US 2445491 A
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. MOLO CONSTR l E. J NEY v 2,445,491
BUILDING UCTION July zo,l 194s.
2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ,Filed June 19, 1946 July 20, 1948. Ee MQLQNEY 2,445,491
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed June 19, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented July 20, 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT oFFlcE 2,445,491 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Edgar John Moloney, East Orange, N. J.
Application June 19, 1946, Serial No. 677,843
1 Claim. (Cl. 189-1) This invention relates to building construction, and more particularly to houses and the like, adapted to be erected from preformed or fabricated units.
While this invention can be used for large or small houses, bungalows, garages, and similar structures, it will hereinafter be described with particular reference to a one story bungalow, as illustrated.
This construction consists of rectangular pre formed structural interchangeable building Wall panels of metal comprising a frame having channel shaped members at top, bottom and sides respectively and with one or more additional vertical members, equally spaced across the panel. The channel shaped sides of adjoining panels are separated by a continuous nailing strip of wood or other material, which extends from exterior face to interior face of panel. Other means between adjoining panels pass through the nailing strips and secure them in place. The additional vertical members equally spaced across the panel, consist of two channel shaped members placed back to back and separated by a continuous nailing strip of wood or other material, extending from exterior face to interior face of panel. The channels and nailing strips are fastened together and form a complete assembly. The exterior Wood sheathing can be nailed to the exterior surface of the nailing strips and the interior wall board can be nailed to the interior surface of the nailing strips. The iloor construction consists of two metal channel shaped members placed back to back and separated by a continuous nailing strip of wood or other material; this nailing strip extends from the top surface to the bottom surface of the channels; the channels and n ailing strips are fastened together and form a complete assembly. The finish oor can be nailed to the nailing strips. The roof and ceiling construction is similar to the floor construction.
This invention consists in the novel features of construction, combination of parts, and in the unique relation of the members, and the unique assembly including continuous nailing strips.
To enable others skilled in the art to fully comprehend the underlying features of this invention, drawings depicting one of the several forms of this invention have been annexed as part of this disclosure, and in such drawings, like characters or references denote corresponding parts thruout all of the views in which- Fig. 1 is an elevational perspective View of one form of bungalow or cottage constructed in accordance with my invention.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary elevation on an enlarged scale of the bungalow of Fig. l.
Fig. 3 is a section through the wall panel unit. Line 3 3 on Fig. 2.
Fig. 4` is a section on line 4 4 on Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a section through ceiling beam. Line 5 5 on Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is a section through roof beam. Line 6 6 on Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is a vertical section through ridge of roof.
Fig. 8 is a section through floor beam. Lines 8 8 on Fig. 4.
Fig. 9 is a Vertical section through an interior load bearing partition.
Fig. 10 is a vertical section through a non load bearing partition.`
Fig. 1l is a horizontal section through an exterior corner of house.
Referring to the drawings in detail, and more particularly to Fig. 1, there is illustrated a conventional form of bungalow, which rests on a suitable foundation, with or without a cellar.
The exterior walls and interior partitions are composed of rectangular preformed structural interchangeable Wall panels of metal, and adjoining panels are secured. together by fastening devices.
Fig. 1 shows a conventional bungalow with interchangeable wall panels I2, door panel I3, window panel I4.
The panels are prefabrcated. Each panel I2 comprises a frame made up of channel members forming the top I5, bottom I6, and side member Il.
Intermediate vertical stiifeners are provided by channels I8 spaced in pairs across the frame and the frame is completed by gusset plates I9 and horizontal channel braces 2l secured to the sides Il and intermediate vertical members 22.
Panels I3 and I4 are suitably constructed to contain door and window frames. A nailing strip 2B of wood or other suitable material is placed between each pair of vertical channels I8 and secured to them by bolts 22. A nailing strip 20 is also placed between each pair of adjacent panel frame members I'I, the adjacent panels and strips being held together by bolts 22. The strips 20 extend from one side to the other of the panels.
The wall panels rest on and are bolted to a bottom wall plate 23 and are also bolted to a top channel plate 24. Rafters are formed from channels 25 bolted to intervening strips 20. Celling beams are formed of channels 28 bolted to strips 20. The ceiling beams are secured at their ends Fig. 11 by bolting the end of one panel against the side of another panel and filling out the corner space by an added channel member fand ller strip. v Interior load bearing and non-load bearing with fastening devices, and with floor, ceiling and roof beams each composed of two preformed channel shaped members placed back to back and separated by a continuous nailing strip, secured in place between the channel shaped members by fastening devices, and with said floor beams secured to exterior wall panels by the vertical sections of the floor beams passing between adjoining wall panels, and being bolted to Wall ipanels, and with :said roof `beams secured to said ceiling beams by the vertical sections of roof beams passing between the vertical sections of the ceiling beams, and being bolted to the ceiling .beams, and -with the Wall panels secured to a con partitions may be constructed as are theoutside Y Walls.
Exterior and interior siding, indicated indotted lines at 28 and 29 is nailed to strips 29 to com- .plete the structure,
lA building having vrexterior Walls vand interior partitions composed of preformed structural interchangable rectangular building wall panels lof metal, each of said panels comprising aframe having a channel shaped cross section at the top, bottom and two Sides, with one or more additional vertical members equally spaced across the panel, and with a horizontal stiiening member,
and with adjoining panels vsecured together by fastening devises, and with continuous nailing strips placed between side channel frames ,of adjoining panels and secured in place by bolts securing the panels together, and with continuous nailing strips secured in place between the channel shaped additional vertical members .of panels tinuous sill atthe bottom by fastening devices,
Afand 'with the -Wall panels having a continuous channelshapedsill at the top to which the wall panels are secured'by fastening devices, and with thfceiling beams secured to the wall sill at the top by fastening devices.
f EDGAR JOHN-MQLONEY.
REFERENCES ACITED The following references are of record inft'he l.file of Ithis patent:
VUNITED STATES .TS
Number Name Datei 1,262,156 Adrian Apr. i9, 1913 ,1,821,015 H ull Sept. 1, 1931 1,828,953 Vlissheiel' Oct. 27, 1'931 1,955,818 Marshall Apr. 24, 1934 2,155,709 Patterson VA131225, 939
'FOREIGN PATENTS `l\lumbe1 `Country 'Date Great Britain '1934