Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2445660 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 20, 1948
Filing dateAug 17, 1945
Priority dateAug 17, 1945
Publication numberUS 2445660 A, US 2445660A, US-A-2445660, US2445660 A, US2445660A
InventorsBruestle Carl O
Original AssigneeElevator Supplies Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric treadle
US 2445660 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 20, 1948.

c. o. BRUESTLE 2,445,660

ELECTRIC IREADLE Filed Aug. 17, 1945 V Waferpraof envelope z g [0 7? Canducfiva and cvmlaressibla D IA 5 l I ,I. I7

' INVENTOR. l 0. B uesflc Patented July 20, 1948 ELECTRIC TREADLE Carl 0. Bruestle, Rahway, N. J assignor to Elevator'supplies Company, Inc., Perth Amboy, N. 5., a corporation of New Jersey Application August 17, 1945, Serial No. 611,065

1 Claim. 1

This invention relates to improvements in electric treadles of the type commonly used, for example, in controlling the operation of vehicle doors.

A broad object of this invention is to provide an improved and simplified form of electric treadle involving constructional features whereby the vertical height or thickness thereof is kept small.

Another object of this invention is to provide an electric treadle construction in the form of a fluid-tight or fully sealed portable mat thin enough so that it can be placed on the floor in front of a door to be controlled by it.

Another object of this invention is to provide an electric treadle characterized in that it normally forms a conductive path of high resistance in the control circuit in which it is connected-the resistance of which falls to a low value under pressure.

Other and more detailed objects of the invention will be apparent from the following description of the several embodiments thereof illustrated in the attached drawings.

This invention resides substantially in the combination, construction, arrangement and relative location of parts as will be described in detail below.

In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a vertical, transverse, cross-sectional view through the treadle construction of this invention diagrammatically showing a portion of the circuit controlled thereby; and

Figure 2 is a similar view of a modified construction.

As illustrated, the treadle comprises a flexible deformable envelope 13 of any suitable material forming a water-tight housing. The envelope [3 can be constructed in many ways, the details of which are no concern of this invention. By way of example, however, it may be: stated that the envelope may consist of a pair of similarly shaped rubberized fabrics hermetically sealed at the joints to make it fluid-tight. Within the envelope I3 is a body preferably in the form of a sheet ID of a conductive and compressible material. For example, there is now known a material suitable for this purpose consisting of a conductive rubber compound moldable into the desired shape and having sufiicient elasticity so as to return to normal shape after deformation. It is understood that one form of such material consists of a mixture of rubber and conductive particles such as graphite or the like present in suflicient quantity so as to form a conductive path therethrough. By controlling the amount of conductive material in the mixture its specific resistivity can readily be controlled, for example, to a high value. Arranged in juxtaposed relation are a pair of conductive sheets II and I2 which, in the form illustrated, comprise a woven wire screen or wire mesh of suitable material preferably of a hard springy nature such as spring brass, bronze and the like.

It will be seen from Figure 1 that the screens II and !2 are normally held in contact substantially throughout their areas with the member ID and are closely enveloped by the capsule l3. A suitable source of current having the output Voltage V is connected to the two screens H and I2, respectively, by wires which include in series circuit relation therewith the operating magnet M of a relay including the movable contact l5. This relay has a pair of fixed contacts to which the control circuit wires it are connected. The wires [6 will be included in a circuit in the case of the use of this treadle for door operation with the control devices for the door operating motor. it will be seen that the high resistance element I0 is included in this circuit and, therefore, the relay is constructed and proportioned so as to be of the sensitive type operable upon a change of current but not operable while the normally low current is flowing through the resultant high resistance path.

It will be seen, however, that when the treadle is subjected to pressure such as results when a person steps on it, the compressible conductive sheet ID will be compressed at the points of pressure bringing the two mats H and I2 closer together thereby reducing the resistance in the circuit of the winding M. To look at it another way, when the sheet l 0 is under pressure, the material thereof at the pressure points will be compressed bringing the conductive particles in closer relationship and thereby reducing the resistance of current flow at this point. Thus when the treadle is stepped upon sufficient current will flow through the winding M to the sensitive relay to cause movable contact 15 to disengage the fixed contacts in the case of the mechanism illustrated. Of course, as those skilled in the electrical arts will immediately appreciate the relay can operate in a reverse sense in that it will be closed when the treadle is stepped upon completing the control circuit l6 rather than interrupting it.

The modification shown in Figure 2 is substantially similar to that of Figure l. in most respects. In this case an envelope 20 like I3 encloses the conductive screens I8 and l 9 and there is imposed therebetween a conductive, deformable and compressible sheet H. In this case, however, the sheet I! is given a corrugated form as illustrated so that, as will readily be apparent, the paths of current flow through the sheet I? are much longer in relaxed condition of the treadle than when the treadle is stepped upon. When the treadle is stepped upon the corrugated treadle tends to flap down and at the same time is pinched as before to reduce the resistance to current flow in the circuit including the wires 2| and 22 connected to the conductive elements 18 and I 9. This construction normally provides a much higher resistance effect forrelaxed treadle condition. The high resistance sheets l and I].

are not necessarily made of rubber since there are other materials available for the purpose such as some of the natural and synthetic resins which are normally elastic.

