passes around sprocket 28 mounted on standard l2 and is twisted through an angle of for he u a r qs t 1 hus be a pr ted t nda d l? s d i e te sea ed down rate and that the diameter of rail Iii is so chosen as to produce a predetermined rate r t tion d nd n n h drying m r quired under the particular conditions of operation as will be hereinafter referred to again in connection with the description of the dryi'ng portion of the device.

A circular skeletal framework is made up of circular structural elements 29 and 30 which are connected to and held in spaced relationship by,

uprights 3!. A tunnel or oven is formed on this skeletal framework by outer wall member 32 inner wall member 33 and flat root 34. Outer wall member 32 is divided into a plurality of parts which are separably connected at 35 so that they.

can be individually removed to provide access to the interior of the tunnel or oven at a plurality of points and to vary the length of the tunnel. Batteries of infra-red lamps 36 are located at intervals in the tunnel or oven and are accessible through the openable portions of wall member 32 above described. Lamps 36 are mounted on framework 31 which depends from the oven top structural members 38 which are radially disposed as shown in Figure 1. Intermediate circular structural elements 59 and 40 are arranged between members 29 and 3B and annular strengthening braces M' complete the structure, although it is to be understood that I may vary the details of the skeletal framework in any suitable or desired manner and that the particular structural details illustrated and described do not constitute a limitation on the invention. It will further be noted that the supporting members 31 for lamps 36 are so constructed that the positions of the lamps can be adjusted or changed depending on the shape and size of articles being dried by the heat rays generated by such lamps, no additional heating means being employed although such could be utilized if so desired. It will further be "observed that members 42 extend radially inwardly from the lower end of each lamp support structure in such manner as to engage with successive depending pins 23 on discs 22 as those discs move past members 42 due to the movement of rail 10. In this manner the turntables 2| are revolved step-by-step so as to turn the articles thereon and expose all surfaces thereof to ensure rapid, uniform and complete drying, baking, or the like. Only a few of the lamps are shown in the interest of clarity, but for efficiency and economy preferably a gang of lamps is located at each of the locations in the oven at which the articles are temporarily stationary during the step-by-step operation of the device and only where the articles are temporarily stationary. This will be more fully appreciated hereinafter.

Members 29, 30, 39 and 40 are not completely circular but terminate (see Figure 1) to leave a free sector about 60. Rail l passes through the open sector (of. Figure 4) across which extends horizontal beam 43 which is supported by vertical uprights M. Members 65 extend inwardly from beam 43 and form mitre joints with vertical posts 45. Extensions 41 support arcuate bar 48, the upper edge of which is profiled in a cam-like manner and provided with a notch 48a. The cam edge and notch are adapted to cooperate with a plate 49 on the underside of each bar l1 under the conditions later explained. Members 46 and 41 are connected as best shown in Figures 12 and 13 by an angle piece 50 bolted to members 46 and 41. A small amount of relative movement or play is permitted between such members and is limited by pin A spray booth 52 is disposed in the free sector referred to and is connected via a conventional hood or duct extension 53 to a suitable source of negative pressure to exhaust fumes and excess droplets, etc. in the spray booth during the spraying operation and to prevent a health hazard to the operator. The booth is suitably cut out as at 54 to provide for convenient manipulation by the operator and is also provided with openings 55 so that turntables 2| can readily pass through the booth. AICOl'ltI'Ol bench 55 has a pair of spaced bearings 51 on its upper surface through which extends the rod 58. A spring 59 keeps the rod 58 urged from left to right in Figures 3 and 6. A post 60 extends upwardly from rod 58 as shown intermediate the bearings 51 and is normally in the path of movement of the bars l1 to serve as a shock-absorbing stop or decelerator for the bars. Rod 58 also has a pin 6| to which is attached one end of a cord or cable 62 which passes down through a chuck or eyelet in the side of the bench top, around a roller 63 and thence to a treadle 64 to which its other end is secured. The end of rod 58 behind rear bearing 51 has a locking pin 65 one end of which is forced up under lu 66 on rear bearing 51 and the other end of which is urged downwardly by spring 61 which is secured to a bracket 68 on an upright of the bench 56. A fulcrum 69 is provided on bench 56 adjacent rod 58 the bifurcated upper end of which receives a lever 10 held in the fulcrum by a pintle. One end of lever 10 is free (the distal end) and the other end is jointed to a link H which is also connected to a mercury capsule switch 12 (which controls motor 25) mounted on a member 13 connected to link 1| and to a depending bracket 14. A spring 15 normally urges the member 13 into a position in which conductors 15 are bridged by the mercury in the capsule and thus also normally urges lever 10 into the dotted line position of Figure 3. Auxiliary conductors 11 form a shunt in the circuit when auxiliary switch 18 (normally open) is closed. The purpose of such will be understood from what follows.