From the above description, it will be apparent tothose skilled in the art that the subject matter of thisinvention is capable of considerable variation and I do not therefore, desire to be limited tO the illustrative embodiments herein but rather by the appended claim.

Number What is claimed is:

In an electric treadle the combination comprising a housing, a sheet of conductive and compressible material in said housing formed of a mixture of a conductor and a non-conductor and having a normally high resistance to the pass-age of electric current, said sheet being of sepentine cross-section; and a pair of conductor sheets disposed on opposite sides of said first sheet and in contact therewith, the resistance to current fiow of said first sheet being reduced under pressure.


"REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

, TUNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date *Gardner -"Feb. 14," 1905 Kotowski June 2, 1936 Kemper June 16, 1936 La Bell Dec. 22, 1942

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US782232 *May 9, 1904Feb 14, 1905Charles K WoolnerComposition of matter and process of making it.
US2042606 *May 11, 1933Jun 2, 1936Telefunken GmbhVariable resistor unit
US2044080 *Jul 31, 1935Jun 16, 1936Kemper Charles RCircuit controlling device
US2305717 *Oct 23, 1939Dec 22, 1942La Bell Oidric JosephCircuit controlling means
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2626381 *Jan 27, 1948Jan 20, 1953Texas Instruments IncVariable resistance distributed seismometer
US3245018 *Aug 14, 1958Apr 5, 1966Microdot IncStrain gages
US3386067 *Apr 24, 1967May 28, 1968Raphael J. CostanzoPressure-sensitive electrical switch and application therefor
US3696408 *Nov 23, 1970Oct 3, 1972Sanders Associates IncKeyboard encoder
US3794790 *Jan 24, 1973Feb 26, 1974Rists Wires & Cables LtdElectrical switches
US3927593 *Dec 26, 1974Dec 23, 1975Nippon Musical Instruments MfgAfter-control signal detecting sensor for keyboard of electronic musical instrument
US3960044 *Oct 17, 1974Jun 1, 1976Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki KaishaKeyboard arrangement having after-control signal detecting sensor in electronic musical instrument
US4273682 *Oct 10, 1979Jun 16, 1981The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.Pressure-sensitive electrically conductive elastomeric composition
US4419653 *Oct 14, 1981Dec 6, 1983Bosch-Siemens Hausgerate GmbhVariable resistance switch
US4639710 *Jan 24, 1986Jan 27, 1987Mcmillan Thomas AFoot pedal for varying resistance in an electrical circuit
US4777346 *Sep 24, 1986Oct 11, 1988Swanton Jr Joseph EElectrically heated therapeutic pillow
US4971065 *Feb 11, 1985Nov 20, 1990Pearce Stephen DTransducer for detecting apnea
US4978177 *Jul 6, 1989Dec 18, 1990Nartron CorporationSignal mechanism responsive to force applied to vehicular brake pedal and the like
US5010972 *Jul 6, 1989Apr 30, 1991Nartron CorporationCombination vehicular braking and accessory control system
US5137338 *Feb 11, 1991Aug 11, 1992Nartron CorporationCombination vehicular braking and accessory control system
US5217280 *Jul 30, 1990Jun 8, 1993Nartron CorporationPressure sensitive signal device for vehicle brake pedal
US5305644 *Sep 2, 1992Apr 26, 1994Ercon, Inc.Force sensor
US5625333 *Sep 22, 1995Apr 29, 1997Morton International, Inc.Bend sensor horn switch assembly
US6031212 *Jun 5, 1995Feb 29, 2000The Boeing CompanyHeating apparatus for composite structure repair
US6270603Jun 6, 1995Aug 7, 2001The Boeing CompanyRepair method for uniformly heating composite structure
US6452479 *May 4, 2000Sep 17, 2002Eleksen LimitedDetector contructed from fabric
US6714117Jul 24, 2002Mar 30, 2004Eleksen LimitedDetector constructed from fabric
US7187264 *Feb 20, 2003Mar 6, 2007Iee International Electronics & Engineering S.A.Foil-type switching element with improved spacer design
US7594442Oct 16, 2006Sep 29, 2009T-Ink Tc CorpResistance varying sensor using electrically conductive coated materials
US20040163939 *Feb 20, 2003Aug 26, 2004Iee International Electronics & Engineering S.A.Foil-type switching element with improved spacer design
US20060157334 *Jun 25, 2004Jul 20, 2006Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V.Pressure activated interface
US20070084293 *Oct 16, 2006Apr 19, 2007Terrance KaisermanPressure responsive sensor
EP0167341A2 *Jun 25, 1985Jan 8, 1986Bridgestone CorporationA pressure-sensitive conductive strip switch assembly and a method of manufacturing the same
EP0167341A3 *Jun 25, 1985May 20, 1987Bridgestone CorporationA pressure-sensitive conductive strip switch assembly and a method of manufacturing the same
WO2005001865A1 *Jun 25, 2004Jan 6, 2005Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V.A pressure activated interface
U.S. Classification338/114, 338/108
International ClassificationH01B7/10, G08G1/02, H01H3/02, H01H3/14
Cooperative ClassificationG08G1/02, H01B7/10, H01H3/141
European ClassificationH01B7/10, G08G1/02