In operating the device and with motor 25 running and switch 18 open, it will be appreciated that rail I0 slowly rotates carrying turntables 2| gradually through the oven but as each successive turntable emerges from the oven at station A the bar [1 of that turntable rides up on lever 10, moving it into full line position and tilting the mercury capsule 12 to break the circuit and stop motor 25. The article (such as a wastebacket) is removed and another article to be sprayed and dried is placed on the same turntable. The operator manually moves that bar I1 onto cam bar 48 until it drops into the notch 48a therein which indicates that the bar has been moved to its proper position the bar l1 being manually lifted over the stop post 60 or said post being swung out of the way momentarily by stepping on the trea le 64 in spray booth 52 and out of contact with the rail l0. Such movement of the bar 11 releases lever 10 which resumes its dotted line position, restarts motor 25 because of the re-positioning of mercury capsule 12 and causes circular rail 10 to be moved far enough to cause the next bar 11 to ride up on lever 10 and stop motor 25 again. The operator sprays the article in the spray booth which is spaced from adjacent articles sufficiently to prevent spray from reaching any article except the one in the booth. By manually actuating pins 23 the particular turntable is revolved so that the article is fully sprayed with any suitable coating material such as lacquer or enamel or any other material. The bar i1 is then moved to point B and the next succeeding bar put through the same sequence of operations, whereupon the next article is brought to point A and so on successively and for a long period of time as it is desired to operate the device.

Thus it will be clear that the rotation of rail I0 is intermittent or step-by-step and that the starting and stopping results automatically from the position of lever 10 but manual movement of each bar through the open sector must be effected. I therefore term the device as a whole semi-automatic. The waiting position of each bar I1 which is next to be manually moved into the spray booth is controlled by abutment against post 60 of rod 58, rearward movement of which is resisted by spring 58. Thus each successive bar I! is gradually decelerated and stopped in proper position without danger of jarring the art cles oil the turntable. When it is desired to operate the machine continuously, e. g. to clear the drying chamber of articles, or whenever it is desired to inactivate this control, the treadle 64 is depressed by the operators foot, thus turning rod 58 enough to move post 50 to a position in which it will not be impacted by the bars l1. Locking pin 85 prevent-s undue movement of rod 58 under the urging of spring 58 and thus prevents accidental disassembly of the parts or inoperativeness of the bar stopping function. At the end of a run and when it is desired to discontinue operation, it is desired to clean out the oven of all articles. For this and analogous purposes, switch 1'8 is closed whereupon motor 25 is maintained running independently of the mercury switch and rail thus turns continuously. Also the cam bar or rest 48 is swung toward the operator into an out-of-the-way position. The articles are removed rapidly as they emerge and cleaning or allied operations can be carried out, etc. When this has been accomplished switch 18 is again opened, placing motor 25 once again under the control of the mercury switch.

It is to be understood that the foregoing is illustrative and not limitative and that various additions, omissions, substitutions and modifications may be made without departing from the invention. Various articles may be variously treated and references to enameling or lacquering of wastebaskets are for convenience only and to indicate the character of the operations which I have in mind to show their primary utility. The invention is rather that defined by the sub- Joined claims.

I claim:

1. A spraying apparatus comprising a spraying chamber, a plurality of article supports, means mounting said article supports for movement in a path in predetermined spaced relation to each other with the space between two contiguous supports greater than the other spaces between said supports and so that each support is movable in said path relatively to the other supports, power means for moving said mounting means, and control means for causing step-by-step actuation of said mounting means by said power means.

2. Apparatus for spraying articles which comprises a circular rail having notches, a plurality of bars resting on said rail and separably engaging said notches, a turntable mounted on each bar, a spraying chamber having an entrance and an exit for said support elements and articles, means enabling manual swinging of each bar relatively to said rail through a limited arc of a circular path about the axis of said rail to move the corresponding turntable through said chamber, and means for rotating said rail to move said turntables through substantially the remainder of said circular path.

3. Apparatus for spraying and drying articles which comprises a circular rail having notches, a plurality of bars resting on said rail and separably engaging said notches, a turntable mounted on each bar, a spraying chamber having an entrance and an exit, means enabling manual swinging of each bar relatively to said rail through a limited arc of a circular path about the axis of said rail to move the corresponding turntable through said chamber, means for rotating said rail to move said turntables through substantially the remainder of said circular path, and a drying chamber through which said turntables pass during said movement thereof through said remainder of said circular path.

4. The spraying and drying apparatus as defined in claim 3 with the addition of means controlled by each bar for automatically stopping the movement of said rail as said bar reaches said entrance to said spraying chamber.

5. The spraying and drying apparatus as defined in claim 3 wherein said means for rotatin said rail is power-driven, and with the addition of means actuated by each bar for automatically stopping movement of said rail by said powerdriven means as said bar reaches said entrance to said spraying chamber, the last named means being automatically actuated upon said manual swinging of each bar for starting the movement of said rail by said power-driven means.

6. Apparatus for spraying articles which comprises a circular rail, a plurality of support elements resting on said rail, a spraying chamber, means enabling moving of each support element relatively to said rail and the other supports through a limited arc of a circular path to move the support element through said chamber, and means for rotating said rail to move said support elements simultaneously through substantially the remainder of said circular path.

7. The apparatus for spraying articles as defined in claim 6, with the addition of an arcuate bar mounted in front of and below the spraying chamber, the upper edge of which is adapted to cooperate with the underside of each support element to hold the latter out of contact with said rail.

8. A spraying apparatus comprising a spraying chamber, means for moving articles to be sprayed successively to a point at one side of said spraying chamber and from a point at the opposite side of said chamber, means enabling each article to be moved relatively to the other articles from said first-mentioned point into said chamber and from said chamber to the second-mentioned point, said means for moving the articles including a coaxially rotatable circular rail, a plurality of radial bars pivoted at the axis of the rail and resting on such rail near their outer ends, means for releasably holding said bars against movement relatively to said rail, an article supporting turntable on each bar, and a bar-actuated mechanism for bringing successive bars to a stop at a predetermined point in their circular path of travel.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:


Patent Citations
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US1547704 *Mar 23, 1921Jul 28, 1925Westinghouse Lamp CoMethod and machine for enameling bowls
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2631565 *Feb 25, 1948Mar 17, 1953Sargrove Electronics LtdMetalizing apparatus
US2813505 *Oct 13, 1953Nov 19, 1957California Abrasives IncApparatus for making sanding disks
US3029776 *Aug 24, 1959Apr 17, 1962Eitel Mccullough IncApparatus for spraying parts
US4573277 *Dec 26, 1984Mar 4, 1986Sudduth Donald LUltraviolet light curing apparatus
US4578880 *Oct 26, 1984Apr 1, 1986American Screen Printing Equipment CompanyCuring apparatus with ejector mechanism
US5199189 *Jul 2, 1992Apr 6, 1993Davidson Textron Inc.Waterbased clearcoat drying apparatus
US6797066 *Mar 21, 2002Sep 28, 2004Kabushiki Kaisya Yoshino KosakujoApparatus and method for powder coating
US8367163 *Oct 2, 2008Feb 5, 2013Bock Water Heaters, Inc.Enamel flow coating process and apparatus
US20100086695 *Oct 2, 2008Apr 8, 2010Steinhafel Michael BEnamel Flow Coating Process and Apparatus
U.S. Classification118/642, 118/319
International ClassificationB05B15/12
Cooperative ClassificationB05B15/1207
European ClassificationB05B15/12C